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Patus and Arria. In the reign of Claudius, the Roman einperor, Arria, the wife of Cæcinna Pætus, was an illustrious pattern of magnanimity and conjugal affection.

It happened that her husband and her son were both at the VOL. II.

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same time attacked with a dangerous illness. The son died. He was a youth endued with every quality of mind and perfon which could endear him to his parents. His mother's heart was torn with all the anguish of grief ; yet she resolved to conceal the distressing event from her husband. She prepared and conducted his funeral so privately, that Pætus did not know of his death. Whenever she came into her husband's bedchamber, The pretended her son was better; and as often as he inquired after his health, would answer, that he bad refted well, or eaten

with an appetite. When the found that the could no longer restrain her grief, but her tears were gushing out, she would leave the room, and having given vent to her passion, return again with dry eyes and a serene countenance, as if she had left her sorrow behind her at the door of the chamber.

Camillus Scribonianus, the governor of Dalmatia, having taken up arms against Claudius, Pætus joined himself to his party, and was soon after taken prisoner, and brought to Rome. When the guards were going to put him on board the fhip, Ar

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ria befought them that she might be permitted to go with him.· Certainly,' said she, you can

not refuse a man of consular dignity, as he is, a few at

tendants to wait upon him ;« but if

me,

I Salone will perform their of<fice. This favour, however, was refused : upon which the hired a small fishing-veffel, and boldly ventured to follow the fhip.

Returning to Rome, Arria met the wife of Scribonianus in the emperor's palace, who pressing her to discover all that the knew of the insurrection, 'what,

' said she, shall I regard thy ad

vice, who saw thy husband

murdered in thy very arms, ' and yet surviveft him?".

Pætus being condemned to die, Arria formed a deliberate resolution to share his fate, and made no secret of her intention. Thrasea, who married her daughter, attempting to diffuade her from her purpose, among other arguments which he used, faid to her, “Would

you then, if my life were to • be taken from

me,
advise

your daughter to die with me?'' Most certainly I would,' the replid, if she had lived as long

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