serve in bis countenance different motions of de-wit, and breeding? At the same time that I have light, as he turned his eye towards the one or the this melancholy prospect at the house where I miss other of them. The man is a person moderate in my old friend, I can go to a gentleman's not far bis desigas for their preferment and welfare; and off, where he has a daughter who is the picture both as he has an easy fortune he is not solicitous to make of his body and mind, but both improved with the a great one. His eldest son is a child of a very beauty and modesty peculiar to her sex. It is she towardly disposition, and as much as the father who supplies the loss of her father to the world; loves him, I dare say he will never be a knave to sbe, without his name or fortune, is a truer memoimprove his fortune. I do not know any man who rial of him, than her brother who succeeds him in has a juster relish of life than the person I am both. Such an offspring as the eldest son of my speaking of, or keeps a better guard against the friend perpetuates his father in the same manner as terrors of want, or the hopes of gain. It is usual, in the appearance of his ghost would: it is indeed a crowd of children, for the parent to name out of Ruricola, but it is Ruricola grown frightful. his own flock all the great officers of the kingdom. I know not to what to attribute the brutal turn There is something so very surprising in the parts which this young man has taken, except it. may be of a child of a man's own, that there is nothing too to a certain severity and distance which his father great to be expected from his endowments. I know used towards him, and might perhaps have occaa good woman who has but three sons, and there is, sioned a dislike to those modes of life, which were she says, nothing she expected with more certainty, not made amiable to him. by freedom and affability, than that she shall see one of them a bishop, the We may promise ourselves that no such excresother a judge, and the third a court-physician. The cence will appear in the family of the Cornelii, humour is, that any thing which can happen to any where the father lives with his sons like their eldest man's child, is expected by every man for his own. brother, and the sons converse with him as if they But my friend, whom I am going to speak of, does did it for no other reason but that he is the wisest not flatter himself with such vain expectations, but man of their acquaintance. As the Cornelii* are has his eye more upon the virtue and disposition of eminent traders, their good correspondence with his children than their advancement or wealth. each other is useful to all that know them, as well Good habits are what will certainly improve a as to themselves : and their friendship, good-will, man's fortune and reputation; but, on the other and kind offices, are disposed of jointly as well as side, affluence of fortune will not as probably pro- their fortune, so that no one ever obliged one of duce good affections of the mind.

them, who had not the obligation multiplied in reIt is very natural for a man of a kind disposition turns from them all. to amuse bimself with the promises his imagination It is the most beautiful object the eyes of man makes to him of the future condition of his children, can behold to see a man of worth and his son live in and to represent to himself the figure they shall an entire unreserved correspondence. The mutual bear in the world after he has left it. When his kindness and affection between them, give an inexprospects of this kind are agreeable, his fondness pressible satisfaction to all who know them. It is gives as it were a longer date to his own life; and a sublime pleasure which increases by the participathe survivorship of a worthy man in his son, is a tion. It is as sacred as friendship, as pleasurable pleasure scarce inferior to the hopes of the conti- as love, and as joyful as religion. This state of nuance of his own life. That man is happy who can mind does not only dissipate sorrow, which would believe of his son, that he will escape the follies be extreme without it, but enlarges pleasures which and indiscretions of which he himself was guilty, would otherwise be contemptible. The most indifand pursue and improve every thing that was va- ferent thing has its force and beauty when it is luable in him. The continuance of his virtue is spoke by a kind father, and an insignificant trifle much more to be regarded than that of his life; but has its weight when offered by a dutiful child. I it is the most lamentable of all reflections, to think know not how to express it, but I think I may call that the heir of a man's fortune, is such a one as it a “transplanted self-love." All the enjoyments will be a stranger to his friends, alienated from the and sufferings which a man meets with are regarded same interests, and a promoter of every thing only as they concern him in the relation he has to which he himself disapproved. An estate in pos- another. Å man's very honour receives a new vasession of such a successor to a good man, is worse lue to him, when he thinks that, when he is in his than laid waste; and the family, of which he is the grave, it will be had in remembrance that such an head, is in a more deplorable condition than that of action was done by such a one's father. Such conbeing extinct.

siderations sweeten the old man's evening, and his When I visit the agreeable seat of my honoured soliloquy delights him when he can say to himself, friend Ruricola, and walk from room to room re- No man can tell my child, his father was either volving many pleasing occurrences, and the expres- unmerciful, or unjust. My son shall meet many a sions of many just sentiments I have heard him man who shall say to him, 'I was obliged to thy utier, and see the booby bis heir in pain, while he father; and be my child a friend to his child for is doing the honours of his house to the friend of ever." his father, the heaviness it gives one is not to be It is not in the power of all men to leave illusexpressed. Want of genius is not to be imputed to trious names or great fortunes to their posterity, but any man, but want of humanity is a man's own they can very much conduce to their having indusfault. The son of Ruricola (whose life was one con- try, probity, valour, and justice. It is in every tinued series of worthy actions, and gentleman-like inclinations) is the companion of drunken clowns, and knows no sense of praise but in the flattery he family of the Eyles's, merchants of distinction; of whom

By the Comelii, the Spectator is supposed to mean the receives from his own servants; his pleasures are Francis Eyles, Esq. the father, who was a director of the East Dean and inordinate, his language base and filthy, India Company, and alderman of London, was created a ba bis behaviour rongh and absurd. Is this creature Bart. was afterwards lord-mayor in 1727 : and another of his

ronet 1 George 1. His eldest surviving son, Sir John Eyles, to be accounted the successor of a man of virtue, sons, Sir Joseph " Eyler, Knt was sheriff of London in 1725.




Mane salutantum totis vomit ædibus undam.

man's power to leave bis son the honour of descend- mighty and their slaves, very justly represenied, ing from a virtuous man, and add the blessings of might do so much good, as to incline the great to heaven to whatever he leaves him. I shall end this regard business rather than ostentation ; and make rhapsody with a letter to an excellent young man the little know the use of their time too well to of my acquaintance, who has lately lost a worthy spend it in vain applications and addresses. The father.

famous doctor in Moorfields, who gained so much “ DEAR SIR,

reputation for his horary predictions, is said to have “ I know no part of life more impertinent than had in his parlour different ropes to little bells the office of administering consolation : I will not which hung in the room above stairs, where the enter into it, for I cannot but applaud your grief. doctor thought fit to be oraculous. If a girl had The virtuous principles you had from that excellent been deceived by her lover, one bell was pulled; man, whom you have lost, have wrought in you as and if a peasant had lost a cow, the servant rung they ought, to make a youth of three-and-twenty in. another. This method was kept in respect to all capable of comfort upon coming into possession of a other passions and concerns, and the skilful waiter great fortune. I doubt not but you will honour his below sifted the inquirer, and gave the doctor nomemory by a modest enjoyment of his estate; and tice accordingly. The levée of a great man is laid scorn to triumph over his grave, by employing in after the same manner, and twenty whispers, false riot, excess, and debauchery, what he purchased with alarms, and private intimations, pass backward and so much industry, prudence, and wisdom. This is forward from the porter, the valet, and the patron the true way to show the sense you have of your himself, before the gaping crew, who are io pay loss, and to take away the distress of others upon their court, are gathered together. When the scene the occasion. You canvot recall your fatherby is ready, the doors tly open and discover his lordship. your grief, but you may revive him to his friends by There are several ways of making this first apyour conduct.”

T. pearance. You may be either half-dressed, and

washing yourself, which is indeed the most stately;

but this way of opening is peculiar to military men, No. 193.] THURSDAY, OCTOBER 11, 1711. in whom there is something graceful in exposing -Ingentem foribus domus alta superbis

themselves naked: but the politicians, or civil

officers, have usually affected to be more reserved, Viro. Georg. ii. 46).

and preserve a certain chastity of deportment. His lordship's palace view, whose portals proud Whether it be hieroglyphical or not, this difference Each morning vomit forth a cringing crowd.


in the military and civil list, I will not say; but

have ever understood the fact to be, that the close When we look round us, and behold the strange minister is buttoned up, and the brave officer openvariety of faces and persons which fill the streets breasted on these occasions. with business and hurry, it is no unpleasant amuse

However that is, I humbly conceive the business ment to make guesses at their different pursuits, of a levée is to receive the acknowledgments of a and judge by their countenances what it is that so multitude, that a man is wise, bounteous, valiant, anxiously engages their present attention. Of all and powerful. When the first shot of eyes is made; this busy crowd, there are none who would give a it is wonderful to observe how much submission the man inclined to such inquiries better diversion for patron's modesty can bear, and how much servitude his thoughts, than those whom we call good courtiers, the client's spirit can descend to. In the vast mul. and such as are assiduous at the levées of great men.tiplicity of business, and the crowd about him, my These worthies are got into a habit of being ser- lord's parts are usually so great, that, to the asvile with an air, and enjoy a certain vanity in being tonishment of the whole assembly, be has something known for understanding how the world passes. In to say to every man there, and that so suitable to the pleasure of this they can rise early, go abroad his capacity as any man may judge that it is not sleek and well-dressed, with no other hope or pur- without talents men can arrive at great employpose, but to make a bow to a man in court favour, ments. I have known a great man ask a flag-officer, and be thought, by some insigniticant smile of his, which way was the wind; a commander of horse not a little engaged in his interests and fortunes, the present price of oats: and a stock-jobber, at It is wondrous, that a man can get over the natural what discount such a fund was, with as much ease as existence and possession of his own mind so far as if he had been bred to each of those several ways to take delight either in paying or receiving such of life. Now this is extremely obliging; for at the cold and repeated civilities. But what maintains same time that the patron informs hin self of matters, the humour is, that outward show is what most men he gives the person of whom he inquires an oppor pursue, rather than real happiness. Thus both the tunity to exert himself. What adds to the pomp of idol, and idolater, equally impose upon themselves those interviews is, that it is performed with the in pleasing their imaginations this way. But as greatest silence and order imaginable. The patton there are very many of her majesty's good subjects is usually in the midst of the room, and some who are extremely uneasy at their own seats in the humble person gives him a whisper, which his lordcountry, where all from the skies to the centre of ship answers aloud, “ It is well. Yes, I am of your the earth is their own, and have a mighty longing opinion. Pray inform yourself further, you may be to shine in courts, or to be partners in the power of sure of my part in it.” This happy man is dis. the world; I say, for the benefit of these, and others missed, and my lord can turn himself to a business who hanker after being in the whisper with great of a quite different nature, and off-hand give as men, and vexing their neighbours with the changes good an answer as any great man is obliged to. they would be capable of making in the apprarance For the chief point is to keep in generals; and if of a country sessions, it would not methinks be there be any thing offered that is particular, to be amiss to give an account of that market for prefer- in haste. ment, a great man's levée.

But we are now in the height of the affair, and For aughat I know, this commerce between the my lord's creatures have all had their whispers round It keep up the farce of the thing, and the dumb- gives her husband all the torment imaginable out of show is become more general. He casts his eye mere indolence, with this peculiar vanity, that she to that eurner, and there to Mr. Such-a-one; to the is to look as gay as a maid in the character of a other, “ And when did you come to town?" And wife. It is no matter what is the reason of a man's perhaps just before he nods to another; and enters grief, if it be heavy as it is. Her unhappy man is with him, “ But, Sir, I am glad to see you, now I convinced that she means him no dishonour, but think of it." Each of those are happy for the pines to death because she will not have so much next four-and-twenty hours; and those who bow in deference to him as to avoid the appearances of it. ranks undistinguished, and by dozens at a time, The author of the following letter is perplexed with think they have very good prospects if they may an injury that is in a degree yet less criminal, and hope to arrive at such notices half a year hence. yet the source of the utmost unhappiness. The satirist says, there is seldom common sense

“ Mr. SPECTATOR, in high fortune ;* and one would think, to behold a

“I have read your papers which relate to jealousy, levée, that the great were not only infatuated with their station, but also that they believed all below and desire your advice in my case, which you will

I have a wife, of whose virtue were seized too; else how is it possible they could say is not common. think of imposing upon themselves and others in I am not in the least doubtful; yet I cannot be such a degree, as to set up a levée for any thing but satisfied she loves me, which gives me as great un

easiness as being faulty the other way would do. a direct farce? But such is the weakness of our asture, that when men are a little exalted in their 1 know not whether I am not yet more miserable condition, they immediately conceive they have ad- than in that case, for she keeps possession of my ditinual senses

, and their capacities enlarged not heart, without the return of hers. I would desire only above other men, but above human compte. who will not condescend to convince their husbands

your observations upon that temper in some women, hension itself. Thus it is ordinary to see a great of their innocence or their love, but are wholly mau attend one listening, bow to one at a distance, and call to a third at the same instant. A girl in negligent of what reflections the poor men make pew ribands is not more taken with herself, nor upon their conduct (so they cannot call it criminal),

when at the same time a little tenderness of behadoes she betray more apparent coquetries, than even a wise man in such a circumstance of courtship. I viour, or regard to show an inclination to please do not know any thing that I ever thought so very such women deserve all the misinterpretation which

them, would make them entirely at ease.

Do not distasteful as the affectation which is recorded of Cæsar; to wit, that he would dictate to three several they neglect to avoid ? Or are they not in the acwriters at the same time. This was an ambition tual practice of guilt, who care not whether they below the greatness and candour of his mind. He are thought guilty or not? If my wife does the indeed (if any man had pretensions to greater facul- most ordinary thing, as visiting her sister, or taking

the air with her mother, it is always carried with ties than any other mortal) was the such a way of acting is childish, and inconsistent the air of a secret. Then she

will sometimes tell a with the manner of our being. It appears from the

thing of do consequence, as if it was only want of very nature of things, that there cannot be any to dally with my anxiety. I have complained to her

memory made her conceal it before; and this only thing effectually dispatched in the distraction of a of this behaviour in the gentlest terms imaginable, public levée; but the whole seems to be a conspi- and beseeched her not to use him, who desired only racy of a set of servile slaves, to give up their own liberty to take away their patron's understanding. most morose and unsociable husband in the wurld.

to live with her like an indulgent friend, as the T.

It is no easy matter to describe our circumstance,

but it is miserable with this aggravation, that it No. 1941 FRIDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1711. might be easily mended, and yet no remedy endea-Difcili bile tumet jecur.-Hor. 1 Od. xiii. 4.

voured. She reads you, and there is a phrase or

two in this letter which she will know came from With jealous pangs my bosom swells.

If we enter into an explanation which may The present paper shall consist of two letters tend to our future quiet by your means, you shall which observe upon faults that are easily cured both have our joint thanks: in the mean time I am (as in love and friendship. In the latter, as far as it much as I can in this ambiguous condition be any merely regards conversation, the person who neglects thing), Sir, visiting an agreeable friend is punished in the very

“ Your humble Servant." transgression ; for a good companion is not found in every room we go into. But the case of love is

“ MR. SPECTATOR, of a more delicate nature, and the anxiety is inex

“Give me leave to make you a present of a chapressible, if every little instance of kindness is not that of a man who treats his friend with the same

racter not yet described in your papers, which is reciprocal. There are things in this sort of com- odd variety which a fantastical female tyrant pracmerce which there are not words to express, and a tises towards her lover. I have for some time had a man may not possibly know how to represent what may yet tear his heart into ten thousand tortures, friendship with one of those mercurial persons. To be grave to a man's mirth, inattentive to his The rogue I know loves me, yet takes advantage of discourse, or to interrupt either with something that my fondness for him to use me as he pleases. We argues a disinclination to be entertained by him,

are by turns the best friends and greatest strangers has in it something so disagreeable, that the utmost imaginable. Sometimes you would think us insesteps which may be made in further enmity cannot parable; at other times he avoids me for a long give greater torinent. The gay Corinna, who sets time, yet neither he nor I know why. When we up for an indifference and becoming heedlessness, meet next by chance, he is amazed he has not

seen me, is impatient for an appointment the same • Rarus enim ferme sensus communis in illa evening; and when I expect he would have kept Partuna

Juv. vii. 73. it, I have known him slip away to another place ;


Fools not to know that half exceeds the whole,

where he has sat reading the news, when there is herself in all her force and vigour; if exercise is no post; smoking his pipe, which he seldom cares sipates a growing distemper, temperance starves it. for; and staring about him in company with whom Physic for the most part is nothing else but the he has had nothing to do, as if he wondered how be substitute of exercise or temperance. Medicines came there.

are indeed absolutely necessary in acute distem"That I may state my case to you the more fully, pers, that cannot wait the slow operations of these I shall transcribe some short minutes I have taken two great instruments of health; but did men live in of him in my almanac since last spring; for you an habitual course of exercise and temperance, there must know there are certain seasons of the year, could be but little occasion for them. Accordingly according to which, I will not say our friendship, we find that those parts of the world are the most but the enjoyment of it rises or falls. In March healthy, where they subsist by the chase; and that and April he was as various as the weather; in May men lived longest when their lives were employed and part of June, I found him the sprightliest fellow in hunting, and when they had little food besides in the world: in the dog-days he was much upon what they caught. Blistering, cupping, bleeding, the indolent; in September very agreeable, but very are seldom of use but to the idle and intemperaie; busy; and since the glass fell last to changeable, as all those inward applications which are so much he has made three appointments with me, and in practice among us, are for the most part nothing broke them every one. However, I have good else but expedients to make luxury consistent with hopes of him this winter, especially if you will lend health. The apothecary is perpetually employed in me your assistance to reform him, which will be a countermining the cook and the vintner. 'It is great ease and pleasure to, Sir,

said of Diogenes, that meeting a young man who “ Your most humble Servant."

was going to a least, he took him up in the street “ October 9, 1711.

and carried him to his own friends, as one who was T.

running into imminent danger, had not he prevented him. What would that philosopher have said, had

he been present at the gluttony of a modern meal? No. 195.] SATURDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1711.

would not he have thought the master of a family

mad, and have begged his servants to tie down his How blest the sparing meal and temperate bowl! hands, had he seen him devour a fowl, fish, and There is a story in the Arabian Nights Tales of flesh; swallow oil and vinegar, wines and spices; a king who had long languished under an ill habit throw down salads of twenty different herbs, sauces of body, and had taken abundance of remedies to of a hundred ingredients, confections and fruits of no purpose. At length, says the fable, a physician numberless sweets and flavours ? What unnatural cured him by the following method : he took a hol. motions and counter-ferments must such a medley low ball of wood, and filled it with several drugs; of intemperence produce in the body? For my pari, after which he closed it up so artificially that when I behold a fashionable table set out in all its nothing appeared. He likewise took a malí, and magnificence, I fancy that I see gouts and dropsies, after having hollowed the handle, and that part fevers and lethargies, with other innumerable diswhich strikes the ball, he enclosed in them several tempers, lying in ambuscade among the dishes. drugs after the same manner as in the ball itself. Nature delights in the most plain and simple He then ordered the sultan, who was his patient, to diet. Every animal, but man, keeps to one dish. exercise himself early in the morning with these Herbs are the food of this species, fish of that, and rightly prepared instruments, till such time as he flesh of a third. Man falls upon every thing that should sweat; when, as the story goes, the virtue comes in his way; not the smallest fruit or exof the medicaments perspiring through the wood crescence of the earth, scarce a berry or a mushhad so good an influence on the sultan's constitu- room, can escape him. tion, that they cured him of an indisposition which

It is impossible to lay down any determinate rule all the compositions he had taken inwardly bad for temperance, because what is luxury in one may not been able to remove. This eastern allegory is be temperance in another; but there are few that finely contrived to show us how beneficial bodily have lived any time in the world, who are not labour is to health, and that exercise is the most judges of their own constitutions, so far as to know effectual physic. I have described in my hundred what kinds and what proportions of food do best and fifteenth paper, from the general structure and agree with them. Were I to consider my readers mechanism of a human body, how absolutely neces- as my patients, and to prescribe such a kind of tem. sary exercise is for its preservation. I shall in this perance as is accommodated to all persons, and place recommend another great preservative of such as is particularly suitable to our climate and health, which in many cases produces the same way of living, I would copy the following rules of a effects as exercise, and may, in some measure, sup- very eminent physician. "Make your whole repast ply its place, where opportunities of exercise are out of one dish. If you indulge in a second, avoid wanting. The preservative I am speaking of is drinking any thing strong until you have finished temperance, which has those particular advantages your meal; at the same time abstain from all sauces, above all other means of health, that it may be or at least such as are not the most plain and praetised by all ranks and conditions, at any season, simple.”. A man could not be well guilty of glutor in any place. It is a kind of regimen into which tony, if he stuck to these few obvious and easy every man may put himself, without interruption to rules. In the first case there would be no variety business, expense of money, or loss of time. If of tastes to solicit bis palate, and oceasion excess; exercise throws off all superfluities, temperance por in the second, any artificial provocatives to reprevents them; if exercise clears the vessels, tem-lieve satiety, and create a false appetite. Were I perance neither satiates nor overstrains them; if to prescribe a rule for drinking, it should be formed exercise raises proper ferments in the humours, and upon a saying quoted by Sir William Temple: promotes the circulation of the blood, temperance gives nature her full play, and enables her to exert * Diog. Laert. Vitæ Philosoph. lib. vi. cap. 2. n 6.


" The first glass for myself, the second for my No. 196.) MONDAY, OCTOBER 15, 1711, friends, the third for good-humour, and the fourth

Est Ulubris, animus si te non deficit æquus. for mine enemies." But because it is impossible

Hor. I Ep. xi. 30. for one who lives in the world to diet himself always

True happiness is to no plaee confmed, in so philosophical a manner, I think every man But still is found in a contented mind. should have his days oi abstinence according as his constitution will permit These are great reliefs to

"MR. SPECTATOR, Dature, as they qualify, her for struggling with hun- There is a particular fault which I have obger and thirst whenever any distemper or duty of served in most of the moralists in all ages, and that ufe may put her upon such difficulties; and at the is, that they are always professing themselves, and same time give her an opportunity of extricating teaching others, to be happy. This state is not to herself from her oppressions, and recovering the be arrived at in this life, therefore I would recomseveral tones and springs of her distended vessels

. mend to you to talk in a humbler strain than your Besides that, abstinence well-timed often kills a predecessors have done, and instead of presuming sickness in embryo, and destroys the first seeds of to be happy, instruct us only to be easy. The az indisposition. It is observed by two or three an- thoughts of bim who would be discreet, and aim at cient authors, * that Socrates, notwithstanding he practicable things, should turn upon allaying our lived in Athens during that great plague which has pain, rather than promoting our joy. Great inmale so mueh noise through all ages, and has been quietude is to be avoided, but great felicity is not to celebrated at different times by such eminent hands; be attained. The great lesson is equanimity, a reI say, notwithstanding that he lived in the times of gularity of spirit, which is a little above cheerfulness this devouring pestilence, he never caught the least and below mirth. Cheerfulness is always to be infection, which those writers unanimously ascribe supported if a man is out of pain, but mirth to a to that uninterrupted temperance which he always prudent man should always be accidental. It should obsersed.

naturally arise out of the occasion, and the occasion And here I cannot but mention an observation seldom be laid for it; for those tempers who want 7hich I have often made, upon reading the lives of mirth to be pleased, are like the constitutions which the philosophers, and comparing them with any se- Hag without the use of brandy. Therefore, I say, ries of kings or great men of the same number. If let your precept be, ‘be easy." That mind is dissoXe consider these ancient sages, a great part of lute and ungoverned, which must be hurried out of whose philosophy consisted in a temperate and ab- itself by loud laughter or sensual pleasure, or else siemious course of life, one would think the life of be wholly inactive. a philosopher and the life of a man were of two dif- “ There are a couple of old fellows of my acferent dates. For we find that the generality of quaintance who meet every day and smoke a pipe, these wise men were nearer a hundred than sixty and by their mutual love to each other, though they years of age, at the time of their respective deaths. have been men of business and bustle in the world, Bail the most remarkable instance of the efficacy of enjoy a greater tranquillity than either could have temperance towards the procuring of long life, is worked himself into by any chapter of Seneca. Inwhat we meet with in a little book published by dolence of body and mind, when we aim at no Lewis Cornaro the Venetian; which I the rather men- more, is very frequently enjoyed; but the very intion, because it is of undoubted credit, as the late quiry after bappiness has something restless in it, Venetian ambassador, who was of the same family, which a man who lives in a series of temperate attested more than once in conversation, when he meals, friendly conversations, and easy slumbers, resided in England. Cornaro, who was the author gives himself no trouble about. While men of reof the little treatise I am mentioning, was of an in- finement are talking of tranquillity, he possesses it. firm constitution, until about forty, when by obsti- “What I would by these broken expressions reDately persisting in an exact course of temperance, commend to you, Mr. Spectator, is, that you would he recovered a perfect state of health; insomuch speak of the way of life which plain men may that at lourscore he published his book, which has pursue, to fill up the spaces of time with satisfaebeen translated into English under the title of Sure tion. It is a lamentable circumstance, that wisdom, aad Certain Methods of Attaining a Long and or, as you call it, philosophy, should furnish ideas Healthy Life. He lived to give a third or fourth only for the learned; and that a man must be a edition of it; and after having passed his hundredth philosopher to know how to pass away bis time year, died without pain or aguny, and like one who agreeably. It would therefore be worth your pains falls asleep. The treatise I mention has been taken to place in a handsome light the relations and affinotice of by several eminent authors, and is written nities among men, which render their conversation with such a spirit of cheerfulness, religion, and good with each other so grateful, that the highest talents sepse, as are the natural concomitants of temper-give but an impotent pleasure in comparison with agee and sobriety. The mixture of the old man in them. You may find descriptions and discourses it is rather a recommendation than a discredit to it. which will repder the fire-side of an honest artificer

Having designed this paper as the sequel to that as entertaining as your own club is to you. Goodupon exercise, I have not here considered temper- nature has an endless source of pleasure in it: and anee as it is a moral virtue, which I shall make the the representation of domestic life filled with its nasubject of a future speculation, but only as it is the tural gratifications, instead of the necessary vexameans of health.-L.

tions which are generally insisted upon in the writings of the witty, will be a very good office to

society. Diogenes Laertius in Vit. Socratis.-Elian in Var. Hist

“ The vicissitudes of labour and rest in the lower w zücap. 22; &c

part of mankind, make their being pass away with that sort of relish which we express by the word comfort; and should be treated of by you, who are a spectator, as well as such subjects which appear


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