Between Memory and Desire: The Middle East in a Troubled Age

Voorkant
University of California Press, 2001 - 297 pagina's
Middle Easterners today are caught between memories of the past and frustrated hopes for the future. They struggle to find solutions to crises of economic stagnation, political gridlock, and cultural identity. In recent decades Islam has become central to this struggle, and almost every issue involves fierce, sometimes violent debates over the role of religion in public life. R. Stephen Humphreys's new book presents a much-needed and thoughtful analysis of Islam's place in today's Middle East. In clear, accessible language, he integrates the medieval and modern history of the region to show how the sacred and secular are tightly interwoven in its political and intellectual life.

Humphreys discusses the conflicts over power and resources that engage Middle Eastern politicians and looks at the major ideologies that have shaped these conflicts. He focuses on the impact of Islam on public life and examines Muslim ways of thinking about the "secular" versus the "religious." What values does Islam put into play? What challenges does it pose to "ordinary" politics? What resources does it bring to the struggle for social justice?

Humphreys recognizes the Western tendency to dismiss Middle Eastern politics as an incoherent tale of violence and fanaticism, and his book is especially valuable for its analysis of the deeper issues behind the headlines. These issues include the region's apparent inability to evolve democratic institutions, conflicts rooted in the peace settlements after World War I, and the unresolved debates over which cultural and moral values should drive Middle Eastern policy.

Between Memory and Desire reminds us that Middle Easterners remember the past in specific ways: the shame of the colonial era; the disappointments since independence; and the glory of the Middle Ages, when Muslim achievements were respected throughout the world. Even if these memories are only partially true, in defining the past, they also define what the future ought to be.
 

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Between memory and desire: the Middle East in a troubled age

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Islam has long been a major force in shaping the contours of sociopolitical and cultural debate in much of the Middle East. With the apparent failure of Pan-Arabism, Westernism, and other secular ... Volledige review lezen

Geselecteerde pagina's

Inhoudsopgave

Hard Realities Population Growth and Economic Stagnation
1
From Imperialism to the New World Order The Middle East in Search of a Future
23
The Strange Career of PanArabism
60
The Shaping of Foreign Policy The Myth of the Middle East Madman
83
Military Dictatorship and Political Tradition in the Middle East
113
Profane and Sacred Politics The Ends of Power in the Middle East
131
Islam as a Political System
148
Jihad and the Politics of Salvation
174
Women in Public Life Islamic Perspectives Middle Eastern Realities
204
Islam and Human Rights
227
Toward a ConclusionBetween Memory and Desire
261
Notes
273
A Bibliographic Note
289
Index
293
Copyright

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Over de auteur (2001)

R. Stephen Humphreys is Professor of History and Islamic Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and author of Islamic History: A Framework for Inquiry (second edition, 1991) among other works.

Bibliografische gegevens