Structural Contexts of Opportunities
University of Chicago Press, 17 okt. 1994 - 229 pagina's
The distinguished sociologist Peter Blau has opened up a variety of fields with brilliant contributions, ranging from research on social networks of small groups and quantitative studies of formal organizations to more synoptic investigations of populations and the large scale structures which hold them together. In this capstone to a prolific career, he has brought together these concerns to form a wide ranging theory of population structures and their influence on social life—from opportunities in job choice and social mobility, to organizational participation, and intergroup relations.
Blau begins by outlining the influences of population structures on intergroup relations and then examining the implications these influences have on occupational opportunities. He looks at the many groups within which an individual is likely to socialize—family, ethnic group, socioeconomic class—and the distance away from these groups an individual is likely to move. Blau demonstrates how such factors affect social mobility, which, in turn, influences membership and structures several types of organizations.
Blau then moves on to interpersonal relationships and analyzes the social exchanges in them that reveal the ultimate effects of ethnic, socioeconomic, and other aspects of population structures. He defines two types of power: influence in direct interpersonal exchange, and large-scale domination (economic or political) of groups without personal contact.
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One Macrostructural Concepts
Two Formal Theory of Population Structure
Three Testing Theoretical Implications
Intersection and Intermarriage 69 Penetrating
Four Occupational Chances
Five Structural Context and Organizations
analysis analyzed associates assumption Blau career century changes chapter circulation mobility concept conflict constraints corporations correlated detailed occupations developed differentiation distributions diverse division of labor domination economic growth economic inequality effects emergent properties empirical ethnic firms forms of heterogeneity groups homophily immigrants implies income inequality increase indicate individuals industrial Industrial Revolution ingroup choices inter interest intermarriage intersection Kuznets curve labor force labor markets large numbers levels Logit transformation macrosociological macrostructural multigroup affiliations multiple networks nomic occupational status occupational structure organizations parameters penetrates people's percent persons political population structure population's productivity racial heterogeneity rates regression regression analysis result secondary labor market SMSAs social differences social exchange social mobility social origins social positions social relations social structure society socioeconomic strata struc structural conditions structural influences structural mobility substructures subunits tests theorem theory tion tural upward mobility variables voluntary associations workers
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