Histoire des villes d'Afrique noire: des origines ą la colonisation

Markus Wiener Publishers, 2005 - 421 pagina's
Outstanding Academic Book of the Year 2005"-Choice Magazine"If asked to imagine Africa, most Americans will conjure images of "National Geographic"-style wildlife and rural exotica, or the horrific scenes of violence and despair that seem the extent of the press coverage. Few will think of Africa's thriving cities, and fewer still of how long some have existed. Distinguished social historian Coquery-Vidrovitch offers a broad, accessible overview of African urban history to rectify such neglect, taking the pulse of ancient and more recent cities from Awdaghust to Great Zimbabwe. Readers are introducted to fabled centers of Islamic learning like Timbuktu in Mali, holy Christian cities like Axum in Ethiopia, storied royal capitals like Mbanza-Kongo in Angola, and dynamic ports like Kilwa in Tanzania that encouraged trade for millennia. The great cities of Ghana and Nigeria are presented in all their complexity, as are early European enclaves like Saint Louis and Gor'D'ee in Senegal. Architecture and built environments are considered, as are the impacts on African urbanism of trans-Atlantic and Indian Ocean slavery, Islam and trans-Saharan trade, European capitalism, and the rise of cultural synthesis. THIS EXCELLENT BOOK BELONGS IN EVERY PUBLIC, HIGH SCHOOL, AND UNIVERSITY LIBRARY. Summing up: Essential. All levels."A.F. Roberts, UCLA, for Choice MagazineReview of the French edition:Catherine Coquery-Vidrovitch overcomesthe prejudices dating back to the time ofcolonialism and tells the beautiful, real butunknown stories comparatively and comprehensively. . .This is a book of hope.Le MondeCities have existed in sub-Saharan Africa since antiquity. But onlynow are historians and archaeologists rediscovering their rich heritage:the ancient ruins of Great Zimbabwe and Congo, the harborcities at the Indian Ocean, the capitals of the Bantu Kingdoms, theAtlantic cities from the 16th to the 18th centuries, and the urbanrevolutions in the 19th century.Mercantile cities opened Africa to the world, Islamic cities becamecenters of scholarship and the trans-Saharan trade, Creolecities appeared after the first contact with Europeans, and Bantucities of the hinterland reacted against them. The author has gonethrough vast numbers of archival records and conducted independentfield research to analyze the rich history of African cities evenlong before imperial colonization began, and she continues herstory until the time of urban reorganization during industrialization.The result is a colorful panorama of urban lifestyles includingunique examples of architecture, and lasting traditions of ethnic,cultural, religious, and commercial forms of co-existence.CATHERINE COQUERY-VIDROVITCH, University of Paris and SUNYBinghamton, is the author of African Women and other books.

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