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The songs were published in folio, price 1s., “The romantic marriage of the Lord of Burleigh signed by Dibdin (and in one or two cases

and the village maiden, immortalized by Tennyson, C. A. D.” is stamped on p. 4), on a sheet of took place on this day in 1791. The lady, Miss

Hoggins, was doubtless a Shropshire farmer's four pages, the front being blank, except daughter ; but the bridegroom was no painter, and where noted. In the majority of cases there not yet Lord of Burleigh. He was a Mr. Cecil, are arrangements for two flutes on p. 4. nephew and heir-presumptive of the Earl of Exeter. Headings of songs are similar to No. 2, un- He was then aged 37, and had just divorced his less otherwise indicated.

wife. The wedding was celebrated before no vil.

lage altar, but in the church of St. Mildred, in Bread *l. Castles in the Air.

Street, EC. The husband succeeded to the earldom 2. Nappy, written and composed by Mr. Dibdin, and estates two years afterwards. The poet is more and sung by him in his new Entertainment called accurate in his later details; for the Countess did Castles in the Air. London. Printed and Sold by bear her husband three children, and died five years the Author, at his Music Warehouse, No. 411 after her marriage. Three years later the Earl was Strand, opposite the Adelphi.

made a marquis, and married a divorced Duchess 3. The Tear of Sensibility.

of Hamilton; and he died in 1804." 4. No Good without an Exception. 6. Tack and Half Tack.

Now Miss Meteyard, who was a doctor's 6. Taffy and the Birds. Title on front page.

daughter living in Shrewsbury, has recorded 7. The Village Wedding. Title on front page. many incidents of her early life in her story 8. The Token.

The Doctor's Little Daughter,' and on p. 413 Of this still popular song there are many of that book relates how she and her father arrangements,

of which

the best is that made one day for Mr. Santley by Dr. E. F. Rimbault set off for the distant parish church, some long (Chappell).

while before the time for service, and opening a 9, The Soldier's Funeral. (Afterwards in "The little side door in the narrow humble edifice, with Melange.')

a key he had brought......(he) entered with reverence. 10. The Whistling Ploughman.

Bidding Alice stand by ihe mouldering rails of the 11. The Merry Archers.

altar, he went into a sort of little crypt or vestry, 12. Tom Tackle. Title on front page.

and, bringing out from thence a small square cushion 13. The Watchman.

covered with a faded green baize, laid it down upon 14. The Power of Music. 10 pages, front and back the old worn altar-stone. The rich rays of the glad blank, price 2s. 6d.

warm sun, slanting through the old oriel far above, 15. Jack's Fidelity.

threw on this mouldering cushion's faded green16. The Hare Hunt. Title on front page. ness new greenness from the palms borne in the 17. Father and Mother and Suke.

hands, a strip of purple from the robes, a breadth 18. The Jolly Ringers.

of scarlet from the hanging scarfs, of various 19. The Auctioneer. (Afterwards in ‘Mæcenas saints and angels, painted there, who, kneeling, the Second.')

seemed to say good prayers to heaven. The father

took the child's small hand, and thus they stood The only copy I have seen was published at together, in a ray of golden light, which slanted Leicester Place.

downward from the great saint's halo. Though all *20. Finale: The Trial.

so faded and so worn, so dusty, Alice,' spoke the These formed the original programme of nigh fifty now, a yeoman's daughter of the village

father, gently, 'on this knelt many years ago, perhaps songs, in the order, as advertised. The fol- here ; and by her knelt a middle-aged and plainlowing also appear to have been used :- dressed man, who, though of courtly manners, was

1:21. The Pleasures of the Camp. See ‘The Quizes, not known for other than a wandering artist by the 1792.

yeoman's daughter, who, kneeling here upon this

very cushion, became his wife. He had first seen Hogarth assigns the song to this entertain- her at her spinning-wheel, beside her father's rustic ment. I have not traced the music.

farmhouse door, and, admiring her looks of good. 22. British Bounty or Beauty's Donation.

ness and beauty and modesty, courted her from I have seen Leicester Place issues of 12, 17, here married her, she in all love and trust taking

that same day, and, with her parents' full consent, and 19, and of 8, 11, and 15 by G. Walker, him for what he seemed, a plain and humble gentlefrom original plates.

man. Some few days after being married here, 1793-4. A Collection of Songs, Third volume pro thought, to his humble home in Lincolnshire; But

they travelled together across England, as she bably published during this winter. See 1790 ante.

one evening, after several days' journey, the old E. RIMBAULT DIBDIN. post-chaise which bore them passed through magMorningside, Sudworth Road, New Brighton. nificent park gates, up the noble avenue the (To be continued.)

park itself, till, stopping, and alighting before a noble portico lined with liveried servants, she, all

wondering and trembling, was led by this poor TENNYSON'S 'LORD OF BURLEIGH' painter through the gorgeous hall, rich in heraldry ON 3 October, 1902, the following appeared immortal Greece, till, in a room still more mag;

and sweeping banners, and the rarest sculpture of in the Yorkshire Telegraph and Star, having nificent, he clasped her to his heart, and said,

na evidently been taken from some other paper: I am the 'Earl of Burleigh, and you his wife," and

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then she swooned away, stricken by terror at her legally do so, he went through the ceremony owp humility of rank and this great fortune. Nor again, this time at St. Mildred's Church, did she ever, it is said, recover from the great Bread Street. shock received this night; but often thinking of

CHARLES DRURY. her own humility, though she was so much nature's [Long, and interesting articles on the marriage lady as to make a fitting, as she made a loving wife, of the Lord of Burleigh, mainly by MR. W. O. allowed this grief to prey upon her heart, till at WOODALL, will be found at 7th S. xii. 221, 281, 309, last she drooped and died. “And so this English 457, 501 ; gth S. i. 387,408. Henry Cecil was married story, my sweet Alice, consecrates this old and at Bolas Magna under the name of John Jones, the dusty altar-stone, this mouldering church, this officiating clergyman being the Rev. Cresswell faded, humble cushion. For, excepting that of the Tayleur, and the witnesses John Pickers and Sarah Lady Godiva of Coventry, we have in English story Adams. The bridegroom had, however, at this none so touching or more sweet.' And so together, time a wife living, from whom, as she had eloped with a sort of sweet and solemn silence, they paced in June, 1789, he was divorced by a private Act of round the humble aisle in the warm sunbeams Parliament in the session ending 10 June, 1791. On slanting from above, turned to the marriage service 3 October, 1791, he again married Sarah Hoggins, in the large old Book of Prayer, trod in the very this time at St. Mildred, Bread Street.] steps of that sweet yeoman's daughter, went into the old vestry, shadowed and made dull by a mass of sweeping ivy round the mouldering casement, "FORTUNE, INFORTUNE, FORT-UNE."-In a till at last, going out into the churchyard, they sat reply of mine (9th S. x. 453).concerning the and rested on a rustic grave, till the service hour. What wonder, then, that Alice treasures in her motto “Fert," I mentioned'incidentally the heart this sweet and touching story, made fitly motto “ Fortune, Infortune, Fort-Une." Persweet and touching since that time by a great poet haps some account of it may be interesting, in a ballad which will be immortal!

quoted from the 'Guide-Express de l'Eglise Weeping, weeping late and early,

de Brou,' par l'Abbé H. P., 5me Édition, Walking up and pacing down,

Bourg, 1899. The motto is that of Marguerite
Deeply mourn'd the Lord of Burleigh, d'Autriche :-

Burleigh-house by Stanford-town.
And he came to look upon her,

This princess composed this motto or legend,
And he look'd at her and said,

perhaps at Point-d'Ain after the death of the Duc Bring the dress and put it on her,

Philibert, and always afterwards retained it, causing That she wore when she was wed.'

it to be written, painted, or sculptured on all her Then her people, softly treading,

deeds and monuments. What is its meaning? Let Bore to earth her body, drest

us notice first that, everywhere, at Brou and at In the dress that she was wed in,

Malines, it is written in four words, which excludes That her spirit might have rest.”

many fanciful interpretations given by divers These two accounts, being contradictory, by it that her life had been an uninterrupted series

authors, as though Marguerite had meant to say open up an interesting question. Miss Mete- of good fortunes and misfortunes, or again that yard was a most painstaking and careful whether she had good fortune or bad fortune, nothing author, and I do not think she would have came amiss to her, it was all the same, it was all related the visit to the little country church indifferent to her. These explanations and other

similar ones are unknown to the authors contem. if it had not actually taken place.

porary with Marguerite, who no doubt were well If any Shropshire antiquary could kindly aware of her real meaning. Now they all give us inform your readers if Miss Meteyard is the sense of this enigma by making the word in. correct, and give the name of the village, fortune the third person indicative of the verb and particulars of the entry in the church infortuner : La fortune infortune (persecutes, makes register, it would be of great interest, and unfortunate) fort une femme. Fortune renders one

. would corroborate both her story and the “Guichenon adopts this version, and says that poem of the late Lord Tennyson.

Marguerite composed her motto 'to show that she Since I wrote the foregoing, there has had been greatly persecuted by fortune, having appeared in the December number of Cham- been repudiated by Charles VIII. and having lost bers's Journal an exhaustive account of this the Prince de Castille and the Duc de Savoye, her * The Truth about the Cottage - Countess,' died in 1530. Philibert II. (le Beau), Duke of romance, by Mr. Arthur 0. Cooke, entitled two husbands.'"-Chap. xiv. pp. 83, 84, 85.

Marguerite d'Autriche, Duchess of Savoy, which confirms my opinion as to the validity of the most important item in Miss Mete Savoy, died in 1504. Samuel Guichenon was yard's story, for, according to Mr. Cooke, the born in 1607 and died in 1664. marriage took place at Bolas Magna, Shrop

ROBERT PIERPOINT. shire, on 13 April, 1790, as the church registers AMBROSE ROOKWOOD.-In the new edition testify, He, however, strips the romance of of Mr. W. Hepworth Dixon's 'Her Majesty's that which made it" so touching and sweet,” Tower' (Cassell & Co., 1901), at vol. i. p. 344, for it appears the marriage was an illegal it is related how the haughty Catesby one-neither was the bridegroom at the time induced the wealthy young Suffolk squire the Lord of Burleigh. As soon as he could Ambrose Rookwood, a great lover and

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breeder of horses, and a member of an trifling verbal differences between the version ancient Catholic race not much inclined sent and his recollection. to adopt such desperate remedies for his 'Twas down in Cupid's garden for pleasure I did go, wrongs, to join the Gunpowder Plot for the To see the pretty flowers that in that garden grow; removal of James I. When the plotters were The first it was the Jessamine, the Lily, Pink, and discovered Rookwood was the last to fly.

Rose, Proud of his great stud, he placed relays of

They are the finest flowers that in that garden horses on the road froin London to Dun

grows. church. He commenced his flight at 11 o'clock, I'd not been in Cupid's garden no more than half and in two hours he rode thirty miles on a When I see'd two fine young maidens, a-sitting single horse, and made the whole distance

in Cupid's bow'r, of eighty-one miles in less than seven hours. A-pulling of the Jessamine, the Lily, Pink, and But his flight was of no avail. He was cap

Rose, tured, tried, drawn on a hurdle, hung and

They are the finest flowers that in that garden disembowelled in Palace Yard, Westminster.

grows. In connexion with the execution of Ambrose I fondly steps to one of them, and there to her I Rookwood, may it be recorded in ‘N. & Q.'


“Be you engaged to ne'er a young man? Come that interesting discoveries have recently tell to me prays.' been made at the Tower of London of some “I bean't engaged to ne'er a man, I solemnly declare, inscriptions placed on the walls by persons

I aims to be a maiden and still the laurel wear. confined there in past times? In the work Says I, “My stars and garters, why here's a pretty of repairing a defective window-opening in go, the St. Martin's Tower, according to the For a fine young maid as ever was, to serve all Daily Telegraph, a piece of deal framing had Then t'other young maid looked sly at me, and from to be removed. Behind this was found the

her seat she's risen, name of Ambrose Rookwood. It was finely Says she, “Let us go our own way, and we 'll let carved, and the surname was divided “Rook- she go shis'n." wood," indicating the nature of its deri- From "Songs of Four Nations,' edited by vation. It may be added that in 'Old and Harold Boulton, music arranged by Arthur New London, vol. iii. p. 564, there is an Somervell (London, J. B. Cramer & Co., 1893). illustration showing very fully indeed how

John HUGHES. the conspirators in the Gunpowder Plot were executed. HENRY GERALD HOPE.

SIR THOMAS BODLEY.-The 'D.N.B.'states : 119, Elms Road, Clapham, S.W.

“His first attempt to enter into public life seems [See also p. 9.]

to have been unsuccessfully made in 1584, when he was recommended by Sir Francis Cobham for

election to parliament as member for Hythe.” • OLD ENGLISH SONGS AND DANCES.' (See gth S. x. 378.) – Cu-bit's Gardin' is in 'The Ports,' p. 62, gives a letter in full, dated

Mr. G. Wilks, in his ‘Barons of the Cinque Scouring of the White Horse,' by, Thomas 25 October, 1584, from Cobham Hall, signed Hughes. Here is the last verse" literatim, W. Cobham, recommending Thomas Bodyly as I have it in one of my MS. books :

in the following terms :Zays. I, “My stars and gar-ters ! This here's a pretty go,

“Wherein I would wishe that good consideration Vor a vine young mayd as never was

should be had of the man, who shalbe soe elected, To sar' all man-kind zo.'

for the partie whom I am willed to nominate, But the t'other young may.den looked sly at me,

besydes the comendacion which is deliyvred unto And vrom her zeat she risn,

me of him, I am persuaded that he is such a one as Zays she, "Let thee and I go our own waay,

maie and will be ready to pleasure you and your And we 'll let she go shis'n.”

towne, and of that credite as may staunde you in

steade." Willow, Willow, Willow,' is in Percy's The election is recorded in the Assembly Reliques,' book ii. No. 8 (Ballads that Book of Hythe :illustrate Shakespeare'), two parts, contain

“Memorandum-That the first daye of Novem. ing in all twenty-three stanzas. J. B.

ber, 1584, M'. Mayor, the Juratts and Comon'ty

beinge assembled in the Town Hall there, to choose In your review of 'Old English Songs and and appointe Burgesses to the Parliament to be Dances ' your reviewer quotes from memory holden the xxiijrd day of this instant of November one stanza of 'Cupid's Garden,' and says he at Westm', accordinge to the Sumons in that does not know where it is to be found. I behalfe directed, as also accordinge to the effect send the four (your reviewer refers to only Comons from our Lord Warden in the behalfe of

of a l're sentt to the sayd Mayor, Juratts, and three) stanzas. He will find how very faith-one Mr Thomas Bodyly, whoe is ellected to be one ful his memory has been, as there are only of the said Burgesses.....and for the Election of ye


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other Burgesse for the sayd towne, the sayd Assembly DAGGER MONEY.
have no'iated, elected and chosen, Christopher
Honiwood gent., Mayor there, together with the

“At the Newcastles-on-Type) Assizes this morn. sayd M+ Bodyly, to be and appeare at Westm" at ing, the Mayor, addressing Mr. Justice Channell, the day above sayd, and the sayd M Honiwood is that it is the custom in this city for the Mayor for

said: I don't know whether your lordship is aware to be allowed for his fee in this s'vice iiijs. the daye the time being to present to the judge a coin, which duringe the tyme of the said P’liament."

we call dagger money.' In olden times, before The Lord Warden was Sir William Brook, railways and coaches, I assume it was necessary for Lord Cobham.

the Mayor of the old town of Newcastle to furnish Mr. Wilks states that the member recom- an escort for the judge of Assize between Newcastle mended was afterwards better known as Sir and Carlisle. That escort consisted of a body of Thomas Bodley, the munificent founder of posed to the attacks of marauders and freebooters,

men to protect the person of the judge, when ex. the Bodleian Library, Oxford. In the suc- especially in the neighbourhood of Bewcastle and ceeding Parliament, 1586, the members chosen that desolate part of the county of Northumberfor Hythe were John Smyth, of Western- land......I am to ask your lordship to accept this hanger, gent., and William Dalmyngton,

Jacobus coin."-Newcastle Evening Paper, Nov. 19,

1902. jurat, so that Sir Thomas Bodley's connexion

L. L. K. with Hythe was of brief duration.

R. J. FYNMORE. Sandgate, Kent.

Queries. ‘N. & Q. ANAGRAM. (See 9th S. x. 185.)

We must request correspondents desiring infor: Notes and Queries reasoned inquest. This mation on family matters of only private interest

to affix their names and addresses to their queries, anagram-in the “general senso" of the word in order that the answers may be addressed to them inquest (‘N.E.D.,' s.v. 37 b and c),

a search direct. or investigation in order to find something; ....a research ;......inquiry or investigation WALTON AND COTTON CLUB.

Forty years into something”—is proposed as even more ago several questions were asked under this apt, because more comprehensive, than “ a heading (see 3rd S. i. 273). The then Editor question-sender."

C. P. PAINN. himself answered all the questions except Watford.

the first, which was, “ Can any of your readers BURIAL CUSTOM AT ARDOCH.—Perhaps this inform me, whether this Člub is still in pagan survival may be interesting :

existence ?". Being the happy owner of the

rare "We are authorized to state that while opening Editor as quite a

book of the rules, described by the said a grave in the Ardoch graveyard the other day, the

gem," I ask to be allowed gravedigger came upon a decayed coffin in which to repeat the unanswered question. If, as I were bones and a pint bottle containing liquid. fear, it is a fact that the Club has ceased to The gravedigger, being a teetotaler, could make exist, I should like to be informed when and nothing, of it, until a neighbour, with more pro; why it did.

STAPLETON MARTIN. nounced olfactory nerves scented the sale Mackay, The Firs, Norton, Worcester. upon which the lad of the pick and shovel offered to hand it round, Sone years ago a grave was found ANNIE OF THARAU.-I should be much to contain a skeleton and a well-filled tobacco obliged if one of your correspondents could pouch, so that, it may be presumed, Ardoch in tell me whether Xennchen von Tharau was former days not only 'fed ye here, but gave ye something to carry ye ower the brae.»-Strathearn a real person, or if there is any legend con. Herald, 8 Nov., 1902.

nected with her. I know, of course, the

IBAGUÉ. German ballad to her by Helder, and that he LODONA. Pope's myth of the nymph took the subject from an older Northern one; Lodona in Windsor Forest' is evidently also that Longfellow has made a translation founded on that of Syrinx in Ovid's Meta- of it. I should be grateful if your corremorphoses '(i. 12), the scene of which was the spondents could tell me the datë when she river Ladon (a tributary of the Alpheius, now

“flourished" or of the legend. called Ruféa), in Arcadia. But it is scarcely

(Miss) CATHERINE L. GIBBS. accurate of the late Dr. Cobham Brewer, in RUBENS PICTURES.—Can any reader kindly his "Reader's Handbook, to say " Lodona give information regarding pictures or

' is an affluent of the Thames for some sketches painted by Rubens representing would not recognize in the word the river Time and Truth? I know of the finished Loddon, which flows into the Thames at picture forming one of the Marie de Médicis Wargrave, after passing near Binfield, where series, and of two sketches showing different Pope wrote several of his early pooms and treatments of the same subject, all in the part of Windsor Forest' itself.

Louvre at Paris. There


be others, W. T. LYNN. perhaps, among the sketches in the Munich

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Gallery, or in the Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Kroff (a roof). If this is correct, then Kieff

. or elsewhere.

R. M. would be the right spelling, and Fuchs, who

wrote a Russian grammar for French students, ANTHONY FORMAN. I have a sundial in- seems to agree. The real truth appears to be scribed with the name Anthony Forman. Is that the French, with their quick sense of he known as a maker of sundials; and when what is elegant, have followed the Latin word did he live? I have no means of access to Kiovia, while we have chosen the uncouth Mrs. Gatty’s ‘Book of Sundials.'

but more accurate form Kieff. Gibbon, it FRANCIS R. RUSHTON. is to be noted, calls the town Kiow. Betchworth.

T. P. ARMSTRONG. [We find no mention of the name in the 1900 edition of Mrs. Gatty's work.]

Rev. SAMUEL FISHER. — Information is

desired concerning the Rev. Samuel Fisher, TENNYSON AND KINGSLEY.—Perhaps some of called a minister, I think, of the Baptist your correspondents can inform me whether Church, located in Norwich some time prior the lines in Lord Tennyson's last poem, to 1813 — possibly the latter part of the And may there be no moaning of the bar,

eighteenth century.

E. D. When I put out to sea,

Bridgeport, Conn., U.S. are an allusion, accidental or implied, to the ARMS WANTED. Whose arms refrain in Charles Kingsley's well- known following, which are engraved on an old poem of The Three Fishers.'

I presume snuff-box? Ermine, on a cross gules five the allusion is obvious, and that in all pro- plates (or bezants); in dexter chief a canton bability Lord Tennyson regarded it as such.

with a badge of a baronet. J. LUTTRELL PALMER.

R. BARCLAY-ALLARDICE. [See 9th S. x. 247.)

Lostwithiel. BURKE.- Is there evidence that Burke's

VILLAGE LIBRARY. – I should be glad to father was ever a Catholic? Is not Mr. Mosley know what is the strongest suitable cheap certainly in error when stating that Burke's binding for the above. In having MSS. and wife had been a Catholic? Her father was a printed books with marginal MS. notes Catholic, her mother a Presbyterian-- which bound, what are the proper instructions to latter was her religion, just as, Burke's give the binder to prevent clipping margins father being the Protestant and his mother and having the writing on one page impressed the Catholic, he resulted in a Protestant.

on the opposite page ?


St. Leonards-on-Sea. Ottawa. [See also ‘Mixed Marriages,' 9th S. x. 147.]


should like to ask students of heraldry if the KIEFF, KIEV, Kiew.-How ought this word origin of heraldic shields has been ascertained. to be spelt? Are we right, or the French, or There has seemed to me

reason to the Germans, for all three nations spell it in suspect they have been evolved from scenes a different way? In England, however, the representing ancient methods of worship, espefirst two forms are used, the first being the cially the worship of the sacred tree. For more frequent. One would think that a refer- example, on one of the Assyrian cylinders we ence to the Russian spelling should decide see in the centre the conventionalized tree, the matter at once; but here a difficulty seems on each side a winged human figure holding to present itself. For in Russian the word is up a hand towards the tree in worship, and spelt Kiev + the mute hard sign, which the above the tree the winged disc of deity. We French call -ierre. Of this letter Motté, who have thus a central object, two supporters, names it -oh-, says :

and a symbol in the position of the crest. "The hard semi-vowel (oh or ierre) has now no There are similar designs in the Temple of sound whatever, but it serves to give to the con. Athene at Priene; in St. Mark's, Venice sonant that precedes it a strong and harsh pronuu: in India, Mexico, and elsewhere.


i ciation as though this were double. Before oh (or ierre) a weak consonant has always the sound of its speak in entire ignorance of heraldry. corresponding strong, thus v=ph."

C. CALLAWAY. I avoid giving the Russian characters, as I

Montpellier Villas, Cheltenham. have never seen them printed in ‘N. & Q.,'| PRINCESS CHARLOTTE

PRINCESS CHARLOTTE -- In Mrs Bagot's though I should be very pleased to im- book of recollections lately published it is mortalize myself by being the first to intro- stated, on the authority of “Mrs. Martin, duce them there. Then Motté goes on to that when the autopsy was made upon the give as an example of his rule Krov+oh= body of the Princess Charlotte (daughter of




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