Transnational Criminal Organizations, Cybercrime, and Money Laundering: A Handbook for Law Enforcement Officers, Auditors, and Financial Investigators

Voorkant
CRC Press, 20 okt. 1998 - 344 pagina's
WRITTEN BY A LAW ENFORCEMENT PROFESSIONAL FOR OTHER LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL IN THE TRENCHES

This book examines the workings of organized criminals and criminal groups that transcend national boundaries. Discussions include methods used by criminal groups to internationally launder money; law enforcement efforts to counteract such schemes; and new methods and tactics to counteract transnational money laundering.

A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO FACETS OF INTERNATIONAL CRIME AND MEASURES TO COMBAT THEM

Intended for law enforcement personnel, bank compliance officers, financial investigators, criminal defense attorneys, and anyone interested in learning about the basic concepts of international crime and money laundering, this timely text explains:

  • money laundering terms and phrases
  • an overview of relevant federal agencies, transnational criminal organizations, and basic investigatory techniques
  • the intricacies of wire transfers and cyberbanking
  • the phenomenon of the "World Wide Web"
  •  

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    Inhoudsopgave

    International Criminal Organizations
    3
    II The Big Six International Criminal Organizations
    5
    2 The Camorra
    7
    3 Ndrangheta
    8
    C Japanese Yakuza
    11
    D The Chinese Triads
    13
    2 Recent Operations Against the Chinese Triads
    14
    E Colombian Drug Cartels
    15
    4 MoneyLaundering Underlying Offenses
    140
    b Forfeiture of Property Involved in Money Laundering
    141
    D AntiDrug Abuse Act of 1988
    142
    F MoneyLaundering Suppression Act of 1994 MLSA
    143
    G International Emergency Economic Powers Act IEEPA and PDD
    144
    H International Crime Control Act of 1996 ICCA
    145
    III Proposed Money Laundering and Financial Crimes Strategy Bill of 1997
    146
    IV Federal Sentencing Guidelines
    147

    1 The Medellin Cartel
    16
    2 The Cali Cartel
    17
    b The Leaders of the Cali Cartel
    19
    ii Jose Santacruz Londono
    20
    4 Northern Valle del Cauca Traffickers
    21
    1 Gulf Cartel
    22
    3 Sonora Cartel
    23
    5 Amezqua Organization
    24
    III Other International Criminals and Criminal Organizations
    25
    B Khun Sa
    26
    C Manuel Noriega
    27
    IV International Terrorist Organizations
    28
    B Terrorist Organizations
    29
    2 Provisional Irish Republican Army PITA or IRA
    30
    B The Colombian Cartels A Strategic Alliance Case Study
    31
    Specially Designated Narcotics Traffickers
    33
    MoneyLaundering Techniques
    41
    2 An Introduction to Money Laundering
    43
    Why Fight It?
    45
    III The Mechanics of Money Laundering
    46
    A The Three Stages of Money Laundering
    47
    Layering
    49
    IV MoneyLaundering Techniques and Tools
    50
    B Structuring
    52
    C The Use of Front Companies
    53
    2 Businesses Commonly Used as Front Companies
    54
    c Travel agencies
    55
    E Bank Drafts
    56
    F Counterbalancing Loan Schemes
    57
    H MirrorImage Trading
    58
    K The Colombian BlackMarket Peso Exchange
    59
    The Ultimate Example of La Vuelta
    61
    3 Cyberbanking and Wire Transfers
    65
    B Cyberbanking and the Encryption of Data
    66
    C Smart Cards or StoredValue Cards
    68
    D Electronic Benefits Transfer Cards EBT Cards
    69
    A CybercriminaPs Case History
    70
    C Cybercrime Statutes and Laws
    71
    III Cybersecurity in the Future
    72
    An Example
    75
    4 Money Laundering in the Banking Industry
    77
    II Offshore Banking
    78
    B Attributes of OffshoreBanking Havens
    79
    HI Underground or Parallel Banking Systems
    80
    2 The Major Wire Transfer Systems
    83
    B The Use of Conduit Accounts
    85
    D The Use of PayableThrough Accounts
    86
    2 Basic Steps for Any Bank Compliance Program
    87
    3 Know Your Customer Policies
    88
    5 Tip Off Provisions
    90
    B Cash Reserves
    91
    B Banque Leu
    92
    1 The Early Years of BCCI
    93
    2 BCCIs Move to The Cayman Islands
    94
    b Establishing a US Commodities Trading Presence
    95
    Something Appears Wrong
    96
    Congressional Subcommittees Begin to Look at BCCI
    97
    The Global Problems of BCCI
    98
    5 Money Laundering in NonBank Financial Institutions NBFIs
    101
    II Money Services Businesses MSBs
    102
    B Money Order Transmitters
    103
    C Casas de Cambio
    104
    B Laundering Money Through Casinos
    105
    C Tribal Casinos
    106
    IV Card Clubs
    107
    V Race Tracks
    108
    VII Securities Dealers and Brokers
    109
    The Good Guys
    111
    6 United States Federal Government Agencies and Task Forces
    113
    B Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI
    114
    III Department of State
    115
    IV Department of the Treasury
    118
    A Office of the Comptroller of the Currency OCC
    119
    1 Customs Service Currency Interdiction Efforts
    120
    C Internal Revenue Service IRS
    121
    D Office of Thrift Supervision OTS
    123
    E Financial Crimes Enforcement Network FinCEN
    124
    1 Office of Financial Enforcement OFE
    125
    F Office of Foreign Assets Control OFAC
    126
    V Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation FDIC
    127
    VIII Central Intelligence Agency
    128
    AntiMoneyLaundering Tools
    129
    7 Domestic MoneyLaundering Statutes and Laws
    131
    II Evolution of American MoneyLaundering Laws
    132
    B Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations RICO Statute
    135
    C Money Laundering Control Act of 1986 MLCA
    136
    1 Money Laundering Involving financial Transactions
    137
    2 Crossing the Border Without Declaring Monetary Instruments
    138
    3 MoneyLaundering Sting Operations
    139
    B How the Guidelines Work
    148
    C Sentencing Guidelines for Money Laundering Offenses
    149
    D Future of the Sentencing Guidelines
    151
    BANK SECRECY ACT 31 USC 53115324 and Regulations
    153
    8 Regulatory AntiMoneyLaundering Forms
    179
    B Currency Transaction Report by Casinos CTRC
    180
    C Currency and Monetary Instrument Report CMIR
    181
    D Foreign Bank Account Report FBAR
    182
    F Suspicious Activity Report SAR
    183
    The Reporting Forms
    186
    9 Asset Forfeiture
    191
    II Basic Concepts of Forfeiture
    192
    2 Property Related to MoneyLaundering Crimes
    193
    D Civil or Criminal Forfeiture
    194
    Administrative Proceedings
    196
    3 Criminal Forfeiture Proceedings
    197
    E Relation Back Doctrine
    198
    F Innocent Owners
    199
    III Equitable Sharing and Adoption of State Forfeitures
    200
    V The Future of Asset Forfeiture
    201
    10 Law Enforcement Operations
    203
    B Mobile Enforcement Teams METs
    204
    II MultiAgency DrugMoneyLaundering Operations
    205
    A Operation Big Ticket
    206
    D Operation Dinero
    207
    F Operation Gateway
    208
    H Operation Green Ice II
    209
    J Operation Hard Line
    210
    M Operation QTip
    211
    O Pizza Connection Case
    212
    11 Investigative Techniques
    213
    Perform a Financial Analysis of the Target
    215
    2 Source and Application of Funds Analysis
    216
    III The ABA Numerical System Identification Code
    217
    The World Stage
    221
    12 International Organizations and Treaties
    223
    B The 1988 Vienna Convention
    224
    III The Financial Action Task Force FATF
    226
    C Future of the FATF
    233
    B The Nineteen Aiuba Recommendations
    234
    3 AttorneyClient Privilege
    235
    5 Administrative Authority
    236
    8 Administrative Cooperation
    237
    VI Other International Organizations or Entities
    239
    E Interpol
    240
    B Basle Committee on Banking Supervision
    241
    VIII International Agreements and Treaties
    242
    Canada Mexico Panamaand Colombia
    243
    B Canadas Relationship with the United States
    244
    D Canadas AntiMoneyLaundering Efforts
    245
    2 AntiMoneyLaundering Legislation
    247
    B Organized Crime and Money Laundering in Mexico
    249
    2 AntiMoneyLaundering Efforts
    250
    C CertificationDecertification of Mexico
    251
    III Panama and the Colon Free Zone
    253
    B Panamas AntiMoneyLaundering and DrugControl Efforts
    254
    B Colombian AntiMoneyLaundering Efforts
    255
    14 Russia and the Former Soviet Union FSU Nations
    259
    II Drug Trafficking Activity in Russia
    260
    III Drug Trafficking Activity in the Former Soviet Union Countries
    261
    V Cooperation Between Russia and the United States
    262
    15 Profiles of Other Countries
    263
    II Country Profiles
    264
    2 Antigua
    265
    3 Argentina
    266
    5 Australia
    267
    7 Belgium
    269
    8 Belize
    270
    10 British Virgin Islands
    271
    13 Burma
    272
    17 Chile
    273
    20 Czech Republic
    274
    21 Dominican Republic
    275
    23 The European Union or European Community
    276
    24 Germany
    278
    27 Haiti
    279
    28 Hong Kong
    280
    29 India
    281
    33 Jamaica
    282
    35 Laos
    283
    38 Myanmar
    284
    40 Nigeria
    285
    41 Pakistan
    286
    43 Peru
    287
    45 Switzerland
    288
    47 Thailand
    289
    References
    291
    Index
    297
    Copyright

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