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*Roosa, D. B. St. John, M.D. The old hospital and other papers; being the 2d rev. enl. ed. of "A doctor's suggestions." N. Y., W: Wood & Co., 1889. O. cl., $3.
Schultze, A. The books of the Bible briefly analyzed for use in Bible instruction and for Bible students in general. Easton, Pa., The Book Antiquary, H. T. Frueauff, 1889. 40 p. S. pap., 20 c.
A handy, practical little manual, giving a comprehensive view of the contents of the various books contained in the Bible. Theological Seminary. *Schultze, B. S. Pathology and treatment of displacement of the uterus; from the German by Jameson J. Macau, ed. by Arthur F. Macau, N. Y., Appleton, 1889. 378 p. il. O. cl., $3.50. *Shirley, Walter S. A selection of leading cases in the criminal law; with Am. notes by Horace M: Rumsey. Phil., The Blackstone Pub. Co., 1889. c. 112-264 p. (Text book ser., v. 3, no. 31.) O. pap., subs., $1.25.
The author is President of the Moravian
*Stephen, Herbert. The law relating to actions for malicious prosecutions; with Am. notes by Horace M: Rumsey. Phil., The Blackstone Pub. Co., 1889. C. 110 p. (Text-book ser., v. 3. no. 32.) O. pap., subs., $1.25. *Stewart, Mrs. E. D., ["Mother Stewart, the leader," pseud.] Memories of the crusade: a thrilling account of the great uprising of the women of Ohio in 1873, against the liquor crime; by Mother Stewart, the leader. Columbus, O., W: G. Hubbard & Co., 1889. 550 p. por. and il. D. cl., subs., $2.
a narrative of a journey around the world. N. Y., J: B. Alden, 1889. D. cl., $1.50. *Thompson, Marcellus M. A magistrates' manual, cont. forms in civil and criminal proceedings, under the code of. West Virginia, for justices of the peace, constables, etc., and formulæ for certificates of acknowledgments, deeds, bill of sales, power of attorney, notices, depositions, bonds, wills, etc., etc. Clarksburg, West Va., Marcellus M. Thompson, 1889. c. '87. 2 l. 103 p. O. hf. shp., $3.50. Tompkins, C. R. A history of the planingmill; with practical suggestions for the construction, care, and management of woodworking machinery. N. Y., J: Wiley & Sons, 1889. c. 10+222 p. D. cl., $1.50.
*Utah. The compiled laws of Utah (etc.) and statutes of the U. S. locally applicable and important. Compiled and pub. by authority. V. 2. Salt Lake City, Herbert Pembroke, pr., 1888. 15+900 p. 1 1. O. shp., $4.50.
Van Loon, Mrs. Elizabeth. A heart twice won; or, second love. [New cheap ed.] Phil., T. B. Peterson & Bros., [1889.] c. 78. 16-349 p. S. pap., 25 c.
*Washington, G: The writings of George Washington, including his diaries and correspondence; ed. by Worthington C. Ford. In 14 V. V. 2. N. Y., G: P. Putnam's Sons, 1889. O. cl., $5.
Wieting, Mary Elizabeth. Prominent incidents in the life of Dr. John M. Wieting, including his travels with his wife around the world. N. Y., G: P. Putnam's Sons, 1889. il. O. cl., $4. Wisconsin. Supreme court. Reports of cases. V. 73, Dec. 4, 1888-Mar. 12, 1889; F: K. Conover, off. rep. Chic., Callaghan & Co., 1889. c. 43+718 p. O. shp., $2.50. *Wyss, J: R., and Montolieu, J. I. P. de B. (Baronne) de. The Swiss family Robinson : an unabridged tr. with introduction from the French of C: Nodier. New ed. N. Y., T: Nelson & Sons, 1889. 690 p. D. cl., $1.25.
LIST OF NEW ENGLISH BOOKS. Selected from the current [London] Allen, G. The tents of Shem: a novel. 3 v. cr. 8°. 315. 6d....... .Chatto. Ball, W. W. R. A history of the study of mathematics at Cambridge. Post 8°. 260 p.. 6s.
Cambridge Warehouse. Bismarck his deeds and his aims: a reply to "The Bismarck dynasty.' By Charles Brumm. 8°. (Bradford, Brear), sewed, is...
Wunt, solicitor to the New South Wales government, for use with McCutcheon's telegram formula and code combiner, containing 168,532 cipher words. Folio, half-bound, 84s.... ....Marchant & Singer. McCutcheon, F. G. The telegram formula and code combiner, enabling the transmitter of a telegraphic message to connect and combine any number of sentences from a given selection without the necessity of using a fresh cipher word for every fresh sentence. Roy. 8°. half-bound, 84s........ Marchant & Singer. Millhouse, J. New Italian and English pronouncing and explanatory dictionary. With many corrections and new additions by Ferdinand Braccaforti. 6th ed. 2 v. post 8°. 125..... Hirschfeld. Ophiolatreia : : an account of the rites and mysteries connected with the origin, rise, and development of serpent worship in various parts of the world, enriched with interesting traditions and a full description of the celebrated serpent mounds and temples: the whole forming an exposition of one of the phases of phalic or sex worship. Cr. 8°. 7s. 6d... ..A. Reader.
Orelli, Dr. C. von. The prophecies of Isaiah expounded. Translated by Rev. J. S. Banks. Post 8°. (Edinburgh, Clark.) 346 p., 10s. 6d. (Clark's Foreign Theological Library.)... ......Hamilton.
Payne, J. F. Observations on some rare diseases of the skin: granuloma, fungoides, erythrasma, a nodose condition of the hair, pruritus hiemalis. With 4 plates. 8°. 50 P., 58... Smith & E. Pfeiffer, Emily. Flowers of the night. Post 8°. 142 p. 6s.. ....... Trübner. Philips, F. S., and Wills, C. J. The fatal Phryne: a 21S. 2 V, cr. 8°. ...Sonnenschein.
McCutcheon, F. G. The imperial and colonial cyclo-Ring, Max. John Milton and his times: a historical
pædia: comprising an infinite variety of phrases and sentences relating to commercial, legal, and general subjects, supervised and approved by Randolph C.
novel in three parts. Post 8°. 470 p., 3s. 6d. Heywood. War scare in Europe (The). Cr. 8°. 2s. 6d......
THE HERALD'S BOOK TRUST.
A REPORTER of the New York Herald has been busy within the last week or two in organizing a book trust out of the protoplasm of his imagination, with the assistance of such help as he could get from interviewing a few gentlemen interested in the trade-none of whom seem to have given him very much comfort. The last heard of this threatened book trust was at the Typothetæ Convention, when one of the opponents of International Copyright brought forward the same bogie. As a matter of fact, the book trade is probably the one in which a trust is most impracticable. So long as paper, and ink, and presses, and non-copyright material are as plenty as they are to-day and are likely to continue to be, it is difficult to see how any corner can be made in books. On the other hand, so far as copyright books are concerned, whether under domestic or international copyright, the trust could do no more than an individual publisher can do to-day-that is, make terms with the individual author. The breakdown
of the copper syndicate would be nothing to the smash which would come of a book trust, if it ever got large enough to make any smash at all. The book trust which Mr. Lovell foreshadows as possible seems to mean simply an understanding among various reprinters, after the fashion of the syndicate of the school-book trade, which already exists to some extent. The competition in non-copyright literature is pretty sure to keep the price of books reasonably low; on the other hand, the rush to make cheap literature has undoubtedly resulted in offering books lower than they can properly be made. In copyright books the price must be kept down by the expectation of sale. No book trust could raise the
prices in either case beyond their natural limit without killing the goose which lays the golden egg-that is, the public demand for good books at fair prices. We do not think the spook conjured up by the Herald is likely to have much influence on the book trade.
THE most important thing brought out in the Herala's interviews is the opposition to International Copyright illustrated by Mr. Hurst's remarks. He takes the view, not of the better class of printers, but of the more ignorant, that the more plates there are made the more work there will be for printers and the better, therefore, for their interest. This is confessedly a narrow and selfish view, but it is true only in the narrow sense, since it is the position taken time and time again in the history of the last hundred years by work
men who did not hesitate to mob inventors and smash their machines, on the ground that they were taking the bread out of their mouths. As a matter of fact, when these inventions were developed to the utmost, it was found that there was more to do for all workmen, because of the new demand produced. We may point out to Mr. Hurst that every new set of plates adds to the cost of a book, wastes labor, and restricts the popular demand. This narrow argument is no argument at all. It would make the Johnstown calamity a public blessing, because in destroying the products of labor it "made room" for labor; it is the gospel of waste. The printers at first feared the typewriter as the sewing woman feared the sewing-machine, but in both cases more work has come from the improvement. It is probable that history will repeat itself in this case also.
THE "HERALD'S" BOOK TRUST. THE New York Herald continues to work up its organization of the Book Trust of which we made note in our last issue. In its Sunday issue (June 30), the Herald prints further interviews with Messrs. John W. Lovell, Simon Brentano, and T. D. Hurst, from which we make the following extracts:
Mr. Lovell, of the J. W. Lovell Co., in concluding his interview, remarked: "I strongly urge the formation of a book trust, for two reasons. In the first place, to bring the publishing business out of the rut in which it is now and to permit a legitimate profit out of a legitimate business, and, second, because I believe it will hasten the days of international copyright. I am very earnestly in favor of this. If Congress had seen fit to give us international copyright we would not need to resort to a trust. But there is such
strong opposition to it, even among some of the publishers, that it seems it may be a long time before we get it. Meanwhile a trust seems the only way out of our difficulties."
Mr. Simon Brentano, of Brentano's, believed 23," that the trust would limit or control all prothat the statement made in the Herald of June
ductions, is a mistake. The trust would stand on exactly the same footing in regard to non copy
THIS amusing little story is told by the Boston correspondent of the Book Buyer:
rights that are being reproduced by the hundreds THE AMENITIES OF INTERNATIONAL as the most obscure publisher or printer. It would cost no more for a printer or any publisher outside the trust to reprint the forthcoming books than it costs the trust, and this is one broad distinction between a book trust and trusts pertaining to other industries. If such a trust as this were formed. I think that all the important publishers would remain out. If they considered the project at all, or entered into it, they would only do so as far as their publication list that relates to non-copyright plates is concerned."
Mr. T. D. Hurst, of Hursɩ & Co., in answer to the reporter's question, "How would such a trust affect the international copyright question?" said:
"It would probably aid it. But I am opposed to international copyright, or at least to the plan proposed. I take the printers' view of the case. International copyright would decrease the amount of labor. Why, see here-take Dickens' works alone. Of that one author there is in plates and stock alone a half million of dollars invested in this country. Under the protection of copyright $40,000 would be the outside amount that would have to be invested. The difference, of course, labor loses. Take Haggard's books. There are twelve sets of plates of these now in use in this country. These produce a million and a half copies. If Harper's, for instance, had exclusive control of this author's works, they would use one set of plates and probably sell a quarter of a million copies. Their sales would be restricted by, first, their higher price, and, second, the restricted lines of trade, for even the largest house must be more restricted in this respect than a dozen houses would be. A million and a quarter less books would be sold. This would be a loss to labor-to compositors, to the paper people, etc."
In answer to the question, "How is the reprinting business generally ?" Mr. Hurst replied, Poor, and growing worse. We can't make much money at it now." And to the query, "What is to be the upshot?" Mr. Hurst thought "the weaker publishers will be forced to the wall. Before the first of next year I expect to see a number of them suspend. The stronger houses will stay in the business and will probably make some agreement with each other, similar to the scheme outlined by the Herald. I think this will happen, but I do not know if it will be called a 'trust.""
"An incident which may be added to the fund of anecdotes that illustrate the present workings of the international piracy, which stands in the place that should be occupied by the international copyright, happened in the Custom-House here not long since. An author who was travelling in England came across a pirated edition of one of his books, and bought a copy to bring home as a specimen. The volume, in some unaccountable way, struck the notice of the vigilant inspector who examined his baggage when he landed here, and that functionary proceeded to seize it.
"Well,' the author said, when he was told that he could not bring it into the country where it was copyrighted, I wrote the book; it has been largely sold in England without my getting any royalty; I paid full retail price for it in London, and I supposed that I should be allowed the poor privilege of bringing home a copy for my own library; but if the United States Government is determined to protect my copyright, there does not seem to be any way in which I can help myself.'
"The official answered that he had, of course, to obey orders, but he laid the book down on a trunk tray and managed to forget it, so that the author has a copy of his book in the English edition."
A NEW WORK ON AMERICAN HISTORY.
MESSRS. CHARLES SCRIBNER'S SONS announce a series of important works in American History -a field in which so much original work is being done, and so much public interest taken at the present time. The period embraced by the series comprises the entire history of the country, from the discovery of America to the end of Southern reconstruction after the civil war. The whole period, dividing itself naturally as it does into four "epochs," each comparatively rounded and complete in itself, will be treated in four volumes of a size and scope somewhat similar to those of the publishers' wellknown series entitled Epochs of History, which contains as yet no volume relating to American History.
The general character of the work will, however, be somewhat modified, in the direction of elaboration, as befits the importance of the sub
FURTHER SALE OF THOS. R. KNOX & ject and its special interest for Americans. It
will be eminently history, as distinguished from the chronicle of annals, and explain the significance as well as recount the course of events.
THE WORTHINGTON COMPANY, in addition to those purchased at the Spring Trade Sale, have bought the plates and copyrights of the following Philosophic, rather than purely narrative, so far as may be without departure from its thoroughly books belonging to the estate of James Miller : Aimwell Stories, for Boys and Girls. Ella, Jessie, Mar-popular and literary design, and dealing with
cus, Clinton, Jerry, Oscar, and Whistler. Copyright. 7 V., 12mo.
Bailey (P. James). Festus. 4to and 16m0.
Macaulay (T. B.). Lays of Ancient Rome. 16m0 and il. 4to.
McQuade (James). The Cruise of the Montauk to Bermuda, etc. II. 8vo.
Joe Nichols; or, Difficulties Overcome. Copyright. 12mo. Tom Randail; or, Way to Success. Copyright. 12mo. Uncle Nat. Copyright. 12mo.
Young Folks' History of the Civil War, by William M. Thayer. Fort Sumter to Roanoke Island, Roanoke Island to Murfreesboro, Murfreesboro to Fort Pillow, Fort Pillow to the End. Copyright. I. 4 V., 12mo.
causes and inferences as fully as with incidents, it will still make especially prominent the social picture of each epoch, and occupy itself with the manners, habits, beliefs, aims, and conduct of the great public, rather than the acts of individuals however representative. It will be, in a word, a literary and philosophical history of the people of the United States.
The different volumes will treat of: First, the epoch of discovery and of colonization; second, the French and Indian War and the Revolution
essentially forming one period as regards both the political current of events and many of the
with special reference to the United States;" "Exemption of Private Property upon the Sea from Capture;"" Helpful Thoughts for Young Men;
actors therein; third, the discussion and adop-" Essay on Divorce and Divorce Legislation, tion of the Federal Constitution after the successful issue of the Revolution, and the growth in national consolidation of the different and at first discordant States; and, fourth, the sectional conflict over the institution of slavery, from the rise of the slave-power to the end of the reconstruction period.
Each epoch will be treated by a writer of eminence whose coöperation-led to solicit it by his special qualification for the individual work undertaken the publishers have been fortunate enough to secure. The names of the authors and their respective assignments to the several volumes will be immediately made public, though the statement may already be made that every one is not only a recognized authority in American history, but a writer of acknowledged literary reputation as well. The enterprise itself has been long in preparation, and in view of its advanced condition the publishers have decided to delay its annoucement no longer.
THEODORE DWIGHT WOOLSEY.
By the death of Dr. Woolsey America loses one of her ripest scholars. The extent of his erudition distinguished him among the learned and his character insured him universal love and respect. Dr. Woolsey was born in New York City on October 31, 1801. He was the youngest son of William Walton Woolsey, a prosperous merchant, and of Elizabeth Dwight, a sister of Timothy Dwight, President of Yale College from 1795 until his death. At the age of fifteen Dr. Woolsey entered Yale and graduated with high
honors in 1820. He studied law for a time with Mr. Charles Chauncey, of Philadelphia, then read theology for two years at Princeton, and spent two more years as tutor at Yale. He was licensed to preach in 1825. In 1827 he went to Europe, spending most of his time in Germany perfecting himself in the Greek language and literature under the eminent scholars of his day. He was elected to the newly founded Greek Chair at Yale in 1831. The new professor awakened an enthusiastic interest in the Greek language. In 1846 he was elected President of the college, and his administration for twenty-five years was one
of uniform prosperity. One of the special aims of President Woolsey was to give the students a higher conception of the nature of true scholarship. In 1866 President Woolsey presented his Greek library of 1000 volumes to the college library. Since 1871 Dr. Woolsey has lived in New Haven, busily occupied in researches and studies, chiefly in political science. For several years he was one of the Regents of the Smithsonian Institution. He was also chairman of the American division of the Committee for the Revision of the New Testament, "for which position," said Dr. Howard Crosby, "his erudition, his judgment, and his clear statement on the one side, and courtesy, gentleness, and modesty on the other peculiarly fitted him."
Early in life Dr. Woolsey was favorably known by five excellent manuals, each containing the Greek text with his own English notes, of which there have been many editions prepared for the use of colleges in the United States. These are "The Alcestis of Euripides; "The Antigone of Sophocles;""The Prometheus of Eschylus," "The Electra of Sophocles ;" and The Gorgias of Plato." His other published works are:
Introduction to Study of International Law; Relations of Honor to Political Life;" "Religion of the Present and the Future;" Communism and Socialism in Their History and Theory;" Divorce and Divorce Legislation in the United States;"" Political Service; or, the state theoretically and practically considered," etc.
The funeral took place on Friday at 3 P.M. in the college chapel. Ex-President Porter officiated at the house and President Dwight at the chapel. The interment was at Grove Street Cemetery.
STEPHEN WINCHESTER DANA JACKSON, treasurer and business manager of the Meisterschaft Publishing Co., Boston, died in Newton, Mass., June 29. He was a native of Newton, the son of the late Hon. William Jackson, and was located in business during the early part of his career in Chicago and St. Louis. During Lincoln's administration he was connected with the Treasury Department at Washington, and from 1864 to 1883 resided on the Isthmus of Panama as agent of the Boston Ice Company. He was also agent of the Atlas Steamship Company during part of that time. In 1883 he returned to Boston, and accepted the position of treasurer and business manager of the Meisterschaft Publishing Co., which position he has since held.
MARIA MITCHELL, the noted astronomer, died at Lynn, Mass., on Friday, June 28. She was became so expert in mathematical and astronomborn on August 1, 1818, and very early in life
ical studies that she was able to assist her father, William Mitchell, the teacher and astronomer, in
his labors and researches. At the age of seventeen she was appointed librarian of the Nantucket Athenæum, and throughout her long life earned a regular salary. She was a persistent searcher for comets and earned the gold medal offered by the King of Denmark to any one who should discover a telescopic comet. In 1858 Miss Mitchell visited Europe and was the guest of Sir John Herschel, Leverrier, and Humboldt. Upon her return she was presented with a large telescope In 1865 she was by the women of America.
appointed Professor of Astronomy and Director of
the Observatory at Vassar College. In 1887 LL.D. Her published writings were restricted Columbia College conferred on her the degree of to scientific papers, with the exception of some poems contributed to a volume called "Seaweeds from the Shores of Nantucket."
NOTES ON AUTHORS.
JOHN RUSKIN is reported to be so ill that there is no immediate prospect of his recovery.
RIDER HAGGARD'S Icelandic romance "Eric "
is not to be published for two years to come.
GEORGE MEREDITH's new novel is said to have for its theme "The Romance of Journalism," and to be in an advanced state of preparation.
MRS. S. J. HIGGINSON, author of "A Princess of Java," which was published two years ago, is writing a book on Java for the Riverside Library for Young People.
THOMAS BAILEY ALDRICH started for London, June 26, to settle down to finish writing a 1200