capable of as many changes as there are different love nothing more than to mortify the ill-natured, emotions in the mind, and of expressiog them all by that I may do it effectually, I must acquaint them those changes. Nor is this to be done without the they bave very often praised me when they did freedom of the eyes; therefore Theophrastus called not design it, and that they have approved my one, who barely rehearsed his speech with his eyes writings when they thought they had derogated from fixed, an "absent actor."

them. I bave heard several of these unhappy genAs the countenance admits of so great variety, it tlemen proving, by undeniable arguments, that I requires also great judgment to govern it. Not that was not able to pen a letter which I had written the the form of the face is to be shifted on every occa- day before. Nay, I have heard some of them throwsion, lest it turn to farce and buffoonery; but it is ing out ambiguous expressions, and giving the comcertain that the eyes have a wonderful power of pany reason to suspect that they themselves did me marking the emotions of the mind; sometimes by a the honour to send me such and such a particular steadfast look, sometimes by a careless one-now by epistle, which happened to be talked of with the a sudden regard, then by a joyful sparkling, as the esteem or approbation of those who were present. sense of the words is dirersitied: for action is, as it These rigid crities are so afraid of allowing me any were, the speech of the features and limbs, and must thing which does not belong to me, that they will therefore conform itself always to the sentiments of not be positive whether the lion, the wild boar, and the soul. And it may be observed, that in all which the flower-pots in the play-house, did not actually relates to the gesture there is a wonderful force im- write those letters which came to me in their names, planted by nature; since the vulgar, the unskilful, I must therefore inform these gentlemen, that I and even the most barbarous, are ebiefly affected by often choose this way of easting my thoughts into a this. None are moved by the sound of words but letter, for the following reasons:--First, out of the those who understand the language; and the sense policy of those who try their jest upon another, beof many things is lost upon men of a dull apprehen- fore they own it themselves. Secondly, because I siou: but action is a kind of universal tongue : all would extort a little praise from such who will never men are subject to the same passions, and conse- applaud any thing whose author is known and cer. quently know the same marks of them in others, by tain. Thirdly, because it gave me an opportunity of which they themselves express them.

introducing a great variety of characters into my Perhaps some of my readers may be of opinion work, which could not have been done had I always that the hints I have bere made use of out of Cicero written in the person of the Spectator. Fourthly, are somewhat too. refined for the players on our because the dignity spectatorial would have suffered theatre : in answer to which I venture to lay it had I published as from myself those several ludidown as a maxim, that without good sense no one crous compositions which I have ascribed to fictitious can be a good player, and that he is very unfit to names and characters. And lastly, because they personate the dignity of a Roman hero who cannot often serve to bring in more naturally such addienter into the rules for pronunciation and gesture tional reflections as have been placed at the end of delivered by a Roman orator,

them. There is another thing which my author does not There are others who have likwise done me a very think tog minute to insist on, though it is purely particular honour, though undesignedly. These are mechanical: and that is the right pitching of the such who will needs have it that I have translated voice. On this occasion he tells the story of Grac-or borrowed many of my thoughts out of books chus, who employed a servant with a little ivory which are written in other languages. I have heard pipe to stand behind him, and give him the right of a person, who is more famous for his library than pitch, as often as he wandered too far from the pro- his learning, that has asserted this more than once per modulation. Every voice,” says Tully, “has in his private conversation.* Were it true, I am its particular medium and compass, and the sweet- sure he could not speak it from his own knowledge; ness of speech consists in leading it through all the but, had he read the books which he has collected, variety of tones naturally, and without touching he would find this accusation to be wholly groundany extreme. Therefore,";

" leave the less. Those who are trnly learned will acquit me pipe at home, but carry the sense of this custom in this point, in which I have been so far from of

fending, that I have been scrupulous, perhaps to a

fault, in quoting the authors of several passages No. 542.] FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 21, 1712.

which I might have made my own. But, as this

assertion is in reality an encomium on what I have Et sibi præferri se gaudet

OVID, Met. ii. 430.

published, I ought rather to glory in it than endea

vour to confute it. Well pleas'd, himself before himself preferr'd-ADDISON.

Some are so very willing to alienate from me When I have been present in assemblies, where that small reputation which might accrue to me from my paper has been talked of, I have been very well any of these my speculations, that they attribute pleased to hear those who would detract from the some of the best of them to those imaginary manuauthor of it observe, that the letters which are sent scripts with which I have introduced them. There to the Spectator are as good, if not better, than any are others, I must confess, whose objections have of his works. Upon this occasion many letters of given me a greater concern, as they seem to reflect, mirth are usually mentioned, which some think the under this head, rather on my morality than on my Spectator writ to himself, and which others com- invention. These are they who say an author is mend because they fancy he received them from his guilty of falsehood, when he talks to the public of correspondents. Such are those from the valetudi- manuscripts which he never saw, or describes scenes nariad: the inspector of the sigo-posts; the master of action or discourse in which he was never enof the fan exercise ; with that of the hooped petti- gaged. But these gentlemen would do well to concoat; that of Nicholas Hart the annual sleeper; that from Sir John Envil; that upon the London

* The person here alluded to was most probably Mr. ThoCsies; with multitudes of the same nature. As I Folio, in the Tatler, No. 158.

mas Rawlinson, ridiculed by Addison under the name of Tom

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says he,

with you.”

He heard,

sider, there is not a fable or parable, which ever human body. Galen was converted by his disserwas made use of, that is not liable to this exception; tions, and could not but own a Supreme Being upua since nothing, according to this notion, can be re- a survey of this his handy-work. There were, inlated innocently, which was not once matter of fact. deed, many parts, of which the old anatomists did Besides, I think the most ordinary reader may be not know the certain use; but, as they saw that able to discover, by my way of writing, what I de- most of those which they examined were adapted liver in these occurrences as truth, and what as with admirable art to their several functions, they fiction.

did not question but those, whose uses they could Since I am unawares engaged in answering the pot determine, were contrived with the same wisdom several objections which have been made against for respective ends and purposes. Since the circu. these my works, I must take notice that there are lation of the blood has been found out, and many some who affirm a paper of this nature should al- other great discoveries have been made by jur meways turn upon diverting subjects, and others who dern anatomists, we see new wonders in the human find fault with every one of them that hath not an frame, and discern several important uses for those immediate tendency to the advancement of religion parts, which uses the ancients knew nothing of la or learning. I shall leave these gentlemen to dis- short, the body of man is such a subject as stands pute it among themselves; since I see one half of the utmost test of examination. Though it appears my conduct patronized by each side. Were I se- formed with the nicest wisdom, upon the most saperrious on an improper subject, or trifling in a serious ficial survey of it, it still mends upou the search

, one, I should deservedly draw upon me the censure and produces our surprise and amazement in proof my readers; or, were I conscious of any thing in portion as we pry into it. What I have here said of my writings that is not innocent at least, or that a human body may be applied to the body of every the greatest part of them were not sincerely de animal which has been the subject of anatomical signed to discountenance vice and ignorance, and observations. support the interest of truth, wisdom, and virtue, The body of an animal is an object adequate to I should be more severe upon myself than the pub- our serses. It is a particular system of Providence lic is disposed to be. In the meanwhile I desire that lies in a narrow compass. The eye is able to my reader to consider every particular paper or command it, and by successive inquiries can search discourse as a distinct tract by itself, and indepen- into all its parts. Could the body of the whole dent of every thing that goes before or after it. earth, or indeed the whole universe, be thus sub

I shall end this paper with the following letter, mitted to the examination of our senses, were it not which was really sent me, as some others have been too big and disproportioned for our inquiries

, too which I have published, and for which I must own unwield, for the management of the eye and hand, myself indebted to their respective writers :- there is no qnestion but it would appear to us as

curious and well contrived a frame as that of a “Sir,

human body. We should see the same concaleda“ I was this morning in a company of your well. tion and subserviency, the same necessity and use: wishers, when we read over, with great satisfaction, fulness, the same beauty and harmony, in all and Tully's observation on action adapted to the British every of its parts, as what we discover in the body theatre: Thongh, by the way, we were very sorry to find of every single animal. that you have disposed of another member of your The more extended our reason is, and the more club. Poor Sir Roger is dead, and the worthy able to grapple with immense objects

, the greater clergyman dying: Captain Sentry has taken pos- still are those discoveries which it makes of wisdom session of a good estate: Will Honeycomb has mar- and providence in the works of the creation. A Sir ried a farmer's daugliter: and the Templar with. Isaac ewton, who stands up as the miracle of the draws himself into the business of his own profes. present age, cau look through a whole planetary 'sion. What will all this end in ? We are afraid it system ; consider it in its weight, number, and mes; porlends no good the public. Unless you very sure; and draw from it as many demonstrations of speedily fix the day for the election of new mem- infinite power and wisdom, as a more confined unbers, we are under apprehensions of losing the Bri- derstanding is able to deduce from the system of a tish Spectator. I hear of a party of ladies who human body. intend to address you on this subject; and question But to return to our speculations on anatomy, I nut, if you do not give us the slip very suddenly, shall here consider the fabric and texture of the that you will receive addresses froin all parts of the bodies of animals in one particular view: which, in kingdom to continue so useful a work. Pray deliver my opinion, shows the hand of a thinking and a; us out of this perplexity; and, among the multitude wise Being in their forniation, with the evidence of of your readers, your will particularly oblige a thousand demonstrations." 'I think we may lay

“ Your most sincere Friend and Servant, this down as an incontested principle, that chance 0.


never acts in a perpetual uniformity and consistence

with itself. If one should always fing the same No.513.) SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1712. Iinst five times less, or five times more in number

, number with ten thousand dice, or see every throw

than the throw which immediately preceded it, who OVID, Met. ii. 12.

would not imagine there is some invisible power Similar, though not the same.

which directs the cast ? This is the proceeding Those who were skilful in anatomy, among the which we find in the operations of nature

. Every ancients, concluded, from the outward and in ward kind of animal is diversified by different magumake of a human body, that it was the work of a tudes, each of which give rise to a different species

. Being transcendently wise and powerful. As the Let a man trace the dog or lion kind, and be will world grew more enlightened in this art, their dis- observe how many of the works of nature are pubcoveries gave them fresh opportunities of admiring lished, if I may use the expression, in a variety of the conduct of Providence in the formation of a editions. li we look into the reptile world, or into

Facies non omnibus una,
Nec diversa tamen

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those differeut kiuds of animals that fill the eleinen carry this consideration yet further, it we reflect on of water; we meet with the same repetitions among the two sexes in every living species, with their re. several species, that differ very little from one an- semblances to each other, and those particular disother, but in size and bulk. You find the same tinctions that were necessary for the keeping up of creature that is drawn at large copied out in several this great world of life. proportious and ending in miniature. It would be There are many inore demonstrations of a Supreme lellious to produce instances of this regular conduct Being, and of his transcendent wisdom, power, and in Providence, as it would be superfluous to those goodness, in the formation of the body of a living who are versed in the natural history of animals. creature, for which I refer my reader to other The magnificeut harmony of the universe is such, writings, particularly to the sixth book of the poem that we may observe innumerable divisions running eutitled Creation.* where the anatomy of the huupon the same ground. I might also extend this man body is described with great perspicuity and speculation to the dead parts of nature, in which elegance. I have been particular on the thought we inay fiud matter disposed into mauy similar sys- which runs through this speculation, because I have tems, as well in our survey of stars and planets, as not seen it enlarged upon by others.-0. of stones, vegetables, and other sublunary parts of the creation. In a word, Providence has shown the

No. 544.1 MONDAY, NOVEMBER 24, 1712. richness of its goodness and wisdom, not only in the production of many original species, but in the mul

Nunquam ita quisquam bene subducta ratione ad vitam fuit.

Quin res, elas, usus seinper aliquid apportet novi. tiplicity of descants* which it has made on every Aliquid moneat: ut illa, quæ te scire credas, nescias; original species in particular.

Et, quæ tibi putaris prima, in experiendo ut repudies. But to pursue this thought still further. Every

TER. Adelph. act 4. living creature considered in itself has many very No man was ever so completely skilled in the conduct of life.

as not to receive new information from age and experience; complicated parts that are exact copies of some

insomuch that we find ourselves really ignorant of what we other parts which it possesses, and which are com- thought we understood, and see cause to reject what we fanplicated in the same manner. One eve would have cied our truest interest. been sufficient for the subsistence and preservation There are, I think, sentiments in the following of an animal; but, in order to better his condition letter from my friend Captain Sentry, which discowe see another placed with a mathematical exactness ver a rational and equal frame of mind, as well prein the same most advantageous situation, and in pared for an advantageous as an unfortunate change every particular of the saine size and texture. Is of condition :it possible for chance to be thus delicate and uni

“ Coverley-hall, Nov. 15, formn in her operations ? Should a million of dice “Sir,

Worcestershire tarn up twice together the same number, the wonder

“I am come to the succession of the estate of my would be nothing in comparison with this. But when we see this similitude and resemblance in the honoured kinsman, Sir Roger de Coverley; and í arm, the hand, the fingers ; when we see one half assure you I find it no easy task to keep up the of the body entirely correspond with the other in figure of master of the fortune which was so hande all those minute strokes, without which a man might not (with respect to the great obligations I have,

I val.

eomely enjoyed by that honest plain man. have very well subsisted; nay, when we often see a be it spoken) reflect upon his character, but I am single part repeated a hundred times in the same confirmed in the truth which I have, I think, heard body notwithstanding it consists of the most intrieate weaving of pumberless fibres, and these parts and well-disposed heart, with a very small capacity,

spoken at the club; to wit, that a man of a warm differing stijl in magnitude, as the convenience of is highly superior in human society to him who with their particular situation requires; sure a man must the greatest talents, is cold and languid in his affechave a strange cast of understanding, who does not tions. But alas! why do I make a difficulty in discover the finger of God in so wonderful a work. These duplicates in those parts of the body, without speaking of my worthy ancestor's failings ? His

little absurdities and incapacity for the conversation which a man might have very well subsisted, though of the politest men are dead with him, and his Det so well as with them, are a plain demonstration greater qualities are even now useful to him, I of an all-wise Contriver, as thuse more numerous Kuow not whether by naming those disabilities I do copyings which are found among the vessels of the not enhance his merit, since he has left behind hiin same body, are evident demonstrations that they could not be the work of chance. This argument the pains of the wisest man's whole life to arrive at.

a reputation in his country, which would be worth receives additional strength, if we apply it to every By the way, I must observe to you, that many of animal and insect within our knowledge, as well as to those numberless living creatures that are objects your readers have mistook that passage in your to minute

for a human eye: and if we consider writings, wherein Sir Roger is reported to have inhow the several species in this whole world of life quired into the private character of the young wo

man at the tavern. resemble one another in very many particulars, so circumstance as an instance of the simplicity and

I know you mentioned that far as is convenient for their respective states of ex. innocence of his mind, which made him imagine it istence, it is much more probable that a hundred millions of dice should be casually thrown a hun- and not as an inclination in him to be guilty with

a very easy thing to reclaim one of those criminals, dred millions of times in the same number, than her. The less aiscerning of your readers cannot that the body of any single animal should be pro-enter into that delicacy of description in the characduced by the fortuitous concourse of matter. And ter: but indeed my chief business at this time is to that the like chance should arise in innumerable inHances, requires a degree of credulity that is not represent to you any present state of mind, and the under the direction of common sense.

promise to myself in the possession

We may of my new fortune. I have continued all Sir RoMeant perbaps for “ descents," be. progress downwards.

ger's servants, except such as it was a relief to dis.

• Creation. - A poem by Sir Richard Blackmore.


miss into little beings within my manor. Those who and will please from time to time lo sojourn all, ** are in a list of the good knight's own hand to be any part of the year, at Coverley. Such of them as taken care of by me, I have quartered upon such as will do me that honour shall find horses, servanis, have taken new lease3 of me, and added so many and all things necessary for their accommodation advantages during the lives of the persons so quar- and enjoyment of all the conveniences of life in a tered, that it is the interest of those whom they are pleasant various country. If Colonel Camperfel juined with to cherish and befriend them upon all be in town, and his abilities are not employed as. occasions. I find a considerable sum of ready mo- other way in the service, there is no man woold be ney, which I am laying out among my dependants more welcome here. That gentleman's thorough at ihe common interest, but with a design to lend it knowledge in his profession, together with the simaccording to their merit, rather than according to plicity of his manners and goodness of his heart, their ability. I shall lay a tax upon such as I have would induce others like him to bonour my abode highly obliged, to become security to me for such off and I should be glad my acquaintance would take their own poor youth, whether male or female, as themselves to be invited or not, as their charaeters want help towards getting into some being in the have an affinity to his. world. I hope I shall be able to manage my affairs " I would have all my friends know, that they so as to improve my fortune every year by doing need not fear (though I am become a country gee. acts of kindness. I will lend my money to the use tlemau) I will trespass against their temperadre of none but indigent men, secured by such as have and sobriety. No, Sir, I shall retain so much of the ceased to be indigent by the favour of my family or good sentiments for the conduct of life, which we mysell. What makes this the more practicable is, cultivated in each other at our club, as contemn that if they will do any one good with my money, all inordinate pleasures; but particularly remensthey are welcome to it upon their own security: ber, with our beloved Tully, that the delight in food and I make no exception against it, because the consists in desire, not satiety. They who most paspersons who enter into the obligations do it for their sionately pursue pleasure seldomest arrive at it. own family. I have laid out four thousand pounds Now I am writing to a philosopher I cannot forthis way, and it is not to be imagined what a crowd bear mentioning the satisfaction I took in the pas. of people are obliged by it. In cases where Sir sage I read yesterday in the same Tully. A nobleRoger has recommended, I have lent money to put man of Athens made a compliment to Plato the out children, with a clause which makes void the morning after he had supped at his house: 'Your obligation in case the infaut dies before he is out of entertainments do not only please when you give his apprenticeship; by which means the kindred them, but also the day after.' and masters are extremely careful of breeding him

I am, my worthy Friend, to industry, that he may repay it himself by his la- “ Your most obedient humble Servant, bour, in three years' journey-work after his time is T.

“ WILLIAM SENTRY,” out, for the use of his securities. Opportunities of this kind are all that have occurred since I came to my estate : but I assure you I will preserve a constant No. 545.] TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1719. disposition to catch at all the occasions I can to promote the good and happiness of my neighbour

Quin potius pacem æternam pactosque bymenaeos hood.

Let us in bonds of lasting peace unite, “ But give me leave to lay before you a little And celebrate the hymeneal rite. establishment which has grown out of my past life, that I doubt not will administer great satisfaction

I cannot but think the following letter from the to me in that part of it, whatever that is, which is Emperor of China to the Pope of Rome, proposing to come.

a coalition of the Chinese and Roman churches

, will • There is a prejudice in favour of the way of life be acceptable to the curious. I must confess, I wfto which a man has been educated, which 'I know self being of opinion that the Emperor has as much not whether it would not be faulty to overcome.

It authority to be interpreter to him he pretends to is like a partiality to the interest of one's own coun- expound, as the Pope has to be vicar of the sacred try before that of any other nation. It is from a person he takes upon him to represent, I was not a habit of thinking, grown upon nie from my youth little pleased with their treaty of alliance. What spent in arms, that I have ever held gentlemen, progress the negotiation between bis majesty of who have preserved modesty, good-nature, justice, Rome and his holiness of China makes (as we daily and humanity, in a soldier's life, to be the most writers say upon subjects where we are at a lees), valuable and worthy persons of the human race. time will let us know. In the mean time, mace To pass through imminent dangers

, suffer painful they agree in the fundamentals of power and aution watchings, frightful alarms, and laborious marches, rity, and differ only in matters of faith, we may es. for the greater part of a man's time, and pass the pect the matter will go on without difficulty. rest in sobriety conformable to the rules of the most virtuous civil life, is a merit too great to deserve the Copia di lettera del re della China al Papa, inter: treatment it usually meets with among the other pretata dal padre segretario dell' India della compart of the world. But I assure you, Sir, were there

pagna di Giesu. not very many who have this worth, we could never

" A roi benedetto sopra i benedetti P. P. et imperehave seen the glorious events which we have in our dore yrande de pontifici e pastere Xmo, disptiste days. I need not say more to illustrate the character of a soldier than to tell you he is the very contrary

del vylio de irë d'Europa, Clemente XT to him you observe loud, saucy, and overbearing, in

Il favorito amico di Dio Gionata 7o, potentis a red coat about town. But I was going to tell you


sopra tutti i potentissimi della terra, altissimo that, in honour of the profession of arms, I bave set apart a certain suin of money for a table for such to the father of the late worthy Admiral Kenpenfell, who ra

• Cotovel Camperfelt. Spect. in folio. A fine complisust gentlemen as haye served their country in the army drowned in the Royal George ai Spithest, Aug. 23, 178.


VIRG. n. iv. 99

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sópra tutti gli altissimi sotto il sole e la luna, che bishops and pastor of Christians, dispenser of the séde nella sede di smeraldo della China sópra cento oil of the kings of Europe, Clement XI. scalini d'oro, ad interpretare la lingua di Dio a tutti

* The favourite friend of God, Gionetta the i descendenti fedeli d' Abramo, chi da la vita e la VIIth, the most powerful above the most powerful morte a cento quindici regni, ed a cento settante of the carth, highest above the highest under the isole, scrive con la penna dello struzzo vergine, c

sun and moon, who sits on a throne of emerald of manda salute ed accresimento di vecchiezza.

"Essendo arrivato il tempo in cui il fiore della China, above 100 steps of gold, to interpret the lan. reale postra gioventu deve maturare i frutti della death to 115 kingdoms, and 170 islands; he writes

guage of God to the faithful, and who gives life and nostra vecchiezza, e confortare con quell'i desiderii with the quill of a virgin ostrich, and sends health dei populi nostri divoti, e propagare il seme di

and increase of old age. quella pianta che deve proteggerli, habbiamo stabil

“Being arrived at the time of our age, in which lito d'accompagnarci con una vergine eccelsa ed the Hower of our royal youth ought to ripen into amorosa allattata alla mamella della leonessa forte e fruit towards old age, to comfort therewith the desire del agnella mansueta. Percio essendoci stato figu- of our devoted people, and to propagate the seed of tato sempre il vostro populo Europeo Romano per that plant which must protect them: we have deterpaese di donne invitte, e forte, e caste; allongiamo la mined to accompany ourselves with a high amorous nostra mano potente, a stringere una di loro, e questa virgin, suckled at the breast of a wild lioness, and sarà una vostra nipote, o nipote di qualche altro gran a meek lamb; and, innagining with ourselves that sacerdote Latino, che sia guardata dall'occhio dritto di Dio, sarà seminata in lei l' autorita di Sarra, la your European Roman people is the father of many

unconquerable and chaste ladies, we stretch out our fedelta d'Esther, e la sapienza di Abba ; la vogliano powerful arm to embrace one of them, and she shall con l'occhio della colomba che guarda il cielo, e la be one of your nieces, or the niece of some other terra, e con la bocca della conchiglia che si pasce della great Latin priest, the darling, of God's right eye. raggiada del matino. La sua eta non passi ducento Let the authority of Sarah be sown in her, the corsi della luna, la sua statura sia alta quanto la fidelity of Esther, and the wisdom of Abba. We spicca dritta del grano verde, e la sua grossezza would bave her eye like that of a dove, which inay quanto un manipolo di grano secco. daremmo a vestire per li nostri mandatici ambas-shell-tish to feed upon the dew of the morning; her

Noi la man- look upon heaven and earth, with the mouth of a ciadori, e chi la conduranno a noi, e noi incontraremmo alla riva del fiume grande facendola salire age must not exceed 200 courses of the moon : let su nostro cocchio. Élla potra adorare appresso di and her girth a handful.

her stature be equal to that of an ear of green coru, noi il suo Dio, con venti quattro altre vergini a sua “ We will send our mandarines ambassadors to ellezzione e potra cantare con loro, come la tottora clothe her,, and to conduct her to us, and we will alla primavera.

meet her on the bank of the great river, making her "Sodisfando o padre e amico nostro questa to leap up into our chariot. She may with us wor. nostra brama, sarete caggione di unire in perpetua ship her own God, together with twenty-four virgins amicitia cotesti vostri regni d'Europa al nostro do- of her own choosing; and she may sing with them minante imperio, e si abbracciranno le vostri leggi come l' edera abbraccia la pianta; e noi medesemi as the turtle in the spring:

“ You, O father and friend, complying with this spargeremo del nostro seme reale in coteste pro: our desire, may be au occasion of uniting in perpe. vinci

, riscaldando i letti di vostri principi con il tual friendship our high empire with your European fuoco amoroso delle nostre amazoni, d' alcune delle kingdoms, and we may embrace your laws as the quali i nostri mandatici ambasciadori vi porteranno ivy embraces the tree; and we ourselves inay scatter le somiglianze dipinte. "Vi confirmiamo di tenere in pace le due buone chief of your princes with the amorous fire of our

our royal blood into your provinces, warming the religiose famiglie delli missionarii gli' figlioli d'Ig. nazio, e li bianchi e neri figlioli di Dominico, il cui amazons, the resembling pictures of some of which consiglio degl' uni e degl' altri ci serve di scorta nel our said mandarines ambassadors shall convey to you.

We exhort you to keep in peace two good relipostro regimento e di lume ad interpretare le divine gious families of missionaries, the black sons of legge, come appuncto fa lume l'oglio che si getta Ignatius, and the white and black sons of Dominicus; In tanto alzandoci dal nostro trono per abbrac

that the counsel, both of the one and the other, may ciarvi, vi dichiariamo nostro congiunto e confederato, light to interpret the divine law, as the oil cast into

serve as a guide to us in our government, and a edordiniamo che questo foglio sia segnato col nostro the sca produces light. segno imperial della nostra citta, capo del mondo, il quinto giorno della terza lunatione l' anno quarto brace you, we declare you our ally and confederate;.

To conclude, we rising up in our throne to emdel nostro imperio.

and have ordered this leaf to be sealed with our im1. Sigillo è un sole nella cui faccia è anche quella perial signet, in our royal city the head

of the world, Jella luna ed intorno tra i raggi vi sono traposte the eighth day of the third lunation, and the fourth

“ Dico il traduttore che secondo il ceremonial di year of our reign.” questo lettere e recedentissimo specialmente fessere scritto con la penna della struzzo-vergine con la Letters from Rome say, the whole conversation quella non soglionsi scrivere quei re che le pregiere both among gentlemen and ladies has turned upon a Dio e scrivendo a qualche altro principe del mon- the subject of this epistle, ever since it arrived. do, la maggior finezza che usino, è scrivergli con la The Jesuit who translated it says, it loses much of penna del pavone."

the majesty of the original in the Italian. It seems

there was an offer of the same nature made by a A letter from the Emperor of China to the Pope, in- predecessor of the present Emperor to Lewis Xiil. terpreted by a father Jesuit, secretary of the Indies. of France; but no lady of that court would take the " To you blessed above the blessed, great emperor of voyage, that sex not being at that time so.niuch used

in mare.

slenne spade.

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