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A

SKETCH

OF

Modern and Antient

GEOGRAPHY,

FOR

THE USE OF SCHOOLS.

BY SAMUEL BUTLER, D.D.

LATE LORD BISHOP OF LICHFIELD,

AND FORMERLY HEAD MASTER OF SHREWSLURY SCHOOL.

A NEW EDITION,

REVISED BY THE REV. THOMAS BUTLER.

LONDON:
LONGMAN, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS,

1851.

201. 2.

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PREFACE

TO

THE PRESENT EDITION.

This work was originally undertaken from experience of the want of some geographical book suited to the classes of a public school. For several years it was, from time to time, under the revision of the Author; and the favourable reception given to it, induced him to devote much time and pains to render it as complete as the nature of a merely elementary work would permit.

The present Edition has been carefully revised by the Author's Son, and such alterations introduced as continually progressive discoveries and the latest information rendered necessary. The last attainable census has been substituted for early ones; and the Editor willingly expresses his obligations to the valuable works of Mr. M‘Culloch and of Mr. Keith Johnston for some important information upon this point. Recent travels have been constantly consulted, where any doubt or difficulty seemed to require it; a chapter upon the leading features of physical geography has been added, and some additional matter has been introduced both in the modern and antient part. With respect to the latter, great obligations are due to the learned and laborious work of Dr. Forbiger.

progress of

Prefixed to the Second Part of the work will also be found a sketch of the rise and

geographical knowledge among the antients, which, while it will supply an important desideratum in works of this kind, may at the same time throw light on some obscure passages, and enable the pupil to reconcile some apparently conflicting statements in the antient authors.

Much inconvenience having been felt from the frequent alterations that have been thought necessary, every effort has been made to render those now introduced as nearly final as possible.

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