Patrons, Clients and Friends: Interpersonal Relations and the Structure of Trust in Society
Cambridge University Press, 18 okt. 1984 - 343 pagina's
The form of social relations described by the terms 'patronage' and 'patron-client relations' is of central concern to sociologists, anthropologists and political scientists today. Characterised by its voluntary and highly personal but often fully institutionalised nature, it is a type of behaviour found in almost every human society. It touches upon basic aspects of the construction and regulation of social order and is therefore closely connected to major theoretical problems and controversies in the social sciences. This book analyses some special types of these interpersonal relations - ritual kinship, patron-client relations and friendship - and the social conditions in which they develop. The authors draw upon a wide range of examples, from societies as diverse as these of the Mediterranean, Latin America, the Middle and Far East and the U.S.S.R., in their study of the core characteristics of such relationships. They look at them as mechanisms of social exchange, examine their impact on the institutional structures in which they exist, and assess the significance of the variations in their occurrence. Their analysis highlights the importance of these relationships in social life and concludes with a stimulating discussion of the ensuring tensions and ambivalences and the ways in which these are dealt with - though perhaps never fully overcome. Patrons, clients and friends is the first systematic comparative study of these interpersonal relations and makes the first attempt to relate them to central aspects of social structure. It will therefore be an important contribution to both comparative analysis and social theory and will be of interest to a wide range of social scientists.
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PERSONAL RELATIONS TRUST AND AMBIVALENCE IN RELATION TO THE INSTITUTIONAL ORDER
THE CONSTRUCTION OF TRUST IN THE SOCIAL ORDER AND ITS AMBIVALENCES VIEWED FROM THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIOLO...
THE STRUCTURING OF TRUST IN SOCIETY UNCONDITIONALITIES GENERALISED EXCHANGE AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF INTERP...
THE BASIC CHARACTERISTICS AND VARIETY OF PATRONCLIENT RELATIONS
Patronclient relations in southern Europe
Ancient Republican Rome
Patronclient relations in the USA the USSR and modern Japan
Approaching the systematic study of variations in patronclient relations
THE CLIENTELISTIC MODE OF GENERALISED EXCHANGE AND PATRONCLIENT RELATIONS AS ADDENDA TO THE CENTRAL INSTI...
Patronclient relations as addenda to ascriptive hierarchical models of generalised exchange
Patronclient relations in the Muslim Middle East
Patronclient relations in Latin America
Patronclient relations in southeast Asia
Patronclient relations in China Japan India Rwanda and southern Cyrenaica
Patronclient relations in Japan
Patronclient relations in ascriptive hierarchical systems
Patronclient relations as addenda to universalistic modes of generalised exchange
the USSR the USA and Israel
The failure of countervailing forces in clientelistic societies
THE SOCIAL CONDITIONS GENERATING PATRONCLIENT RELATIONS
VARIATIONS IN PATRONCLIENT RELATIONS
institutional placement and structure of networks
Modes of patronclient role taking
the forms of construction of patronclient relations
Variations in clientelistic exchanges
Institutional markets resources and the time perspective of reciprocity in patronclient relations
The relative importance of instrumental considerations solidarity and power differentials in exchange
Discretion subversive attitudes and sociomoral restraints
Continuities discontinuities and instability of patronclient relations
RITUALISED INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS PRIVACY AND FRIENDSHIP
Ritualised interpersonal relations in tribal societies
Interpersonal relations in traditional or historical societies
Interpersonal relations and privacy in modern societies
CONCLUDING REMARKS THE DIALECTICS OF TRUST AND THE SOCIAL ORDER
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