George Martin, and Andrew Henry Thompson, Esq. his executors; Sir Edward Antrobus, Sir Thomas Lawrence, the Rev. George Lock, V. F. Rivaz, Esq. H. Crokatt, Esq. J. W. Warren, Esq. Mr. Gibson, a gentleman who had been a clerk with Mr. Angerstein for 52 years, and who is still in the office of his successors, &c. &c.

On Mr. Angerstein's will being proved, the personal property was sworn to be under five hundred thousand pounds. He left the life interests of his estates in Norfolk, Kent, Lincoln, and Suffolk, to his son; at whose death the estates are to go to his three grandsons. To each of his granddaughters he bequeathed 25,000.; to his daughter-in-law, Emelia Boucherett., wife of Ayscough Boucherett, Esq. the interest of 20,000l. for her life; the principal to be divided at her death among her children. To his daughter, Juliana Sablonkoff, he left the dividend for life on 12,000 paper rubles of Russian loan; the principal at her death to go to her husband, and children. His daughter-in-law, Amelia Angerstein, is to have an annuity of 500l. during the life of her husband, John Angerstein, Esq. and, should she survive him, a further annuity of 1,500l. The pictures in Pall Mall are to be sold; those at Woodlands, with the plate, &c. are entailed. The will is dated the 16th Jan. 1823.

The person of Mr. Angerstein was manly, noble, and commanding; his manners were easy, unaffected, and calculated to invite respect and confidence; his address was simple, but highly prepossessing; his conversation was open and ingenuous, without any mixture of disagreeable levity on the one hand, or of assumed gravity on the other; his countenance in particular was marked by those traits of beneficence which were reflected from his mind, and which shone so conspicuously in his numerous benefactions to the noblest, tenderest, and best of the charitable institutions which this country has founded. And here it ought to be remarked, that although Mr. Angerstein's name was always one of the foremost in every loyal, patriotic, and benevolent contribution, nothing could be more opposite to his character than

the slightest parade or ostentation. He was actuated solely by an overflowing kindness of heart, and by an ardent love for that which, although not his native country, was the country of his adoption, of his residence during by far the greater part of his life, and of his affections. No man shrunk with more modesty and diffidence from the praise to which his good deeds, whether as a public or as a private individual, justly entitled him; of which the following authentic anecdote, which may be considered as one of a thousand of a similar nature, furnishes a pleasing proof.

A gentleman possessed of considerable property, unfortunately became engaged in litigation; in the course of which, step by step, the chicanery of his opponent divested him of every shilling he had in the world, and of every shilling he could borrow from his connexions. While in this destitute

condition, his solicitor called on him, and pointed out a summary proceeding, by which, if he could previously raise only a hundred pounds, he might be restored to the enjoyment of all that he had lost. To procure such a sum appeared in the first instance an impossibility. He had heard however of Mr. Angerstein's character, and of some singular acts of disinterested kindness on the part of that gentleman, and in a bold and happy moment, he took the resolution, although personally unknown to Mr. Angerstein, to address him by letter, to state all the circumstances of the case, and to entreat his assistance. Mr. Angerstein, having made the necessary inquiries to ascertain that no imposition was intended, sent the applicant the sum required. In ten days, the gentleman waited on Mr. Angerstein, repaid the loan with expressions of the deepest gratitude, and offered Mr. Angerstein ten thousand pounds, which he had just recovered, to employ in any manner he thought proper. A short time after this transaction, a friend of Mr. Angerstein's to whom the obliged individual in question had communicated all the particulars of it, took an opportunity, at Mr. Angerstein's table, without mentioning names, to begin to relate the story. Mr. Angerstein listened with the profound attention which a tale of

misfortune always excited in him, his eyes filled with tears, and he evinced every other symptom of sincere sympathy. Suddenly, however, he became aware that it was the occurrence in which he had taken so noble a part that was about to be described; when nothing could exceed his confusion and distress. The colour rushed into his face, he coughed, and winked, and frowned at his guest, who, at length, to spare his feelings, abstained from proceeding, and contrived to change the subject of conversation.

As a husband and parent, Mr. Angerstein was affectionate; as a landlord, considerate and liberal. In him, the character of a British merchant was developed in the most honourable manner; for as his wealth was drawn from trade, so was it freely expended in the protection and encouragement of the arts, and in the diffusion of knowledge. When industry is united with generosity and liberality, and commerce becomes the handmaid to civilization and science, they confer the highest honour and happiness on a country. Englishmen must feel proud in the remembrance of many characters illustrative of this remark, while they regret the loss of one of the most distinguished in Mr. Angerstein.


No. XIV.




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HE surname of Hope is of great antiquity in Scotland. John de Hope swore fealty to King Edward the First, when he overran Scotland, in 1296. Another John de Hope had a protection from King Henry the Fourth, in 1405. Thomas de Hope had a charter of some lands near Leith, in 1488. John de Hope, the immediate ancestor of the family of the noble and gallant subject of this memoir, is said to have come from France during the reign of Magdalen, Queen of James the Fifth, in 1537. Settling in Scotland, he married, and had a son, Edward, who was one of the most considerable inhabitants of Edinburgh in the reign of Queen Mary; and who, being a great promoter of the Reformation, was chosen one of the commissioners for that metropolis to Parliament, in 1560. He was the father of Henry Hope, an eminent merchant; who, having frequent occasion to visit the continent, in one of his excursions married a French lady, Jaqueline de Tott, and by her had two sons: Henry, the ancestor of the great and opulent branch of the Hopes, long settled at Amsterdam; and Thomas, who, entering on the study of the law, made so

rapid a progress in juridical knowledge, that he was at an early age called to the bar. His practice was, however, limited, until 1606, when he undertook the defence of the six ministers tried for high treason in denying that the king possessed authority in ecclesiastical matters. At that important trial, he conducted himself so much to the satisfaction of the Presbyterians, that they never afterwards engaged in any business of consequence without previously consulting him; and he came into the best practice in the kingdom. By this means, in a few years, he accumulated one of the largest fortunes ever acquired at the Scots bar, which enabled him to make very extensive landed purchases in the counties of Edinburgh, Haddington, Stirling, Berwick, and Fife. His reputation now advanced so high, that he was constituted King's Advocate, jointly with Sir William Oliphant of Newton; and was created a Baronet, February 11th, 1628. Sir William Oliphant dying in the course of a few months, King Charles the First was pleased not only to appoint Sir Thomas Hope his sole advocate, but likewise to grant him several honourable privileges not enjoyed by his predecessors. Sir Thomas published "Carmen Seculare in Serenissimum Carolum I., Britanniarum Monarcham. Edin. 1626." His grandson, Sir John Hope, fixed his residence at the castle of Niddry; but, embarking on board the Gloucester frigate with the Duke of York, and several persons of quality, was lost in that ship, when it was wrecked on the 5th of May, 1682. He left a son, Charles, who was created a peer, April 5th, 1703, by the titles of Earl of Hopetoun, Viscount Aithrie, and Lord Hope. He greatly increased the family estate by several advantageous purchases in various counties; and the noble seat of Hopetoun House, which he caused to be erected under the direction of Sir William Bruce, remains a conspicuous monument of the magnificence of his taste. His son, John, second Earl of Hopetoun, was thrice married. By his first marriage, which was with Ann Ogilvy, daughter of the Earl of Findlater and Seafield, he had several children, among whom was James, who became the third Earl of

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