George IV.), it was found that she had a Brown's entertaining recent book, "Mr. Gladdisease which would have killed her in stone as I knew him, and other Essays,' I eight years, and there was also something noticed, in the third essay, "John Leland' in else the matter with her." Could any of Cornwall,' that that famous antiquary says your readers tell me what these diseases that the castle “standith in the Paroche were, and if a detailed report of the autopsy of Trevenny, and the Paroch therof is of is available? I have heard of a strange S. Symphorian; after which Mr. Brown story, said to have been sworn to by the goes on to tell us (p. 83) that the parish inonthly purse on her death-bed, as to the was Bossinney (the original and proper pame princess having been poisoned by Queen of the parish of Tintagel, as he had said Charlotte. I could obtain and cite further before), and the patron saint was S. Marparticulars if it would interest any one. teriana. Is this the proper spelling, or that

M. L. WILLIAMS. in the directories I have quoted? And was “INTERVIEW.”—The Corriere della Sera of there ever a church called S. Symphorian's 15–16 Nov., 1902, states, on the authority of

in the parish ?


Carlo Paladini, that this word was originated
by McCallough, editor of the Globe Democrat

ROOKWOOD AND HIS RIDE.—In the Daily of St. Louis."" Date, as usual, absent. Can Telegraph of 13 November, 1902, mention is one of your readers supply the particulars, made of Ambrose Rookwood and his ride and the passage in which the linguistic on the discovery of the Gunpowder Plot. . invention was introduced to the world? Is it known whether Harrison Ainsworth

Q. V.

took this incident and the name of the [Our correspondent has, of course, seen what is said in the H.E.D.' on the various senses of at in personage as the basis of his novel of Rookterview," including the reference to Mr. M'Cul: wood,' attributing the ride to Dick Turpin, lagh.]

and making the performance as

animal instead of several; or is it merely a JAPANESE MONKEYS. — My cousin has a coincidence ?

EDWARD LATHAM. parasol stick on which three monkeys are 61, Friends' Road, East Croydon. carved. One has his paws covering his eyes ;

[See also p. 5.) those of the second stop his ears; whilst the third places them over his mouth. This has “ MOTOR.”—As the Daily Graphic has asked been stated to mean that these animals can for a good synonym for the above and its neither see, hear, nor speak evil, and I am told combinations, I have ventured to suggest that there is a legend about this. For the “ whiz-gig," as being both expressive and legend, or for a statement where it can be suitable. I know the name has been applied found, I shall be much obliged.

to a toy, but that would not much matter, as FRANK REDE FOWKE. the latter is little known, if not extinct, and 24, Netherton Grove, Chelsea, S.W.

there could be no confusion between the two Lady Mary PRINCE.—This lady, a widowo things. What do other readers of ‘N. & Q.

think of the suggestion ?

PEDESTRIAN. was living or lodging in the Savoy in 1623.

I should be glad to learn who she was.

she widow of one of the Shropshire Princes? SMUGGLING.

LOBUC. “Not a rush is Lord Liverpool or his angry TINTAGEL CHURCH. - In Cassell's "Gazet- philippic against Folkstone cared for-he may go on teer' we are told that the church of what is that it was sunk in the sea, or gone to the D-,

to wish Folkstone blotted from the map of Kent, now called the parish of Tintagel, from the becausc a nest of detestable smugglers,” &c. famous castle (the reputed birthplace of the From MS, notes by Mr. James Jenkin, a reflower of kings, who, however, probably really tired stockbroker, living at Folkestone about was of North Britain), is called St. Sym- 1821. Is not the above a parallel phrase to phorian's. Now Symphorian was a legendary that used some years ago in regard to Ireland Gallic saint, supposed to have been martyred

R. J. FYNMORE. under the Emperor Aurelian. But in Crock

Sandgate, Kent. ford, as well as in Kelly's Directory of Cornwall,' the patron saint is given as INSCRIPTION AT WINTRINGHAM.-The fol. S. Materiana, whoever that lady may have lowing is copied from an oak tablet hanging been. (In the Clergy List,' however, the against the north respond of Wintringham name of S. Symphorian is erroneously spelt Church, East Yorkshire :Simphorian.) How is this discrepancy to be “I John Lister of Lintone in yo county of York explained ? Happening to read Mr. Robert Esquir sone & heair of St John Lister of Kingston

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upon Hull Kn was born yo 26 of March 1608 & died 1677, was proved 11 February, 1677/8, P.C.C. the 30th of March 1651 & was buried in this church 14 Reeve. It appears from the will that the of Wintringham. Is't possible did not this star appear

testator had property in Westminster, and One of the brightest in our hemisphere

was entitled to the rents of "houses in ffoxes' How comes this quick privation, oh tis gone

ordinary, London.” He appointed, as his sole Nor see we save à sable horison

executor, “John Hawkins, my only brother Learn hence we may that none so fixed is John Hawkins his son," and, as trustees and In this our orb but must glide hence like this Such is our state yet 'tis that happy way

overseers of the will, “Mr. Simon Smyth, of Translates us hence to heaven fixed stars for aye Richard Hawkins, in the Old Bayley neare

the city of Westminster, merchant, and Mr.

here Returned him glorious to that blessed sphere.

Ludgate, scryvener. John Hawkins, the Can any of your correspondents say by executor, was under twenty-eight years of whom the above was written? It is thought age at the date of the will, which provided by some of the villagers to be by Andrew that, until he reached that age, he was to Marvell, M.P. for Hull.

have a chamber reserved for him in the tesWILLIAM ANDREWS.

tator's house at Mortlake, and also that care Royal Institution, Hull.

was to be taken “to purchase a chamber in the Temple for him to practise in." The will

mentions the testator's wife ; also his “sister Replies.

Bowles," and Henry, Mary, and Hannah, her

children by her former husband Henry DESCENDANTS OF ELIZABETHAN Kem (); and Hester, Mary, Anne, and Susan, WORTHIES.

daughters of the testator's dead brother John. (9th S. x. 208, 310, 433.)

2. The above reference to "a chamber in We are told at the last reference that the Temple” leads me now to suggest that William Hawkins, Professor of Poetry at John Hawkins, the testator's nephew and Oxford 1751-6, was a_descendant of Sir executor, may have been the father of William John Hawkins ('D.N.B.,' xxv. 212); and Hawkins, the serjeant-at-law.

If he was statements to the like effect may be found the serjeant's father, it is difficult to see in several books; for instance, in the 'His- how the supposed descent from Sir Richard tory of Pembroke College' (Oxford Hist. Hawkins can be admitted, because :Soc., 1897), p. 379. The professor was son (a) The serjeant's father, if he was under of William Hawkins, the serjeant-at-law, twenty-eight years of age in October, 1677, about whose father I sent some notes, was born several years later than 1643, the printed at 9th S. vi. 188; vii. 154. The matters year in which John, grandson of Sir Richard there stated led me to infer tentatively that Hawkins, is said to have been born. the serjeant's father was the John Hawkins (6) Sir Richard Hawkins does not seem to who, when he was admitted to the Inner have had any son named William (see 'D.N.B.,' Temple on 18 October, 1672, was described as xxv. 223, 225); and, moreover, William “ de Mortlake in comitatu Surrie, generosus. Hawkins, the above testator, who died in The theory that the serjeant was descended 1677/8, aged fifty-three, cannot have been from Sir John Hawkins appears to rest upon son of Sir Richard, who died in 1622. the supposition that John Hawkins, the ser

H. C. jeant's father, who settled at Great Milton, Oxfordshire, about 1682, was identical with

It is traditionally believed that Hawkins John, born 1643, son of John Hawkins (of built

for the most part in Bristol Channel, and

was a Gloucestershire man, whose ships were Slapton, Devon), and grandson of Sir Richard that the first orders given to the Spaniards Hawkins, the voyager, who died in 1622. Sen "The Hawkins' Voyages' (Hakluyt Soc., 1878), the oak came. I can find no record of Hawking

were to burn the Forest of Dean, whence p. l. Can any reader tell us whether there is good evidence which either supports or House at Lydney is shown to this day. We

residing near the Forest of Dean; but“Drake's refutes this supposition ? The following find, however, that Hawkinses were the matters make me incline to doubt its accu

owners of very many of the principal estates racy: 1. William Hawkins, Esq., J.P. for Surrey,

in Gloucestershire in the reign of James I.

GLOSTER. died 31 January, 1677 ( 1677/8), aged fiftythree, and was buried at Mortlake (Manning William Honywood, of Cheriton, near and Bray's 'Surrey,' iii. 308). He was, pre- Hythe, Kent, married Frances Raleigh, from sumably, the William Hawkins, Esq., of whom descends the present baronet. There is Mortlake, Surrey, whose will, dated 6 October,' a memorial in Cheriton Church to“ M" Eliza

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beth Raleigh, grand daughter of the Famed the above statements in regard to the known Si Walter Raleigh,” described in the certificate transposing of the whole piece are most that she was buried in woollen, 29 October, important. The admitted expansion of the 1716, as being the daughter of Mr. Philipp episode of 'Levina' must not be overlooked. Rawleigh, of Westminster. She would, how- Dr. Baird states in the most emphatic ever, I assume, be great-granddaughter. manner that nearly 200 lines of it are

R. J. FYNMORE. entirely Logan's. Nor can it be doubted that Sandgate, Kent.

Mackelvie would have utilized these lines as

convincing proof of the correctness of his ARMIGEROUS FAMILIES (9th S. X. 509).

case on behalf of Bruce, had they, as they What does H. M. mean? 'A family which now stand, or even the slightest resemblance has used the same arms since the time of For he has printed part of the germ of the

to them, been in his so-called “first sketch." Edward III.” is evidently “armigerous." It is more than that. In any other country in episode taken from Bruce's MS. But

although the world it would be classed as


many of his statements are too indefinite to D.

be of much value, one cannot imagine that

he would have neglected to take advantage, MICHAEL BRUCE AND BURNS (9th S. vii. 466 ; and make the utmost use, of a point so viii. 70, 148, 312, 388, 527 ; ix. 95, 209, 309, important as this. Writing of the two 414, 469, 512; x. 69, 130, 449).—The parallelism versions of 'Levina,' he says :to which allusion has already been made was “We shall place the opening stanzas of both thus introduced to the notice of his readers in juxtaposition. The printed version begins as by Dr. Mackelvie :

follows: “Before advancing any claims in behalf of Bruce

Low by the lake, as yet without a name.” to these pieces (several of the disputed ones, Then follow eleven lines, the last being the including Levina'], we beg to advert to internal all-important one, evidence which seems to favour Logan. The only

The perfect picture of her mother's youth. piece in his collection bearing any resemblance to the historical ballad in which Bruce is known to

Dr. Mackelvie also placed before his readers have excelled, is ‘A Tale,' beginning, Where the opening fourteen lines of the

first Pastoral Tweed renowned in Song,' one stanza of draught.”. Of these lines, all except the first, which is as follows:

which is identical with that given above, The picture of her mother's youth

bear but slight resemblance to those in the Now sainted in the sky, She was the angel of his age

poem as originally published. The last two And apple of his eye.

lines are those which refer to Levina :In the episode of 'Lovina’ in Bruce's 'Lochleven'

His daughter fair Levina, often there these lines occur :

Tended the flow'rs-herself a sweeter flow'r. The perfect picture of her mother's youth,

Dr. Mackelvie, having on the preceding His age's hope, the apple of his eye.

page to that on which the above quotations Dr. Mackelvie continues :

occur expressed his “firm conviction " that **These are not accidental coincidences of thought : A Tale and Levina' were Bruce's

, seriously They are either the production of the same mind, invalidates his conviction by printing this or borrowed by one writer from another. Our firm portion of 'Levina' as it appears in the two conviction is that both are the composition of versions. Had the lines upon which his Michael Bruce. The first draught of 'Lochleven' conviction was based been before him in is now before us, containing the germ of the the “first sketch,” it cannot be conceived episode claimed for Logan, and the only difference between it and the one in the printed edition is, that Dr. Mackelvie would have failed to that in the former Bruce makes his hero a giant, in print them also, so that he might clinch the latter a hunter, and expands the episode to a this part of his argument by pointing to length disproportioned to the poem."

them in pript as conclusive proof that the Dr. Mackelvie adds :

draught," the extended poem, and 'A Tale' ... If, because the printed version is somewhat were all by Bruce. He did not, however, different from the original draught, it is inferred put them in print. I am, therefore, clearly that Logan altered it, then it must be inferred that entitled to conclude that he failed to do so he altered the whole poem; for it happens that because they were not in the MS. before him. there is as great a difference in the whole, as in As already stated, their absence seriously, this particular part. Many verses are omitted which are, and many verses are added which are invalidates Dr. Mackelvie's "firm conviction, not, in the first sketch. The writer has transposed but at the same time it materially strengthens the whole."-Par. 87.

the “internal evidence which seems to favour Taken along with the internal evidence Logan” (Mackelvie, par. 87). In fact, it is already presented to readers of `N. & Q.,'| entirely in his favour!


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There is, therefore, abundant evidence, “It bears every evidence of that strong marking external and internal, to prove that, although of the facial muscles, especially about the mouth, Bruce prepared a considerable part of the which Reynolds had observed to be characteristic entire piece Lochleven,' it is to Logan that anecdote preserved by Malone, went further still.

of defornied persons. The sculptor himself, in an the credit belongs of having rearranged its He found in the contracted appearance of the skin component parts, and particularly of having between the eyebrows proof permanent of that extended 'Levina. The evidence upon which aching head' to which the poet so frequently this conclusion rests may be thus summarized: refers. The bust, which is without the wig and (1) Bruce's state of health unfitted him for successful efforts. It, of course, fails to reproduce

shows the natural hair, is one of Roubillac's most working daily at this composition. Five the magic of the wonderful eye; but is full of months, therefore, was too short a space of courage, keenness and alert intelligence.” time in which, according to his own account

A. H. HALLAM MURRAY. of its progress (although this need not be taken as being literally accurate), the

A later reference to the ownership of this as we have it, could have been written by will be found in the ' Dictionary of National

R. B. him. (2) The facts related by Dr. Mackelvie, Biography,' vol. xlvi. p. 124, col. 2.

Upton. that many parts of the original were omitted, that additions were made, and that the ESQUIRES (9th S. x. 148, 314).-I find in whole piece had been rearranged, point to 1623 this same question put to a correthe necessity of more time having been spondent, " Whether Barister be required for its production, granting, for the Esquier or no, titular.” The correspondent sake of argument, that Bruce was the author answers that he thinks “Court men of the whole. (3) But positive evidence in usually written esquires, but whether of favour of Logan is to be found (a) in Dr. right knows not. I doubt if the barristers Baird's emphatic statement, already quoted, had any real right to rank as esquires. that nearly 200 lines of 'Levina'are Logan's

LOBUC. (he, like Mackelvie, had Bruce's MS. before SIR THOMAS BROWNE (9th S. X. 427). – Mr. him); (6) when it is seen that one of these Wilkin, the editor of The Works of Sir 200 lines is that to which Dr. Mackelvie drew Thomas Browne' (1846), failed to find the attention, "The perfect picture", &c.; and entry of the marriage in the parish registers (c) when it is further seen that this line is of Burlingham St. Peter, where the Milewanting from Dr. Mackelvie's so-called “first hams resided (vol. i. p. Ixi, note 6). draught” of 'Levina.' (4) The many

G. F. R. B. parallelisms, &c., form another link in the chain of evidence which goes to prove that it

The contemptuous manner in which Sir was Logan who wrote the greater part of Thomas Browne, M.D., had spoken of the this episode.


fair sex

for he had expressed the wish that

we might procreate like trees, without conROUBILIAC'S BUST OF POPE (9th S. x. 408, 471, whole world, but woman as only the rib, or

junction,” and had described man as the 492).-I think your correspondent MR.

crooked part of man-exposed him to some GEORGE G. Napier will find that this marble raillery at the time of his marriage. bust was bought by Lord Rosebery at the Peel sale a few years ago. It may interest Religio Medici' recently

It is stated in that dainty edition of

published by him to know that the original clay model, Messrs. Gay & Bird that made by the sculptor's hands for this marble bust, is still in existence. The clay was fired, at Shepden Hall, near Halifax, about 1633, but was

• Dr. Browne settled down as a general practitioner and is now good terra-cotta. It was for some prevailed upon to remove to Norwich in the early time in the collection of Samuel Rogers, and part of 1637. Four years after the doctor had was bought at his sale by my father, John settled in the city of churches he married Miss Murray, and passed into my possession at his Dorothy Milehan, by whom he had twelve childeath in 1892.

dren." It was exhibited at the Pope Commemoration in 1888, and a photogravure The union was happy: reproduction is given of it in the frontispiece

HENRY GERALD Hope. of vol. v. (Life) of Elwin and Courthope's

119, Elms Road, Claphan, S.W. * Pope.' It also forms an illustration to a THE BROOCH OF LORN (9th S. X. 268, 357). – paper in the Magazine of Art by Mr. Austin See in notes to canto ii. of "The Lord of Dobson, entitled "Little Roubillac,' published the Isles' the very interesting Note v., “The some few years ago (I cannot, at this moment, Brooch of Lorn.” ascertain the exact date), in which Mr.

F. E. R. POLLARD-URQUHART. Dobson says :

Castle Pollard, Westmeath.


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THE GOLDEN HORN (9th S. x. 405).-In bowdlerize, hyperbatize, and mangle to his 'Plin. Sec. Opera, Regent's edition, líb. ix. heart's contentOn his own head be it; 20. this name is

manifest than suum cuique ; "tu l'as voulu, George Danin Master Doctor Holland's translation : din.” (Dandin flourishes amazingly in un

Hujus aspectu repente territi, semper parenthesized tutoiement.) And even if a adversum Byzantii promontorium ex eâ mutely recumbent attitude on the part of causâ appellatum Aurei cornus, præcipiti tergiversative "Brer Rabbit” appears metonypetunt agmine."

H. J. MOULE. mically preferable to any vulpine posture, may Dorchester.

not the misquoter be allowed catachrestically to “KIT-CAT” PORTRAITS (9th S. X. 188, 231, less alike of the lugubrious Gray and of the

pursue the even tenor of his way, regard316, 435, 471). — The Kit-Cat portraits referred dark sayings of Uncle Remus 'Tis a free to by MR. PAGE are still in the possession of the Baker family, and now ornament their country, and philippics about the verification drawing-room at Bayfordbury, not Herting

of quotations fall on deaf ears.

J. DORMER. fordbury.

MATILDA POLLARD. Belle Vue, Bengeo.

I think that C. C. B. is hardly fair to Byron.

He is as much spoilt by misquotation as any I believe that the Rev. D. Kitcat, of Weston- poet. I might point to many passages in his Birt Rectory, Tetbury, Gloucestershire, claims works which could not be altered without to be a descendant of the original Kitcat, and I well remember his telling with glee a story of injury, being done to him. I will point to

one—the thirty-four lines in The Giaour' the mystification of a Bristol stationer, from beginning, “As rising on its purple wing." whom he was ordering some cardboard or No doubt he sometimes writes very carelessly.

“ Kit-cat size," when directed to send But so does Shelley. So does Shakspeare. it to“Mr. Kitcat," and how he kept repeating,

E. YARDLEY. “Yes; but that is the size of the canvas, now I want your name," believing all the ELIZABETHAN POEM: AUTHOR WANTED (9th while that he was the subject of a hoax. S. x. 489). — The quotation is copied, with There are at least four Kitcats in the Clerical scrupulous exactness, from the back of leaf Directory. Is there any family of this name 53 of “The Popish Kingdome or reigne of in England other than that of the Kitcat Antichrist written in Latin Verse by Thomas Club founder ?

W. S

Naogeorgus and Englyshed By Barnabe

Googe," printed in 1570. LATIN CONVERSATION (9th S. x. 407, 452). —

WALTER W. SKEAT. At the latter reference a correspondent mentions several

Latin papers.


THE KING'S WEIGH HOUSE (9th S. x. 427). interested in the subject, I wrote my book The Steelyard in Upper Thames Street, so seller, who informed me that the Phoenix is named probably from the balance or beam of not known at Red Lion House; and Post steel employed there in weighing the merPrandium is discontinued. The failure of chandise imported by the German fraternity these two papers published in England would of Easterling merchants, appears to have imply that they received little support from been the most important'" weigh house” in English scholars. Perhaps there are others the City; but upon the expulsion of these more favoured in circulation. If so, I should monopolists by Queen Elizabeth, owing to be grateful if some correspondent would representations of the Company of Merchant kindly bring them to my notice. I should Adventurers, their hall was used as a depôt also like to know whether I can obtain copies

for the navy, and the supervision and weighof the American journals through any Lon-ferred to the Mayor and Corporation. Conse

ing of don publisher. I have seen Vox Urbis. THEO. ETHELBERT BEASLEY.

quently the "King's Beam," as it was called, Bulbourne, Tring.

was removed first to Cornhill, where there was

already a "beam" supervised by the Grocers' MISQUOTATIONS (9th S. x. 428):-To what Company, and afterwards to Weighhouse extent are misquotations allowable? 'Tis a Yard in Love Lane, Little Eastcheap, where, fearsome question, i' faith. The misquotation before the Great Fire, stood the church of (innuendo, without exculpatory parenthesis), St. Andrew Hubbert. Here, in a large room is it not aye high treason, a misdemeanour over the Weighhouse, a congregation of punishable by the aristarchs ? But, with a Independents had their "commodious meeting bracketed caveat, may not the quoter treat house" in the early part of the eighteenth his hapless authority as his own sweet will century. From this conventicle the later dictates ? May he not orthographize, meeting house called the "King's Weigh


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