than on the beatific vision. I shall also leave the scribed with great pregnancy of thought, and copireader to judge how agreeable the following senti- ousness of invention. The diversions are every ments are to the same character:

way suitable to beings who had nothing left them but strength and knowledge misapplied.

Such are This deep world or darkness do we dread? How oft amidst

their contentions at the race, and in feats of arms, Thick clouds and dark doth heav'n's all ruling sire with their entertainment in the following lines: Choose to reside, his glory unobscurid, And with the majesty of darkness round

Others with vast Typhaan rage more fell Covers his throne; from whence deep thunders roar,

Reud up both rocks and hills, and ride the air
Mustering their rage, and heaven resembles hell!

In whirlwind; hell searce holds the wild uproar
As he our darkness, cannot we his light
Imitate when we please ? This desert soil

Their inusic is employed in celebrating their own Wants not her hidden lustre, gems and gold;

criminal exploits, and their discourse in sounding Nor want we skill or art, from whence to raise

the unfathoinable depths of fate, free-will, and foreMagnificence; and what can heav'n shew more?

knowledge. Beelzebub, who is reckoned the second in dignity The several circumstances in the description of that fell, and is, in the first book, the second that hell are finely imagined; as the four rivers which awakens out of the trance, and confers with Satan disgorge themselves into the sea of fire, the ex. upon the situation of their affairs, maintains his rank tremes of cold and heat, and the river of oblivion. in the book now before us. There is a wonderful | The monstrous animals produced in that infernal majesty described in his rising up to speak. He world are represented by a single line, which gives acts as a kind of moderator between the two opposite us a more horrid idea of them, than a much longer parties, and proposes a third undertaking, which description would have done : the whole assembly gives into. The motion he makes

Nature breeds, of detaching one of their body in search of a new Perverse, all monstrous, all prodigious things, world, is grounded upon a project devised by Satan, Abominable, inutterable, and worse and cursorily proposed by him in the following lines Than fables yet have feign d, or sear conceir'd, of the first book:

Gorgons and hydras, and chimeras dire.

This episode of the fallen spirits, and their place Space may produce new worlds, whereof so rife There went a same in heav'n, that he ere long of habitation, comes in very happily to unbend the Intended to create, and therein plant

mind of the reader from its attention to the debate. A generation, whom his choice regard

An ordinary poet would indeed have spun out so Should favour equal to the sons of heav'n; Thither, if but to pry, shall be perhaps

many circumstances to a great length, and by that Our first eruption, thither or elsewhere :

means have weakened, instead of illustrated, the For this infernal pit shall never hold

principal fable. Celestial spirits in bondage, nor th' abyss

The flight of Satan to the gates of hell is finely Long under darkness cover. But these thoughts Full counsel must mature :

imagined It is on this project that Beelzebub grounds his

I have already declared my opinion of the alle

gory concerning sin and death, which is, however, proposal :

a very finished piece in its kind, when it is not What if we find

considered as a part of an epic poem. The geneaSome easier enterprise? There is a place

logy of the several persons is contrived with great (If ancient and prophetic fame in heav'n Err not), another world, the happy seat

delicacy. Sin is the daughter of Satan, and Of some new race call'd man, about this time

Death the offspring of Sin. The incestuous misTo be created like to us, though less

ture between Sin and Death produces those monsters In pow'r and excellence, but favour*d more

and hell-hounds which from time to time enter into Of him who rules above; so was his will Pronounc'd among the gods, and by an oath,

their mother, and tear the bowels of her who gave That shook heav'n's whole circumference, confirm'd. them birth. The reader may observe how just it was, not to

These are the terrors of an evil conscience, and omit in the first book the project upon which the the proper fruits of sin, which naturally rise from

This last beautiful whole poem turns; as also that the prince of the the apprehensions of death. fallen angels was the only proper person to give it moral is, I think, clearly intimated in the speecà of birth, and that the next to him in dignity was the Sin, where, complaining of this her dreadful issue, fittest to second and support it.

she adds, There is besides, I think, something wonderfully Before mine eyes in opposition sits beautiful, and very apt to affect the reader's imagi

Grim Death, my son and foe, who sels them on,

And me his parent would full soon devour nation, in this ancient prophecy or report in

For want of other prey, but that he kuows heaven, concerning the creation of man. Nothing His end with mine involv'dcould show more the dignity of the species, than this tradition which ran of them before their exis circumstance in the last part of this quotation. He

I need not mention to the reader the beautiful tence. They are represented to have been the talk will likewise observe how naturally the three per of heaven before they were created. Virgil, in compliment to the Roman commonwealth, makes sons concerned in this allegory are tempted by one the heroes of it appear in their state of pre-exis- ther, and how properly Sin is made the portress or

common interest to enter into a confederacy togetence; but Milton does a far greater honour to mankind in general, as he gives us a glimpse of them hell

, and the only being that can open the gates tə

that world of tortures. even before they are in being.

The descriptive part of this allegory is likewise The rising of this great assembly is described in a very sublime and poetical manner.

very strong, and full of sublime ideas. The figure

of Death, the regal crown upon his head, his menace Their rising all at once was as the sound

of Satan, his advancing to the combat, the outcry Of thunder heard remote

at his birth, are circumstances too poble to be past The diversions of the fallen angels, with the par- over in silence, and extremely suitable to this king icular account of their place of habitation, are de- 1 of terrors. I need not mention the justness of

" Sir,

thought which is observed in the generation of these

POSTSCRIPT. several symbolical persons; that Sin was produced Sir, if I marry this lady by the assistance of upwa the first revoli of Satan, that Death appeared your opinion, you may expect a favour for it.” soon after he was cast into hell, and that the terrors

“ MR. SPECTATOR, cf conscience were conceived at the gate of this place of torments. The description of the gates is “I have the misfortune to be one of those unvery poetical, as the opening of them is full of Mil. happy men who are distinguished by the name of ton's spirit:

discarded lovers; but I am the less mortified at my On a sudden open fly

disgrace, because the young lady is one of those With ímpetuous recoil and jarring sound

creatures who set up for negligence of men, are forTl'infernal doors, and on their hinges grate

sooth the most rigidly virtuous in the world, and Harsh thunder, that the lowest bottom shook

yet their nicety will permit them at the comniand of Frebus. She open’d, but to shut Excell'd her pow'r; the gates wide open stood,

of parents to go to bed to the most utter stranger That with extended wings a banner å host

that can be proposed to them. As to me myself, I Ueder spread ensigos marching might pass through was introduced by the father of my mistress; but With horse and chariots rank'd in loose array:

find I owe my being at first received to a compariSo wide they stood, and like a furnace mouth Cast forth redounding smoke and ruddy fame. son of my estate with that of a former lover, and

that I am now in like manner turned off to give la Satan's voyage through the chaos there are way to a humble servant still richer than I am. several imaginary persons described, as residing in what makes this treatment the more extravagant that immense te of matter. This may perhaps is, that the young lady is in the management of be conformable to the taste of those critics who are this way of 'fraud, and obeys her father's orders pleased with nothing in a poet which has not life on these occasions without any manner of relucand manners ascribed to it; but for my own part, Itance, but does it with the same air that one of am pleased most with those passages in this descrip- your men of the world would signify the necessity tion which carry in them a greater measure of pro- of affairs for turning another out of office. When bability, and are such as might possibly have hap- i came home last night, I found this letter from my pened. Of this kind is his first mounting in the

mistress smoke that rises from the infernal pit, his falling into a cloud of nitre, and the like combustible materials, that by their explosion still hurried him “ I hope you will not think it any manner of disforward in his voyage: his springing upward like respect to your person or merit

, that the iutended a pyramid of tire, with his laborious passage through nuptials between us are interrupted. My father that confusion of elements which the poet calls says he has a much better offer for me than you can The womb of nature, and perhaps her grave.

make, and has ordered me to break off the treaty

between us. If it had proceeded, I should have beThe glimmering light which shot into the chaos haved myself with all suitable regard to you, but as from the utmost verge of the creation, with the dis- it is, I beg we may be strangers for the future. iant discovery of the earth that hung close by the Adieu.

“ LYDIA. moon, are wonderfully beautiful and poetical.-L.

“ This great indifference on this subject, and the

mercenary motives for making alliances, is what I No. 310.) MONDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1711-12. think lies naturally before you, and I beg of you to

give me your thoughts upon it. My answer to Lydia Connubio jungam stabili

VIRG. En. i. 77.

was as follows, which I hope you will approve : for I'll tre the indissoluble marriage-knot.

you are to know the woman's family affect a won. "MR. SPECTATOR,

derful ease on these occasions, though they expect “I am a certain young woman that love a cer

it should be painfully received on the man's side :tain young man very heartily; and my father and

" MADAM, mother were for it a great while, but now they say “ I have received yours, and knew the prudence I can do better, but I think I cannot. They bid me of your house so well, that I always took care to be not love him, and I cannot unlove him. What ready to obey your commands, though they should must I do? Speak quickly. Budy Dow-BAKE."

be to see you no more. Pray give my service to

all the good fainily. Adieu. "DEAR SPEC., Feb. 19, 1712.

“CLITOPHON "I have loved a lady entirely for this year and a

The opera subscription is full.” half, though for a great part of the time (which has

MEMORANDUM, contributed not a little to my pain) I have been

The censor of marriage to consider this letter, debarred the liberty of conversing with her. The and report the common usages on such treaties, with ground of our difference was this; that when we how mauy pounds or acres are generally esteemed had inquired into cach other's circumstances, we sufficient reason for preferring a new to an old prefound that at our first setting out in the world, we tender; with his opinion what is proper to be detershould owe five hundred pounds more than her mined in such cases for the future." See No. 308. fortune would pay off. My estate is seven hundred let. 1. pounds 2-year, besides the benefit of tin mines. Now, dear Spec., upon this state of the case, and

MR. SPECTATOR, the lady's positive declaration that ihere is still no “ There is an elderly person lately left off busiother objection, I beg you will not fail to insertness and settled in our town, in order, as he thinks, this, with your opinion as soon as possible, whether to retire from the world; but he has brought with this ought to be esteemed a just cause or impediment him such an inclination for tale-bearing that he why we should not be joined, and you will for ever disturbs both himself and all our neighbourhood. oblige yours sincerely, “ Dick LOVESICK. Notwithstanding this frailty, the honest gentleman

is so happy as to have no enemy: at the same time are cross-barred; she is not permitted to go out of he has not one friend who will venture to acquaint house but with her keeper, who is a staid relation of him with his weakness. It is not to be doubted, but my own; I have likewise forbid her the use of pen if this failing were set in a proper light, he would and ink, for this twelvemonth last past, and do not quickly perceive the indecency and evil conse- suffer a band-box to be carried into her room before quences of it. Now, Sir, this being an infirmity it has been searched. Notwithstanding these prewhich I hope may be corrected, and knowing that cautions, I am at my wit's end for fear of any sudhe pays much deference to you, I beg that when den surprise. There were, two or three nights ago, you are at leisure to give us a speculation on gos- some fiddles heard in the street, which I am afraid siping, you would think of my neighbour. You portend me no good; not to mention a tall Irisbwill hereby oblige several who will be glad to find a man, that has been seen walking before my house reformation in their gray-haired friend : and how more than once this winter. My kinswoman like. becoming will it be for him, instead of pouring forth wise informs me, that the girl has talked to ber twice words at all adventures, to set a watch before the or thrice of a gentleman in a fair wig, and that she door of his mouth, to refrain his tongue, to check loves to go to church more than ever she did in her its impetuosity, and guard against the sallies of that life. She gave me the slip about a week ago, upon litule pert, forward, busy person ; which, under a which my whole house was in alarm. I iminesober conduct, might prove a useful member of so- diately dispatched a hue and cry after her to the ciety! In compliance with those intimations, I haveChange, to her mantua-maker, and to the young taken the liberty to make this address to you. ladies that visit her; but after above an hour's “I am, Sir, your most obscure Servant, search she returned of herself, having been taking

“ PHILANTHROPOs.” a walk, as she told me, by Rosamond's pond. “MR. SPECTATOR,

have hereupon turned off her woman, doubled her “ This is to petition you in behalf of myself and guards, and given new instructions to my relation, many more of your gentle readers, that at any time who, to give her her due, keeps a watchful eye over when you may have private reasons against letting all her motions. This, Sir, keeps me in a perpeus know what you think yourself, you would be tual anxiety, and makes me very often watch when pleased to pardon us such letters of your correspon- my daughter sleeps, as I am afraid she is even with dent as seem to be of no use but to the printer. me in her turn. Now, Sir, what I would desire of “ It is further

our humble request, that you would you is, to represent to this fluttering tribe of young substitute advertisements in the place of such fellows, who are for making their fortunes by these epistles; and that in order hereunto Mr. Buckley indirect meaus, that stealing a man's daughter for may be authorized to take up of your zealous friend the sake of her portion is but a kind of a tolerated Mr. Charles Lillie, any quantity of words he shall robbery; and that they make but a poor amends to from time to time have occasion for.

the father, whom they plunder after this manner, “ The many useful parts of knowledge which may by going to bed with his child. Dear Sir, be speedy be communicated to the public this way will, we your thoughts upon this subject, that, if pos'bope, be a consideration in favour of your petitioners. sible, they may appear before the disbanding of

“And your Petitioners,” &c. Note. That particular regard be had to this peti

I am, Sir, tion; and the papers marked letter R. may be

“ Your most humble Servant, carefully examined for the future.-T.

“ Tim. WATCHWELL." Themistocles, the great Athenian general, being

asked whether he would rather choose to marry his No. 298.) TUESDAY, FEB. 26, 1711-12.

daughter to an indigent man of merit, or to a worthNec Veneris pharetris macer est, aut lampade fervet; less man of an estate, replied, that he sbould prefer Inde faces ardent, veniunt a dole sagitiæ.

a inan without an estate to an estate without a man.

The worst of it is, our modern fortune-bunters are He sighs, adores, and courts her ev'ry hour : Who wou'd not do as much for such a dower ?-Drydex those who turn their heads that way, because they

are good for nothing else. If a young fellow finds “ MR. SPECTATOR,

he can make nothing of Coke and Littleton, he I am amazed that, among all the variety of provides himself with a ladder of ropes, and by characters with which you have enriched your spe that means very often enters upon the premises. culations, you have never given us a picture of The same art of scaling has been likewise practhose audacious young fellows among us who com- tised with good success by many military engineers. monly go by the name of the fortune-stealers. You Stratageins of this nature make parts and industry must know, Sir, I am oue who live in a continual superfluous, and cut short the way to riches. apprehension of this sort of people, that lie in wait, Nor is vanity a less motive than idleness to this day and night, for our children, and may be con- kind of mercenary pursuit. A for, who admires sidered as a kind of kidnappers within the law. I his person in a glass, soon enters into a resolution am the father of a young heiress, whom I begin to of making his fortune by it, not questioning but that ook upon as marriageable, and who has looked upon every woman that falls in his way will do him as herself as such for above these six years. She is much justice as he does himself. When an heiress now in the eighteenth year of her age. The fortune- sees a man throwing particular graces into his ogle, hunters have already cast their eyes upon her, and or talking loud within her hearing, she ought to take care to plant themselves in her view whenever look to herself; but if withal she observes a pair of she appears in any public assembly. I have myself red heels, a patch, or any other particularity in his caught a young jackanapes, with a pair of silver-dress, she cannot take too nuuch care of her person. fringed gloves in the very fact. You must know, These are baits not to be trilled with, charms that Sir, I have kept ber as a prisoner of state ever have done a world of execution, and made their since she was iu ber teens. Her chamber-windows way into hearts which have been thought imprego

the army.

Juv. Sat. vi. 137.

nable. The force of a man with these qualifications present condition, and thoughtless of the mutability is so well known, that I am credibly informed there of fortune. Fortune is a term which we must use are several female undertakers about the 'Change, in such discourses as these, for what is wrought by wbo, upon the arrival of a likely man out of the the unseen hand of the Disposer of all things. But neighbouring kingdom, will furnish him with a methinks the disposition of a mind which is truly proper dress from head to foot, to be paid for at a great, is that which makes misfortunes and sorrows double price on the day of marriage.

little when they befal ourselves, great and lamentWe must, however, distinguish between fortune-able when they befal other men.

The most unparbunters and fortune-stealers. The first are those donable malefactor in the world going to his death, assiduous gentlemen who employ their whole lives and bearing it with composure, would win the pity in the chase, without ever coming at the quarry. of those who should behold him; and this not beSaffenus has combed and powdered at the ladies for cause his calamity is deplorable, but because he thirty years together; and taken his stand in a seems himself not to deplore it. We suffer for him side-box, until he has grown wrinkled under their who is less sensible of his own misery, and are ineyes. He is now laying the same snares for the clined to despise him who sinks under the weight of present generation of beauties, which he practised his distresses. On the other hand, without any on their mothers. Cottilus, after having made his touch of envy, a temperate and well-governed mind applications to more than you meet with in Mr. looks down on such as are exalted with success, with Cowley's ballad of mistresses, was at last smitten a certain shame for the imbecility of human nature, with a city lady of 20,0001. sterling; but died of that can so far forget how liable it is to calamity as old age before he could bring matters to bear. Nor to grow giddy with only the suspense of sorrow, must I here omit my worthy friend Mr. Honey which is the portion of all men. He, therefore, comb, who has often told us in the elub, that for who turns his face from the unhappy man, who will twenty years successively, upon the death of a not look again when his eye is cast upon modest childless rich man, he immediately drew on his sorrow, who shuns affliction like a contagion, does boots, called for his horse, and made up to the wi- but pamper himself up for a sacrifice, and contract dow. When he is rallied upon his ill success, Will, in himself a greater aptitude to misery by attempt. with his usual gaiety, tells us, that he always found ing to escape it. A gentleman, where I happened her pre-engaged.

to be last night, fell into a discourse which I thought Widows are indeed the great game of your for-showed a good discerning in him. He took notice, tune-bunters. There is scarce a young fellow in that whenever men have looked into their heart for the town, of six foot high, that has not passed in re. the idea of true excellence in human nature, they view before one or other of these wealthy relicts. have found it to consist in suffering after a right Hudibras's Cupid, who

manner, and with a good grace. Heroes are always

drawn bearing sorrows, struggling with adversities, took his stand Upon a widow's* jointure land,"

undergoing all kinds of hardships, and having, in is daily employed in throwing darts, and kindling culties and dangers. The gentleman went on to

the service of mankind, a kind of appetite to diffi. Aames. But as for widows, they are such a subtle observe that it is from this secret sense of the high generation of people, that they may be left to their merit which there is in patience under calamities, own conduct: or if they make a false step in it, they that the writers of romances, when they attempt to are answerable for it to nobody but themselves. furnish out characters of the highest excellence, The young innocent creatures who have no know- rausack nature for things terrible; they raise a new. ledge and experience of the world, are those whose creation of monsters, dragons, and giants; where safety I would principally consult in this specula. the danger ends, the hero ceases: when he has won tion. The stealing of such a one should, in my an empire, or gained his mistress, the rest of his opinion, be as punishable as a rape. Where there is no judgmeni there is no choice; and why the discourse so far as to say, that it was for higher

story is not worth relating. My friend carried his. inveigling a woman before she is come to years of beings than men to join happiness and greatness discretion should not be as criminal as the seducing in the same idea; but that in our condition we of her before she is ten years old, I am at a loss to have no conception of superlative excellence, of comprehend.-L.

heroism, but as it is surrounded with a shade of

distress. No. 312.] WEDNESDAY, FEB. 27, 1711-12. give ourselves, to be prepared for the ill events and

It is certainly the proper education, we should Quod huic officium, quæ laus, quod decus erit tanti, quod accidents we are to meet with in a life sentenced to

adipisci eum dolore corporis velit, qui dolorem sumnum be a scene of sorrow; but instead of this expectamaluru sibi persuaserit? Quam porro quis ignominiam, quam tion, we soften ourselves with prospects of constant turpitudinem non pertulerit, ut effugiat dolorem, si id summom malurr esse decreverit? -TULL..

delight, and destroy in our minds the seeds of fortiWhat daty, what praise, or what honour will he think worth tude and virtue, which should support us in hours of

enduring bodily pain for, who has persuaded himself that anguish. The constant pursuit of pleasure has in pain is the chief evil? Nay, to what ignominy, to what it something insolent and improper for our being. baserers, will he not stoop, to avoid pain, if he has deter. There is a pretty sober liveliness in the Ode of soided it to be the chief evil ?

Horace to Delius, where he tells him, loud mirth, It is a very melancholy reflection, that men are or immoderate sorrow, inequality of behaviour either trually so weak, that it is absulutely necessary for in adversity or prosperity, are alike ungraceful in them to know sorrow and pain, to be in their right man that is born to die. Moderation in both cirsenses. Prosperous people (for happy there are cumstances is peculiar to generous minds. Men of none) are hurried away with a fond sense of their that sort ever iaste the gratifications of health, and.

all other advantages of life, as if they were liable to • The cause of the widow bere alluded to was Tomson. See part with them, and when hereft of them, resign Grey'edit of Hudibras, vol. i. part. i. canto iii

. p. 212, 213. them with a greatness of mind which shows they

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know their value and duration. The contempt of let us know who gave him bis scarf, he speaks a pleasure is a certain preparatory for the contempt of parenthesis to the Almighty.. “Bless, as I am in pain. Without this, the mind is, as it were, taken duty bound to pray, the right-honourable the counsuddenly by an unforeseen event; but he that has tess; is not that as much as to say, 'Bless her, for always, during health and prosperity, been absti- thou knowest I am her chaplain ?' nent in his satisfactions, enjoys, in the worst of dif

“ Your humble Servant, ficulties, the reflection, that his anguish is not ag- T.

“ J. 0." gravated with the comparison of past pleasures which upbraid bis present condition. Tully tells us a story after Pompey, which gives us a good taste of

No.313.7THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1711-12. the pleasant manner the men of wit and philosophy Erigite ut mores teneros ceu pollice ducat, had in old tines, of alleviating the distresses of life Uisl quis cera vultum íacil-Juv. Sat. vii. 227. by the force of reason and philosophy. Pompey,

Bid lin besides his daily pains employ,

To form the fender manners of the boy, when he came to Rhodes, had a curiosity to visit

And work him, like a waxeu babe, with art, the famous philosopher Possidonius; but finding To perfect symmetry in ev'ry part.-H. DRYDEX. him in his sick bed, he bewailed the misfortune that he should not hear a discourse from him : " But mendation than by telling my readers that it comes

I shall give the following letter no other recomyou may,” answered Possidonius; and immediately entered into the point of stoical philosophy, which from the same hand with that of last Thursday. says, pain is not an evil. During the discourse, upon every puncture he felt from his distemper, he smiled and cried out, “ Pain, pain, be as imperti- “ I send you, according to my promise, some fur. dent and troublesome as you please, I shall never ther thoughts on the education of youth, in which own that thou art an evil."

I intended to discuss that famous question, Whe“ MR. SPECTATOR,

ther the education at a public school, or under a

private tutor, is to be preferred ?' “ Having seen in several of your papers a con- “ As some of the greatest men in most ages have cern for the honour of the clergy, and their doing been of very different opinions in this matter, I every thing as becomes their character, and parti- shall give a short account of what I think may be cularly performing the public service with a due zeal best urged on both sides, and afterward leave every and devotion; I am the more encouraged to lay be person to determine for himself. fore them, by your means, several expressions used “ It is certain from Suetonius, that the Romans by some of them in their prayers before sermon, thought the education of their children a business which I am not well satisfied in. As their giving properly belonging to the parents themselves; and some titles and epithets to great men, which are in. Plutarch, in the Life of Marcus Cato, tells us, that deed due to them in their several ranks and stations, as soon as his son was capable of learning, Cato but not properly used, I think, in our prayers. I would suffer nobody to teach him but himself, though it not contradiction to say, illustrious, right reverend, he had a servant named Chilo, who was an excel and right honourable poor sinners? These distinc-lent grammarian, and who taught a great many tions are suited only to our state here, and have no other youths. place in heaven ; we see they are omitted in the

“ On the contrary, the Greeks seemed more inIiturgy; which, I think, the clergy should take fur clined to public schools and seminaries. their pattern in their own forms of devotion.* There

A private education promises, in the first place, is another expression which I would not mention, virtue and good breeding; a public school, manly but that I have heard it several times before a assurance, and an early knowledge in the ways of learned congregation, to bring in the last petition the world. of the prayer in these words, O let not the Lord “ Mr. Locke, in his celebrated treatise of educa. be angry, and I will speak but this once;' as iftion, confesses that there are inconveniences to be there was no difference between Abraham's inter- feared on both sides : • If,' says he, “I keep my son ceding for Sodom, for which he had no warrant, as at home, he is in danger of becoming my young we can find, and our asking those things which we master; if I send him abroad, it is scarce possible are required to pray for; they would therefore have to keep him from the reigning contagion of rudemuch more reason to fear his anger if they did not ness and vice. He will perhaps be more inpocent make such petitions to him. There is another at home, but more ignorant of the world, and more pretty fancy. When a young man has â mind to sheepish when he comes abroad.' However, as this

learned author asserts that virtue is much more dif* In the original publication of this paper in folio, there was the following passage, left out when the papers were printed ficult to be obtained than a knowledge of the world,

and that vice is a more stubborn, as well as a more the whole race of mankind," when they pray for all men for å private education ; and the more so, because

[Another expression which I take to be improper, is this, dangerous fault than sheepishness, he is altogether for race signifies lineage or descent; and if the race of man. kind may be used for the present generation (though, I think he does not see why a youth, with right managenot very fly),

the whole race takes in all from the beginning, ment, might not attain the same assurance in his to the end of the world. I don't remember to have met with father's house, as at a public school. To this end, that expression, in their sense, any where but in the old version of Psalm xiv. which those men, I suppose, have but little he advises parents to accustom their sons to what esteem for. And some, when they have prayed for all schools ever strange faces come to the house : to take them and nurseries of good learning, and true religion, especially with them when they visit their neighbours, and to the two universities, add these words, " Grant that from them, and all other places dedicated to thy worship and service, may I engage them in conversation with men of parts and come forth such persons,” &c. But what do they mean by all brceding. other places? It seems to me, that this is either a tautology, “ It may be objected to this method, that converas being the same with all schools and nurseries before ex sation is not the only thing necessary; but that unpressed, or else it runs too far; for there are several places de less it be a conversation with such as are in somne dicated to the divine service, which cannot properly be in. tended here. -- Spectator in folio.

measure their equals in parts and yeers, there can


in volumes in 1712:

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