Memory Distortion: How Minds, Brains, and Societies Reconstruct the Past

Voorkant
Daniel L. Schacter, Joseph T. Coyle
Harvard University Press, 1997 - 417 pagina's

Hypnosis, confabulation, source amnesia, flashbulb memories, repression--these and numerous additional topics are explored in this timely collection of essays by eminent scholars in a range of disciplines. This is the first book on memory distortion to unite contributions from cognitive psychology, psychopathology, psychiatry, neurobiology, sociology, history, and religious studies. It brings the most relevant group of perspectives to bear on some key contemporary issues, including the value of eyewitness testimony and the accuracy of recovered memories of sexual abuse.

The distinguished contributors to this volume explore the full range of biological phenomena and social ideas relevant to understanding memory distortion, including the reliability of children's recollections, the effects of hypnosis on memory, and confabulation in brain-injured patients. They also look into the activity and role of brain systems, cellular bases of memory distortion, and the effects of emotion and trauma on the accuracy of memory. In a section devoted to the social aspects of memory distortion, additional essays analyze the media's part in distorting social memory, factors influencing historical reconstruction of the collective past, and memory distortion in religion and other cultural constructs. Daniel Schacter launches the collection with a history of psychological memory distortions. Subsequent highlights include new empirical findings on memory retrieval by a pioneer in the field, some of the foremost research on computational models, studies of the relationship between emotion and memory, new findings on amnesia by a premier neuroscientist, and reflections on the power of collective amnesia in U.S. history, the Nazi Holocaust, and ancient Egypt.

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Memory distortion: how minds, brains, and societies reconstruct the past

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Schacter (Harvard, psychology) and others from a wide variety of fields deliver a substantial volume on the dysfunctions of memory. A central theme is the often large difference between memory input ... Volledige review lezen

Inhoudsopgave

History and Current Status
1
The Reality of Illusory Memories
47
A Parallel
69
Some Developmental
91
Hypnosis and Suggestion
129
Moodcongruent Memory Biases in Anxiety and Depression
173
Biological Foundations of Accuracy
197
Confabulation
226
Emotional Activation Neuromodulatory Systems
255
Speculations on the Fidelity of Memories Stored
274
Steps Toward a Molecular Definition of Memory
298
Some Patterns and Meanings of Memory Distortion
329
Dynamics of Distortion in Collective Memory
346
Notes on the Cerebral Topography of Memory
379
Contributors
403
Copyright

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Over de auteur (1997)

Daniel L. Schacter is William R. Kenan, Jr., Professor of Psychology at Harvard University.

Bibliografische gegevens