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CHAPTER X.

POPULATION.

Census, Aug. 1, 1790. — Abstracts from Censuses. — Hawes's Census

in 1826. - State Census, March 1, 1837.

When the census was taken in 1790, Henry Dearborn was marshal of the District of Maine. The other United States marshals gave details. He gave only summary statements. Accordingly, all that was to be learned from his return is that, Aug. 1, 1790, Union contained two hundred inhabitants. Perhaps this was but little more than conjecture.

The following statements are from subsequent returns :

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• Including 32 males between 16 and 18 years of age. In 1820, there were 291 persons engaged in agriculture, 7 in commerce, and 59 in manufactures.

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In 1826, Mr. Noyes P. Hawes prepared the following document, giving the name and number of members of each family, and the number of houses, classified according to school districts:

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SCHOOL DISTRICTS. – No. I. John Little

6 Josiah F. Day Daniel F. Harding

Bradley R. Mowry Rufus Gillmor .

Joseph Vaughan Marcus Gillmor

Susman Abrams Elisha Harding

5 Spencer Walcott Abner Pitts

6

John Drake Zaccheus Litchfield

Jesse Drake Elisha Bemis

Abiel Gay Ebenezer Alden

10

David Gay Amos Barrett

5 Elijah Gay Levi Morse

11 Amos Walker Gorham Butler

David Bullen John Butler

9

Aaron Young John S. Bartlett

10 13 4 6 9 12 5 6 4 9 6 8 10

Nathan Daniels Betsey Richards

John Payson

* Of whom two were blind.

† Including two insane or idiots at private charge. In 1840, according to the census, there were 330 persons engaged in agriculture, 13 in commerce, 93 in manufactures and trades, 7 in navigation, 7 in the learned professions and engineering; and 4 were revolutionary pensioners.

10
10
5

Ezra Bowen
Oliver Bowen
Abijah Hawes
David Robbins
David Robbins, jun.
John L. Robinson
Andrew Robinson
David Cummings
Jessa Robbins.

6

5

Moses Simmons
Ziba Simmons
Leonard Wade .
John W. Lindley
Benjamin Litchfield .
Adam Martin
Amariah Mero.
Spencer Mero
Bela Robbins
Ebenezer Robbins
Joseph Clark

c. 6106 C1 CT

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No. II.

Jason Robbins
John Chapman Robbins
Herman Hawes
Walter Adams

Henry True
5 Nathaniel Robbins

John Jones
10 Obadiah Harris
3 John Dods Bovee
No. III.
7 Marlboro' Packard
6 Leonard Barnard

John Pearce Robbins
Suell Cummings
Obadiah Morse
Joseph Cushman
James Shibles
Noah Rice

Samuel Jameson
7 Allen Stone
6
No. IV.
13 Charles Titus

Abraham Brown

Royal Grinnell 104 Alpheus Collamore

Reuben Hills, jun.

Nathan Hills 7 Samuel Hills, 28 9 Josiah Hills

Lewis Robbins

Reuben Hills 5 George Silloway 7 Josiah Hills

Jonathan Eastman 10 Jonathan Sibley 11 Patrick Tenney 6 No. V. 3 Samuel Daggett

Ebenezer Daggett 10

William Daggett
Nahum Thurston
Philo Thurston
James Grinnell
Robert Dickey .

Nathaniel Bachelor
7 John Bachelder
7 George R. Allen
11 David Carriel

Phinehas Butler
John Butler
Ichabod Maddocks
John Thompson
Otis Bills.
Cyrus Nye
James Maxfield
Thomas Nye
Charles Hitchborn
Caleb Maddocks
Asaph Lucas
William Libbey
Ebenezer Cobb.
Walter Blake
John Burkett
Olney Titus

9 7 4 11

8 11 9 7

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Joel Adams
Cornelius Irish
Ebenezer W. Adams
Jason Ware
Vinal Ware
Matthias Hawes
Sarah Brown
David Stimpson
Bailey Grinnell
William Shepard
Nathan D. Rice

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Nathan Bachelder
William Lawrence
Ichabod Irish
Reuben Alford
Judson Caswell
Edward Brown
Thomas A. Mitchell
John Gowen
Reuben Packard
Henry Fossett
Charles Hall
Brotherton Daggett
Isaac Upham
Rachel Stone
Samuel Stone
Jeremiah Mitchell
Asa Messer
Thomas Messer
Joseph Bryant :

No. VII.
6 William Coggan

Robert Thompson 7 Timothy Stewart 5 Thomas Butler

Elkanah Morton
Henry Blunt

Ebenezer Blunt
8 Jacob Sibley
7

Penty Walcott . 10 Jonathan Carriel

Jonathan Carriel, jun. 13 Isaac Booth 8 Samuel Norwood

Luther Bryant 5

William Bryant 8

James Bryant 9

Judith Clark 6

Whedon 2

7 2 5 11 9

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No. IX. John Whiting

12 John Swan John Fogler

Charles R. Hunnewell Samuel Hills

Polly Gleason Sanford Hills

Fisher Hart Moses Morse

John M. Thorndike Nathan Daniels, jun.

4 Phillips C. Harding Robert Foster

10 Aaron Hart Mrs. Wingate

3 William Hart Benjamin Dow

4 John F. Hart Leonard Follansbee

8

No. X. Ezekiel Hagar

4 Martin Sidelinger Samuel Hagar

8 Leonard Bump Benjamin L. Law

Inhabitants, 1,550 ; families, 238; houses, 215; scholars, 715.

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66

A census of the inhabitants in town, March 1, 1837, was taken by William Gleason, Esq. in conformity with an Act of the Legislature requiring it before the town could receive its proportion of the “surplus revenue.”

At that time, the number of persons under 4 years of age was 230; from 4 to 21 years of age, 742; and there were 782 persons who were more than 21 years of age, - making a total of 1,754.

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CHAPTER XI.

POPULATION IN 1850.

Census, June 1, 1850, with Names and Ages.

The following census was also taken by William Gleason, Esq. At the time, particular attention was not given to the spelling, and probably several of the names are not printed as commonly written. Members of the same family not unfrequently spell the name differently, and there are some cases in which a person does not always observe uniformity in spelling his own name. The order in which the names were

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