« VorigeDoorgaan »
I. GENERAL SUGGESTIONS.
I. GENERAL SUGGESTIONS.
§ 1. Suggestions on Courses in History and Government. It will be seen that this pamphlet refers to work of two very different kinds. In the first place, part of the courses here suggested are narrative, and attempt to follow out the development of American History since the Revolution. The point of view is to bring out the succession of events, and the relations of one group to another; and the present condition of American institutions is referred to only by way of illustration and comparison. In the descriptive courses, on the other hand, the attempt is made to show what the institutions of the United States now are; and the history is referred to only as throwing light upon the present. The first group, therefore, includes the personal element, the interplay of parties, and the rise and disappearance of political questions. The second group deals with the present practice of government and does not include questions of motive; persons are treated only as illustrating variations in practice. In the first group judgment is passed on questions now obsolete: in the second group, the point of view is, how is government now administered, and how may it be improved.
The two brief courses of lectures (§§ 21, 22) are intended for popular audiences; and cover in very brief space the elements of United States history and a sketch of American government.
The courses offered by Harvard University to which this pamphlet applies are as follows:
1. Lecture course in the Summer School; twenty-four lectures, four special reports, and daily "papers": §§ 23, 33, 38, 41, 75.
2. A training course for teachers in grammar and primary schools; thirty exercises and written work: §§ 24, 38, 41, 75.
3. Government 12 (Government and Political Methods in the United States, national, State and local); sixty exercises and eight special reports: §§ 26, 36, 40, 41, 59-69, 74, 78.
4. History 13 (Political and constitutional history of the United States, 1783-1865); ninety exercises, five special reports, and weekly "papers": §§ 27, 35, 39, 41-51, 55-58, 71, 73, 77.
The first of these courses is not intended to cover in detail any part of the field of American History, but to give a general survey of the elements which underlie the development of the nation, and the political questions which have arisen during the last century. It is intended thus to make the lectures suggestive to the experienced teacher of American History as well as to those who desire a general view of the subject. Certain additional work in connection with this course may, in exceptional cases, be counted toward the A. B. degree.
The second course is intended to afford to teachers of American History and civil government, actually in service in grammar and primary schools, an opportunity to train themselves in their subjects. The lectures will not cover the detail of American History or Government, but are intended to furnish a ground-work of informa tion and illustration; and also to suggest methods of presentation and illustration especially such as are likely to be helpful in making the subject interesting to children. It is intended solely for the teachers and is not open to the regular students of the University, nor can it be counted toward a degree.
The third is an advanced course intended primarily for graduates, and is limited in number. It is open only to those who have already a knowledge of the annals of American History. In this course it is intended to discuss the practical workings of the American system of government as it now exists, with constant reference, however, to the historical growth of the institutions described. Among the subjects to be discussed are: the historical and legal basis of government. in the United States; the suffrage, and the degree and manner of its exercise; political parties and party machinery; state and local governments; problems of city government; the functions of the three departments of government, executive, legislative, and judiciary; especially the civil service, procedure of legislative bodies and jurisdiction of the courts; territorial powers, including the growth of territory; the people, race elements, distribution; citizens, their creation, rights, and duties; status of negroes, Chinese, and Indians; financial and commercial powers, including the adminstration of the tariff, public lands, internal improvements, public buildings, and shipping; foreign powers and treaties; military, including the militia and pensions; enforcement of law and maintenance of order; amendment and constitutional conventions.