« VorigeDoorgaan »
June 22. For improvements upon cocks, or an improved lock cock. To James Frost, of Little Suttonstreet, Clerkenwell, London.
July 3. For improvements in the construction of organs. To the Rev. Henry Liston, of Ecclesmachen, in Scotland, and Charles Broughton, of Edinburgh, writer to the signet. See the Philosophical Magazine, and Mr Liston's work on Perfect Intonation. July 3. For a method of joining stone pipes in a more effectual man ner than has been before discovered. To Samuel Hill, of Serle-street, London, Esq.
July 3. For a method of manufacturing a material from the twigs or branches of broom, mallows, and rushes, and other shrubs or plants of the like species, to be used instead of flax or hemp; and for the same purposes for which flax and hemp are now used. To James Hall, of Walthamstow.
July 3. For certain improvements in the method of making artificial stone. To John Kent, of Southampton, architect.
July 3. For an improved method of extracting foul air out of ships, whereby a constant succession of fresh air will be introduced, and at the same time moderating the degree of heat according to the climate; and
also of extracting the foul air from mines and pits of every description, and of regulating the degree of heat, and of giving heat and a constant succession of fresh air to houses in general. To Robert Howden, of Providence-row, Finsbury-square, baker.
July 5. For an improved method, or methods, of manufacturing glass, or paste drops for chandeliers, lamps, and lustres. To William Shakespeare, of Birmingham, and Thomas Osler, the younger, of the same place,
July 7. For certain new improvements and additions to and upon the machinery now in use for the roving, spinning, doubling, and twisting of cotton, silk, flax, wool, mohair, and other materials used for the manufacture of twist, thread, or other kind of yarn.
To Richard Varley, of Cheadle Mosley, in the county of Chester.
July 18. For certain improvements in the art of working and making spoons, forks, and such other articles of gold, silver, or other metals, as usually are or may be stamped or struck by means of seats and punches, or dies of any kind or description; and likewise in the tools or instru ments to be used in carrying the said improvements into effect and practice. To George Hall, of the Strand, goldsmith.
July 18. For a new character for language, numbers, and music, and the methods of applying the same. To Ralph Wedgewood, of Oxford. street.
July 18. For certain improvements on the action and other parts of sea and land compasses. To George Stebbing, of Portsmouth, mathematical instrument maker,
July 18. For improvements in the construction of a toast-stand, (for the
purpose of holding a plate before the fire,) a hearth-brush or dust-brush, and toasting fork, and occasionally in combining or uniting the said brush and toasting fork in one utensil or article. To Benjamin Agerday, of Handsworth, Staffordshire.
July 26. For certain machinery for cutting and heading of nails, and beads of all kinds and sizes, from strips or plates made of iron, copper, or any other metal capable of being rolled into plates. To Joseph Charles Dyer, of Boston, North America, now residing in Westminister, who had the above communication made to him by a certain foreigner residing
July 26. For a method, or process, of imitating lapis lazuli, porphyry, jasper, the various kinds of marble, and all other stones usually wrought, carved, sculptured, or polished; also inlaid or Mosaic work, to be used for or in the formation or manufacture of chimney pieces, slabs, funeral monuments, and for every other purpose to which such stones and marbles are
or may be applied. To Thomas Wade, of Nelson-place, Kent-road, in the county of Surry, gent.
Aug. 2. For a variety of compositions for making a water-proof cement, mortar and stucco; the same being also applicable as durable colouring washes for buildings. To Edgar Dobbs, of the borough of Southwark, gent.
Aug. 2. For a machine for grinding or cutting malt, splitting beans, and any other kind of grain, and various other articles. To Charles Williams, of Gravel-lane, Southwark, millwright.
Aug. 2. For certain machinery for the purpose of making or manufacturing shoes and boots. To Marc Isambard Brunel, of Chelsea.
Aug. 10. For an improved mode of making ladders, which being formed of different pieces, and capable of being put together by socket joints, will be found extremely useful for the purposes of escalade, engineering, escapes from fire, erecting of buildings, and for all the other purposes for which ladders of any description are necessary. To Thomas Collins, Lon don, warehouseman.
Aug. 14. For a magnetic toy to facilitate the teaching of children to spell, read, and cypher in any tongue, with ease to the teacher, pleasure to the children, and proportional expedition. To William Whitmore, of Dudmarton, Salop, Esq.
Aug. 25. For a method of preser ving animal food, vegetable food, and other perishable articles, a long time from perishing or becoming useless. To Peter Durand, of Hoxton-square, merchant, who received this communication from a certain foreigner residing abroad.
Sept. 7. For a machine or vessel for the safe conveyance of gunpowder, and for its preservation from injury by damp. To James Walker, of Wapping, in the county of Middlesex, ship-chandler.
Sept. 7. For further new improvements on a mill for grinding bark, and other articles. To James Weldon, of the county and city of Litchfield, engineer.
Sept. 7. For a machine for cutting or removing all the various kinds of furs which are used in hat-making, from the skins or pelts, and for cutting the said skins or pelts into strips or small pieces. To Joseph C. Dy. er, of Boston, state of Massachussets, one of the United States, now residing in the city of Westminster, mer. chant, who became possessed of this invention in consequence of a commu.
aication from a foreigner residing abroad.
Sept. 7. For an improved method of constructing and building locks, with a groin or gothic conic arch; also an improved form of the gates, and an improved method of opening and shutting the same. To David Mathews, of Rotherhithe, engineer.
Sept. 17. For a new mode of communicating intelligence from one apartment of a house to another, by means of machinery or apparatus, which is denominated a domestic te legraph. To Joseph Johnson, of the county of Surry, gent.
Sept. 17. For improvements in the axle-trees of carriages. To Jonathan Varty, of Liverpool, coach-maker.
Sept. 26. For a new construction of buoys for ships or vessels, and for mooring chains, or similar purposes. To Peter Brown, of Henrietta-street, Covent-garden, Middlesex, gent.
Sept. 26. For a new burner, upon an improved construction, applicable to all kinds of lamps. To Richard Seaton, of Berwick-street, Middlesex, liquor-merchant; and Thomas Rice, of Whitecross-street, Middlesex, spring roasting-jack maker.
Sept. 26. For a new mode of sheathing or covering the bottoms of ships or vessels with certain matter, or materials, so as to be a substitute for copper. To Thomas Norris, late of Manchester, cotton merchant.
Sept. 26. For a lever, by the application of which alone, or with the addition of a rack, snuffers are made to act without springs. To Samuel Hobday, of Woodstock-street, in the parish of Aston, near Birmingham, snuffer maker.
Oct. 1. For an apparatus for giving motion to machinery; part of which is also applicable to hydraulic and pneumatic purposes. To Mark Isam
bard Brunel, of Chelsea, gent., who became possessed of this apparatus from the communication made to him by a foreigner residing abroad.
Oct. 1. For an improved bell, and gun alarm. To Benjamin Milne, of Bridlington, in the county of York, collector of the customs.
Oct. 1. For certain improvements in the construction and method of using plates and presses, and for combining various species of work in the same plate for the kind of printing usually called plate-printing, designed for the objects of detecting counterfeits, for multiplying impressions, and saving labour. To Joseph C. Dyer, of Boston, state of Massachussets, one of the United States, now residing in London, merchant, who became possessed of these improvements in consequence of the communication made to him by a foreigner residing abroad.
Oct. 1. For a method of making wind instruments, commonly called military pipes, of substances never before used for that purpose. To George Miller, of Panton-street, near the Hay-market, musical instrument maker.
Oct. 8. For an improved apparatus to machines for making fillet, sheet,. and hard cards, such as are used for carding wool, cotton, flax, silk, and all substances capable of being carded.. To John Towill Rutt, of Goswellstreet, in the county of Middlesex ; John Webb, of Hoxton, in the said county, and John Tretton, of the city of London, card manufacturers.
Oct. 8. For a method or plan of making an adjusting bedstead on a double frame with a four-fold method, for the relief of sick, lame, infirm, and aged persons. To Ebenezer Parker, of Highfield, in the parish of Sheffield, in the county of
York, silver-plater; and Francis Cleely, of Sheffield aforesaid, surgeons instrument manufacturer.
Oct. 8. For improvements in the construction of a plough for the cultivation of land. To John Hazledine, of Bridgenorth, in the county of Salop, engineer.
Oct. 8. For an improved method of separating the alkaline salt from the acid, as it exists in the following substances, viz. kelp, black ashes, soapers salts, spent leys, sosa natrose, rock salt, common salt, brine, sea water, caput mortuum of aqua fortis, caput mortuum of oil of vitriol, and caput mortuum of salt used by bleachers, being on a principle entirely new. To George Hodson, of Edinburgh, North Britain, ash manufacturer.
Oct. 8. For an improved method of joining pipes. To Charles Francis, of Phoenix Wharf, Nine Elms, in the parish of Battersea, Surry, temper lime-burner; and William Waters, of Princes-street, in the parish of St Mary, Lambeth, Surry, potter.
Oct. 8. For a new grand imperial aulæum, from three to 18 or 20 feet wide, without seam, and to any length or colour, for decorating the most superb or useful room, for such as drappery, curtains and fringes, chairs, sofas, tables, &c., or finished on one side only, for ornamental hangings, borders, and every other species of de
coration. To Henry Stubbs, of Piccadilly, in the county of Middlesex, blind-maker.
Oct. 8. For improvements in the manufacture of soap, for the purpose of washing with sea water, hard water, and with other waters. To Edmund Griffith, of the city of Bistol, Esq.
Oct. 8. For a method of manufacturing all kinds of boots, shoes, and other articles. To Richard Woodman, of Hammersmith, in the county of Middlesex, boot and shoe maker.
Oct. 8. For an apparatus for writing. To Edward Manley, of Uffculme, in the county of Devon, clerk.
Oct. 15. For a discovery of certain vegetables, and a way of prepa. ring the same, so that they may be usefully applied in the manufacturing of hats and bonnets, chair bottoms, and baskets, and for other articles or purposes. To John Fraser, collector of natural history, now of Sloane-square, in the county of Middlesex.
Oct. 15. For an improved axle-tree for wheels of carriages, and also im proved wrought or cast-iron boxes, and cast-iron stocks to receive the spokes of the wheels. To John Wheatley, of Greenwich, in the county of Kent, coach-builder.
Oct. 31. For improvements in the construction of artificial legs. To Thomas Man, of Bradford, in the county of York, stuff-merchant.
N. B. Owing to the illness of the King, no patents passed the great seal in the months of November and December, 1810.
HISTORY OF THE ATMOSPHERE
In the history of the atmosphere for 1809, contained in our last volume, we mentioned in general terms the great imperfection of meteorological instruments, and the various phenomena which required to be regularly and carefully observed, before any progress could be expected in the science of Meteorology. A number of new instruments are absolutely necessary before these observations can be successfully made; and as there appears to be some disposition at present both to construct instruments, and multiply observations, we shall at present give a brief enumeration of the various instruments, and observations, which ought to be made in observatories, and other places, where regular Meteorological Journals are kept.
1. The BAROMETER, THERMOMETER, and RAIN-GUAGE, are almost universally used, and are not susceptible of much improvement. An instrument, however, is still wanting for measuring small quantities of rain. This might be done by fixing a sponge at each extremity of a balance, so that the one may be in equilibrio with the other. The one sponge being placed under a cover, and the other exposed to the air, very minute quantities of rain may be measured. The reason of employing two sponges, is
VOL. III. PART II.
to avoid the error arising from the moisture of the atmosphere. The quantity of rain which falls at different altitudes should also be carefully measured.
2. The HYGROMETER, for measuring the moisture of the air, has been brought to great perfection by Mr Leslie, though, as far as we know, it has been used only in one regular set of observations. Observers are perhaps deterred from the use of this instrument, by the necessity of wetting the bibulous paper at each observation; but Mr Leslie has contrived a method of keeping it constantly wet by capillary attraction.
3. An EVAPOROMETER, for measuring the quantity of water evaporated in a given time, has not been much used in meteorological observations, and we know of no simple instrument of this kind which can lay claim to much accuracy. Capillary attraction always prevents us from observing with exactness the different altitudes of a fluid contained in a tube or vessel. An instrument of this kind, however, has been lately proposed, though no account of it has yet been published. It possesses extreme accuracy, and is intended for various purposes in experimental philosophy, where the altitude of a variable fluid surface is required to the greatest exactness. A fine micrometer screw,