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and of religion, the conclusion seemed inevitable that there must be also some ethnological affinity between peoples so circumstanced.

A further interest was created in the author's mind by finding that there was an identity between these deities and worship and those which are so repeatedly alluded to in the poems of Taliesin, Aneurin, and other Cambro-British poets; so that whatever discredit may have been thrown upon the genuineness and authenticity of the Welch poems, we find this striking fact, that the same mythological names pervade the British barrows, the Welch (Cambro-British) poetry, and the Babylonian and Assyrian Pantheon : and further, we find the same etymological and mythological roots attaching to the names of places, rivers, rocks, and mountains in Britain, and given apparently for the same causes as in the Eastern countries where they originated. It is remarkable in how many instances in places bearing these names we find traces of British earthworks, mounds, barrows, or camps; and where we find one or two of these Chaldæo-British names, we are very apt to find a cluster of them together, such as will be observed in Bisley, and Sevenhampton, and elsewhere, mentioned in the body of this work.

It is scarcely to be expected that amid so vast a multitude of names as those which the writer has thought well to bring forward in the body of the work and in the Appendices, he may not have been occasionally and perhaps frequently misled; but it seems hardly possible that such an immense concurrence of Oriental etymons could exist by mere accident,

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The Churu w Berátkai the East is perfet witut wt Chum. (frontuh) Boom Bremen Nercentte a Iyne Syby

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pictures quely described by that name. Luzon Luft

Kocha emand verfland 373
Eden in Cumberland
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Bochin in Conwall comp with assy
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neither is it probable that the coincidences should be
purely imaginary.

The identity of such names as the following can
scarcely be all of them accidental or capricious, e.g. :-

The Hamath, nan, of Scripture finds a corresponding locality at Hamath, in Gloucestershire, while Ararathill is within a few miles of the same.

The Aven, 718, of Ezekiel and Hosea is repeated at Aven and Aven-ing, in Gloucestershire, Avencin Wilts., &c. Bell rheinish One o luar,

Nebo, 130, is repeated in Wilts.

Ur, Hor, and Hur, 78, are repeated at Awre and
Horfield in Gloucestershire.

Lilley, 155, occurs in Hertfordshire and elsewhere.

Beor and Beer, 43, occur in Devon, Dorset, Essex,
Hants., and Somerset.

Tamar, on, occurs in Cornwall.

Hai, or Ai, 'yn, is represented at Hay, in Brecon,
and Hay, in Gloucestershire; perhaps Haigh, Lan-u
cashire, &c., and Eye, Suffolk, Hereford, and North-
amptonshire.

Abram, 78, occurs in Lancashire, at Wigan, in
Maker-field.

Elam, obvy, occurs at Elham, in Kent.
Mara, tn, is found at Mara-Zion, in Cornwall. 112

a mashet Gilboa and Bel appear in Wilts.

Sour hela

Frfews Sidon Hill in Hampshire.

Meon, 9, is represented in Hampshire in three
instances. u Mion Mean padajon Correcull

.
Asher, or Esher, ws, is repeated at Esher, Surrey.
Bamah, na, at Bāamhill, Gloucestershire.

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Calneh, 732, seems to have a ditto at Calne, in Wilts.

Ham, on, occurs in Kent, Surrey, Wilts., Essex, Somerset, &c.

Baal-peor, bya, seems to crop out at Bel-per a. And a large list might be added.

The Babylonian name of Ashbi (Ashby) is represented in twenty places or more in Britain; while one of the chief Babylonian cities, Orech, the modern Warka, (Arabic, Irak,) finds its phonetic representatives in York and Warwick b. The same name, too, is found in the Celtic part of France. And we must not forget that the phonetic and radical expressions are to be looked at in these cases, and must be taken to regulate our decisions, rather than any similarity or dissimilarity of modern spelling, which is quite as capricious and has undergone as many changes as ever the Oriental names have done.

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a I am aware that different etymons have been attempted for Belper, but, I think, without success.

b Modern places in England having such names as Beulah, Bethany, Bethel, Salem, carry with them their own explanations as to the grounds for which they were given, and may be considered as totally distinct from these ancient names of townships, which were evidently the aboriginal appellations of those places.

e When the author finds his own name written after no less than fifty different ways in the registers and records of Wales and Gloucestershire, and no less than six different ways in one will, (that of William Lysons, in 1618, preserved at the diocesan registry at Gloucester,) it may readily induce bim to disregard spelling as any index of etymology. Nay, spelling is so entirely a conventional matter of modern days that no etymological conjectures can be safely founded upon it alone. The verses appended to the title-page of this work, being a quotation from the panels of Place-house, Fowey, Cornwall, shew either how entirely spelling was disregarded in former times, or more probably was pur

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