Patrons, Clients and Friends: Interpersonal Relations and the Structure of Trust in Society

Voorkant
Cambridge University Press, 18 okt. 1984 - 343 pagina's
The form of social relations described by the terms 'patronage' and 'patron-client relations' is of central concern to sociologists, anthropologists and political scientists today. Characterised by its voluntary and highly personal but often fully institutionalised nature, it is a type of behaviour found in almost every human society. It touches upon basic aspects of the construction and regulation of social order and is therefore closely connected to major theoretical problems and controversies in the social sciences. This book analyses some special types of these interpersonal relations - ritual kinship, patron-client relations and friendship - and the social conditions in which they develop. The authors draw upon a wide range of examples, from societies as diverse as these of the Mediterranean, Latin America, the Middle and Far East and the U.S.S.R., in their study of the core characteristics of such relationships. They look at them as mechanisms of social exchange, examine their impact on the institutional structures in which they exist, and assess the significance of the variations in their occurrence. Their analysis highlights the importance of these relationships in social life and concludes with a stimulating discussion of the ensuring tensions and ambivalences and the ways in which these are dealt with - though perhaps never fully overcome. Patrons, clients and friends is the first systematic comparative study of these interpersonal relations and makes the first attempt to relate them to central aspects of social structure. It will therefore be an important contribution to both comparative analysis and social theory and will be of interest to a wide range of social scientists.
 

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Inhoudsopgave

PERSONAL RELATIONS TRUST AND AMBIVALENCE IN RELATION TO THE INSTITUTIONAL ORDER
1
THE CONSTRUCTION OF TRUST IN THE SOCIAL ORDER AND ITS AMBIVALENCES VIEWED FROM THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIOLO...
19
THE STRUCTURING OF TRUST IN SOCIETY UNCONDITIONALITIES GENERALISED EXCHANGE AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERP...
29
THE BASIC CHARACTERISTICS AND VARIETY OF PATRONCLIENT RELATIONS
43
Patronclient relations in southern Europe
50
Ancient Republican Rome
52
Southern Italy
64
Western Sicily
68
Rwanda
153
Southwestern Cyrenaica
154
Patronclient relations in the USA the USSR and modern Japan
155
The USSR
157
Modern Japan
159
Approaching the systematic study of variations in patronclient relations
162
THE CLIENTELISTIC MODE OF GENERALISED EXCHANGE AND PATRONCLIENT RELATIONS AS ADDENDA TO THE CENTRAL INSTI...
166
Patronclient relations as addenda to ascriptive hierarchical models of generalised exchange
173

Central Italy
70
Spain
71
Greece
77
Patronclient relations in the Muslim Middle East
81
Turkey
84
Jordan
87
Northern Iraq
88
Egypt
89
Lebanon
91
Morocco
95
Patronclient relations in Latin America
99
Colombia
102
Brazil
104
Peru
107
Bolivia
111
Argentina
113
Mexico
114
Patronclient relations in southeast Asia
117
Indonesia
122
The Philippines
127
Thailand
130
Burma
137
Patronclient relations in China Japan India Rwanda and southern Cyrenaica
138
China
139
Japan
145
India
150
Patronclient relations in Japan
174
Patronclient relations in ascriptive hierarchical systems
178
Patronclient relations as addenda to universalistic modes of generalised exchange
184
the USSR the USA and Israel
185
The USSR
186
The USA
191
Israel
195
The failure of countervailing forces in clientelistic societies
200
THE SOCIAL CONDITIONS GENERATING PATRONCLIENT RELATIONS
203
VARIATIONS IN PATRONCLIENT RELATIONS
220
institutional placement and structure of networks
228
Modes of patronclient role taking
245
the forms of construction of patronclient relations
248
Variations in clientelistic exchanges
250
Institutional markets resources and the time perspective of reciprocity in patronclient relations
252
The relative importance of instrumental considerations solidarity and power differentials in exchange
256
Discretion subversive attitudes and sociomoral restraints
259
Continuities discontinuities and instability of patronclient relations
263
RITUALISED INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS PRIVACY AND FRIENDSHIP
269
Ritualised interpersonal relations in tribal societies
272
Interpersonal relations in traditional or historical societies
276
Interpersonal relations and privacy in modern societies
282
CONCLUDING REMARKS THE DIALECTICS OF TRUST AND THE SOCIAL ORDER
294
Notes
302
Index
341
Copyright

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Over de auteur (1984)

Luis Roniger is a comparative political sociologist, Reynolds Professor of Latin American Studies at Wake Forest University, USA. He has been Research Fellow and has served in the Academic Board of various research institutes. His publications include ten books and numerous articles published in peer-reviewed, academic journals and chapters in collective books in English. Some of his publications have also been published in Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, Hebrew and German. He is known for his work on clientelism and patron-client relations, which covers three books and numerous articles, including Patrons, Clients and Friends (with SN Eisenstadt, CUP) and Clientelism, Democracy and Civil Society (with A. Gunes-Ayata, Lynne Rienner). He is also recognized for his contributions to the field of human rights in transitions to democracy, with a focus on the Southern Cone of the Americas, among them the book The Legacy of Human-Rights Violations in the Southern Cone (with M. Sznajder, OUP), published also in Spanish and Portuguese. A third area is the study of collective identities and public spheres in Latin America, which led to the publication of three collective volumes (by Sussex Academic Press), with contributions from leading scholars in the social sciences, history and the humanities.

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