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CHAPTER VI.

State of Parties at the close of the Session-Effect of the Revolutionary

Movements in France and Belgium on the Internal Political State of

England-Feebleness of the Ministry – The Elections-State of Ireland

- Disturbances among the Agricultural Population in many Parts of

England-Meeting of the New Parliament-Speech from the Throne-

Discussions on the Address-Mr. Brougham's Views of Parliamentary

Reform-Symptoms of keen Opposition to Ministers-Postponement of

their Majesties' Visit to the City of London-Discussions in Parliament

on that subject-Majority against the Ministers on a Motion for a Select

Committee on the Civil List–The Ministers resign–New Ministry

formed by Earl Grey

[142

CHAPTER VII.

FRANCE.-Continued Opposition to the Ministry—The Chambers meet-

Preponderance of the Liberals-Violent Proposals of the Royalists-

Address voted for a change of Ministers—The King prorogues the

Chambers—Preparations for a new Election-Partial Change in the

Ministry-Dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies--General Election

-The Majority of the Opposition is increased-Preparations made for

the Meeting of the Chambers-Ordinances issued by the King, dissolv-

ing the newly-elected Chamber, introducing a new Law of Election,

and abolishing the Liberty of the Press—Want of Preparation for

enforcing the Ordinances—The Parisians resist-Disturbances in Paris

-The Troops being ordered to quell them, the Populace take arms-

After three days tighting, the Military are forced to evacuate Paris.

(166

CHAPTER VIII.

FRANCE (continued).- The Deputies in Paris name a Committee of

Government–The National Guard is organized – The King recalls the

Ordinances, and dismisses his Ministers, but his proceedings are disre-

garded—The Deputies name the Duke of Orleans Lieutenant General

of the Kingdom—The King and the Dauphin abdicate in favour of the

Duke of Bordeaux-This limitation is rejected, and the King and royal

family are compelled to leave France-They proceed to England-The

Duke of Orleans opens the Session of the Chambers—Alterations made

by the Deputies on the Charter_They annul all the Peerages created

by Charles X–The Duke of Orleans is declared King ---Proceedings of

the Deputies-Disturbances in Paris—The moderate Members of the

Cabinet resign-Differences between the Cabinet and the Deputies--

-Apprehension, Impeachment, and Trial of the Ministers of Charles X
-Disturbances in Paris-Changes in the Ministry-Quarrel between

the Deputies and the Students of Paris—Expedition against Algiers-

Algiers surrenders—the Dey is allowed to retire to Italy, and Algiers is

occupied as a French Settlement-Foreign Relations

[204

CHAPTER IX.

The Netherlands.—Discontents in Belgium-Union of the Liberals

and the Catholic Priests—Petitions to the States General against Griev-

ances—The States General refuse the Supplies-Concessions of the

Government-Dismissal of Belgian Officers who had opposed the

Government-Discontents on that account in Belgium-Subscriptions

to indemnify them-De Potter's Plan for opposing the Government-

He and his Friends

are tried for Conspiracy, and Banished-Close of the

Session-Riots in Brussels-Contest between them and the Military-

The Military withdraw from the Streets-The Inhabitants form them.

selves into a Burgher Guard, and suppress the Mob—The Burgher

Guard frame a Statement of Grievances, and send an Address to the

King—Troops march upon Brussels, They are prevailed on by the

Burghers not to enter the City so long as order shall be maintained

-M.

Van Maanen resigns—The King convokes the States General-

The Prince of Orange arrives at Brussels-He is refused admittance,

unless he enter alone-A Commission appointed to state_Grievances to

the Prince—Answer of the King to the Deputation from Brussels—The

Commission of Grievances demands that the Union shall be Dissolved,

the reigning Dynasty being preserved— The Prince of Orange leaves

Brussels, and orders away the Garrison, the Burghers pledging them-

selves that the Dynasty and public order shall be preserved—Brussels

insists that the King shall immediately grant the Separation without

the sanction of the States—A Committee of Public Safety is appointed

-Progress of the Revolt in other towns—The States General assemble

-Royal Message-Displeasure of the Revolted at the King's Speech-

They demand that the King's troops shall be entirely witlídrawn from

the Belgian territory-Riots at Brussels—The Populace compel the

Committee of Public Safety to arm them—The Committee disapproves

of their proceedings—The Populace overpowers the Burghers, and

dissolves the Committee-Provisional Government appointed— The

Troops attack Brussels-Fighting in the City,—The Troops retreat-

The States General decide in favour of a Separation—The King appoints

a Belgian Administration under the Prince of Orange-Demands of the

Provisional Government-It orders a National Congress to be elected

Progress of the Rebellion, and defection of the Army—The Prince of

Orange proposes to withdraw the Dutch Troops—Answer of the Provi.

sional Government–The King recals the Commission of the Prince,

who retires to England—The Insurgent Army advances against Antwerp

-Insurrection in Antwerp--The Insurgents admit the Rebel Army-

Bombardment of Antwerp—The insurgents are forced to retire- The

Allied Courts interfere, and obtain a Suspension of Arms and an Are

mistice—The National Congress of Belgium assembles at Brussels-It

declares Belgium Independent--Resolves to adopt a Monarchical form of

Government, and passes a Vote of Exclusion against the House of

Orange-New Constitution

[240

assumes the Government.-SAXONY.-Riots in Leipzig and Dresden-

The King assumes his Nephew as Regent-Tumultuary movements in

HESSE CASSEL-Riots at HAMBURGì - Claims of Bavaria on the Grand

Duchy of Baden-SwiTZERLAND.-Popular movements in Berne-

-Fribourg—Basle.—POLAND.-Insurrection at Warsaw—The Russian

Garrison expelled, and a Provisional Government named [274

CHAPTER XI.

Spain. - Proceedings of the Governmeît consequent on the French Revolu-

tion-Abolition of the Salic Law-Plots of tlie Carlists-Banishments

froin Madrid–The Refugees assemble on the Frontier, and prepare to in-

vade Spain-Dissensions among their Leaders—Mina elected Cominand-

er-in-Chief-Valdez and his Oficers refuse to submit to him-Valdez

enters Spain alone, with a small body of Men, and is not well received

by the People—The Royalist forces advance against him—Mina enters

Spain to support him—Both Bodies are attacked in the vicinity of Irun,

and compelled to Retreat into France-Escape of Mina-On retiring into

France, the Constitutionalists are disarmed, and sent further into the

Interior-They Protest against this.-PortugAL.-Continuance of State

Prosecutions and condition of the State Prisoners-Death of the Queen-

Mother-Spirited conduct of the Corporations of Lisbon-Financial

Operations-Installation of the Regency, in the name of Queen Donna

Maria, at Terceira.-ITALY.-Death of the Pope-Death of the King

of Naples. -Greece.—The Crown of Greece offered to Prince Leopold

of Saxe Cobourg ; finally declined by him.

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Prices of Corn, Hay, and But- Decrees of the Provisional Go-

cher's Meat.

vernment of Belgium for the

Bills of Mortality-Bankrupts Formation of à National

-Declarations of Insolvency Congress, October, 1830 990

--and Meteorological Table 312 Speech of the Provisional Gq-

University Intelligence 313

vernment of Belgium at the

Opening of the Session of the

LAW CASES AND NAR- National Congress, Novem-

RATIVES.

ber 10, 1830

384

Court of Justiciary, Edinburgh.

Speech of the King of Sweden at

the Close of the Session of the

-Trial of Robert Emond for

Swedish Diet

386

Murder

316
Aylesbury.—Trials of Benjamin

reek Documents.-Letters of
Tyler and Solomon Sewell for

Count Capo D'Istrias to his

the Murder of William Edden 320

Royal Highness Prince Leo-

pold

389

Worcester.-Trial of Thomas

Lobservations of the Greek

Clewes for the Murder of

Richard Hemming,

Senate upon the Protocol

325

signed at London, &c. 396

Taunton.-Trial of John Rus.

sell for Murder

Message of Bolivar to the Con-

334
Chelmsford.-Trial of Captain

stituent Congress of Colom-

bia
Moir

344 Message of the President of the

PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.

United States

406

I. Domestic.-Report of Select

HISTORY AND BIO-

Committee on the State of

the Manufacturing Popula-

GRAPHY.

tion

351

Trial of the French Ministers . 436

Order in Council for Consoli-

Memoir of Lord Redesdale . 473

dating the Slave Laws in cer-

Memoir of Sir Thoinas Law.

tain of the West-India Colo-

rence

479

nies

. 355

II. Foreign.-Report of the

Memoir of the early part of Mr.

Huskisson's Life

487

French Ministers to the King 361
Ordinances of the King of
France in consequence of the

MANNERS AND CUSTOMS.

preceding Report

366

Moscow

The French Charter, as altered

. 490

Russian Punishments

. 496

by the Chamber of Deputies

after the Revolution of July 370

The Mer de Glace .

Speech of the Duke of Orleans,
at Opening the Session of the NATURAL HISTORY, &c.
Chambers

375

Decree of the King of Spain on Connection of Diseases with the

the Appearance of the Refu- Rock formations of a country 505

gees on the Frontiers 376 Unknown Sounds

506

Manifesto addressed to the Span- The Sounds on the Peak of

ish Nation by General Mina,

Teneriffe

on crossing the Frontier, Oc- Australasia

509

tober 9, 1830.

378 Agriculture

. 510

Speech of the King of the Ne- Management of Wall Trees ibid.
therlands at the Opening of To preserve Butter

ibid.

the Extraordinary Session of Account of the Chevalier Aldi-

the States-General, Septem-

ni's Apparatus

511

ber 13, 1830

379 PATENTS

514

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525

MISCELLANEOUS.

POETRY Economical Soup

521

Rousseau's Dream
French Colonies

522
Gavaston on Dartmoor

526 French Army

· ibid. A Cameronian Ballad, by James French Electors . ibid.

529 Newspapers

523

INDEX. . Opening of the Welland Canal 524

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