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courteous Umbra. He is a find man indeed, but the a certain account, that they called a council of war soft creature bows below my apron-string, before he to consult whether it was not advisable to march into takes it: yet, after the first ceremonies, he is as the citadel, 'and leave the town defenceless. We familiar as my physician, and his insignificancy are assured, that when the confederate army was makes me half ready to complain to him of all I advancing towards the camp of Marshal Villars, that would to my doctor. He is so courteous, that he General despatched a courier to his master with a carries half the messages of ladies' ails in town to letter, giving an account of their approach, which their midwives and nurses. He understands too the concluded with the following words : The day begins art of medicine as far as to the cure of a pimple, or a to break, and your Majesty's army is already in order rash. On occasions of the like importance, he is the of battle. Before noon I hope to have the honour of most assiduous of all men living, in consulting and congratulating your Majesty on the success of a great searching precedents from family to family; then he action ; and you shall be very well satisfied with speaks of his obsequiousness and diligence in the the Marshal Villars.' style of real services. If you sneer at him, and thank Mrs. Distaff hath received the dialogue, dateil him for his great friendship he bows, and says, Monday evening, which she has sent forward to Mr. • Madam, all the good offices in my power, while i Bickerstatf at Maidenhead; and in the mean time have any kno'r ledge or credit, shall be at your ser- gires her service to the parties. vice.' The consideration of so shallow a being, It is to be noted, that when any part of this paper and the intent application with which he pursues appears dull, there is a design in it. trifles has made me carefully reflect upon that sort of men we usually call an impertinent: and I am, upon mature deliberation, so far from being offended No. 39.] SATURDAY, JULY 9, 1709. with him, that I am really obligerl to him ; for though

BY ISAAC BICKERSTAFF, ESQ. he will take you aside, and talk half an hour to you

Grecian Coffee-house, July 7. upon matters, wholly insignificant, with the most solemn air, yet I consider, that these things are of As I am called forth by the immense love I bear weight in his imagination, and he thinks he is com- to my fellow-creatures, and the warm inclination I municating what is for my service. If, therefore, feel within me, to stem, as far as I can, the prevailing it be a just rule, to judge of a man by his intention, torrent of vice and ignorance; so I cannot more proaccording to the equity of good breeding, he that is perly pursue that noble impulse than by setting forth impertinently kind or wise to do you a service, the excellence of virtue and knowledge in their native ought in return to have a proportionable place both and beautiful colours. For this reason, I made my in your affection and esteem ; so that the courteous late excursion to Oxford, where those qualities appear Umbra deserves the favour of all his acquaintance; in their highest lustre, and are the only pretences to for though he never served them, he is erer willing honour and distinction. Superiority is there given in to do it, and believes he does it.

proportion to men's advancement in wisdom and As impotent kindness is to be returned with all learning; and that just rule of life is so universally our abilities to oblige; so impotent malice is to be received among those happy people, that you shall see treated with all our force to depress it. For this an Earl walk bare-headed to the son of the meanest reason Flyblow (who is received in all the families artificer, in respect to seven years more worth and in town, through the degeneracy and iniquity of knowledge than the nobleman is possessed of. In their manners) is to be treated like a knave, other places they bow to men's fortunes, but here to though he is one of the weakest of fools : he has their understandings. It is not to be expressed, how by rote, and at second-hand, all that can be said pleasing the order, the discipline, the regularity of of any man of figure, wit, and virtue, in town. their lives, is to a philosopher, who has, by many Name a man of trorth, and this creature tells you the years experience in the world, learned to contemn worst passage of his life. Speak of a beautiful

every thing but what is revered in this mansion of woman, and this puppy will whisper the next man select and well-taught spirits. The magnificence of to him, the ugh he has nothing to say of her. He is their palaces, the greatness of their revenues, the a fly that feeds on the sore part, and would have sweetness of their groves and retirements, seem nothing to live on if the whole body were in health. equally adapted for the residence of princes and You may know him by the frequency of pronouncing philosophers; and a familiarity with objects of splenthe particle but; for which reason I never heard him dour as well as places of recess, prepares the inhabispoke of with common charity, without vsing my but tants with an equanimity for their future fortunes, against him : for a friend of mine saying the other day, whether humble or illustrious. lIow was I pleased Mrs. Distaff has wit, good-humour, virtue, and when I looked round at St. Mary's and could, in the friendship;' this oaf added, “But she is not hand-faces of the ingenious youth, see ministers of state, some,' Coxcomb! the gentleman was saying what chancellors, bishops, and judges. Here only is I was, not what I was not.'

human life! Here only the life of man is that of a

rational being! Here men understand and are emSt. James's Coffee-house, July 6.

ployed in works worthy their noble nature. This The approaches before Tournay have been carried transitory being passes away in an employment not on with great success; and our advices from the camp unworthy a future state, the contemplation of the before that place of the eleventh instant say that they great decrees of Providence. Each man lives as if had already made a lodgment on the glacis. Two he were to answer the questions made to Job, Where hundred boats were come up the Scheld with the wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? heavy artillery and ammunition, which would be em- Who shut up the sea with doors, and said, Hitherto ployed in dismounting the enemy's defences, and thou shalt come, and no farther ? Such speculations raised on the batteries the fifteenth.

make life agreeable, and death welcome. A great body of miners are summoned to the But, alas ! I was torn from this noble society by camp, to countermine the defences of the enemy. the business of this dirty mean world, and the cares We are convinced of the weakness of the garrison by 1 of fortune : for I was obliged to be in London

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against the seventh day of the term, and accordingly whose instinct I take to be a better guide than men's governed myself by my Oxford Almanack, and came erroneous opinions, which are usually biassed by last night; but find, to my great astonishment, that interest. I judge in this case, as king Charles the this ignorant town began the term on the twenty- Second victualled his navy with the bread which one fourth of the last month, in opposition to all the of his dogs chose of several pieces thrown before learning and astronomy of the famous University of him, rather than trust to the assererations of the which I have been speaking; according to which, the victuallers. Mr. Cowper, and other learned counsel, term certainly was to commence on the first instant. have already urged the authority of this almanack, in You may be sure a man, who has turned his studies behalf of their clients. We shall, therefore go on as I have, could not be mistaken in point of time; with all speed in our cause; and doubt not but chanfor knowing I was to come to town in term, I ex- cery will give at the end what we lost in the beginning, amined the passing moments very narrowly, and by protracting the term for us until Wednesday called an eminent astronomer to my assistance. come seven-night. And the University Orator shall Upon very strict observation we found, that the cold for ever pray, &c, has been so severe this last winter (which is allowed to have a benumbing quality) that it retarded the

From my own Apartment, July 7. earth in moving round, from Christmas to this season, full seven days and two seconds. My learned friend The subject of duels has, I find, been started with assured me further, that the earth had lately re- so good success, that it has been the frequent subceived a shock from a comet that crossed its vortex,ject of conversation among polite men; and a dialogue which, if it had come ten degrees nearer to us had of that kind has been transmitted to me verbatim as made us lose this whole term. I was indeed once of follows. The persons concerned in it are men of opinion that the Gregorian computation was the most honour and experience in the manners of men, and regular, as being eleven days before the Julian; but have fallen upon the truest foundation, as well as am now fully convinced that we ought to be seven searched the bottom of this evil, days after the Chancellor and Judges, and eighteen Mr. Sage.--If it were in my power every man, that before the Pope of Rome ; and that the Oxonian drew his sword, unless in the service, or purely to computation is the best of the three.

defend his life, person, or goods from violence (I These are the reasons which I have gathered from mean abstracted from all punctoes or whims of hophilosophy and nature; to which I can add other nour) should ride the wooden horse in the Tilt-yard circumstances in vindication of the account of this for such first offence; for the second, stand in the learned body who publish this almanack.

pillory; and for the third, be prisoner in Bedlam for It is notorious to philosophers, that joy and grief life. can hasten and delay time. Mr. Locke is of opinion, Col. Plume. “I remember that a rencontre or duel that a man in great misery may so far lose his mea- was so far from being in fashion among the officers that sure as to think a minute an hour; or in joy make served in the parliament-army, that, on the contrary, it an hour a minute. Let us examine the present case was as disreputable, and as great an impediment to by this rule, and we shall find, that the cause of this advancement in the service, as being bashful in time general mistake in the British nation, has been the of action. great success of the last campaign, and the following Sir Mark.-Yet I have been informed by some old hopes of peace. Stocks ran so high at the Exchange, caraliers of famous reputation for brave and gallant that the citizens had gained three days of the courtiers ; | men, that they were much more in mode among their and we have indeed been so happy all this reign, that party than they have been during this last war. if the University did not rectify our mistakes, we Col. Plume. That is true too, sir, should think ourselves but in the second year of her Mr. Sage.—By what you say, gentlemen, one sbould present Majesty. It would be endless to esumerate think that our present military officers are compounded the many damages that have happened by this igno- of an equal proportion of both those tempers; since rance of the vulgar. All the recognisances within the duels are neither discountenanced, nor much in vogue. diocese of Oxford have been forfeited, for not ap

Sir Mark.—That difference of temper in regard to pearing on the first day of this fictitious term. The duels, which appears to have been between the court University has been non-suited in their action against and the parliament-men of the sword, was not (I conthe booksellers for printing Clarendon in quarto. ceive) for want of courage in the latter, nor of a liberal Indeed, what gives me the most quick concern, is the education, because there were some of the best famicase of a poor gentleman, my friend, who was the lies in England engaged in that party; but gallantry other day taken in execution by a set of ignorant and mode, which glitter agreeably to the imagination, bailiffs. He should, it seems, have pleaded in the were encouraged by the court, as promoting its splenfirst week in term; but being a Master of Arts of dour ; and it was as natural that the contrary party Oxford, he would not recede from the Oxonian com- (who were to recommend themselves to the publie putation. He showed Mr. Broad the almanack, and for men of serious and solid parts) should deviate the very day when the term began ; but the merciless, from every thing chimerical. ignorant fellowv, against all sense and learning, would Mr. Sage.--I have never read of a duel among the hurry him away. He went, indeed, quietly enough; Romans, and yet their nobility used more liberty with but he has taken exact notes of the time of arrest, their tongues than any one may do now without being and sufficient witnesses of his being carried into challenged. gaol; and has, by advice of the recorder of Oxford, Sir Mark.—Perhaps the Romans were of opinion, brought his action : and we doubt not but we shall that ill-language and brutal manners reflected only on pay them off with damages, and blemish the reputa- those who were guilty of them; and that a mau's tion of Mr. Broad. We have one convincing proof, reputation was not at all cleared by cutting the person's which all that frequent the courts of justice are wit- throat who had reflected upon it: but the custom of nesses of : the dog that comes constantly to West- those times had fixed the scandal in the action ; minster on the first day of the term, did not appear whereas now it lies in the reproach. until the first day according to the Oxford almanack; Mr. Sage. And yet the only sort of duel that one


can conceive to have been fought upon motives truly Mr. Sage.--Pray, Colonel, how long did that fashion honourable and allowable, was that between the continue ? Horatii and Curiatii.

Col. Plume.-Not long neither, Mr. Sage; for as Sir Mark.-Colonel Plume, pray what was the soon as it became a fashion, the very topping fellows method of single combat in your time among the thought their honour reflected upon, if they did not cavaliers ? I suppose, that as the use of clothes con- proffer themselves as seconds when any of their tinues, though the fashion of them has been mutable; friends had a quarrei, so that sometimes there were so duels, though still in use, have had in all times a dozen of a side. their particular modes of performance.

Sir Mark.-Bless me! if that custom had contiCol. Plume.-We had no constant rule, but ge- nued, we should have been at a loss now for our very nerally conducted our dispute and tilt according to pretty fellows; for they seem to be the proper men the last that had happened between persons of to officer, animate, and keep up an army. But pray, reputation among the very top fellows for bravery sir

, how did that sociable manner of tilting grow out and gallantry.

of mode? Sir Mark.-If the fashion of quarrelling and tilting Col. Plume.- Why, sir, I will tell you : it was a was so often changed in your time, Colonel Plume, a law among the combatants, that the party which hapman might fight, yet lose his credit for want of un- pened to have the first man disarmed or killed, should derstanding the fashion.

yield as vanquished; which some people thought Col. Plume. Why, Sir Mark, in the beginning of might encourage the Modishes and Smarts in quarJnly a man would have been censured for want of relling to the destruction of only the very topping courage, or been thought indigent of the true notions fellows; and as soon as this reflection was started, of honour, if he had put up with words, which, in the the very topping fellows thought it an incumbrance end of September following, one cou d not resent with upon their honour to fight at all themselves. Since out passing for a brutal and quarrelsome fellow. that time, the Modishes and Smarts, throughout all

Sir Mark.-But, Colonel, were duels and rencontres Europe, have extolled the French king's edict. most in fashion in those days?

Sir Mark.-Our very pretty fellows, whom I take Col. Plume.-Your men of nice honour, Sir, were to be the suceessors of the very topping fellows, think for avoiding all censure of advantage which they a quarrel so little fashionable, that they will not be supposed might be taken in a rencontre; therefore exposed to it by any other man's vanity, or want of they used seconds, who were to see that all was upon the square, and make a faithful report of the whole Mr. Sage. But, Colonel, I have observed in your combat ; but in a little time it became a fashion for

account of duels, that there was a great exactness in the seconds to fight; and I will tell you how it avoiding all advantage that might possibly be between happened.

the combatants. Mr. Sage.--Pray do, Colonel Plume, and the method Col. Plume. That is true, sir; for the weapons of a duel at that time, and give us some notion of the were always equal. punctoes upon which your nice men quarrelled in those Mr. Sage.— Yes, sir; but suppose an active adroit days.

strong man had insulted an awkward, or a feeble, or Col. Plume. I was going to tell you, Mr. Sage, an unpractised swordsman ? that one cornet Modish had desired his friend Captain Col. Plume.-Then, sir, they fought with pistols. Smart's opinion in some affair, but did not follow it ; Mr. Sage. But, sir, there might be a certain adupon which captain Smart sent major Adroit (a very vantage that way; for a good marksman will be sure topping fellow of those times) to the person that had to hit his man at twenty yard's distance; and a man slighted his advice. The major never enquired into whose hand shakes (which is common to men that the quarrel, because it was not the manner then among debauch in pleasures, or have not used pistols out of the very topping fellows; but got two swords of an the holsters) will not venture to fire, unless he touches equal length, and then waited upon Cornet Modish, the person he shoots at. Now, sir, I am of opinion, desiring him to choose his sword, and meet his friend that one can get no honour in killing a man, if one Captain Smart. Cornet Modish came with his friend has it all rug, as the gamesters say, when they have to the place of combat; there the principals put on a trick to make the game secure, though they seem to their pumps, and stripped to their shirts, to show that play upon the square. they had nothing but what men of honour carry about Sir Mark.--In truth, Mr. Sage, I think such a fact them, and then engaged.

must be murder in a man's own private conscience, Sir Mark.--And did the seconds stand by, sir? whatever it may appear to the word.

Col. Plume. It was a received custom until that Col. Plume.--I have known some men so nice, that time; but the swords of those days being pretty long, they would not fight but upon a cloak with pistols. and the principals acting on both sides upon the de- Mr. Sage.--I believe a custom well established fensive, and the morning being frosty, Major Adroit would outdo the grand monarch's edict. desired that the other second who was also a very Sir Mark.--And bullies would then leave off their topping fellow, would try a thrust or two, only to long swords. But I do not find that a very pretty keep them warm, until the principals had decided fellow can stay to change his sword when he is inthe matter, which was agreed to by Modish's second, sulted by a bully with a long diego; though his own who presently whipt Adroit through the body, dis- at the same time be no longer than a pen-knise; armed him, and then parted the principals, who had which will certainly be the case if such little swords received no harm at all.

are in mode. Pray, Colonel, how was it between the Mr. Sage.--But was not Adroit laughed at ? hectors of your time, and the very topping fellows ? ,

Col. Plurne.-On the contrary, the very topping Col. Plume.—Sir, long swords happened to be gefellows were ever after of opinion, that no man, who nerally worn in those times. deserved that character, could serve as a second, Mr. Sage.--In answer to what you were saying, without fighting; and the Smarts and Modishes Sir Mark, give me leave to inform you, that your finding their account in it, the humour took without knights-errant (who were the very pretty fellows of opposition,

those ancient times) thought they could not honourably

fine parts.

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yield, though they had fought their own trusty wea- there is no pursuading them; and my friend will not pons to the stumps ; but would venture as boldy with be convinced, but that upon quoting Solomon, who the page's leaden sword, as if it had been of enchan- always used the word fool as a term of the same ted metal. Whence I conceive, there must be a spice signification with unjust, and makes all deviation of romantic gallantry in the composition of that very from goodness and virtue to come under the notion pretty fellow.

of folly; I say, he doubts not, but by the force of this Sir Mark.—I am of opinion, Mr. Sage, that fashion authority, let his idiot uncle appear never so great governs a Very Pretty Fellow; nature or common a knave, he shall prove him a fool at the samne sense, your ordinary persons, and sometimes men of time.

This affair led the company here into an examinaMr. Sage. But what is the reason, that men of the tion of these points ; and none coming here but wits, most excellent sense and morals, in other points, as- what was asserted by a young lawyer, that a lunatie sociate their understandings with the very pretty is in the care of the chancery, but a fool in that of the fellows in that chimera of a duel ?

crown, was received with general Sir Mark.-There is no disputing against so great that ?' says old Renault. Why that? Why must a a majority.

fool be a courtier more than a madman ? This is Mr. Sage. But there is one scruple, Colonel the iniquity of this dull age. I remember the time Plume, and I have done. Do not you believe there when it went on the mad side ; all your top wits were may be some advantage even upon a cloak with scourers, rakes, roarers, and demolishers of windows, pistols, which a man of nice honour would scruple to I knew a mad Lord, who was drun kfive years together, take?

and was the envy of that age, who is faintly imitated Col. Plume.-Faith, I cannot tell, Sir? but since by the dull pretenders to vice and madness in this. one may reasonably suppose that in such a case, there Had he lived to this day, there had not been a feel can be but one so far in the wrong as to occasion in fashion in the whole kingdom.' When Renault matters to come to that extremity, I think the chance had done speaking, a very worthy man assumed the of being killed should fall but on one; whereas, by discourse: This is,' said he, *Mr. Bickerstaff, : their close and desperate manner of fighting, it may proper argument for you to treat of in your article very probably happen to both.

from this place; and if you would send your Pacolet Sir Mark.-Why, gentlemen, if they are men of into all our brains, you would find, that a little fibre such nice honour, and must fight, there will be no or valve, scarce discernable, makes the distinction fear of foul play, if they threw up cross or pile who | between a politician and an idiot. We should, should be shot,

therefore, throw a veil upon those unhappy instances of human nature, who seem to breathe without the

direction of reason and understanding, as we should No. 40.] TUESDAY JULY, 12, 1709,

avert our eyes with abhorrence from such as live in

perpetual abuse and contradiction to these noble Will's Coffee-house, July 11.

faculties. Shall this unfortunate man be divested of LETTERS from the city of London give an account his estate, because he is tractable and indolent, runs of a very great consternation that place is in at present, in no man's debt, invades no man's bed, nor spends by reason of a late enquiry made at Guildhall whether the estate he owes his children and his character ; a noble person has parts enough to deserve the enjoy- when one who shows no sense above him, but in sach ment of the great estate of which he is possessed ? practices, shall be esteemed in his senses, and pose The city is apprehensive, that this precedent may go sibly may pretend to the guardianship of him wbois farther ihan was at first imagined. The person against no ways his inferior, but in being less wicked? We whom this inquisition is set up by his relations, is a see old age brings us indifferently into the same peer of a neighbouring kingdom, and has in his youth impotence of soul, wherein nature has placed this made some few bulls, by which it is insinuated, that lord.' he has forfeited his goods and chattels. This is the There is something rery fantastical in the distribamore astonishing, in that there are many persons in tion of civil porrer and capacity among men. The the said city who are still more guilty than his lord-law certainly gives these persons into the ward and ship, and who, though they are idiots, do not only care of the crown, because that is best able to protect possess, but have also themsleves acquired great them from injuries, and the impositions of craft and estates, contrary to the known laws of this realm, knavery; that the life of an idiot may not ruin the which vests their possessions in the crown,

entail of a noble house, and his weakness may not There is a gentleman in the coffee-house at this frustrate the industry or capacity of the founder time exhibiting a bill in chancery against his father's of his family, But when one of bright parts, as we younger brother, who by some strange magic has say, with his eyes open, and all men's eyes upon bim arrived at the value of hall a plumb, as the citizens destroys those purposes, there in no remedy. Fully call a hundred thousand pounds; and in all the time and ignorance are punished! folly and guilt are of growing up to that wealth, was never known in tolerated ! Mr. Locke has somewhere made a distincany of his ordinary words or actions to discover any tion between a madman and a fool : a fool is he that proof of reason. Upon this foundation my friend has from right principles makes a wrong conclusion; but set forth, that he is illegally master of his coffers, and a madman is one who draws a just inference from has written two cpigrams to signify his own preten: false principles. Thus the fooi who cut off the sions and sufficiency for spending that estate. He fellow's head that lay asleep, and hid it, and then has inserted in his plea some things which I fear will waited to see what he would say when he avaked, give offence; for he pretends to argue, that though a and missed his head-piece, was in the right in the man has a little of the knave mixed with the fool, he first thought, that a man should be surprised to find is nevertheless liable to the loss of goods; and makes such an alteration in things since he fell asleep; bat the abuse of reason as just an avoidance of an estate he was a little mistakento imagine he coulilawale at as the total absence of it. This is what can never all after his head was cut off. A madmaa farcies pass; but witty men are so full of themselves, that I himself a prince; but, upon his mistake, he acts

suitably, to that character; and though he is out in . If you think they were too easily confuted, you supposing he has principalities, while he drinks gruel may conclude them not of the first sense, by their and lies in straw, yet you shall see him keep the talking against marriage. Yours, port of a distressed monarch in all his words and

* MARIANA, actions. These two persons are equally taken into

I observed Sappho began to redden at this epistle i custody: but what must be done to half this good and turning to a lady, who was playing with a dog company, who every hour of their life are knowingly she was so fond of' as to carry him abroad with her; and wittingly both fools and madmen, and yet have

• Nay,' says she, I cannot blame the men if they capacities both of forming principles and drawing have mean ideas of our souls and affections, and conclusions, with the full use of reason ?

wonder so many are brought to take us for companions From my own Apartment, July 11.

for life, when they see our endearments so trillingly This evening some ladies came to visit my sister placed ; for, to my knowledge, Mr. Truman would Jenny; and the discourse aster very many frivolous give half his estate for half the affection you hare and public matters, turned upon the main point shown to that Shock: nor do I believe you would among the women, the passion of love. Sappho, who

be ashamed to confess, that I saw you cry, when he always leads on this occasion, began to show her had the colic last week with lapping sour milk. reading, and told us, that Sir John Suckling and what more could you do for your lover himself ? Milton had, upon a parallel occasion, said the

! What more !' replied the lady, There is not a man tenderest things she ever read. • The circumstance,' in England for whom I could lament half so much. said she, 'is such as gives us a notion of that protecting Then she stifled the animal with kisses, and called part, which is the duty of men in their honourable him beau, life, dear, monsieur, pretty fellow, and designs upon, or possession of women. In Suckling's what not, in the hurry of her impertinence. Sappho tragedy of Brennoralt he makes the lover steal into rose up ; as she always does at any thing she observes his mistress's bed-chamber and draw the curtains ; done which discovers in her own sex a levity of mind then, when his heart is full of her charms, as she lies that renders them inconsiderable in the opinion of ours, sleeping, instead of being carried away by the violence of his desires into thoughts of a warmer nature, sleep, No. 41.] THURSDAY, JULY 14, 1709. which is the image of death, gives this generous lover reflections of a different kind, which regard rather

Celebrare domestica facta. her safety than his own passion. For, beholding her

To celebrate domestic deeds. as she lies sleeping, he utters these words:

White's Chocolate-house, July 12. “So misers look upon their gold,

There is no one thing more to be lamented in Which, while they joy to see, they fear to lose : our nation, than their general affectation of every The pleasure of the sight scarce equalling The jealousy of being dispossess'd by others.

thing that is foreign : nay, we carry it so far, that we Her face is like the milky way i' th' sky,

are more anxious for our own countrymen when they

have crossed the seas, than when we see them in the A meeting of gentle lights without name!”

same dangerous condition before our eyes at home: “ Heav'n! shall this fresh ornament of the world, else how is it possible, that on the twenty-ninth of These precious love-lines, pass with other common the last month, there should have been a battle fought things

in our very streets of London, and nobody at this end Amongst the wastes of time? what pity 'twere !" of the town have heard of it? I protest, I, who make

• When Milton makes Adam, leaning on his arm, it my business to enquire after adventures, should beholding Ere, and lying in the contemplation of her never have known this had not the following account beauty, he describes the utmost tenderness and been sent me inclosed in a letter. This, it seems, guardian affection in one word :

is the way of giving out orders in the Artillery“ Adam with looks of cordial love,

company; and they prepare for a day of action with Hung over her enamour d.”

so little concern, as only to call it, * An exercise of * This is that sort of passion which truly deserves

arms.' the name of love, and has something more generous An Exercise at Arms of the Artillery-company, to than friendship itself; for it has a constant care of be performed on Wednesday, June the twentythe object beloved, abstracted from its own interests pinth, 1709, under the command of Sir Joseph in the possession of it.'

Woolse, Knight and Alderman, General; Charles Sappho was proceeding on the subject, when my Hopson, Esquire, present Sheriff, Lieutenantsister produced a letter sent to her in the time of my general ; Captain Richard Synge, Major; Major absence, in celebration of the marriage state, which is John Shorey, Captain of Grenadiers ; Captain the condition wherein only this sort of passion reigns William Grayhurst, Captain John Butler, Captain in full authority. The epistle is as follows:

Robert Carellis, Captains. · DEAR MADAM,

• The body marched from the Artillery-ground, Your brother being absent, I dare take the liberty through Moorgate, Coleman-street, Lothbury, Broadof writing to you my thoughts of that state, which street, Finch-lane, Cornhill, Cheapside, St. Martin's, our whole sex either is, or desires to be in. You St. Anne's-lane, halt the pikes under the wall in will easily guess I mean matrimony, which I hear so Noble-street, draw up the firelocks facing the Goldmuch decried, that it was with no small labour I smiths'- hall, make ready and face to the left, and maintained my ground against two opponents ; but fire, and so ditto three times. Beat to arms, and as your brother observed of Socrates, I drew them into march round the hall, as up Lad-lane, Gutter-lane, muy conclusion, from their own concessions ; thus : Honey-lane, and so wheel to the right, and make “ In marriage are two liappy things allow'd, your salute to my lord, and so down St. Anne's-lane,

A wife in redding.shects, and in a shroud. up Aldersgate-street, Barbican, and draw up in RedHow can a marriage state then be accurs’d, cross-street, the right of St. Paul's-alley in the rear.

Since the last day's as happy as the first ?” March off lieutenant-general with half the body up The TATLER, No. 10.


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