důction of Arsinoe, and did it to the best advantage fower, who against common rules and fashions, dare
so great a novelty would allow. It is not proper to obey its dictates. As to salutations, which i vas
trouble you with particulars of the just complaints about to talk of, I observe, as I stroll about town,
we all of us have to make ; but so it is, that without there are great enormities committed with regard
regard to our obliging pains, we are all equally set to this particular.--You shall sometimes see a man
aside in the present opera. Our application, there begin the offer of a salutation, and observe a for.
fore, to you is only to insert this letter in your bidding air, or escaping eye, in the person he is
paper, that the town may know we have all three going to salute, and stop short in the poll of his
joined together to make entertainments of music neck. This in the person who believed he could do
for the future at Mr. Clayton's house in York- it with a good grace, and was refused the opportu-
buildings. What we promise ourselves is, to make nity, is justly resented with a coldness the whole
a subscription of two guineas, for eight times; and ensuing season. Your great beauties, people in
that the entertainment, with the names of the au- much favour, or by any means or for any purpose
thors of the poetry, may be printed, to be sold in overflattered, are apt to practise this, which one
the house, with an account of the several authors of may call the preventing aspect, and throw their
the vocal as well as the instrumental music for attention another way, lest they should confer a
'each night; the moncy to be paid at the receipt of bow or a courtesy upon a person who might not
the tickets, at Mr. Charles Lillie's. It will, we appear to deserve that dignity. Others you shall
hope, Sir, be easily allowed, that we are capable of find so obsequious, and so very courteous, as there
undertaking to exhibit, by our joint force and dif- is no escaping their favours of this kind. Of this
ferent qualifications, all that can be done in music; sort may be a man who is in the fifth or sixth
but lest you should think so dry a thing as an degree of favour with a minister. This good crea-
account of our proposal should be a matter un- ture is resolved to show the world, that great
worthy of your paper, which generally contains honours cannot at all change bis manners; he is
something of public use, give us leave to say, that the same civil person he ever was; he will venture
favouring our design is no less than reviving an art his neck to bow out of a coach in full speed, at
which runs to ruin by the utmost barbarism under once to show he is full of business, and yet not so
an affectation of knowledge. We aim at establish-taken up as to forget his old friend. With a man
ing some settled notion of what is music, at recover who is not so well formed for courtship and elegant
ing from neglect and want very many families who behaviour, such a gentleman as this seldom finds
depend upon it, at making all foreigners who pre- his account in the return of his compliments; but
tend to succeed in England to learn the language he will still go on, for he is in his own way, and
of it as we ourselves have done, and not to be so in- must not omit; let the neglect fall on your side, or
solent as to expect a whole nation, a refined and where it will, his business is still to be well-bred to
learned nation, should submit to learn theirs. In a the end. I think I have read, in one of our Eng-
word, Mr. Spectator, with all deference and bumi- lish comedies, a description of a fellow that affected
lity, we hope to behave ourselves in this undertak- knowing every body, and for want of judgment in
ing in such a manner, that all Englishmen who time and place, would bow and smile in the fare of
have any skill in music may be furthered in it for a judge sitting in the court, would sit in an opposite
their profit or diversion by what new things we gallery and smile in the minister's face as he came
shall produce ; never pretending to surpass others, up into the pulpit, and nod as if he alluded to some
or asserting that any thing which is a science is familiarities between them in another place. But
not attainable by all men of all nations who have now I happen to speak of salutation at church, 1
proper genius for it. We say, Sir, what we hope must take notice that several of my correspondents
for, it is not expected will arrive to us by contemning have importuned me to consider that subject, and
others, but through the utmost diligence recom- settle the point of decorum in that particular.
mending ourselves. We are, Sir,

I do not pretend to be the best courtier in the
“ Your most humble Servants,

world, but I have often on public occasions thought " THOMAS CLAYTON.

it a very great absurdity in the company (during
“ NICOLINO HAYM. the royal presence) to exchange salutations from ali

parts of the room, when certainly common sense
should suggest, that all regards at that time should

be engaged, and cannot be diverted to any other No. 259.1 THURSDAY, DECEMBER 27,1711. object, without disrespect to the sovereign. 'But as

to the complaint of my correspondents, it is not to Quod decet honestum est, et quod honestum est decet.

be imagined what offence some of them take at the

custom of saluting in places of worship. I have a What is becoming is honourable, and what is honourable is very angry letter from a lady, who tells me of one becoming.

of her acquaintance, who, out of mere pride and a There are some things which cannot come under pretence to be rude, takes upon her to return no certain rules, but which one would think could not civilities done to her in the time of divine service, need them. Of this kind are outward civilities and and is the most religious woman, for no other reason salutations. These one would imagine might be but to appear a woman of the best quality in the regulated by every man's common sense, without church. This absurd custom hal better be abothe help of an instructor: but that which we call lished than retained; if it were but to prevent evils common sense suffers under that word: for it some of no higher a nature than this is; but I am intimes implies no more than that faculty which is formed of objections much more considerable. A common to all men, but sometimes signifies right dissenter of rank and distinction was lately prereason, and what all men should consent to. In vailed upon by a friend of his to come to one of the this latter acceptation of the phrase, it is no great greatest congregations of the church of England wonder people err so much against it, since it is about town. After the service was over, he declared Dot'every one who is possessed of it, and there are ) he was very well satisfied with the little ceremony



which was used towards God Almighty; but at the the space of ten or fifteen years surrounded by a same time he feared he should not be able to go uew set of people, whose mangers are as natural to through those required towards one another : as to them as his delights, method of thinking, and mode this point he was in a state of despair, and feared of living, were formerly to him and his friends. he was not well-bred enough to be a convert. There But the mischief is, he looks upon the same kind have been many scandals of this kind given to our of error which he himself was guilty of with an eye Protestant dissenters, from the outward pomp and of scorn, and with that sort of ill-will which men respect we take to ourselves in our religious assem- entertain against each other for different opinions. blies. A Quaker who came one day into a church, Thus a crazy constitution and an uneasy mind is fixed his eye upon an old lady with a carpet larger fretted with vexațious passions for young men's than that from the pulpit before her, expecting doing foolishly what it is folly to do at all. Dear when she would hold forth. An anabaptist who Sir, this is my present state of mind; I hate those designs to come over himself, and all his family, I should laugh at, and envy those I contemn. The within a few months, is sensible they want breeding time of youth and vigorous manhood, passed the enough for our congregations, and has sent his two way in which I have disposed of it, is attended with eldest daughters to learn to dance, that they may these consequences ; but to those who live and pass not misbehave themselves at church. It is worth away life as they ought, all parts of it are equally considering whether, in regard to awkward people pleasant; only the memory of good and worthy with scrupulous consciences, a good Christian of actions is a feast which must give a quicker relish the best air in the world ought not rather to deny to the soul than ever it could possibly taste in the herself the opportunity of showing so many graces, highest enjoyments or jollities of youth. As for than keep a bashful proselyte without the pale of me, if I sit down in my great chair and begin to the church.-T.

ponder, the vagaries of a child are not more ridicu.

lous than the circumstances which are heaped up in No. 260.) FRIDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1711.

my memory; tine gowns, country dances, ends of

tunes, interrupted conversations, and midnight Singula de nobis anni prædantur euntes.--Hor. 3 Ep. ii. 55. quarrels, are what must necessarily compose my Years following years steal something every day.

soliloquy. I beg of you to print this, that some At last they steal us from ourselves away.--POPE.

ladies of my acquaintance, and my years, may be “ MR. SPECTATOR,

persuaded to wear warm night-caps this cold sea16

sun; and that my old friend Jack Tawdry may buy I am now in the sixty-fifth year of my age, and him a cane, and not creep with the air of a strut. having been the greater part of my days a man of I must add to all this, that if it were not for one pleasure, the decay of my faculties is a stagnation pleasure, which I thought a very mean one until of of my life But how is it, Sir, that my appetites very late years, I should have no one great satisare increased upon me with the loss of power to faction left; but if I live to the tenth of March gratify them? I write this like a criminal, to warn 1714, and all my securities are good, I shall be people to enter upon what reformation they please worth fifty thousand pounds. to make in themselves in their youth, and not

“ I am, Sir, expect they shall be capable of it from a fond opi.

“ Your most humble Servant, nion some have often in their mouths, that if we do Dot leave our desires, they will leave us. It is far

“ JACK AFTERDAY." Otherwise ; I am now as vain in my dress, and as

MR. SPECTATOR, Alippant, if I see a pretty woman, as when in my youth I stood upon a bench in the pit to survey the You will infinitely oblige a distressed lover, it whole circle of beauties. The folly is so extrava- you will insert in your very next paper the followgant with me, and I went on with so little check of ing letter to my mistress. You must know, I am my desires or resignation of them, that I can assure not a person apt to despair, but she has got an odd you, I very often, merely to entertain my own humour of stopping short unaccountably, and as thoughts, sit with my spectacles on, writing love she herself told a confidant of hers, she has cold letters to the beauties that have been long since in fits. These fits shall last her a month or six weeks their graves. This is to warm my heart with the together; and as she falls into them without profaint memory of delights which were once agreeable vocation, so it is to be hoped she will return from to me : but how much happier would my life have them without the merit of new services. But life been now, if I could have looked back on any and love will not admit of such intervals, therefore worthy action done for my country? if I had laid pray let her be admonished as follows: out that which I profused in luxury and wantonness, in acts of generosity or charity? I have lived a

Madam, bachelor to this day; and instead of a numerous “I love you, and honour you : therefore pray do offspring, with which in the regular ways of life I not tell me of waiting until decencies, until forms, might possibly have delighted myself

, I have only to until humours, are consulted and gratified. If you ainuse myself with the repetition of old stories and have that happy constitution as to be indolent for intrigues which no one will believe I ever was con- ten weeks together, you should consider that all cerned in. I do not know whether you have ever that while I burn in impatience and fevers; but treated of it or not; but you cannot fall on a better still you say it will be time enough, though I and subject, than that of the art of growing old. In you too grow older while we are yet talking. sueh a lecture you must propose, that no one set his Which do you think the most reasonable, that you heart upon what is transient; the beauty grows should alter a state of indifference for happiness, wrinkled while we are yet gazing at her. The and that to oblige me: or I live in torment, and witty man sinks into a humourist imperceptibly, that to lay no manner of obligation on you? While for want of reflecting that all things around him are I indulge your insensibility I am doing nothing; if in a flux, and continually changing: thus he is in you favour my passion, you are bestowing bright

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desires, gay hopes, generous cares, noble resolu- the good qualities of one to whom we join ourselves tions, and transporting raptures upon,

for life ; they do not make our present state agree “ Madam,

able, but often determine our happiness to all eter" Your most devoted humble Servant." nity. Where the choice is left to friends, the chief “MR. SPECTATOR,

point under consideration is an estate; where the * Hert is, a gentlewoman lodges in the same parties choose for themselves, their thoughts tura house with me, that I never did any injury to in my


upon person. They have both their rea. whole life ; and she is always railing at me to those and pleasures of life to the party whose interests

The first would procure many conveniences that she knows will tell me of it. Do not you thiak she is in love with me? or would you have they espouse; and at the same time may hope that

the wealth of their friends will turn to their own me break my mind yet, or not?

Your Servant,

credit and advantage. The others are preparing “ T. B.”

for themselves a perpetual feast. A good person 5 MR. SPECTATOR,

does not only raise but continue love, and breeds &

secret pleasure and complacency in the beholder, “ I am a footman in a great family, and am in when the first heats of desire are extinguished. It love with the house-maid. We were all at hot-puts the wife or husband in countenance both among cockles last night in the hall these holidays; when friends and strangers, and generally fills the famüy I lay down and was blinded, she pulled off her with a healthy and beautiful race of children. shoe, and hit me with the heel such a rap, as almost I should prefer a woman that is agreeable in my broke my head to pieces. Pray, Sir, was this love own eye, and not deformed in that of the world, to or spite i"-T.

a celebrated beauty. If you marry one remarkably

beautiful, you must have a violent passion for ber, No. 261.1 SATURDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1711. or you have not the proper taste for her charms;

and if you have such a passion for her, it is odds Wedlock's an ill men eagerly embrace.

but it would be imbittered with fears and jealousies. My father, whom I mentioned in my first specu

Good-nature and evenness of temper will give lation, and whom I must always name with honour you an easy companion for life; virtue and good and gratitude, has very frequently talked to me sense an agreeable friend; love and coostaney, a upon the subject of marriage. I was in my younger good wife or husband. Where we meet one person years engaged partly by his advice, and partly by with all these accomplishments, we find a hundred my own inclinations, in the courtship of a person without any one of them. The world, notwithstand who had a great deal of beauty, and did not at my iug, is more intent on trains and equipages, and all first approaches seem to have any aversion to me; the showy parts of life; we love rather to dazzle the but as my natural taciturnity hindered me from multitude, than consult our proper interests; and, showing myself to the best advantage, she by de- as I have elsewhere observed, it is ne of the most grees began to look upon me as a very silly fellow, unaccountable passions of human nature, that we and being resolved to regard merit more than any are at greater pains to appear easy and happy to thing else in the persons who made their applica-others, than really to make ourselves so. Of all tions to her, she married a captain of dragoons who disparities, that in humour makes the most unhappy happened to be beating up for recruits in those marriages, yet scarce enters into our thoughts at parts.

the contracting of them. Several that are in this This unlucky accident has given me an aversion respect unequally yoked, and uneasy for life with a to pretty fellows ever since, and discouraged me person of a particular character, might have been from trying my fortune with the fair sex. The ob- pleased and happy with a person of a contrary one, servations which I made at this conjuncture, and notwithstanding they are both perhaps equally virthe repeated advices which I received at that time tuous and laudable in their kind. from the good old man above mentioned, have pro- Before marriage we cannot be too inquisitive and duced the following essay upon love and marriage. discerning in the faults of the person beloved, nor

The pleasantest part of a man's life is generally after it too dim-sighted and superficial. However that which passes in courtship, provided his passion perfect and accomplished the person appears to you be sincere, and the party beloved kind with discre- at a distance, you will find many blemishes and imtion. Love, desire, hope, all the pleasing emotions perfections in her humour, upon a more intimate of the soul rise in the pursuit.

acquaintance, which you never discovered or per. It is easier for an artful man who is not in love, haps suspected. Here, therefore, discretion and to persuade his mistress he has a passion for her, good-nature are to show their strength; the first and to succeed in his pursuits, than for one who will hinder your thoughts from dwelling on what loves with the greatest violence. True love has is disagreeable, the other will raise in you all the ten thousand griefs, impatiences, and resentments, tenderness of compassion and humanity, and by dethat render a man uniamiable in the eyes of the grees soften those very imperfections into beauties. person whose affection he solicits; besides that it Marriage enlarges the scene of our happiness and sinks his figure, gives him fears, apprehensions, and miseries. A marriage of love is pleasant; a mar. poorness of spirit, and often makes him appear ri- riage of interest easy; and a marriage where both diculous where he has a mind to recommend himself. meet, happy. A happy marriage has in it all the

Those marriages generally abound most with pleasures of friendship, all the enjoyments of sense love and constancy, that are preceded by a long and reason, and indeed all the sweets of life. Nocourtship: The passion should strike root, and gather thing is a greater mark of a degenerate and vicious strength before marriage be grafted on it

. A long age, than the common ridicule which passes on this course of hopes and expectations tixes the idea in state of life. It is, indeed, only happy in those who our minds, and habituates' us to a fondness of the can look down with scorn and neglect on the imperson beloved.

pieties of the times, and tread the paths of life to There is nothing of so great importance to us, as I gether in a constant uniform course of virtue.-C. No. 262.) MONDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1711. As I have been thus tender of every particular

person's reputation, so I have taken more than or. Nulla venenato littera mista joco est. Ovid. Trist. ii. 566.

dinary care not to give offence to those who appear ADAPTED.

in the higher figures of life. I would not make myMy paper flows from no satiric vein, Contains no poison, and conveys no pain.

self merry even with a piece of pasteboard that is

invested with a public character; for which reason I THINK myself highly obliged to the public for I have never glanced upon the late designed protheir kind acceptance of a paper which visits them cession of his Holiness and bis attendants, notwithevery morning, and has in it none of those season- standing it might have afforded matter to many luings which recommend so many of the writings dicrous speculations. Among those advantages which are in vogue among us.

which the public may reap from this paper, it is As, on the one side, my paper has not in it a not the least, that it draws men's minds off from the single word of news, a reflection in politics, nor a bitterness of party, and furnishes them with substroke of party; so, on the other, there are nojects of discourse that may be treated without fashionable touches of infidelity, no obscene ideas, warmth or passion. This is said to have been the no satires upon priesthood, marriage, and the like first design of those gentlemen who set on foot tho popular topics of ridicule; no private scandal; nor Royal Society; and had then a very good effect, as any thing that may tend to the defamation of par. it turned many of the greatest geniuses of that age ticular persons, families, or societies.

to the disquisitions of natural knowledge, who, if There is not one of those above-mentioned sub- they had engaged in politics with the same parts jects that would not sell a very indifferent paper, and application, might have set their country in a could I think of gratifying the public by such mean fame. The air-pump, the barometer, the quadrant, and base methods. But notwithstanding I have re- and the like inventions, were thrown out to those jected every thing that savours of party, every busy spirits, as tubs and barrels are to a wbale, thing that is loose and immoral, and every thing that he may let the ship sail on without disturbance, that might create uneasiness in the minds of parti- while he diverts himself with those innocent amusecular persons, I find that the demand for my papers ments. has increased every month since their first appear- I have been so very scrupulous in this particular ance in the world.' This does not perhaps reflect so of not burting any man's reputation, that I have much honour upon myself, as on my readers, who forborne mentioning even such authors as I could give a much greater attention to discourses of vir. not name with honour. This I must confess to have tue and morality than ever I expected, or indeed been a piece of very great self-denial: for as the pubcould hope.

lic relishes nothing better than ridicule which turns When I broke loose from that great body of upon a writer of any emipeuce, so there is nothing writers who have employed their wit and parts in which a man that has but a very ordinary talent in propagating, vice and irreligion, I did not question ridicule may execute with greater ease. One might but I should be treated as an odd kind of fellow, raise laughter for a quarter of a year together upon that had a mind to appear singular in my way of the works of a person who has published but a very writing: but the general reception I have found few volumes. For which reason I am astonished, convinces me that the world is not so corrupt as we that those who have appeared against this paper, are apt to imagine; and that if those men of parts have made so very little of it. The criticisms which who have been employed in vitiating the age had I have hitherto published, have been made with an endeavoured to rectify and amend it, they needed intention rather to discover beauties and excellences not to have sacrificed their good sense and virtue to in the writers of my own time, than to publish any their fame and reputation. No man is so sunk in of their faults and imperfections. In the meanvice and ignorance, but there are still some hidden while, I should take it for a very great favour from seeds of goodness and knowledge in him; which some of my underhand detractors, if they would give him a relish of such reflections and speculations break all measures with me, so far as to give me a as have an aptness to improve the mind, and make pretence for examining their performances with an the heart better.

impartial eye: nor shall I look upon it as any I have shown in a former paper, with how much breach of charity to criticize the author so long as care I have avoided all such thoughts as are loose, I keep clear of the person. obscene, or immoral; and I believe my reader would In the mean while, until I am provoked to such still think the better of me, if he knew the pains I hostilities, I shall from time to time endeavour to am at in qualifying what I write after such a man- do justice to those who have distinguished themder that nothing may be interpreted as aimed at selves in the politer parts of learning, and to point private persons. For this reason, when I draw any out such beauties in their works as may have esfaulty character, I consider all those persons to caped the observation of others. whom the malice of the world may possibly apply As the first place among our English poets is due it, and take care to dash it with such particular cir- to Milton; and as I have drawn more quotations cumstances as may prevent all such ill-natured ap- out of him than from any other, I shall enter into plications. If I write any thing on a black man, a regular criticism upon his Paradise Lost, which I I run over in my mind all the eminent persons in shall publish every Saturday, until I have given my the nation who are of that complexion : when I thoughts upon that poem. I shall not, however, place an imaginary name at the head of a character, presume to impose upon others my own particular I examine every syllable and letter of it, that it judgment on this author, but only deliver it as my may not bear any resemblance to one that is real. private opinion. Criticism is of a very large extent, I know very well the value which every man sets and every particular master in this art has his fa. upon his reputation, and how painful it is to be ex-vourite passages in an author which do not equally posed to the mirth and derision of the public, and strike the best judges. It will be sufficient for me, should therefore scora to divert my reader at the ex- if I discover many beauties or imperfections which peose of any private man.

others have not attended to, and I shouid be very

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glad to see any of our eminent writers publish the generality of mankind, and growth towards their discoveries on the same subject. In short, I manhood so desirable to all, that resignation to would always be understood to write my papers of decay is too difficult a task in the father; and decriticism in the spirit which Horace has expressed ference, amidst the impulse of gay desires, appears in these two famous lines:

unreasonable to the son. There are so few who -Si quid novisti rectius istis,

can grow old with a good grace, and yet fewer who Candidus impertà; si non, his utere mecum.-1 Ep. vi. ult. can come slow enough into the world, that a father,

If you have made any better remarks of your own, com- were be to be actuated by his desires, and a son, municate them with candour; if not, make use of these I pre- were he to consult himself only, could neither of sent you with

them behave himself as he ought to the other. But C.

when reason interposes against instinct, where it

would carry either out of the interests of the other, No. 263.) TUESDAY, JANUARY 1, 1711-12. there arises that happiest intercourse of good offices

Gratulor quod eum quem necesse erat diligere, qualiscun between those dearest relations of human life. The que esset, talem havernus ut libenter quoque diligamus. father, according to the opportunities which are

TRENonius apud Tull offered to him, is throwing down blessings on the I am glad that he whom I must have loved from duty. son, and the son endeavouring to appear the worthy whatever he had been, is such a one as I can love from offspring of such a father. It is after this manner inclination.

that Camillus and his first-born dwell together, Ca“ MR. SPECTATOR,

millus enjoys a pleasing and indolent old age, in “ I am the happy father of a very towardly son, which passion is subdued, and reason exalted. He in whom I do not only see my life, but also my waits the day of his dissolution with a resignation manner of life, renewed. It would be extremely mixed with delight; and the son fears the accession beneficial to society, if you would frequently resume of his father's fortune with diffidence, lest he should subjects which serve to bind these sort of relations not enjoy or become it as well as bis predecessor. faster, and endear the ties of blood with those of Add to this, that the father knows he leaves a good-will, protection, observance, indulgence, and friend to the children of his friends, an easy landveneration. I would, methinks, have this done lord to bis tenants, and an agreeable companion to after an uncommon method, and do not think any his acquaintance. He believes his son's bebaviour one, who is not capable of writing a good play, tit will make bim frequently remembered, but never to undertake a work wherein there will necessarily wanted. This commerce is so well cemented, that occur so many secret instincts, and biasses of hu- without the pomp of saying, “Son, be a friend to man nature which would pass unobserved by com-such-a-one when I am gone;' Camillus knows, mon eyes. I thank Heaven I have no outrageous being in his favour is direction enough to the grateoffence against my own excellent parents to answer ful youth who is to succeed him, without the admofor; but when I am now and then alone, and look nition of his mentioning it. These gentlemen are back upon my past life, from my earliest infancy to honoured all in their neighbourhood, and the same this tine, there are many faults which I committed effect which the court has on the manners of a kingthat did not appear to me, even until I myself be-l dom, their characters have on all who live within came a father. I had not until then a notion , e influence of them. the yearnings of a heart, which a man has when he ** My son and I are not of fortune to communisees his child do a laudable thing, or the sudden ..te our good actions or intentions to so many as damp which seizes him when he fears he will act these gentlemen do; but I will be bold to say, my something unworthy. It is not to be imagined, son bas, by the applause and approbation which what a remorse touched me for a long train of his behaviour towards me has gained him, occachildish negligences of my mother, when I saw my sioned that many an old man besides myself has wile the other day look out of the window, and turn rejoiced. Other men's children follow the example as pale as ashes upon seeing my youngest boy of mine, and I have the inexpressible happiness of sliding upon the ice. These ght intimations will overhearing our neighbours, as we ride by, point to give you to understand, that there are numberless their children, and say, with a voice of joy, * There little crimes which children take no notice of while they go.' they are doing, which, upon reflection, when they - You cannot, Mr. Spectator, pass your time shall themselves become fathers, they will look upon better than in insinuating the delights which those with the utmost sorrow and contrition, that they did relations, well regarded, bestow upon each other. not regard before those whom they offended were to Ordinary passages are no longer such, but mutual be no more seen. How many thousand things do love gives an importance to the most indifferent I remember which would have highly pleased my things, and a merit to actions the most insignifi. father, and I omitted for no other reason, but that cant. When we look round the world, and observe I thought what he proposed the effect of humour the many misunderstandings which are created by and old age, which I am now convinced had reason the malice and insinuation of the meanest servants and good sense in it. I cannot now go into the between people thus related, how necessary will it parlour to him, and make his heart glad with an appear that it were inculcated, that men would be account of a matter which was of no consequence, upon their guard to support a constancy of affection, but that I told it, and acted in it. The good man and that grounded upon the principles of reason, and woman are long since in their graves, who not the impulses of instinct. used to sit and plot the welfare of us their children, “ It is from the common prejudices which men while, perhaps, we were sometimes laughing at the receive from their parents, that hatreds are kept old folks, at another end of the house. The truth alive from one generation to another; and when of it is, were we inerely to follow nature in these men act by instinct, hatred will descend when good great duties of life, though we have strong instinct offices are forgotten. For the degeneracy of human towards the performing of them, we should be on life is such, that our anger is more easily transferred both sides verv deficient. Age is so upwelcome to to our children, than our love. Love always gives

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