with the highest grace on each side. To make the high spirit. It is far from greatness of spirit to per acknowledgment of a fault in the highest manner sist in the wrong in any thing ; por is it a diminugraceful, it is lucky when the circumstances of the tion of greatness of spirit to have been in the wrong. offender place bim above any ill consequences from Perfection is not the attribute of man, therefore be the reseniment of the person offended.“ A dauphin is not degraded by the acknowledgment of an imof France, upon a review of the army, and a com- perfection; but it is the work of little minds to imimand of the king to alter the posture of it by a

tate the fortitude of great spirits on worthy occamarch of one of the wings, gave an improper ordersions, by obstinacy in the wrong. This obstinacy to an officer at the head of a brigade, who told his prevails so far upon them, that they make it extend highness, he presumed he had not received the last to the defence of faults in their very servants. It orders, which were to move a contrary way. The would swell this paper to too great a length should prince, instead of taking the admonition, which was I insert all the quarrels and debates which are now delivered in a manner that accounted for his error

on foot in this town; where one party, and in some with safety to his understanding, shook a cane at cases both, is sensible of being on the faulty side, the officer, and, with the return of opprobrious lan- and have not spirit enough to acknowledge it. guage, persisted in his own orders. The whole Among the ladies the case is very commor' ; for matter came necessarily before the king, who com- there are very few of them who know that it is to manded his son, on foot, to lay his right hand on maintain a true and high spirit, to throw away from the gentleman's stirrup as he sat on horseback in it all which itself disapproves, and to scorn so pitiful sight of the whole army, and ask his pardon. When a shame, as that which disables the heart from acthe prince touched his stirrup, and was going to quiring a liberality of affections and sentiments

. speak, the officer, with an incredible agility, threw The candià mind, by acknowledging and discarding himself on the earth, and kissed his feet.

its faults, has reason and truth for the foundation of The body is very little concerned in the pleasure all its passions and desires, and consequently is of sufferings of souls truly great; and the repara-happy and simple: the disingenuous spirit, by intion, when an honour was designed this soldier, ap-dulgence of one unacknowledged error, is entangled peared as much too great to be borne by his grati- with an after-life of guilt, sorrow, and perplexity. -T. tude, as the injury was intolerable to his resentment.

When we turn our thoughts from these extraordinary occurrences into common life, we see an inge

No. 383.] TUESDAY, MAY 20, 1712. nuous kind of behaviour not only make up for faults Criminibus debent hortos. Juv. Sat i 75. committed, but in a manner expiate them in the very A beauteous garden, but by vice maintain d. commission. Thus many things wherein a man has pressed too far, he implicitly excuses, by owning,

As I was sitting in my chamber, and thinking on * This is a trespass : you'll pardon my confidence :

a subject for my next Spectator, I heard two or I am sensible I have no pretensions to this favour; three irregular bounces at my landlady's door, and and the like. But commend me to those gay fel- upon the opeuing of it, a loud cheerful voice inlows about town who are directly impudent, and quiring whether the philosopher was at home. The make up for it no otherwise than by calling them- child who went to the door answered very innoselves such, and exulting in it. But this sort of cently, that he did not lodge there. I immediately carriage which prompts a man against rules to urge voice ; and that I had promised to go with him on

recollected that it was my good friend Sir Roger's what

he has a mind io, is pardonable only when you the water to Spring-garden,* in case it proved a sue for another. When you are confident in pre- good evening. The knight put me in mind of my ference of yourself to others of equal merit, every man that loves virtue and modesty ought, in defence promise from the bottom of the staircase, but told of those qualities, to oppose you. But, without con- until I had done. Upon my coming down, I found

me, that if I was speculating, he would stay below sidering the morality of the thing, let us at this time all the children of the family got about my old behold only the natural consequence of candour when friend ; and my landlady herself who is a notable we speak of ourselves. The Spectator writes often in an elegant, often in prating gossip, engaged in a conference with

him; an argumentative, and often in a sublime style, with being mightily pleased with his stroking her little equal success : but how would it hurt the reputed boy on the head, and bidding him to be a good child author of that paper to own, that of the most beau- and mind his book. tiful pieces under his title, he is barely the pub- but we were surrounded with a crowd of watermen,

We were no sooner come to the Temple-stairs, lisher? There is nothing but what a man really performs can be an honour to him ; what he takes offering us their respective services. Sir Roger, more than he ought in the eye of the world, he loses after having

looked about him very attentively, spied in the conviction of his own heart; and a man must

one with a wooden leg, and immediately gave him lose his consciousness, that is, his very self, before orders to get bis boat ready. As we were walking

towards it, “ You must know," says Sir Roger, he can rejoice in any falsehood without inward mor

I never make use of any body to row me, that tification. Who has not seen a very criminal at the bar, bate him a few strokes of his oar than not employ

has not lost either a leg or an arm. I would rather when his counsel and friends have done all that they could for him in vain, prevail on the whole assembly service. If I was a lord or a bishop, and kept a

an honest man that has been wounded in the queen's to pity him, and his judge to recommend his case to barge, I would not put a felllow in my livery that the mercy of the throne, without offering any thing had not a wooden leg." new in bis defence, but that he, whom before we wished convicted, became so out of his own mouth, trimmed the boat with his coachinan, wbo, being a

My old friend, after having seated himself, and and took upon himself all the shame and sorrow we were just before preparing for him? The great op- occasions, we made the best of our way for Vaus:

very sober man, always serves for ballast on these position to this kind of candour arises from the unjust idea people ordinarily have of what we call a

Now known by the name of Vauxhall.

ball. Sir Roger obliged the waterman io give us We concluded our walk with a glass of Burton the history of his right leg; and hearing that he ale, and a slice of hung beef. When we had done had left it at La Hogue, with many particulars eating ourselves, the knight called a waiter to him, which passed in that glorious action, the knight, in and bid him carry the remainder to the waterman the triumph of his heart, made several reflections that had but one leg. I perceived the fellow stared upon the greatness of the British nation ; as, that one on him at the oddness of the message, and was going Englishman could beat three Frenchmen; that we to be saucy; upon which I ratified the knight's could never be in danger of popery so long as we commands with a peremptory look. took care of our fleet; that the l'hames was the As we were going out of the garden, my old frend noblest river in Europe; that London-bridge was a thinking himself obliged, as a member of the quogreater piece of work than any of the seven wonders rum, to animadvert upon the morals of the place, of the world; with many other honest prejudices told the mistress of the house, who sat at the bar, which naturally cleave to the heart of: a true Eng. that he should be a better customer to her garden lishman.

if there were more nightingales, and fewer strumAfter, some short pause, the old knight, turning pets.-I. about bis head twice or thrice to take a survey of this great metropolis, bid me observe how thick the

No. 384.] WEDNESDAY, MAY 21, 1712. city was set with churches, and that there was scarce a single steeple on this side Temple-bar. · Hague, May 24, N. S. The same republican hands, who " A most heathenish sight!” says Sir Roger:

have so often since the Chevalier de St. George's recovery

killed him in our public prints, have now reduced the young " there is no religion at this end of the town. The

Dauphin of France to that desperate condition of weaknes«, fifty new churches will very much mend the pros- and death itself, that it is hard to conjecture what method peet; but church-work is slow, church-work is slow."

they will take to bring him to life again. Meantime we are

assured by a very good hand from Paris, that on the 20th I do not remember I have any where mentioned

instant this young prince was as well as ever he was known in Sir Roger's character, his custom of saluting to be since the day of his birth. As for the other, they are every body that passes by him with a good-morrow now sending his ghost, we suppose (for they never had the

modesty to contradict the assertions of his death), to Com. or a good-night. This the old man does out of the

merci in Lorrain, attended only by four gentlemen, and a overflowings of his humanity; though at the same few domestics of little consideration. The Baron de Bothtime, it renders him so popular among all his

mar" having delivered in his credentials to qualify him as

an ambassador to this state (an office to which his greatest country neighbours, that it is thought to have gone

enemies will acknowledge him to be equal), is gone to a good way in making him once or twice knight of

Utrecht, whence he will proceed to Hanover, but not stay the shire. He cannot forbear this exercise of bene- long at that court, for fear the peace should be made during volence even in town, when he meets with any one

his lamentable absence."-Post-Bur, May 20. in his morning or evening walk. It broke from

I should be thought not able to read, should I him to several boats that passed by us upon the overlook some excellent pieces lately come out. water; but, to the knight's great surprise, as he My lord bishop of St. Asapht has just now pubgave the good-night to two or three young fellows a lished some sermons, the preface to which seems to little before our landing, one of them, instead of me to determine a great point. He has, like a good returning the civility, asked us what queer old put man, and a good Christian, in opposition to all the we had in the boat, and whether he was not ashamed Hattery and base submission of false friends to to go a-wenching at his years ? with a great deal princes, asserted, that Christianity left us where it of the like Thames-ribaldry. Sir Roger seemed a found us as to our civil rights. The present enter

little shocked at first, but at length assuming a face tainment shall consist only of a sentence out of the of magistracy, told us, that if he were a Middlesex Post-Boy, and the said preface of the lord of St. justice, he would make such vagrants know that her Asaph. “I should think it a little odd if the author majesty's subjects were no more to be abused by of the Post-Boy should with impunity call men rewater than by land.

publicans for a gladness on the report of the death We were now arrived at Spring-garden, which of the pretender ; and treat Baron Bothmar, the is excellently pleasant at this time of the year, minister of Hanover, in such a manner as you see When I considered the fragrancy of the walks and in my motto. I must own, I think every man in Lowers, with the choirs of birds that sung upon the England concerned to support the succession of trees, and the loose tribe of people that walked un- that family. der their shades, I could not but look upon the place

“ The publishing a few sermons, whilst I live, the as a kind of Mahometan paradise. Sir Roger told latest of which was preached about eight years since, me it put him in mind of a little coppice by his and the first above seventeen, will make it very house in the country, which his chaplain used to natural for people to inquire into the occasion of call an aviary of nightingales. “ You must under doing so; and to such i do very willingly assign stand," says the knight," there is nothing in the these following reasons : world that pleases a man in love so much as your

• First, from the observations I have heen able nightingale. Ah, Mr. Spectator, the many moon; to make for these many years last past upon our light nights that I have walked by myself, and public affairs, and from the natural tendency of thought on the widow hy the music of the nightin- several principles and practices, that have of late gale?" He here fetched a deep sigh, and was fall- been studiously revived, and from what has followed ing into a fit of musing, when a mask, who came thereupon, I could not help both fearing and prebehind him, gave him a gentle tap upon the shoul: saging, that these nations should some time or other, der, and asked him if he would drink a bottle of if ever we should have an enterprising prince upon mead with her? But the knight being startled at so the throne, of more ambition than virtue, justice, unexpected a familiarity, and displeased to be inter- and true honour, fall into the way of all other na. rupted in his thoughts of the widow, told her "she tions, and lose their liberty. was a wanton baggage;" and bid her go about her business.

Ambassador from Hanover, and afterward agent here for

the Hayoverian family. • la the original publication in folio, it is printed Fox-ball. Dr. William Fleetwood.


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“Nor could I help foreseeing to whose charge a Who could expect such a requital of such ment? great deal of this dreadful mischief, whenever it I have, I own it, an ambition of exempting myself should happen, would be laid ; whether justly or from the number of unthankful people: and as I unjustly, was not my business to determine : but I loved and honoured those great princes living, and resolved, for my own particular part, to deliver my- lamented over them when dead, so I would gladly self, as well as I could, from the reproaches and the raise them up a monument of praise as lasting as curses of posterity, by publicly declaring to all the any thing of mine can be : and I choose to do it at world, that although, in the constant course of my this time, when it is so unfashionable a thing to ministry, I have never failed, on proper occasions, speak honourably of them. to recommend, urge, and insist upon the loving, The sermon that was preached upon the Duke honouring, and reverencing the prince's person, of Gloucester's death was printed quickly after, and and holding it, according to the laws, in violable and is now, because the subject was so suitable, joined sacred; and paying all obedience and submission to to the others. The loss of that most promising and the laws, though never so hard and inconvenient to hopeful prince was at that time, I saw, unspeakably private people : yet did I never think myself at great; and many accidents since have convinced us liberty, or authorized to tell the people that either that it could not have been overvalued. That preChrist, St. Peter, or St. Paul, or any other holy cious life, had it pleased God to have prolonged it writer, had, by any doctrine delivered by them, sub- the usual space, had saved us many fears and jeaverted the laws and constitutions of the country in lousies, and dark distrusts, and prevented many which they lived, or put them in a worse condition alarms that have long kept us, and will keep us with respeet to their civil liberties than they would still, waking and uneasy. Nothing remained to have been had they not been Christians. 'I ever comfort and support us under this heavy stroke, but thought it a most impious blasphemy against that the necessity it brought the king and nation under holy religion, to father any thing upon it that might of settling the succession in the house of Hanoret, encourage tyranny, oppression, or injustice, in a and giving it a hereditary right by act of parliament prince, or that easily tended to make a free and as long as it continues Protestant. So much good happy people slaves and miserable. No. People did God, in his merciful providence, produce from a may make themselves as wretched as they will, but misfortune, which we could never otherwise have let not God be called into that wicked party. When sufficiently deplored! force and violence, and hard necessity, have brought “ The fourth sermon was preached upon the the yoke of servitude upon a people's neck, religion queen's accession to the throne, and the first year will supply them with a patient and submissive in which that day was solemnly observed (for by spirit under it till they can innocently shake it off: some accident or other it had been overlooked the but certainly religion never puts it on. This always year before); and every one will see, withoat the was, and this at present is, my judgment of these date of it, that it was preached very early in this matters: and I would be transmitted to posterity reign, since I was able only to promise and presage its (for the little share of time such names as mine can future glories and successes, from the good appearlive), under the character of one who loved his ances of things, and the happy turn our affairs becountry, and would be thought a good Englishman, gan to take; and could not then count up the vicas well as a good clergyman.

tories and triumphs ihat, for seven years after, made This character I thought would be transmitted it in the prophet's language, a name and a praise by the following sermons, which were made for and among all the people of the earth. Never did seves preached in a private audience, when I could think such years together pass over the head of any Eng of nothing else but doing my duty on the occasions lish monarch, nor cover it with so much hoppar. that were then offered by God's providence, without The crown and sceptre seemed to be the queen's any manner of design of making them public: and least ornaments; those, other princes wore in confor that reason I give them now as they were then mon with her, and her great personal virtues were delivered; by which I hope to satisfy those people the same before and since; but such was the fame who have objected a change of principles to me, as of her administration of affairs at home, such was if I were not now the same man I formerly was. I the reputation of her wisdom and felicity in choosnever had but one opinion of these matters; andling ministers, and such was then esteemed their that I think is so reasonable and well-grounded, faithfulness and zeal, their diligence and great abi. that I believe I can never have any other.

lities, in executing her commands; to such a height "Another reason of my publishing these sermons of military glory did her great general and her at this time is, that I have a mind to do myself some armies carry the British name abroad; such was honour by doing what honour I could to the memory the harmony and concord betwixt her and her allies; of two most excellent princes, and who have very and such was the blessing of God upon all ber highly deserved at the hands of all the people of counsels and undertakings, that I am as sure as bisthese dominions, who have any true value for the tory can make me, no prince of ours ever was so Protestant religion, and the constitution of the prosperous and successful, so beloved, esteemned, and English government, of which they were the great honoured by their subjects and their friends, but deliverers and defenders. I have lived to see their near so formidable to their enemies. We were, as illustrious names very rudely handled, and the great all the world imagined then, just entering on the benefits they did this nation treated slightly and ways that promised to such a peace as, would bare contemptuously. I have lived to see our deliverance answered all the prayers of our religious queen, the from arbitrary power and popery traduced and vili- care and vigilance of a most able ministry, the pay. fied by some who formerly thought it was their ment of a willing and most obedient people, as well greatest merit, and made it part of their boast and as all the glorious toils and hazards of the soldiery, glory, to have had a little hand and share in bring-when God, for our sins, permitted the spirit of dis. ing it about; and others who, without it, must have cord to go forth, and by troubling sore the camp, lived in exile, poverty, and misery, meanly

disclaim the city and the country, (and ob that it had alto. ing it, and using ill the glorious, instruments thereof.gether spared the places sacred to his worship

to spoil, for a time, this beautiful and pleasing pros- civil wars of his country, when he saw the desigus pect, and give us, in its stead, I know not what- of all parties equally tended to the subversion of Our enemies will tell the rest with pleasure. It liberty, by constantly preserving the esteem and will become me better to pray to God to restore us affection of both the competitors, found means to to the power of obtaining such a peace as will be to serve his friends on either side: and, while he sent his glory, the safety, honour, and welfare of the money to young Marius, whose father was declared queen and her doininions, and the general satisfac- an enemy to the commonwealth, he was himself tion of all her bigh and mighty allies.T. one of Sylla's chief favourites, and always near that * May 2, 1712.


During the war between Cæsar and Pompey, he

stil maintained the same conduct. After the death No. 385. THURSDAY, MAY 22, 1712.

of Cæsar, he sent money to Brutus in his troubles, Thesea pectora juncta fide.-OviD, I Trist. iii. 66. and did a thousand good offices to Antony's wife Breasts that with sympathizing ardour glowod, and friends when that party seemed ruined. Lastly, And holy friendship, such as Theseus vow d.

even in that bloody war between Antony and Au. I intend the paper for this day as a loose essay gustus, Atticus still kept his place in both their upon friendship, in which I shall throw my observa-friendships : insomuch that the first, says Cornelius tions together without any set form, that I may Nepos, whenever he was absent from Rome in any avoid repeating what has been often said on this part of the empire, writ punctually to him what be subject

was doing, what he read, and whither he intended to Priendship is a strong and habitual inclination go; and the latter gave him constantly an exact acin two persons to promote the good and happiness count of all his affairs. of one another. Though the pleasures and advan

A likeness of inclinations in every particular is tages of friendship have been fargely celebrated by so far from being requisite to form a benevolence iu the best moral writers, and are considered by all as two minds towards each other, as it is generally great ingredients of human happiness, we very imagined, that I believe we shall find some of the zarely meet with the practice of this virtue in the firmest friendships to have been contracted between world.

persons of different humours; the mind being often Every man is ready to give in a long catalogue pleased with those perfections which are new to it, of those virtues and good qualities he expects to and which it does not find among its own accomplishfind in the person of a friend, but very few of us ments. Besides that a man in some measure supare careful to cultivate them in ourselves.

plies his own defects, and fancies himself at secondLove and esteem are the first principles of friend-hand possessed of those good qualities and endow. shit, which always is imperfect where either of these ments which are in the possession of him who in the two is wanting.

eye of the world is looked on as his other self. As, on the one hand, we are soon ashamed of The most difficult province in friendship is the loving a man whom we cannot esteem; so, on the letting a man see his faults and errors, which should, other, though we are truly sensible of a man's abi- if possible, be so contrived, that he may perceive lities, we can never raise ourselves to the warmths our advice is given him not so much to please ourof friendship, without an affectionate good-will to-selves as for his own advantage. The reproaches wards his person,

therefore of a friend should always be strictly just, Friendship immediately banishes envy under all and not too frequent. its disguises. A man who can once doubt whether

The violent desire of pleasing in the person reke should rejoice in his friend's being happier than proved, may otherwise change into a despair of doing himself

, may depend upon it that he is an utter it, while he finds himself censured for faults he is stranger to this virtue.

not conscious of. A mind that is softened and bu. There is something in friendship so very great manized by friendship cannot bear frequent reand noble, that in those fictitious stories which are proaches; either it must quite sink under the opinvented to the honour of any particular person, the pression, or abate considerably of the value and authors have thought it as necessary to make their esteem it had for him who bestows them. hero a friend as a lover. Achilles has bis Patro. The proper business of friendship is to inspire life clus, and Æneas his Achates. In the first of these and courage; and a soul thus supported outdoes it. instances we may observe, for the reputation of self; whereas, if it be unexpectedly deprived of the subject I am treating of, that Greece was almost these succours, it droops and languishes. ruined by the hero's love, but was preserved by his We are in some measure more inexcusable if we friendship.

violate our duties to a friend than to a relation; The character of Achates suggests to us an ob- since the former arises from a voluntary choice, the servation we may often make on the intimacies of latter from a necessity to which we could not give great men, who frequently choose their companions our own consent. ralber for the qualities of the heart than those

As it has been said on one side, that a man ought of the head, and prefer fidelity in an easy, inoffen- not to break with a faulty friend, that he may not sive, complying temper, to those endowments which expose the weakness of his choice; it will doubtless make a moch greater figure among mankind. I hold much stronger with respect to a worthy one, do not remember that Achates, who is represented that he may never be upbraided for having lost so as the first favourite, either gives his advice, or valuable a treasure which was once in his possesstrikes a blow, through the whole Æneid.

sion.-X. A friendship wbich makes the least noise is very often most useful; for which reason I should prefer

No. 386.] FRIDAY, MAY 23, 1712. a prudent friend to a zealous one.

Atticus, one of the best men of ancient Rome, Cum tristibus severe, cum remissis jucunde, cum senibus was a very remarkable instance of what I am here

viter, cum juventute comiter vivere.-TULL speaking. This extraordinary person, amidst the The piece of Latin on the head of this paper is


part of a character extremely vicious, but I have set with respect even in a man no otherwise venerable, down no more than may fall in with the rules of The forwardness of youth, when it proceeds from justice and honour. Cicero spoke it of Catiline, alacrity and not insolence, has also its allowances. who, he said, “ lived with the sad severely, with the The companion who is formed for such by nature, cheerful agreeably, with the old gravely, with the gives to every character of life its due regards, and young pleasantly;" he added, “ with the wicked is ready to account for their imperfections, and seboldly, with the wanton lasciviously.” The two çeive their accomplishments as if they were bis own. last instances of his complaisance I forbear to con- It must appear that you receive law from, and 20% sider, having it in my thoughts at present only to give it, to your company, to make you agreeable

. speak of obsequious behaviour as it sits upon a com- I remember Tully, speaking, I think, of Autoos, panion in pleasure, not a man of design and in-says, that, In eo facetiæ erant, que nulla arte tradi trigue. To vary with every humour in this manner possunt : "He had a witty mirth, which could be ar. cannot be agreeable, except it comes from a man's quired by vo art.” This quality must be of the own temper and natural complexion ; to do it out kind of which I am now speaking; for all sorts of of an ambition to excel that way, is the most fruit-behaviour which depend upon observation and knox. less and unbecoming prostitution imaginable. To ledge of life are to be acquired; but that which no put on an artful part to obtain no other end but an one can describe, and is apparently the act of Da. unjust praise from the undiscerning, is of all en ture, must be every where prevalent, beeause every deavours the most despicable. A man must be sin- thing it meets is a fit occasion to exert it; for be cerely pleased to become pleasure, or not to inter- who follows nature can never be improper or u. rupt that of others; for this reason it is a most seasonable. calamitous circumstance, that many people who want

How unaccountable then most their behaviour to be alone, or should be so, will come into conver. be, who, without any manner of consideration of sation. It is certain that all men, who are the least what the company they have just now entered are given to reflection, are seized with an inclination upon, give themselves the air of a messenger, and that way: when, perhaps, they had rather be in. make as distinct relations of the occurrences they clined to company; but indeed they had better go last met with, as if they had been dispatched from home and be tired with themselves, than force them- those they talk to, to be punctually exaet in a report selves upon others to recover their good humour. In of those circumstances ! It is uopardonable to all this, the case of communicating to a friend a sad those who are met to enjoy one another that a fresha thought or difficulty, in order to relieve a heavy man sball pop in, and give us only the last part of heart, stands excepted; but what is here meant is, his own life, and put a stop to ours during the bisthat a man should always go with inclination to the tory. If such a man comes from 'Change, whether turn of the company he is going into, or not pre- you will or not, you must hear how the stocks go: tend to be of the party. It is certainly a very happy and, though you are never so intently employed a temper to be able to live with all kinds of disposi- a graver subject, a young fellow of the other end of tions, because it argues a mind that lies open to re- the town will take his place and tell you, Mrs. Such ceive what is pleasing to others, and not obstinately a-one is charmingly handsome, because he just som bent on any particularity of his own.

saw ber. But I think I need not dwell on this snt This is it which makes me pleased with the cha-ject, since I have acknowledged there can be do racter of my good acquaintance Acasto. You meet rules made for excelling this way; and precepts of him at the tables and conversations of the wise, the this kind fare like rules for writing poetry, whick, impertinent, the grave, the frolic, and the witty; it is said, may have prevented ill poets, but never and yet his own character has nothing in it that can made good ones. make him particularly agreeable to any one sect of men; but Acasto has natural good sense, good na

No. 387.] SATURDAY, MAY 24, 1712. ture, and discretion, so that every man enjoys himself in his company; and though Acasto contributes Quid pure tranquillet-Hor. 1 Ep. xviii. 102. nothing to the entertainment, he never was at a

What calins the breast, and makes the mind serene. place where he was not welcome a second time. In my last Saturday's paper I spoke of cheerfulWithout the subordinate good qualities of Acasto, a ness as it is a moral habit of the mind, and accord. man of wit and learning would be painful to the ge- ingly mentioned such moral motives as are apt to nerality of mankind, instead of being pleasing. cherish and keep alive this happy temper in the soul Witty men are apt to imagine they are agreeable as of man: I shall now consider cheerfulness in its such, and by that means grow the worst companions natural state, and reflect on those motives to it, imaginable; they deride the absent or rally the pre- which are indifferent either as to virtue or vice. sent in a wrong manner, not knowing that if you Cheerfulness is, in the first place, the best propinch or tickle a man till he is uneasy in his seat, moter of health. Repinings, and secret murmurs or ungracefully distinguished from the rest of the of heart, give imperceptible strokes to those delicate company, you equally hurt him.

fibres of which the vital parts are composed, and I was going to say, the true art of being agrécable wear out the machine insensibly; not to mention in company (but there can be no such thing as art those violent ferments which they stir up in the in it) is to appear well pleased with those you are blood, and those irregular disturbed motions which engaged with, and rather to seem well entertained, they raise in the animal spirits. I scarce remember, than to bring entertainment to others. A man thus in my own observation, to have met with many old disposed is not indeed what we ordinarily call a good men, or with such, who (to use our English phrase) companion, but essentially is such, and in all the wear well, that had not at least a certain indolence parts of his conversation has something friendly in in their humour, if not a more than ordinary gtiety his behaviour, which conciliates men's minds more and cheerfulness of heart. The truth of it ix, beruh than the highest sallics of wit or starts of humour and cheerfulness mutually beget each other with can possibly do. The feebleness of age in a man of this ditference, that we seldom meet with a great dethis turn has something which should be treated | grec of health which is not attended with a certaia


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