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I am to give them all up, and suppose, though, not to be able, without the most infamous breach not granting, that all which is suggested of them of articles, to offer the least disturbance to his by the worst temper, the most censorious writer, taking a quiet and leisurely possession, or so the most scandalous pamphlet or lampoon should much as to countenance those that would. be true; and I'll go through some of the par Not but that I believe, if the war had been at ticulars, as I meet with them in public.
the height, we should have been able to have Ist. That they made a scandalous peace, preserved the crown for his present majesty, its unjustly broke the alliance, betrayed the con only rightful lord; but I will not say it should federates, and sold us all to the French.
have been so easy, so bloodless, so undisputed as God forbid it should be all truth, in the man- | now; and all the difference must be acknowner that we see it in print; but that I say is ledged to the peace, and this is all the good I none of my business. But what hand had I in all ever yet said of it. this? I never wrote one word for the peace be I come next to the general clamour of the fore it was made, or to justify it after it was ministry being for the Pretender. I must speak made; let them produce it if they can. Nay, my sentiments solemnly and plainly, as I always in a • Review' upon that subject while it was did in that matter, viz. that if it was so, I did making, I printed it in plainer words than other not see it, nor did I ever see reason to believe il men durst speak it at that time, that I did not it; this I am sure of, that if it was so, I never ! like the peace, nor did I like any peace that was took one step in that kind of service, nor did I making since that of the partition, and that the ever hear one word spoken by any one of the protestant interest was not taken care of either ministry that I had the honour to know or con. in that or the treaty of Gertrudenburgh be verse with, that favoured the Pretender; but fore it.
have had the honour to hear them all protest It is true that I did say, that since the peace that there was no design to oppose the succession was made, and we could not help it, that it was of Hanover in the least. our business and our duty to make the best of it, | It may be objected to me, that they might be to make the utmost advantage of it by commerce, ll in the interest of the Pretender for all that; it is navigation, and all kind of improvement that we | true they might, but that is nothing to me. I could, and this I say still; and I must think it is am not vindicating their conduct, but my own; more our duty to do so than the exclamations as I never was employed in anything that way, i against the thing itself, which it is not in our so I do still protest I do not believe it was ever power to retrieve. This is all that the worst in their design, and I have many reasons to conenemy I have can charge me with. After the firm my thoughts in that case, which are not peace was made, and the Dutch and the emperor material to the present case. But be that as it stood out, I gave my opinion of what I foresaw will, it is enough to me that I acted nothing in would necessarily be the consequence of that differ any such interest, neither did I ever sin against ence, viz. – that it would inevitably involve these the protestant succession of Hanover in thought, nations in a war with one or other of them; any | word, or deed; and if the ministry did, I did not one who was master of common sense in the see it, or so much as suspect them of it. public affairs might see that the standing out of It was a disaster to the ministry, to be driven the Dutch could have no other event. For if to the necessity of taking that set of men by the the confederates had conquered the French, they || hand, who nobody can deny, were in that interest. would certainly have fallen upon us by way of l but as the former ministry answered, when they resentment, and there was no doubt but the I were charged with a design to overthrow the same councils that led us to make a peace would church, because they favoured, joined with, and oblige us to maintain it, by preventing too great were united to the dissenters; I say they impressions upon the French.
answered, that they made use of the dissenters, On the other hand, I alleged, that should the but granted them nothing (which, by the way, French prevail against the Dutch, unless he || was too true): so these gentlemen answer, that stopped at such limitations of conquest as the it is true they made use of Jacobites, but did notreaty obliged him to do, we must have been || thing for them. under the same necessity to renew the war | But this by the bye. Necessity is pleaded by against France; and for this reason, seeing we || both parties for doing things which neither side had made a peace, we were obliged to bring the can justify. I wish both sides would for ever rest of the confederates into it, and to bring the avoid the necessity of doing evil; for certainly it French to give them all such terms as they ought || is the worst plea in the world, and generally to be satisfied with.
Il made use of for the worst things. This way of arguing was either so little under I have often lamented the disaster which I stood, or so much maligned, that I suffered in- saw employing Jacobites was to the late ministry, numerable reproaches in print for having written and certainly it gave the greatest handle to the for a war with the Dutch, which was neither in ll enemies of the ministry to fix that universal the expression, nor ever in my imagination ; but reproach upon them of being in the interest of I pass by these injuries as small and trifling com the Pretender. But there was no medium. The pared to others I suffer under.
whigs refused to show them a safe retreat, or to However, one thing I must say of the peace, I give them the least opportunity to take any let it be good or ill in itself, I cannot but think other measures, but at the risk of their own we have all reason to rejoice in behalf of his pre- || destruction; and they ventured upon that course sent majesty, that at his accession to the crown || in hopes of being able to stand alone at last he found the nation in peace, and had the hands || without help of either the one or the other; in of the King of France tied up by a peace so as || which, no doubt, they were mistaken.
However, in this part, as I was always assured, 1| upon him as it is possible anything of that kind and have good reason still to believe, that her can be ; and if I have written anything which majesty was steady in the interest of the house is offensive, unjust, or untrue, I must do that of Hanover, and as nothing was ever offered to justice as to declare, he has no hand in it; the me, or required of me, to the prejudice of that crime is my own. interest, on what ground can I be reproached As the reproach of his directing me to write with the secret reserved designs of any, if they is a slander upon the person I am speaking of, had such designs, as I still verily believe they so that of my receiving pensions and payments had not?
from him for writing, is a slander upon me; and I see there are some men who would fain I speak it with the greatest sincerity, seriousness, persuade the world, that every man that was in and solemnity that it is possible for a Christian the interest of the late ministry, or employed by || man to speak, that except the appointment I the late government, or that served the late mentioned before, which her majesty was pleased queen, was for the Pretender.
to make me formerly, and which I received God forbid this should be true: and I think I during the time of my Lord Godolphin's ministry. there needs very little to be said in answer to it. | I have not received of the late lord treasurer, or I can answer for myself, that it is notoriously of anyone else by his order, knowledge, or false; and I think the easy and uninterrupted direction, one farthing, or the value on a farthing, accession of bis majesty to the crown contradicts during his whole administration; nor has all the it. I see no end which such a suggestion aims at, interest I have been supposed to have in his but to leave an odium upon all that had any lordship been able to procure me the arrears duty or regard to her late inajesty.
due to me in the time of the other ministry. So A subject is not always master of his sove. help me God. | reign's measures, nor al ways to examine what I am under no necessity of making this declapersons or parties the prince he serves employs, ration. The services I did, and for which her $0 be it that they break not in upon the consti. majesty was pleased to make me a small allowance, tation ; that they govern according to law, and are known to the greatest men in the present that he is employed in no illegal act, or have administration; and some of them were then of nothing desired of him inconsistent with the the opinion, and I hope are so still, that I was liberties and laws of his country. If this be not not unworthy of her majesty's favour. The right, then a servant of the king's is in a worse effect of those services, however small, is enjoyed case than a servant to any private person. by those great persons and by the whole nation
In all these things I have not erred; neither to this day; and I had the honour once to be have I acted or done anything in the whole told, that they should never be forgotten. It coure of my life, either in the service of her ll is a misfortune that no man can avoid, to fe majesty or of her ministry, that any one can say I for bis deference to the person and services of his bas the least deviation from the strictest regard queen, to whom he was inexpressibly obliged ; and to the protestant succession, and to the laws and if I am fallen under the displeasure of the present liberties of my country.
government for anything I ever did in obediI never saw an arbitrary action offered at, a ence to her majesty in the past, I may say it is law dispensed with, justice denied, or oppression my disaster; but I can never say it is iny fault. set up either by queen or ministry, in any branch This brings me again to that other oppression of the adıninistration, wherein I had the least which, as I said, I suffer under, and which, I concern.
think, is of a kind that no man ever suffered If I have sinned against the whigs, it has been under so much as myself; and this is to have all negatively, viz. that I have not joined in the every libel, every pamphlet, be it ever so foolish, loud exclamations against the queen and against | so malicious, so unmannerly, or so dangerous, be the ministry, and against their measures; and if | laid at my door, and be called publicly by my this be my crime, my plea is two-fold.
name. It has been in vain for me to struggle with 1. I did not really see cause for carrying their this injury ; it has been in vain for me to protest, complaints to that violent degree.
to declare solemnly, nay, if I would have sworn 2 Where I did see what, as before, I lament that I had no hand in such a book or paper, and was sorry for, and could not join with or || never saw it, never read it, and the like, it was approve,-as joining with Jacobites, the peace, the same thing &c. ,--my obligation is my plea for my silence. | My name has been hackneyed about the street
I have all the good thoughts of the person, and by the hawkers, and about the coffee-houses by good wishes for the prosperity of my benefactor, the politicians, at such a rate as no patience that charity and that gratitude can inspire me could bear One man will swear to the style ; with. I ever believed him to have the true | another to this or that expression ; another to interest of the protestant religion and of his ll the way of printing; and all so positive that it country in his view ; and if it should be other- ll is to no purpose to oppose it. wise, I should be very sorry. And I must repeat | I published once, to stop this way of using me, it again, that he always left ine so entirely to my ll that I would print nothing but what I set my own judgment, in everything I did, that he never name to, and I held it for a year or two; but it prescribed to me what I should write, or should was all one; I had the same treatment. I now not write, in my life; neither did he ever concern || have resolved for some time to write nothing at himself to dictate to or restrain me in any kind; all, and yet I find it the same thing ; two nor did he see any one tract that I ever wrote Il books lately published being called mine. for before it was printed : so that all the notion of no other reason that I know of than that, at the my writing by his direction is as much a slander request of the printer, I revised two shects of them at the press, and that they seemed to be any man upon a public stage, before a jury of written in favour of a certain person; which | fifty merchants, and venture my life upon the person, also, as I have been assured, had no cause, if I were assured of fair play in the dis. hand in them, or any knowledge of them, till | pute. But that it was my opinion that we might they were published in print.
carry on a trade with France to our great advan. This is a flail which I have no fence against, | tage, and that we ought for that reason to trade ! but to complain of the injustice of it, and that is with them, appears in the third, fourth, fifth, and but the shortest way to be treated with more | sixth volumes of the · Review,' above nine years injustice.
before the • Mercator' was thought of. It was There is a mighty charge against me for being not thought criminal to say so then; how it comes author and publisher of a paper called thc || to be villanous to say so now, God knows; I can • Mercator.' I'll state the fact first, and then give no account of it. I am still of the same in speak to the subject.
opinion, and shall never be brought to say other. It is true, that being desired to give my opinion wise, unless I see the state of trade so altered as in the affair of the commerce with France, I did, to alter my opinion; and if ever I do I shall be as I often had done in print many years before, || able to give good reasons for it. declare that it was my opinion we ought to have The answer to these things, whether mine or an open trade with France, because I did believe || no, was all pointed at me, and the arguments were we might have the advantage by such a trade; / generally in the terms villain, rascal, miscreant, and of this opinion I am still. What part I had | liar, bankrupt, fellow, hireling, turncoat, &c. in the · Mercator' is well known; and could men || What the arguments were bettered by these answer with argument, and not with personal || methods I leave others to judge of. Also, abuse, I would at any time defend every part of most of those things in the · Mercator,' for which the Mercator' which was of my doing. But || I had such usage, were such as I was not the to say the • Mercator' was mine, is falsc; 1 || author of. neither was the author of it, had the property of || I do grant, had all the books which had been it, the printing of it, or the profit by it. I had called by my name been written by me, I must never any payment or reward for writing any of necessity have exasperated every side, and part of it, nor had I the power to put what I perhaps have deserved it; but I have the greatest would into it. Yet the whole clamour fell upon injustice imaginable in this treatment, as I have me, because they knew not who else to load in the perverting the design of what I have really with it. And when they came to answer, the
written. method was, instead of argument, to threaten To sum up, therefore, my complaint in a few and reflect upon me, reproach me with private words:-circumstances and misfortunes, and give language I was, from my first entering into the know. which no Christian ought to give, and which no ledge of public matters, and have ever been to gentleman ought to take.
this day, a sincere lover of the constitution of I thought any Englishman had the liberty to my country; zealous for liberty and the Prospeak his opinion in such things, for this had testant interest; but a constant follower of nothing to do with the public. The press was moderate principles, a vigorous opposer of hot open to me as well as to others; and how or measures in all parties. I never once changed when I lost my English liberty of speaking my | my opinion, my principles, or my party; and let mind, I know not; neither how my speaking | || what will be said of changing sides, this I mainmy opinion without fee or reward, could authorise l tain, that I never once deviated from the revothem to call me villain, rascal, traitor, and such lution principles, nor from the doctrine of liberty opprobrious names.
and property on which it was founded. It was ever my opinion, and is so still, that I own I could never be convinced of the great were our wool kept from France, and our manu- ll danger of the Pretender in the time of the late factures spread in France upon reasonable duties, ll ministry; nor can I be now convinced of the all the improvement which the French have made || great danger of the church under this ministry. in the woollen manufactures would decay, and I believe the cry of the one was politically made in the end be little worth ; and consequently, the use of then to serve other designs, and I plainly hurt they could do us by them would be of little see the like use made of the other now. I spoke moment.
my mind freely then, and I have done the like It was my opinion, and is so still, that the now, in a small tract to that purpose not yet ninth article of the treaty of commerce was cal. made public; and which if I live to publish I culated for the advantage of our trade, let who will publicly own, as I purpose to do everything will make it. That is nothing to me. My reasons I write, that my friends may know when I am are because it tied up the French to open the abused, and they imposed on. door to our manufactures at a certain duty of It has been the disaster of all parties in this importation there, and left the Parliament of | nation to be very hot in their turn; and as often Britain at liberty to shut theirs out by as high | as they have been so I have differed with them, duties as they pleased here, there being no limi- | and ever must and shall do so. I'll repcat some tation upon us as to duties on French goods; of the occasions on the wbigs' side, because from but that other nations should pay the same. I that quarter the accusation of my turning about
While the French were thus bound, and the comes. British free, I always thought we must be in The frst time I had the misfortune to differ a condition to trade to advantage, or it must be l with my friends was about the year 1683, when our own fault. This was my opinion, and is so l the Turks were besieging Vienna, and the whigs still; and I would venture to maintain it against !! in England, generally speaking, were for the
Turks taking it ; which I, having read the history | lieved, yet I ought not to have been the man
principles, turned Jacobite, and what not. God The next time I differed with my friends was judge between me and these men. Would they when King James was wheedling the dissenters to come to any particulars with me, what real guilt take off the penal laws and test, which I could by I may have I would freely acknowledge; and if no means come into. And, as in the first, I used they would produce any evidence of the bribes, to say, I had rather the popish house of Austria the pensions, and the rewards I have taken, I should ruin the protestants in Hungaria, than would declare honestly whether they were true the infidel house of Ottoman should ruin both or no. If they would give a list of the books protestants and papists by over-running Ger- | which they charge me with, and the reasons why many; so, in the other, I told the dissenters 1|| they lay them at my door, I would acknowledge had rather the Church of England should pull my mistake, own what I have done, and let them our clothes off by fines and forfeitures, than the know what I have not done. But these men papists should fall both upon the church and the neither show mercy, nor leave place for repentdisseaters, and pull our skins off by fire and fag ance; in which they act not only unlike their got.
master, but contrary to his express commands, The next difference I had with good men was It is true, good men have been used thus in about the scandalous practice of occasional con. || former times; and all the comfort I have is, that formity, in which I had the missortune to make these men have not the last judgment in their many honest men angry, rather because I had | hands : if they had, dreadful would be the case the better of the argument, than because they of those who oppose them. But that day will disliked what I said.
show many men and things also in a different And now I have lived to see the disscnters state from what they may now appear in. Some themselves very quiet, if not very well pleased that now appear clear and fair will then be seen with an act of parliament to prevent it. Their to be black and foul, and some that are now friends indeed laid it on ; they would be friends thought black and foul will then be approved
indeed if they would talk of taking it off again. and accepted; and thither I cheerfully appeal, | Again, I had a breach with honest men for concluding this part in the words of the prophet
their maltreating King William ; of which I say -"I heard the defaming of many; fear on every | nothing, because I think they are now opening | side ; report, say they, and we will report it; all
their eyes, and making what amends they can to my familiars watched for my halting, saying, 4 bis memory.
peradventure he will be enticed, and we shall The fifth difference I had with them was prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge about the treaty of Partition, in which many l on him."--Jer. xx, 10. honest men are mistaken, and in which I told Mr Poole's · Annotations' has the following them plainly then that they would at last end remarks on these lines; which, I think, are so the war upon worse terms; and so it is my much to that part of my case which is to follow, opinion they would have done, though the treaty that I do not omit them. The words are these:of Gertrudenburgh had taken place.
“ The prophet," says he,“ here rendereth a The sixth time I differed with them was when Il reason why he thought of giving over his work the old whigs fell upon the modern whigs, and as a prophet ; his ears were continually filled when the Duke of Marlborough and my Lord with the obloquies and reproaches of such as reGodolphin were used by the Observator'in a proached him; and besides, he was afraid on all manner worse, I must confess, for the time it hands, there were so many traps laid for him, lasted, than ever they were used since; nay, so many devices devised against him. They did though it were by 'Abel' and the ‘Examiner;' but not only take advantage against him, but sought the success failed. In this dispute my Lord advantages, and invited others to raise stories Godolphin did me the honour to tell me, I had of him; not only strangers, but those that he served him and his grace also both faithfully and might have expected the greatest kindness successfully. But his lordship is dead, and I from; those that pretended most courteously; bave now no testimony of it but what is to be l • They watch,' says he, "for opportunities to found in the Observator,' where I am plentifully do me justice, and lay in wait for my halting, deabused for being an enemy to my country, by siring nothing more than that I might be enticed acting in the interest of my Lord Godolphin and to speak, or do something which they might find the Duke of Marlborough. What weather-cock matter of a colourable accusation, that so they can turn with such tempers as these !
might satisfy their malice upon me.' This hath I am now on the seventh breach with them, and always been the genius of wicked men. Job and my crime now is, that I will not believe and say the David both made complaints much like this." same things of the queen and the late treasurer These are Mr Poole's words. which I could not believe before of my Lord Godol. And this leads me to several particulars, in phin and the Duke of Marlborough, and which in | which iny case may, without any arrogance, be Truth I cannot believe, and therefore could not likened to that of the sacred prophet, excepting say it of either of them; and which, if I had be. Il the vast disparity of the persons.
AN APPEAL TO HONOUR AND JUSTICE.
No sooner was the queen dead, and the king, , even while I am writing this tract. I have six as right required, proclaimed, but the rage of children; I have cducated them as well as my men increased upon me to that degree, that the circumstances will permit, and so as I hope shal threats and insults I received were such as I am recommend them to better usage than their not able to express. If I offered to say a word father meets with in this world. in favour of the present settlement, it was called I am not indebted one shilling in the world for fawning, and turning round again ; on the other any part of their education, or for anything else behand, though I have meddled neither one way longing to their bringing up; yet the author of nor the other, nor written one book since the the · Flying Post published lately that I never queen's death, yet a great many things are paid for the education of any of my children. called by my name, and I bear every day the If any man in Britain has a shilling to demand of reproaches which all the answerers of those books me for any part of their education, or anything cast, as well upon the subjects as the authors. I belonging to them, let them come for it. I have not seen or spoken to my Lord of Oxford | But these men care not what injurious things but once since the king's landing, nor received | they write, nor what they say, whether truth or the least message, order, or writing from his not, if it may but raise a reproach on me, though lordship, or any other way corresponded with it were to be my ruin. I may well appeal to the him, yet he bears the reproach of my writing in honour and justice of my worst enemies in such his defence, and I the rage of men for doing it. || cases as this. I cannot say it is no affliction to me to be thus
Conscia mens recti fama mendacia ridet. used, though my being entirely clear of the facts is a true support to me.
I am unconcerned at the rage and clamour of || CONCLUSION BY THE PUBLISHER. party men; but I cannot be unconcerned to || While this was at the press, and the copy thus hear men, who I think are good men and good || far finished, the author was seized with a violent Christians, prepossessed and mistaken about me. || fit of an apoplexy, whereby he was disabled However, I cannot doubt but soine time or other || finishing what he designed in his further defence; it will please God to open such men's eyes. A || and continuing now for above six weeks in a weak!! constant, steady adhering to personal virtue and || and languishing condition, neither able to go on to public peace, which, I thank God, I can appeal || or likely to recover, at least in any short time, to him has always been my practice, will at last || his friends thought it not fit to delay the public restore me to the opinion of sober and impartial cation of this any longer. If he recovers he may men, and that is all I desire. What it will do be able to finish what he began; if not, it is the with those who are resolutely partial and unjust, opinion of most that know him that the treatI cannot say, neither is that much my concern. | ment which he here complains of, and some others But I cannot forbear giving one example of the that he would have spoken of, have been the hard treatment I receive, which has happened apparent cause of his disaster.