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PROJECTED AND PARTLY ARRANGED
BY THE LATE
REV. HUGH JAMES ROSE, B.D.
PRINCIPAL OF KING'S COLLEGE, LONDON.
IN TWELVE VOLUMES.
B. FELLOWES, LUDGATE STREET;
F. AND J. RIVINGTON; E. HODGSON; G. LAWFORD; J. M. RICHARDSON;
J. BOHN; J. BAIN; J. DOWDING; G. GREENLAND; A. GREENLAND;
F. C. WESTLEY; JAMES BOHN; CAPES & CO.;
AND J. H. PARKER, OXFORD.
DACH, or DAC, (John,) a painter, born at Cologne, in 1566. He studied in Italy, and, passing through Vienna on his return home, was employed by the emperor Rodolphus II., for whom he again visited Italy to make copies of several celebrated works of art, and who rewarded his great abilities with honours and with opulence. His pictures are all in a grand style. He died at Vienna in
DACIER, (Andrew,) a French critic, born of Protestant parents, at Castres, in Upper Languedoc, in 1651. He was educated at the college of Castres and Puylaurens, but chiefly at Saumur, under the celebrated Tanaquil Faber, whose daughter Anne he married in 1683. At Paris he was recommended to the duke of Montausier, and was placed in the number of those who were to publish the classics for the use of the dauphin. His first work was the edition of Pompeius Festus, 4to, 1681, greatly improved in the Amsterdam edition of 1699. His Horace, with a French translation, appeared in 1681, in 10 vols, 12mo. He next published the twelfth book of St. Anastatius's Contemplations, with notes and a Latin translation. In 1685 he abjured the Protestant religion. In 1691 he published his translation of the Moral Reflections of Marcus Antoninus, 2 vols, 12mo, Amsterdam, and in 1692, Aristotle's Poetics, with a translation and critical remarks, in 4to. In 1693 he published a translation of the Edipus and Electra of Sophocles; in 1694, the first volume of Plutarch's Lives; in 1697, the translation of the works of Hippocrates, 2 vols, 12mo; in 1699, that of Plato's works, 2 vols; in 1706, the Life of Pythagoras, his Symbols, Golden Verses, &c. 2 vols; in 1715, Epictetus, 2 vols; and in 1720 the Lives of Plutarch were completed, in 8 vols, 4to. Besides
these, Dacier published Notes on Longinus, a dissertation on the origin of Satire, and Speeches in the French Academy. As he had been concerned in the compilation of the Medallic History of Louis XIV. the monarch settled on him a pension of 1500 livres, and appointed him keeper of his books in the Louvre. In 1713 he was made perpetual secretary to the French Academy, and in 1717 he obtained a reversionary grant of 10,000 crowns, as library keeper to the king. He died in 1722.
DACIER, (Anne,) wife of the preceding, daughter of Tanaquil Faber, or le Fevre, was born at Saumur, in 1651. When she was eleven years old her father discovered the strong natural powers of her mind, and resolved to give her a learned education. In 1674 she published an edition of Callimachus, in 4to, and she was afterwards engaged in editing the classics for the use of the dauphin. Her Florus appeared in 1674, in 4to, and her Aurelius Victor in 1681. In 1681, her translation of Anacreon and Sappho, so much commended by Boileau, appeared; and in 1683 were published Eutropius, 4to, and a French translation ofthe Amphitryon, Lepidicus, and Rudens of Plautus, three vols, and the next year the Plutus and Clouds of Aristophanes, 12mo, with Dictys Cretensius, and Dares Phrygius. After her abjuration of the Protestant faith, a pension of 1500 livres was settled on her husband, and 500 on herself. In 1688 she published her translation of Terence's plays, with notes, 3 vols, 12mo, the best edition of which is that of 1717. She also assisted her husband in his Marcus Antoninus and his Plutarch, and in 1711 she published her translation of Homer's Iliad, with notes, 3 vols, 12mo. In 1714 she wrote a defence of Homer against de la Motte, and two years after against Hardouin, in
which she displayed much erudition, great taste, and not a little acrimony. Her translation of the Odyssey appeared in 1716, 3 vols, 12mo. The last two years of her life she sunk into disease and debility, and died August 17th, 1720. She had a son and two daughters; the son died young; one of her daughters was a nun, and the other, who possessed all the virtues and accomplishments of her sex, died in her eighteenth year. The Academy of Ricovrati, at Padua, enrolled her name among their members in
DAHLBERG, (Eric,) a celebrated Swedish engineer, called the Vauban of Sweden, was born in 1625. He distinguished himself at the defence of Thorn, and accompanied Gustavus Adolphus in his Polish expedition, and advised him to march his army across the Great Belt when frozen, and thus penetrate into the very heart of the Danish kingdom and besiege the capital (1658). His great services were rewarded with the rank of nobility, and he was successively raised to the command of Malmo, the care of the fortifications, and the government of Livonia. He died in 1703. He wrote Suecia Antiqua et Hodierna, 3 vols, fol.
DAILLE, (John,) a learned Protestant divine, born at Chatelleraut, in 1594. After receiving his education in the schools of Poictiers and Saumur,
he was admitted, at the age of eighteen, into the family of Du Plessis Mornay, as tutor to his two grandsons; and in this situation he continued for seven years, when he began his travels in 1619, and, with his two pupils, passed through Geneva, Piedmont, Lombardy, and Venice, where he was introduced to the acquaintance of father Paul. After visiting Switzerland, Germany, Flanders, Holland, and England, he returned to France in 1621. In 1623 he was ordained, and first officiated in the family of Mornay, who died soon after in his arms. In 1625 he became minister of the church of Saumur, and in the following year he was invited by the consistory of Paris to take the charge of the church of Charenton, where he passed the remainder of his life. In 1628 he wrote his celebrated book On the Use of the Fathers, which lord Falkland and Chillingworth greatly valued, and began to translate, but left unfinished; but it appeared in 1651, translated by Thomas Smith, of Cambridge. In 1633 he published his Apology for the Reformed Churches, which he also translated into Latin, and Mr. Smith into English in 1658. Daille was at the Synod of Alençon in 1637, where his authority was ably exerted to reconcile the Protestants in the then disputed tenets about universal grace. He published in 1655 a Latin work against Spanheim, the Leyden professor, as An Apology for the Synods of Alençon and Charenton. He died at Paris in 1670.
DALAYRAC, (Nicholas,) an eminent French musician and composer, born of a noble family, at Muret, in Cominge, in 1753. He was designed for the bar; but, having a great taste for music, he abandoned the law, and went to Paris, when he became the pupil of Langlé, and followed the science of music as a profession. He composed for eight-andtwenty years for the Opera Comique. The most celebrated of his operas are Nina, 1786; Camille, 1791; Adolphe et Clara, 1799; Maison à Vendre, 1800; Picaros et Diégo, 1803; Une Heure de Mariage, 1804; Gulistan, 1825. He died at Paris in 1809.
DALBERG, (Nicholas,) a Swedish physician, born about 1735. He accompanied Gustavus III. then prince-royal, to Paris, where he formed an acquaintance with many distinguished philosophers. In 1781 he retired from court in disgrace; but he was recalled to attend the king in his last moments. He died in 1820. He published memoirs in