Animal Teeth and Human Tools: A Taphonomic Odyssey in Ice Age Siberia
Cambridge University Press, 11 jul. 2013 - 490 pagina's
The culmination of more than a decade of fieldwork and related study, this unique book uses analyses of perimortem taphonomy in Ice Age Siberia to propose a new hypothesis for the peopling of the New World. The authors present evidence based on examinations of more than 9000 pieces of human and carnivore bone from 30 late Pleistocene archaeological and palaeontological sites, including cave and open locations, which span more than 2000 miles from the Ob River in the West to the Sea of Japan in the East. The observed bone damage signatures suggest that the conventional prehistory of Siberia needs revision and, in particular, that cave hyenas had a significant influence on the lives of Ice Age Siberians. The findings are supported by more than 250 photographs, which illustrate the bone damage described and provide a valuable insight into the context and landscape of the fieldwork for those unfamiliar with Siberia.
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What is perimortem taphonomy and why study it in Siberia?
An imaginary tale of winter death
Bone damage and its meaning
A few historical accounts of perimortem taphonomy
Definitions of 26 perimortem taphonomic variables
The 30 Siberian archaeological and paleontological sites distributed from the Ob River to the Sea of Japan
Bolshoi Yakor I
Gosudarev Log I
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
18 Nizhneudinskaya 30 Zhemchuzhnaya abrasions acid erosion Altai Altai Mountains anatomical end animals bioturbation bison Boisman Bolshoi Yakor bone damage bone fragments carnivore carnivore damage cave hyena cave lion CGT color chalky chop marks cm CGT neg cm long Compared cut marks Denisova Cave Derevianko Dvuglaska embedded fragments end-hollowing excavation faunal remains flakes frequency Gosudarev Log human bone hyena cave identified ivory colored Kamenka Kara-Bom Krasnoyarsk Krasny Yar Kurla late Pleistocene Layer Lbova long bone Mal’ta mammal mammoth metapodial Mousterian Nicolai notching Novosibirsk occurred Okladnikov Cave Olga Pavlova Ovodov paleontological perimortem breakage perimortem damage perimortem taphonomy pieces Table polishing pooled assemblage average postmortem breakage pseudo-cuts range Razboinich’ya Razboinich’ya Cave reindeer rhinoceros River rodent Rodent gnawing sample scavenging senior author Shestakovo skeletal elements species stomach bones stone tool sub-adult taphonomy teeth tooth dints tooth scratches Tooth wear Turner Upper Paleolithic Ust-Kan Yelenev Cave Yenisei River