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Sur le rapport de notre Ministre Secrétaire d'Etat au Département de l'Agriculture, du Commerce et des Travaux Publics;

Vu la Loi du 30 Mai, 1857,* relative aux sociétés anonymes et autres associations commerciales, industrielles ou financières, légalement autorisées en Belgique, et portant qu'un Décret Impérial, rendu en Conseil d'Etat, peut en appliquer le bénéfice en tous autres pays:

Notre Conseil d'Etat entendu, avons décrété et décrétons ce qui suit:

ART. I. Les sociétés anonymes et les autres associations com. merciales, industrielles ou financières qui sont soumises, en Espagne, à l'autorisation du Gouvernement, et qui l'ont obtenue, peuvent exercer tous leurs droits et ester en justice en France, en se conformant aux lois de l'Empire.

II. Notre Ministre Secrétaire d'Etat au Département de l'Agriculture, du Commerce, et des Travaux Publics est chargé de l'exécution du présent Décret, qui sera publié au Bulletin des Lois et inséré au Moniteur.

Fait au Palais de Saint-Cloud, le 5 Août, 1861. Par l'Empereur :

E. ROUHER, le Ministre Secrétaire d'Etat au Département de l'Agriculture, du Commerce et des Travaux Publics.

NAPOLEON.

LAW of the Queen of Spain, declaring that the Commercial, Industrial, or Trust Companies of France, which are sanctioned by the Government, may bring their Actions and appear in Trials before the Tribunals of Spain.-July 20, 1862. (Translation.)

DONA ISABEL II, by the grace of God and the Constitution of the Spanish Monarchy, Queen of the Spains, to all who shall see and hear these presents, take notice, that the Cortes have decreed and we have sanctioned what follows:

ART. I. The joint stock societies, and other commercial, industrial or trust, banking, and financial associations of France, which are subject to and have received the sanction of the Government, may bring their actions and appear in trials before the tribunals of Spain, in accordance with the laws of the kingdom.

11. The advantage conferred in Article I may be extended to other nations by Royal Decree issued on the advice of the Council of State, and with the consent of the Council of Ministers.

Wherefore, we command all the tribunals, justices, chiefs, gover* Page 846.

nors, and other authorities, civil and military, as well as ecclesiastical, of whatever class or dignity, to observe the present law, and to cause it to be observed, to fulfil and execute it in all its parts. Given at the Palace, July 20, 1862.

ANTONIO AQUILAR Y CORREA, Minister of Com

merce and Public Works.

I THE QUEEN.

TREATY of Alliance between Guatemala, Salvador, and Nicaragua.-Signed at Managua, August 26, 1873.

(Translation.)

THE Republics of Guatemala, Salvador, and Nicaragua, wishing to consolidate the liberal principles by which they are governed, and to provide for their common safety, menaced by the present Administration of Costa Rica, have considered it expedient to conclude a Treaty of Alliance, and for that purpose have appointed their Plenipotentiaries, namely,

The Presidents of Guatemala and Salvador, General Don Buenaventura Carazo, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the said Republics to Nicaragua ;

And the President of Nicaragua, Don Anselmo H. Rivas, Minister for Foreign Affairs, who, having exchanged their respective full powers, which they found in good and due form, have stipulated and concluded the following Articles:

ART. I. The Republics of Guatemala, Salvador, and Nicaragua, undertake in the most solemn manner to employ all effective means for the consolidation of liberal principles in each of them, and to afford each other mutual moral support for that purpose.

II. The High Contracting Parties, feeling convinced that the present Administration of Costa Rica is hostile to the peace of the Central American States, engage to maintain a defensive alliance against that Government. Therefore, if the territory of any of the States should be invaded by forces of the Government of Costa Rica, or by expeditions of any kind proceeding from that Republic, the other States will afford it the assistance of every kind that may be required of them, unless only they should be in the same condition themselves.

III. The High Contracting Parties will come to an agreement respecting the number of the forces which each of them is to furnish for watching the frontier of Costa Rica. The auxiliary forces shall be under the orders of the Government of the assisted State from the moment that they set foot on its territory.

IV. If, after exhausting all the means which international law [1872-73. LXIII.]

3 I

menguses se indispenence for avuing amtare. the majority of me High Contacting Partes would not shader themselves sufficently guaranteed by me tefense atitude maken of in the prewing Articles i denare lancem henceforin agreed anon, de ietatis verser mal be mounted in a separate Conven

V. The matary Governments engage dat, when the circumKaness which cause this alliance have passed away, they will use efective means for the formation of a common government for the Central American Republics, mi in case the pursuit of this importans shjeet shoni 18 is posbie, merunter serious difficulties, they will take active steps for the mication of the legislation, the weights and measures, the representation abroad, and for effecting everything that may conduce to strengthen the ties which unite the people of Central America.

VL. The High Contracting Partes sciemnly engage from henceforth to devicce the fesign meated in the preceding Article, by separate Conventions, in crier to aghten the bonds of confraternity which now unite them.

VII. The Regabites of Guatemala and Salvador undertake that, as soon as there is a change in the present situation of Costa Rica, they will take the initiative in order to effect a settlement of the boundary question pending between Nicaragua and that Republic in a friendly manner, and on the terms most suitable for the interests of both nations; and if this should not be possible, to have the said question settled by means of arbitration, as already agreed between the two countries, as soon as feasible, so that the existing inconvenience may be put an end to.

VIII. The High Contracting Parties engage to solicit the adhesion of the Honduras Government to the present Convention, and also to propose it for adoption by the Republic of Costa Rica when the circumstances of its Government shall be favourable for the purpose contemplated in the stipulations which are of a permanent character.

IX. The present Treaty shall be formally ratified, and the ratifications thereof shall be exchanged in this capital within 70 days reckoned from the date, or before, if possible.

In faith whereof, and that each of the High Contracting Parties will religiously fulfil all the foregoing stipulations, their respective Plenipotentiaries have signed and sealed the present Treaty at Managua on the 26th day of August, 1873.

(L.S.) BUENAVENTURA CARAZO. (L.S.) A. H. RIVAS.

TREATIES, &c., of Friendship and Commerce between Great Britain and Sovereigns and Chiefs of Central Africa. 18521854.

(1.)—TREATY with the Sovereign of the Kingdom of Bornoo and its Dependencies.-September 3, 1852.*

THE Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, being desirous of forming amicable relations with the Chiefs of the Interior of Africa, for the purpose of interchanging reciprocally the merchandise of Africa with that of Europe, has empowered Doctor Henry Barth to make Treaties in her name, and on her behalf, for the purpose above expressed; and the Sovereign of the Kingdom of Bornoo being also desirous of co-operating with Her Majesty the Queen of England, with the view of establishing and effecting what is proposed; Her Majesty has, therefore, named the said Doctor Henry Barth, as her Agent, to conclude the following Treaty, on behalf of Her Majesty, her heirs and successors:

ART. I. English subjects are permitted to enter the capital of Bornoo and any part of the Kingdom, to travel or establish themselves therein; and English residents shall be treated by the inhabitants of the country as friends; their persons and properties shall be respected; and, in case they wish to depart, no impediment shall be offered, either as regards their persons or their property.

II. British subjects may always trade freely, without hindrance by the people of Bornoo, in all kinds of merchandise of lawful commerce, which they may desire to sell or buy, in every part of the country. The Sovereign of Bornoo binds himself to grant to English subjects all the commercial privileges which may be enjoyed by the subjects of any other Christian nation.

III. The communications between the country of Bornoo and other places shall be safe, so that English merchants may, without obstacle, import their merchandise of lawful commerce, of whatever kind, and bring them for sale in Bornoo and elsewhere; and it shall be equally free for them to export from Bornoo such merchandise of lawful commerce, as they wish to sell in other places. Merchants of other countries shall not be prevented from bringing their merchandise of lawful commerce to Bornoo and its Dependencies, or from passing through to Soudan, or elsewhere, when their purpose is to trade with English subjects.

IV. The Queen of England may appoint an Agent to reside in the capital of Bornoo and its Dependencies, to protect the interests of British subjects, and to see that the present Treaty is fulfilled.

Signed in the English and Arabic languages.

The said Agent shall be respected and protected throughout Bornoo and its Dependencies. The Sovereign will attend to his representations, will treat him with respect, and guarantee his person and goods.

V. The Sovereign of Bornoo, El Emir Omar, son of Mohammed al Kanemy, promises to do all he can to facilitate the passage of couriers carrying despatches to or from the English nation, within his territories, and to provide for their security.

VI. The Sovereign of the Kingdom of Bornoo will put in execution the present Treaty; will make it public, and cause it to be observed; and it shall not be violated from this day forward for

ever.

Written and signed on the 3rd day of September, 1852, corresponding with the 17th day of Dhu il Kad, 1268.

(L.S.) HENRY BARTH.
(Seal of the Sheikh of Bornoo.)

(2.)—TREATY with the Sultan of Sokoto.-May 2, 1853.*

(Seal of the Sultan.)

THE Queen of England, Victoria, wishing to conclude a Treaty of Commerce with the Emperor of the Believers, has sent Abd el Kereem, Henry Barth, and the Emir of Sokoto, Aliu Emir El Mumencen, after having heard and fully understood the discourse of Abd el Kereem, the messenger of the Queen of England, has given his consent, and has given to the English security of commerce under the following conditions :

The merchants of the English Empire shall travel in security with their people, their merchandise, and their beasts, in the whole extent of the empire of Aliu Emir el Mumencen, and not even a rope shall be lost, while they may come and go at their pleasure.

They (the merchants of the English Empire) shall not hear an offensive word, nor shall anybody wrong or injure them, nor shall a Governor in the Empire of the Sultan Aliu be allowed to lay hold of them, or do them any injustice.

They shall return home in safety with their property; and if anybody denies them payment of a debt, the Sultan Aliu will pay them, or take care of their being paid.

If anybody among them should die, the 10th part of his property will be claimed by the Sultan, and the rest shall remain in his hand, till he has sent news to the nearest among Her British Majesty's Agents, who will take care of it.

* Signed in the English and Arabic languages.

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