Maimonides and Spinoza: Their Conflicting Views of Human Nature

Voorkant
University of Chicago Press, 2012 - 226 pagina's
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Until the last century, it was generally agreed that Maimonides was a great defender of Judaism, and Spinoza—as an Enlightenment advocate for secularization—among its key opponents. However, a new scholarly consensus has recently emerged that the teachings of the two philosophers were in fact much closer than was previously thought. In his perceptive new book, Joshua Parens sets out to challenge the now predominant view of Maimonides as a protomodern forerunner to Spinoza—and to show that a chief reason to read Maimonides is in fact to gain distance from our progressively secularized worldview.

Turning the focus from Spinoza’s oft-analyzed Theologico-Political Treatise, this book has at its heart a nuanced analysis of his theory of human nature in the Ethics. Viewing this work in contrast to Maimonides’s Guide of the Perplexed, it makes clear that Spinoza can no longer be thought of as the founder of modern Jewish identity, nor should Maimonides be thought of as having paved the way for a modern secular worldview. Maimonides and Spinoza dramatically revises our understanding of both philosophers.
 

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Inhoudsopgave

Introduction
1
One Desire Shahwa and Spiritedness Ghad ab vs Conatus
19
Two Veneration vs Equality
51
Three Forms vs Laws of Nature
77
Four Freedom vs Determinism
107
Five Teleology vs Imagined Ideal
139
Six Prudence vs Imagination
163
Epilogue
187
Richard Kenningtons Spinoza and Esotericism in Spinozas Thought
193
Index
213
Copyright

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Over de auteur (2012)

Joshua Parens is professor in and graduate director of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Dallas. He is the author of An Islamic Philosophy of Virtuous Religions and coeditor of the second edition of Medieval Political Philosophy: A Sourcebook.

Bibliografische gegevens