F. ADAMS. | plaint:

'English - Latin Dictionary,' 1677: “The shows that the play could not have been

. mother (disease] hysterica passio.

written before that date. Dr. Johnson in his MR. WILMSHURST does not tell us why he dictionary has said that smoke and smother discredits the word. It would be idle to im. are tho same, and, in showing that they are peach Shakespeare on sexual grounds for so, has quoted the lines spoken by Orlando using it; he cannot have been so grossly in As You Like It'; and the words certainly ignorant of anatomy as a literal interpreta- have the same signification there, for Orlando tion of his language in the present instance says that he is going from one tyrant to would imply. He was but likening the out- another tyrant. If such alterations as that raged king's feeling to that of a woman proposed are readily accepted, I fear that we affected with the hysterical passion or shall not retain much that Shakspeare has “mother."* It was one of the dramatist's written.

E. YARDLEY. contemporaries, Francis Holyoake, the lexi

Oh how this Mother swels vp toward my heart! cographer, born too in Shakespeare's county, Surely no alteration is needed here. Shakewho defined “the mother"

as a disease that cometh through the stopping or choking of speare is using the common phrase of his the matrix, and causeth the mother to swoon"; dreds of times in such writers as Gerard

day for a fit of hysterics. It occurs hunand this was perhaps Shakespeare's view. and Culpeper. Thus (to quote one instance) The masculine heroes of ancient romance were given to swooning equally with their Culpeper says of the butter-bur (s.v.) that it

" feminine compeers, and an inchoate neurotic


Salmon thus describes the commanifestation of this kind may be meant in Lear's case.

“Sometimes they are affected with Convulsions, There is no ground for doubt or change. that very much resemble the Epilepsie, and are “Mother" was a well-known name for the commonly called Fits of the Mother, in which the hysterica passio; see it, e.g., in Halliwell, Belly, and Entrails rise up, towards the Throat.”

-The Practice of Physick, lib. i. cap. ii. where the same full phrase is given, with a

C. C. B. reference to “Middleton, i. 186.' Sir Kenelm Digby, in his ‘Cure of Wounds by Sympathy, (Replies also from W. R. B. PRIDEAUX and others.] third ed., 1660, says that when the vines are "THE WINTER'S TALE,' II. i. 39-42.-While in flower the wine in the cellar sends to its "depart" has been looked upon with sussurface a white fermentation, called the picion, and various emendations have been “mother," which ceases when the flowers fall, offered, the meaning of " one may drink, p. 79 (cp. * Eng. Dialect Dict.,' s.v. 'Mother'); depart, and yet partake no venom seems and again he speaks of “a very melancholy clearly to be one may drink and woman, which was subject to the disease without harm from the draught. called the Mother” (p. 93). So in W. Simp- also note the particular purpose in using the son's 'Hydrologia Chymica,' 1669, p. 129, we word “depart," as shown by the context. read of "hysterical paroxysms brought on To preclude the possibility of a discovery by passions in women......fits of the Mother.” that a spider had been steeped in the cup, A little examination will show that this is the one who drinks is supposed to leave the the thought in Lear's mind.

scene, which answers Collier's question, "Why, There is no similarity in the two passages after the drinking, was the drinker necesquoted from ‘King Lear' and 'As You Like sarily to depart?” E. MERTON DEY. It.' Orlando goes from one tyrant to another, St. Louis, U.S. out of the frying-pan into the fire, from one

*THE WINTER'S TALE,' II. i. 50-2.oppressive atmosphere to another, from clouds of smoke to clouds of dust. Such a dust-cloud

He has discover'd my design, and I is still commonly called a "smother.”

Remain a pinch'd thing; yea, a very trick

For them to play at will.
W. C. B.
Heath explains "a pinch'd thing," &c., as

, I perceive from a note to the lines quoted being “a mere child's baby, a thing pinch'd that Harsnet mentions hysterica passio as the out of clouts, a puppet (“trick ') for them to mother. Shakspeare evidently took this move and actuate as they please.” expression, and much else, from Harsnet's Furness :book, which, having been published in 1603,

“Without denying Heath's interpretation, it is

possible from the connexion of thought to suppose Hysteria in the female, says Sydenham ('Opera,' the meaning of Leontes to be that after the shape, Lopd., 1705, p. 355), is identical with hypochon. the proportions, of his design have been ruined by driasis in the male : "vix ovum ovo similius...... discovery, as a bladder when it is pricked, he is quam sunt utrobique phænomena."

reduced merely to a pinched and shrivelled thing,

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-then the association of ideas suggests a trick, a used strictly in that sense in Dan. iii. 30. puppet, a toy."

But the substantive promotion occurs twice But was it the discovery of his design that in the Authorized Version of the Bible, and reduced Leoptes to a pinched and shrivelled in neither case bas that meaning. The first thing? Rather, was it not the supposed in- is in Ps. lxxv. 6, where the Revisers have trigue between Polixenes and the queen ? substituted lifting up. The Psalm probably Leontes had hoped by an act of retaliation refers to the threatened invasion of Sennato regain something of his former dignity, cherib from the north, and the psalmist, lookbut now that his plan for revenge had fallen ing around, can see no human prospect of through, he must remain, as he was before, deliverance or succour from east, west, or a pinch'd thing." E. MERTON DEY. south. The other place is Prov. iii. 35. In St. Louis, U.S.

this the Revisers have retained promotion, *THE WINTER'S TALE,' II. i. 68.

but that word, if used in its modern sense, 'Tis pity shee 's not honest: Honourable.

must be taken metaphorically, with almost a Leontes has just uttered the supposed native rendering in the margin, fools carry

sarcastic tone about it. They offer an alterthought of his attendant lords that the queen away shame," which is nearer the original. is “a goodly lady," honourable (as Walker Perhaps Benisch's translation is even better, puts it) by reason of her birth, digpity, and "Fools he alloweth to be prominent in ignoperson

and mind ; continuing, “the justice of your hearts will thereto add, Tis miny;" If there were a neuter verb promote, in

the literal sense it would exactly pity she's not honest, (being) honourable.'


express The pity is that, being honourable, she is not the verb advance (from the French avancer,

idea, "fools move forward into shame." Though likewise honest-not " honest-honourable," as derived from ab and ante) has a neuter force, given in some texts. E. MERTON DEY.

it gives too much the impression of proceedSt. Louis, U.S.

ing to something better to be quite approMACBETH'S "TREBBLE SCEPTERS," IV. i. 143. priate; and for the same reason we could not - In young Mr. H. H. Furness's excellent here use the substantive advancement. Like pew edition of his father's Variorum of 'Mac- promotion, it does not express the idea beth,' the editor at p. 263 adds this note :- intonded.

W. T. LYNN. "Manly. The style and title assumed by James I. Blackheath. after October 24, 1604, was: 'The Most Highe and Mightie Prince, James, by the Grace of God, King D'ARCY FAMILY. If any members of this of Great Britaine, France, and Ireland, Defender of family claiming, descent from William of the Faith.' This is the treble sceptre, and not Arcques (Dieppe), Normandy, would care to that of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, have a fairly complete pedigree, they can and Ireland."-Ed. ii.

write to me. This will not do, for James's title does but

Many of the members are repeat those of Edward VI. and Queen Eliza- scattered about the United Kingdom, France,

and America. beth; see Holinshed (1587), iii. 979/1, and

(Rev.) F. D. THOMPSON.

22, Blenheim Terrace, Leeds. 1170/2:"The executours of the said king (Henry VIII.]

WILLIAM SOMERVILLE.-Anthologists and and other of the nobilitie.....did......cause his sonne literary historians have not in all cases and be proclaimed king of this realme treated the author of The Chase with kindby the name of Edward the sixt, king of England,

Chalmers includes him in his 'English France, and Ireland, defender of the faith...... The said most solemne manner proclaimed Poets,' and Southey gives him a place in his the new queene, by this name and title: Elizabeth • Later English Poets,' i. 405. It is remark. by the grace of God queene of, England, France, and able, however, to find the latter editor of Ireland, defender of the faith," &c.

opinion that “The Chase' will preserve the The old interpretation of the "treble writer's name and reputation when his other sceptre as that of England, Ireland, and works are neglected," and presently quoting Scotland is surely the right one, as a com- from him as solo specimen of his accomplishpliment to James I. was evidently intended ment his "Address to his Elbow.chair, Newby Shakspere, and every one knew that the clothed. Campbell, in bis 'Specimens of the kingship of France was a mere fiction. British Poets,' v. 97, mentions

only The F. J. F. Chase' as the work by which the poet is

known, and cites his ‘Bacchus Triumphant: “ PROMOTION.”—This word is almost equiva- a Tale,' as illustrative of his quality.

It lent to advancement, but is generally used is odd to find the Rev. George Gilfillan, a now in the sense of being raised to a higher generous anthologist, excluding Somerville appointment or office. The verb promoted is altogether from his 'Less-known English



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Poets.' In Ward's English Poets,' iii. 189, Language" of the West Indies. It has long Mr. Gosse, although a little uncertain as tó been known that the Caribs had two lanone or two matters of fact, gives the author guages, one peculiar to men and the other something like his due, and illustrates his to women. Monbain, according to Préfonwork by two fairly representative extracts taine’s ‘Maison Rustique, 1763, belonged to from "The Chase. There appears to have the latter. The synonym in the “Men's Lanbeen nothing in Somerville that appealed to guage " was oubou. The word is common in Mr. A. T. Quiller-Couch when he compiled French books. Landais, 'Dictionnaire des "The Oxford Book of English Verse.'

Dictionnaires,' 1854, has monbain, but BesIn his lectures on the English Poets' cherelle, Grand Dictionnaire National, 1887,

' Hazlitt dismisses Somerville with other spells it indifferently mombin or monbin. It twenty or more, including Tickell, Aaron is the Spondias lutea, in English now often Hill, Christopher Smart, Michael Bruce, called the Jamaica plum. Our old authors Mickle, and so forth, as poets whom he thinks preferred the native name. Thus Davies, " it will be best to pass and say nothing History of the Caribby Islands,' 1666 (a about them.” It would have been kinder, of scarce book, because many copies were concourse, to omit the reference. Mr. Gosse, as sumed in the Great Fire of London), has was to be expected, gives Somerville a place (p. 33), "The Monbain iş a tree, grows very in his ' Eighteenth-Century Literature,' and high, and bears long and yellowish plumbs," if he does not say very much, he at least indi- &c.

JAS. PLATT, Jun. cates the main features of his work. There are very imperfect references to the poet in MISTAKES IN PRINTED REGISTERS : RICHARD most of the literary text-books. Prof. Spalding JUGGE, PRINTER. Transcribers of old in his little work, so admirable in many ways, records, though possessed of a high general says that “The Chase' is not quite forgotten.” competency, not seldom make blunders This was written in the middle of the nine- through lack of local or special knowledge. teenth century: Prof. Morley in his ' First Many of these might have been avoided if Sketch,', and Mr. Thomas Arnold in his the transcriber had consulted somebody who

Manual of English Literature,' both notice had the special knowledge which he himself the poet, the former doing so in a somewhat lacked. Thus Sir E. A. Bond, in the 'Chronica inaccurate fashion. Mr. Stopford Brooke Monasterii de Melsa,' Rolls Series, prints finds no room for the author of The Chase' "Surdenalle" for Surdevalle, i. 412, ii. 173; in his marvellously comprehensive 'Primer'; and “Kyluse" for Kylnse (Kilnsea), iii. 122. Prof. Saintsbury excludes him from his My experience has taught me that in conse'Short History of English Literature'; and quence of the numbers of these errors the Mr. Thompson ignores himn in The Student's many, volumes of printed parish registers English Literature.' Apparently, though he issued of recent years, though otherwise was remembered in Prof. Spalding's time, we excellent, are to be read with caution. The now threaten to forget him.

volumes of the Harleian Society are deservedly

THOMAS BAYNE. held in high estimation, but here we find, STUART AND DEREHAM. The following and “Sararia" instead of Saravia (xxv. 90),

"Landtoft" instead of Sandtoft (xviii. 9), entries are made on the flyleaf of a copy

of Riders' British Merlin' for 1709 :

although this is the marriage of the well

known Dr. Hadrian Saravia. “Simeon Stuart Esqr. only son of Charles Stuart Esq? son & beir of St Nicolas Stuart Bartt of Harte

But a worse case is in the 'Register of loy in yo county of South'ton was niarried to Eliza- Christ Church, Newgate Street' (xxi. 274), beth yo only daughter of Sir Richard Dereham, Kwhere we have the burial on 18 Aug., 1579, & Bartt of Dereham Abby in yo county of Norfolck of “Richard Ingge, paynter to the

Queens deceased, on Saturday yo 14th of June, 1701 in yo Majesty at St Faith's Church under Powle's." Whitsontide week, at Dereham Abby.”

" Elizabeth Stuart born Munday Mar. 15. at 8 of This is really Richard Jugge, the Queen's yo clock morn. 1702."

printer. On p. 282 comes the burial of his Mary Stuart born Wednesday May 16 being, yo widow, 28 Aug., 1588, “Mrs Inges in the eve to Holy l'hursd. att 5 of yo clock morn. 1705." parish of St Faith's under St. Paul's, whose

“Anne Stuart born Munday Aprill 7, att 1 of yo husband sometime printer to clock morn, 1707."

W. C. B.

sovereign Lady Queen Elizabeth." These

entries supply missing dates for the article * MONBAIN," THE JAMAICA PLUM. - This in 'D.N.B., xxx. 223-4. Nevertheless, Jugge appears worthy of inclusion in the 'N.E.D.,' is not the only great printer who has been as being the only term in French or English registered as a painter; for in Smyth's derived from the much-discussed "Women's 'Obituary'(Camd. Soc., 1849), edited by Sir

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Henry Ellis, p. 77, is recorded the death on have been for several days at the British 5 Oct., 1667, of "Roger Daniell, paynter in Museum trying to find it.

, London, and sometime heretoforo at Cam

ELEANOR S. MARCH. bridge," &c. He was the University printer (Has our correspondent tried Sir Bernard Burke's at Cambridge.

C. "Ņicissitudes of Families,' The Rise of Great

Families,' 'Anecdotes of the Aristocracy,' and

• Romantic Records of Families,' G. L. Craik's enertes,

Romance of the Peerage,' and E. Walford's Tales

of our Great Families'!) We must request correspondents desiring infor: EDWARD ARCHER, M.D.-I shall be glad mation on family matters of only private interest to affix their names and addresses to their queries, of any information as to the parentage, life, in order that the answers may be addressed to them and works of Edward Archer, M.D., founder direct.

of the Smallpox Hospital.


ARTHUR.” — I should be 82, Vincent Square, Westminster, S.W. glad if some scientific Keltologist would declare the etymology of the ancient British

MARRIAGE MARKETS.- Are the marriage names Uther and Arthur. It occurred to me

markets (as reported) still in existence in when I was in Wales in the summer of 1901 Tunis and other Mohammedan countries ; that the latter might be identical with

he and, if so, where can any description of them be obtained ?

J. J. adjective "aruthr = marvellous, wonderful, amazing, strango, dire, dreadful, prodigious, “MY ORNAMENTS ARE ARMS."—Who is the stupendous "; which as a substantive mascu- author of the following lines ? line means a wonder or marvel; a prodigy,"

My ornanents are arms, to quoto the Dictionary of the Welsh Lan.

My pastime is war, guage' by the Rev. D. Silvan Evans (the con

My bed is cold upon the wold, tinuation of which would be a great boon);

My lamp yon star, and that the former might be an easier way

My journeyings are long,

My slumbers short and broken, of writing uthr, which, according to A Dic

From hill to hill I wander still, tionary of the Welsh Language' by W. Owen

Kissing thy token. Pughe, means, as a substantive masculine,

H. H. "that stunneth"; and as an adjective, "awful,

HUME OR HOME FAMILY. I shall be wonderful, astonishing, terrific horrible.". Per much obliged if any of your readers can haps it might be thought that the reading of inform me-or indicate a likely source of these meanings into the names makes for the information to what branch of this family legendary character of the story of King Col. Hume belonged, who was at Gibraltar Arthur.

Before sending you this letter I asked Prof. J. Rhys for his opinion of it. He during the great siege, was Governor of says that he thought of connecting uthr with Hume, mentioned in Mrs. Fawcett's Life of

Chester Castle, and was father of Elizabeth the root of German Wunder, and sees no Sir William Molesworth' as having been a objection to my explaining the name Uther celebrated Edinburgh beauty, engaged at one thereby. My derivation of Arthur does not time to her cousin Sir Alexander Kinloch, appear to him so easy to accept. But, ex but afterwards married to Capt. Brown. hypothesi, I look upon it as a word distorted

F. W. M. by non-Welsh foreigners, as many another name has been.



CASTLE.—Some few years back (I think perMOTTOES : THEIR ORIGIN.—I want to know haps ten) there appeared in one of the Monthe name of a book which will tell me the mouthshire newspapers a most interesting origin (historical or legendary) of certain account of the manner of death of Sir mottoes on coats of arms. I had such a book Nicholas Kemeys at the assault and capture out of the British Museum two years ago, of Chepstow Castle by the Parliamentary but have forgotten the name of the author. forces on 25 May, 1648, and also describing It was a modern book of perhaps 150 or the exact place of interment of that gallant 200 pages. It gave short stories telling how Cavalier officer within the castle walls. I certain mottoes were first used, and what think it stated that this account had been gave rise to their being taken as family supplied by a lady who formerly held the mottoes. The only one I remember was position of housekeeper to the late Duke of "Every bullet has its billet” (family of Beaufort, and in whose family the tradition Vassall). The book was popularly written had been handed down. I took a cutting not at all from an heraldio point of view. I from the newspaper (I think either the

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Beacon or the Merlin) at the time, but in my opinion, from a good deal gathered upon changing my abode, some three or four years the subject. There was a monastery there, since, it got lost or mislaid with other papers, and a celebrated holy well and image of the and all search for it has proved futile. May Virgin, the latter an object of pilgrimage, I therefore ask through. N. & Q. whether and removed by order of Cromwell in 1538. any of its readers can refer me to the news- Any light would be welcome. paper in which it appeared, together with

ALFRED HALL the date, or oblige me with the particulars above referred to?

JOHNSON.—John, rector of Farndish, co. ST DAVID M. KEMEYS-TYNTE.

Bedford, 1571-1625, formerly Fellow of Mag

dalen College, Oxon. Was he identical with SHEFFIELD FAMILY.-Has any history of Foster's (Alumni Oxon.') "John Johnson, this family and its branches, other than the demy Magdalen College, 1555-61; fellow, references thereto in Stonehouse's History of 1561-8; B.A., 10 July, 1562, M.A., 9 July, 1567; the Isle of Axholme' and Grant's 'History of Master of Wainfleet School, 1568"? I have Cleveland, been written? In addition to the the pedigree of the above John from the family of Butterwick, there was also one of London Visitation, 1633–5,' but shall be glad some note residing at Seaton, Rutland, and of any further information sent direct. Navestock, Essex. The latter is said to have

Thos. WM. SKEVINGTON. terminated in a female, Elizabeth, daughter Ilkley. of Joseph Sheffield, who was married prior

STREWING CHURCHES. The custom of to 1738. But there was certainly a menuber strewing churches with grass or rushes at of the family, viz., Hannah Sheffield, living certain festivals may have been discussed in at Navestock as late as 1769, as shown by the erudite pages of "N. & Q.,' but I do not the marriage register. Edward Sheffield was think that the origin of the practice has been also resident at Navestock in 1688, and his

discovered. son Edward was living in 1722, as he polled whether strewing is supposed to be Christian

Can any folk - lorist tell me for the City of London in that year. ROBERT H. BROWNE.

or pre-Christian in source? It may be the Stapleford Abbots, Essex.

latter, as it is probable that no inconsider.

able number of our village churches stand GOFFE OR GOFF OF HAMPSHIRE. - Where on the sites of heathen god-houses. can & pedigree of this family be found? Who

B. L. R. C. are the present representatives? What con- [For rushes in churches see 1st S. i. 259; ii. 197 ; nexion is there with the Goffes or Goffs of 2nd S. i. 471, 521; 5th S. iv. 162; gth S. ii. 141, 237; Hants and Kent? (Mrs.) ANNE SHUTTE.

v. 146.) Hursley, Compton, Newbury.

CRAWFORD.-Andrew Crawford, who lived ST. SEBASTIEN AT CAUMONT.-I am very at Brighton from 1783 to 1800, and died at desirous of knowing the date of the con- the age of fifty-six, married Mary Spink and struction of the little chapel of St. Sebastien had three sons : (1) William, an East Indian at Caumont, near Avignon.

PROF. merchant, and member for the City of London

from 1833 to 1841; (2) Andrew, lieutenant EYRE. - Is there any biographic account R.N., who died in Bombay, 1821 ; (3) James extant of the M.P., of Queen Anne's reign Henry, Bombay Civil Service. The descendhanded down in history as Expedient ants of Andrew (an extensive family in the Eyre"?

G. W. TOOLEY, south of England, having a considerable con. (An account of Sir Robert Eyre, who repre- nexion with India and the colonies) believe sented Salisbury in the last three Parliaments of themselves to be sprung from an Ayrshire William JII. and the first of Anne, appears in the family, and a paper has been supplied to me • D.N.B.,' xviii. 101.]

which records the names of John Crawford, PENRETH.-Under the Act 26 Henry VIII., of Highholm, and David Crawford, grand1534, cap. 14, twenty-six places were named father and father of Andrew. The name from which to give titles to suffragan bishops Highholm occurs, so far as I can learn, in England and Wales, and in 1537 John nowhere in Great Britain save in Ayrshire. Byrde was consecrated Suffragan Bishop of In that shire there are, or were, two HighPenreth at Lambeth by Archbishop Cranmer, holms: one in the parish of Dundonald and as suffragan to Bishop Holgate, of Llandaff. the other in the parish of Dalrymple; but, This place was not Penrith, in Cumberland, despite inquiries made, I am unable to prove for that was Pereth in those days, and was a family connexion with the name. As to also mentioned as a title. The most probable Andrew Crawford's whereabouts before he locale was Penrhys, in the Rhondda Valley, in resided at Brighton I know nothing, but

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