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When I employ myself upon a paper of morality, is as unjust in his dealings as he who takes up goods I generally consider how I may recommend the of a tradesman without intention or ability to pay particular virtue which I treat of, by the precepts him. Of the few of the class which I think fit to or examples of the ancient heathens; by that means, consider, there are not two in ten who sueceed, if possible, to shame those who have greater ad- insomuch that I know a man of good sense who put vantages of knowing their duty, and therefore his son to a blacksmith, though an offer was made greater obligations to perform it, into a better course him of his being received as a page to a man of of life; besides, that many among us are unreason-quality. There are not more eripples come out of ably disposed to give a fairer hearing to a Pagan the wars than there are from those great services; philosopher than to a Christian writer.

some through discontent lose their speech, some their I shall, therefore, produce an instance of this memories, others their senses, or their lives; and I excellent frame of mind in a speech of Socrates, seldom see a man thoroughly discontented, but I which is quoted by Erasmus. This great philoso- conclude he bas had the favour of some great man. pher on the day of his execution, a little before the I have known of such as have been for twenty years draught of poison was brought to him, entertaining together within a month of a good employment, but his friends with a discourse on the immortality of never arrived at the bappiness of being pussessed the soul, has these words : “ Whether or no God of any thing. will approve of my actions, I know hot; but this I There is nothing more ordinary, than that a man, am sure of, that I have at all times made it my who has got into a considerable station, shall immeendeavour to please him, and I have a good bope diately alter his manner of treating all his friends, that this my endeavour will be accepted by him." and from that moment he is to deal with you as if We find in these words of that great man the he wêre your fate. You are no longer to be conhabitual good intention which I would here incul- sulted, even in matters which concern yourself; cate, and with which that divine philosopher always but your patron is of a species above you, and a acted. I shall only add, that Erasmus, who was free communication with you is not to be expected. an unbigoted Roman catholic, was so much tran. This, perhaps, may be your condition all the while sported with this passage of Socrates, that he could be bears office; and when that is at an end, you scarce forbear looking upon him as a saint, and de-are as intimale as ever you were, and he will take it siring him to pray for him; or as that ingenious and very ill if you keep the distance he prescribed you learned writer has expressed himself in a much towards him in his grandeur. One would think more lively manner; “ When I reflect on such a this should be a behaviour a man could fall into speech, pronounced by such a person, I can scarce with the worst grace imaginable; but they who forbear crying out, ‘Sancle Socrates, ora pro nobis :' know the world have seen it more than once. I O holy Socrates, pray for us.”-L.

have often, with secret pity, beard the same man who has professed bis abhorrence against all kind

of passive behaviour, lose minutes, hours, days, and No. 214.] MONDAY, NOVEMBER 5, 1711.

years, in a fruitless attendance on one who had no

inclination to befriend bim. It is very much to be Perierunt tempora longi

regretted, that the great have one particular privi

lege above the rest of the world, of being slow in A long dependance in an hour is lost.—DRYDEN.

receiving impressions of kindness, and quick in

taking offence. The elevation above the rest of I did some time ago lay before the world the un- mankind, except in very great minds, makes men bappy condition of the trading part of mankind, so giddy, that they do not see after the same manwho suffer by want of punctuality in the dealings ner they did before. Thus they despise their old of persons above them; but there is a set of men friends, and strive to extend their interests to new who are much more the objects of compassion than pretenders. By this means it often happens, that even those, and these are the dependants on great when you come to know how you lost such an emmen, whom they are pleased to take under their ployment, you will find the man who got it never protection as such as are to share in their friendship dreamed of it; but, forsooth, he was to be surprised and favour. These indeed, as well from the homage into it, or perhaps solicited to receive it. 'Upon that is accepted from them, as the hopes which are such occasions as these a man may perhaps grow Kiven to them, are become a sort of creditors: and out of humour. If you are so, all mankind will fall uese debts, being debts of honour

, ought, according in with the patron, and you are a humourist and tu the accustomed maxim, to be first discharged. untractable if you are capable of being sour at a

When I speak of dependants, I would not be un- disappointment: but it is the same thing whether derstood to mean those who are worthless in them- you do or do not resent ill-usage, you will be used selves, or who, without any call, will press into the after the same manner; as sonie good mothers will company of their betters. Nor, when I speak of be sure to whip their children till they cry, and then patrons, do I mean those who either have it not in whip them for crying. their power, or have no obligation to assist their There are but two ways of doing any thing with friends; but I speak of such leagues where there is great people, and those are by making yourself power and obligation on the one part, and merit either considerable or agreeable. The former is and expectation on the other.

not to be attained but by finding a way to live withThe division of patron and client, may, I believe, put them, or concealing that you want them; the include a third of our nation : the want of merit and latter is only by falling into ibeir taste and plea. real worth in the client, will strike out about ninety- sures. This is, of all the employments in the world vine in a hundred of these; and the want of ability the most servile, except it happens to be of your in patrons, as many of that kind. But, however, í own natural humour. For to be agreeable to anmust beg leave to say, that he who will take up another, especially if he be above you, is not to be posother's time and fortune in his service, though he has no prospect of rewarding his merit towards him,


Juv. Sat. iii. 124.

• These



sessed of such qualities and accomplishments as which Aristotle has brought to explain his doctrine should render you agreeable in yourself, but such as of substantial forms, when he tells us that a statue make you agreeable in respect to him. Ad imita- lies bid in a block of marble; and that the art of tion of his faults, or a compliance, if not subserv- the statuary only clears away the superfluous matience to his vices, must be the measure of your ter, and removes the rubbish. The figure is in conduct.

stone, the sculptor only finds it. What sculpture is When it comes to that, the unnatural state a man to a block of marble, education is to a human soul. lires in, when his patron pleases, is ended ; and his The philosopher, the saint, or the hero, the wise, guilt and complaisance are objected to him, though the good, or the great man, very often lie hid and the man who rejects him for his vices was not only concealed in a plebeian, which a proper education his partner, but seducer. Thus the client (like a might have disinterred, and have brought to light. young woman who has given up the innocence which I am, therefore, much delighted with reading the made her charming) has not only lost his time, but accounts of savage nations, and with contemplating also the virtue which could render him capable of those virtues which are wild and uncultivated; to resenting the injury which is done him.

see courage exerting itself in fierceness, resolution It would be endless to recount the tricks of turn-in obstinacy, wisdom iu cunning, patience in sullening you off from themselves to persons who have ness and despair. less power to serve you, the art of being sorry for Men's passions operate variously, and appear in such an unaccountable accident in your behaviour, different kinds of actions, according as they are that such a one (who, perhaps, has never heard of more or less rectified and swayed by reason. When yon) opposes your advancement; and if you have one hears of negroes, who upon the death of their any thing more than ordinary in you, you are masters, or upon changing their service, hang them. Aattered with a whisper, that it is no wonder people selves upon the next tree, as it frequently happens are so slow in doing for a man of your talents, and in our Americau plantations, who can forbear adthe like.

miring their fidelity, though it expresses itself in so After all this treatment, I must still add the dreadful a manner? What might not that savage pleasantest insolence of all, which I have once or greatness of soul which appears in these poor twice seen; to wit, that when a silly rogue has wretches on many occasions be raised to, were it throws away one part in three of his life in unprofit- rightly cultivated ? And what colour of excuse can able attendance, it is taken wonderfully ill that be there be for the contempt with which we treat this withdraws, and is resolved to employ the rest for part of our species ? that we should not put them himself.

upon the common foot of humanity; that we should When we consider these things, and reflect upon only set an insigniticant fine upon the man who so many honest natures (which one, who makes ob- murders them; day, that we should, as much as in kervation of what passes, may have seen) that have us lies, cut them off from the prospect of happiness miscarried by such sort of applications, it is too me in another world as well as in this, and deny them laneboly a scene to dwell upon; therefore I shall that which we look upon as the proper means for take another opportunity to discourse of good attaining it ? patrons, and distinguish such as have done their Since I am engaged on this subject, I cannot for. duty to those who have depended upon them, and bear mentioning a story which I have lately heard, were not able to act without their favour. Worthy and which is so well attested, that I have no manner patrons are like Plato's Guardian Angels, who are of reason to suspect the truth of it. I may call it always doing good to their wards; but negligent a kind of wild tragedy that passed about twelve years patrons are like Epicurus’s gods, that lie lolling on ago at St. Christopher's, one of our British Leeward the clouds, and, instead of blessings, pour down islands. The negroes who were the persons constorms and tempests on the heads of those that are cerned in it, were all of them the slaves of a gentleoffering incense to them.*

man, who is now in England. т

This gentleman, among his negroes, had a young

woman, who was looked upon as a most extraordiNo. 215.) TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1711.

nary beauty by those of her own complexion. He

had at the same time two young fellows, who were -Ingenuas didicisse fideliter artes

likewise negroes and slaves, remarkable for the Emollit mores, nec sinit esse feros.

coneliness of their persons, and for the friendship OviD, de Ponto, II. ix. 47. Ingenuous arts, where they an entrance find,

which they bore to one another. It unfortunately Sosten the manners, and subdue the mind.

happened that both of them fell in love with the fe.

male negro above mentioned, who would have been I consider a human soul without education like very glad to have taken either of them for her husmarble in the quarry, which shows none of its in- band, provided they would agree between themselves herent beanties, until the skill of the polisher fetches which should be the man. But they were both so out the colours, makes the surface shine, and dis- passionately in love with her, that neither of them covers every ornamental cloud, spot, and vein that would think of giving her up to his rival.; and at runs through the body of it. Education, after the the same time were so true to one another, that same manner, when it works upon a noble mind, neither of them would think of gaining her without draws out to view every latent virtue and perfection, his friend's consent. The torments of these two which without such helps are never able to make lovers were the discourse of the family to which they their appearance.

belonged, who could not forbear observing the If my reader will give me leave to change the al- strange complication of passions which perplexed lasioa so soon upon him, I shall make use of the the hearts of the poor negroes, that often dropped sate instance to illustrate the force of education, expressions of the uneasiness they underwent, and • The Spectator has not justly represented here the gods of

how impossible it was for either of them ever to be Epicuruse they were supposed to be indolent and uninterested happy. in the affairs of men, but not malignant or cruel beings. After a long struggle between love and friendship, truth and jealousy, they one day took a walk to No. 216.] WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 7,1711, gether into a wood, carrying their mistress along with

Siquidem hercle possis, nil prius, neque fortius. them: where, after abundance of lamentations, they

Verum si incipies, neque perficies naviter, stabbed her to the heart, of which she immediately Atque, ubi pati non poteris, cum nemo expetel, died. A slave who was at his work not far from the Infecta pace, ultro ad eam venies, indicans

Te amare, et ferre non posse : actum est, ilicet, place where this astonishing piece of cruelty was com- Peristi : eludet, ubi te victum senserit. mitted, hearing the shrieks of the dying person, ran

TER, Eun. act i. sc. I. to see what was the occasion of them. He there O brave! oh excellent ! if you maintain it! discovered the woman lying dead upon the ground,

But if you try, and can't go through with spirit, with the two negroes on each side of her, kissing

And finding you can't bear it, uninvited,

Your peace unmade, ail of your own accord, the dead corpse, weeping over it, and beating their

You come and swear you love, and can't endure it, breasts in the utmost agonies of grief and despair Good night' all's over! ruin'd! and undone ! He immediately ran to the English family with the

She'll jill you, when she sees you in her power.

COLMAX. news of what he had seen; who, upon coming to the

“To Mr. SPECTATOR. place, saw the woman dead, and the two negroes

“SIR, expiring by her with wounds they had given themselves.

“This is to inform you, that Mr. Freeman bad We see in this amazing instance of barbarity,

no sooner taken coach, but his lady was taken with what strange disorders are bred in the minds of a terrible fit of the vapours, which it is feared will those men whose passions are not regulated by vir- make her miscarry, if not endanger her life ; tberetue, and disciplined by reason. Though the action fore, dear Sir, if you know of any receipt that is good which I bave recited is in itself full of guilt and against this fashionable reigning distemper, be horror, it proceeded from a temper of mind which pleased to communicate it for the good of the public,

and might have produced very noble fruits, had it been

you will oblige Yours, informed and guided by a suitable education.

"A. NOEWILL." It is therefore an unspeakable blessing to be born

“ MR. SPECTATOR, in those parts of the world where wisdom and know- “The uproar was so great as soon as I had read ledge flourish; though it must be confessed, there the Spectator concerning Mrs. Freeman, that after are, even in these parts, several poor uninstructed per- many revolutions in her temper, of raging, swoon. sons, who are but little above the inhabitants of ing, railing, fainting, pitying herself, and reviling those nations of which I have been here speaking; her husband, upon an accidental coming in of a as those who have had the advantage of a more li- neighbouring lady (who says she has writ to you beral education rise above one another by several also), she had nothing left for it but to fall into a different degrees of perfection. For, to return to fit. I had the honour to read the paper to her, and our statue in the block of marble, we see it some have pretty good command of countenance and temtimes only begun to be chipped, sometimes rough- per on such occasions; and soon found my historical hewn, and but just sketched into a human figure ; name to be Tom Meggot in your writings, but_consometimes we see the man appearing distinctly in cealed myself until I saw how it affected Mrs. Freeall his limbs and features, sometimes we find the man.

She looked frequently at her husband, as figure wrought up to a great elegancy, but seldom often at me; and she did not tremble as she filled meet with any to which the hand of a Phidias or tea, until she came to the circumstance of Arm Praxiteles could not give several nice touches and strong's writing out a piece of Tully for an opera finishings.


Then she burst out, she was exposed, she Discourses of morality, and reflections upon was deceived, she was wronged and abused. The human nature, are the best means we can make use tea-cup was thrown into the fire; and without of to improve our minds, and gain a true knowledge taking vengeance on her spouse, she said to me, of ourselves, and consequently to recover our souls that I was a pretending coxcomb, a meddler that out of the vice, ignorance, and prejudice, which na- knew not what it was to interpose in so nice an turally cleave to them. I have all along professed affair as between a man and his wife. To which myself in this paper a promoter of these great Mr. Freeman: Madam, were I less fond of you ends; and I flatter myself that I do from day to than I am, I should not have taken this way of day contribute something to the polishing of men's writing to the Spectator to inform a woman, whom minds : at least my design is laudable, whatever God and nature has placed under my direction, with the execution may be. I must confess I am not a what I request of her; but since you are so indiscreet little encouraged in it by many letters which I re- as not to take the hint which I gave you in that ceive from unknown hands, in approbation of my paper, I must tell you, Madam, in so many words, endeavours ; and must take this opportunity of re- that you have for a long and tedious space of time turning my thanks to those who write them, and ex- acted a part unsuitable to the sense you ought to cusmg myself for not inserting several of them in have of the subordination in which you are placed. my papers, which I am sensible would be a very And I must acquaint you, once for all, that the fel. great ornament to them, Should I publish the low without-Ha, Tom !:-(here the footman en. praises which are so well penned, they would do tered and answered, Madam) ‘Sirrah, don't you honour to the persons who write them, but my pub- know my voice? Look upon me when I speak to lishing of them would, I fear, be a sufficient instance you.'-' I say, Madam, this fellow here is to know to the world that I did not deserve them.-C. of me myself, whether I am at leisure to see com

pany or not.

I am from this hour master of this house; and my business in it, and every where else, is to behave myself in such a manner, as it shall be hereafter an honour to you to bear my name;

and your pride that you are the delight, the darling, and ornament of a man of honour, useful and esteemed | by his friends; and I no longer one that has buried

Juv. Sat. vi. 326.


some merit in the world, in compliance to a froward No. 217.] THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1711. humour which has grown upon an agreeable woman

-Tunc fæmina simplex, by his indulgence.' Mr. Freeman ended this with

Et pariter toto repetitur clanior ab antro a tenderness in his aspect, and a downcast eye, which showed he was extremely moved at the

Then unrestrain'd by rules of deceney, anguish he saw her in; for she sat swelling with

Th' assembled females raise a general cry passion, and her eyes firmly fixed on the fire; when İ, fearing he would lose all again, took upon me to letters from my correspondents. The first of them

I shall entertain my reader to-day with some provoke her out of that amiable sorrow she was in, is the description of a club, whether real or imato fall upon me; upon which I said very seasonably ginary I cannot determine; but am apt to fancy, for my friend, that indeed Mr. Freeman was become that the writer of it, whoever she is, has formed a the common talk of the town; and that nothing was kind of nocturnal orgie out of her own fancy. so much a jest, as when it was said in company, Mr. Whether this be so or not, her letter may conduce Freeman had promised to come to such a place to the amendment of that kind of persons who are Upon which the good lady turned her softness into represented in it, and whose characters are frequent downright rage, and threw the scalding tea-kettle

enough in the world. apon your humble servant, flew into the middle of the room, and cried out she was the unfortunatest

“ MR. SPECTATOR, of all women. Others kept family dissatisfactions “ In some of your first papers you were pleased for hours of privacy and retirement. No apology to give the public a very diverting account of several was to be made to her, no expedient to be found, no clubs and nocturnal assemblies; but I am a member previous manner of breaking what was amiss in her; of a society which has wholly escaped your notice, but all the world was to be acquainted with her I mean a club of She-Romps. We take each a errors, without the least admonition. Mr. Freeman hackney-coach, and meet once a week in a large was going to make a softening speech, but I inter- upper-chamber, which we hire by the year for that posed: Look you, Madam, I have nothing to say purpose; our landlord and his family, who are quiet to this matter, but you ought to consider you are people, constantly contriving to be abroad on our now past a chicken; this humour, which was well club-night. We are no sooner come together, than enough in a girl, is insufferable in one of your mo- we throw off all that modesty and reservedness therly character. With that she lost all patience, with which our sex are obliged to disguise themselves and dew directly at her husband's periwig. I got in public places. I am not able to express the ber in my arms, and defended my friend; he pleasure we enjoy from ten at night till four in the making signs at the same time that it was too much; morning, in being as rude as you men can be for I beckoning, nodding, and frowning over her your lives. As our play runs high, the room is imsboulder, that he was lost it he did not persist. In mediately filled with broken fans, torn petticoats, this manner we flew round and round the room in lappets, or head-dresses, flounces, furbelows, garters, a moment, until the lady I spoke of above and and working-aprons. I had forgot to tell you at servants entered; upon which she fell upon the first, that besides the coaches we come in ourselves, couch as breathless. still kept up my friend: but there is one which stands always empty to carry off be, with a very silly air, bid them bring the coach our dead men, for so we call all those fragments and to the door, and we went off; I being forced to bid tatters with which the room is strewed, and which the coachman drive on. We were no sooner come we pack up together in bundles, and put into the to my lodgings, but all his wife's relations came to aforesaid coach. It is no small diversion for us to inquire after him; and Mrs. Freeman's mother meet the next night at some member's chamber, Frit a note, wherein she thought never to have seen where every one is to pick out what belongs to her this day, and so forth.

from this confused bundle of silks, stuffs, laces, and “ In a word, Sir, I am afraid we are upon a ribands. I have hitherto given you an account of thing we have no talents for; and I can observe al- our diversion on ordinary club-nights; but must acready, my friend looks upon me rather as a man quaint you further, that once a month we demolish that knows a weakness of him that he is ashamed of, a prude, that is, we get some queer formal creature than one wbo has rescued him from slavery. Mr. in among us, and unrig her in an instant. Our last Spectator, I am but a young fellow, and if Mr. month's prude was so årmed and fortified in whaleFreeman submits, I shall be looked upon as an in- bone and buckram, that we had much ado to come cendiary, and never get a wife as long as I breathe. at her; but you would have died with laughing to He has indeed sent word home he shall lie at have seen how the sober awkward thing looked when Hampstead to-night; but I believe fear of the first she was forced out of her intrenchments. In short, otuset after this rupture has too great a place in this Sir, it is impossible to give you a true notion of our resolution. Mrs. Freeman has a very pretty sister; sport, unless you would come one night amongst suppose I delivered him up, and articled with her us; and though it be directly against the rules of Dother for her bringing him home. If he has not our society to admit a male visitant, we repose so courage to stand it (you are a great casuist), is it much confidence in your silence and taciturnity, socb an ill thing to bring myself off as well as I can? that it was agreed by the whole club, at our last What makes me doubt my man is, that I find he meeting, to give you entrance for one night as a thicks it reasonable to expostulate at least with her? Spectator. and Captain Sentry will tell you, if you let your

“I am your humble Servant, orders be disputed, you are no longer a commander.

“ KITTY TERMAGANT. I wish you eould advise me how to get clear of this

“P.S. We shalldemolish a prude next Thursday.”

“ Yours, business handsomely. T.

“ TOM MEGGOT.” Though I thank Kitty for her kind offer, I do not

at present find in myself any inclination to venture my person with her and her romping companions, I should regard myself as a second Clodius in


truding on the mysterious rites of the Bona Dea, were talking of the Spectator. Ode said, he had and should apprehend being denuolished as much as that morning drawn the great benefit ticket; anthe prude.

other wished he had; but a third shaked his head The following letter comes from a gentleman, and said, It was a pity that the writer of that paper whose taste I find is much too delicate to endure was such a sort of man, that it was no great matthe least advance towards romping. I may perhaps ter whether he had it or no. He is, it seems, said hereafter improve upon the hint he has given me, the good man, the most extravagant creature in the and make it the subject of a whole Spectator; in the world; has run through vast sums, and yet been in mean time take it as it follows in his own words : continual want: a man, for all he talks so well of “ MR. SPECTATOR,

economy, unfit for any of the offices of life by rea" It is my misfortune to be in love with a young son of his profuseness. It wouid be an unhappy creature who is daily committing faults, which, thing to be his wife, his child, or his friend; and though they give me the utmost uneasiness, I know yet he talks as well of those duties of life as any not how to reprove her for, or even acquaint her one.

Much reflection bas brought me to so easy with. She is pretty, dresses well, is rich, and good a contempt for every thing which is false, that this humoured; but either wholly neglects, or has no heavy accusation gave me no manner of uneasiness; notion of that which polite people have agreed to but at the same time it threw me into deep thought distinguish by the name of delicacy. After our re- upon the subject of fame in general; and I could turn from a walk the other day she threw herself not but pity such as were so weak, as to value what into an elbow-chair, and professed before a large the common people say out of their own talkative company, that she was all over in a sweat. She temper to the advantage or diminution of those told me this afternoon that her stomach ached; and whom they mention, without being moved either by was complaining yesterday at dinner of something malice or good-will

. It will be too long to expathat stuck in her teeth. I treated her with a basket tiate upon the sense all mankind have of fame, and of fruit last summer, which she ate so very greedily, the inexpressible pleasure which there is in the as almost made me resolve never to see her more. approbation of worthy men, to all who are capable In short, Sir, I begin to tremble whenever I see her of worthy actions; but methinks one may divide the about to speak or move. As she does not want general werd fame, into three different species, as sense, if she takes these hints I am happy; if not, 1 it regards the different orders of mankind who have am more than afraid, that these things which shock any thing to do with it. Fame therefore may be me even in the behaviour of a mistress, will appear tation, which is preserved by every gentleman;


divided into glory, which respects the hero; repuinsupportable in that of a wife. “ I am, Sir, yours," &c.

credit, which must be supported by every tradesman.

These possessions in fame are dearer than life to My next letter comes from a correspondent whom those characters of men, or rather are the life of I cannot but very much value, upon the account these characters. Glory, while the hero pursues which she gives of herself.

great and noble enterprises, is impregnable; and “MR. SPECTATOR,

all the assailants of his renown do but show their "I am happily arrived at a state of tranquillity, pain and impatience of its brightness, without which few people envy, I mean that of an old maid: throwing the least shade upon it. If the fiundation therefore being wholly unconcerned in all that of a high name be virtue and service, all that is medley of follies which our sex is apt to contract offered against it is but rumour, which is too shortfrom their silly fondness of yours, I read your rail lived to stand up in competition with glory, which leries on us without provocation. I can say with is everlasting. Hamlet,

Reputation, which is the portion of every man -Man delights not me,

who would live with the elegant and knowing part

of maukind, is as stable as glory, if it be as well “Therefore, dear Sir, as you never spare your founded; and the common cause of human society own sex, do not be afraid of reproving what is ridi- is thought concerned when we hear a man of good culous in ours, and you will 'oblige at least one behaviour calumniated. Besides which, according woman, who is

to a prevailing custom among us, every man has “ Your humble Servant,

his defence in his own arm; and reproach is soon "SUSANNAH FROST.”

| checked, put out of countenance, and overtaken by

disgrace. "MR. SPECTATOR,

The most unhappy of all men, and the most ex“I am wife to a clergyman, and cannot help posed to the malignity or wantonness of the comthinking that in your tenth or tithe character of mon voice, is the trader. Credit is undone in whiswomankind you meant myself, therefore I have no pers. The tradesman's wound is received from one quarrel against you for the other nine characters.

who is more private and more cruel than the ruffian “ Your humble Servant, with the lantern and dagger. The manner of reX.

“A. B." peating a man's name, -As; " Mr. Cash, Ob! do

you leave your money at his shop? Why, do you

know Mr. Searoom ? He is indeed a general nerNo. 218.1 FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1711,

chant." I say, I have seen, from the iteration of a Quid de quoque viro, et cui dicas, sæpe caveto.

man's name hiding one thought of him, and exHor. Ep. xvii. 68. plaining what you hide, by saying something to his

advantage wben you speak, a merchant hurt in his of whom you talk, to whom, and what, and where. credit; and him who, every day he lived, literally

added to the value of his native country, undone by I HAPPENED the other day, as my way is, to one who was only a burden and a blemish to it stroll into a little coffee-house beyond Aldgate; and Since every body who knows the world is sensible as I sat there two or three very plain sensible men of this great evil, how careful ought a man to be in

Nor woman either.

Have a care

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