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up in my bed; but when I was awake, I heard to him, that he might not wonder how I came by no noise at all, but of two watchmen thumping so much money. at the doors with their staves, and giving the But my invention quickly supplied that want ; hour past three o'clock, and a rainy wet morning, there was a suit of clothes at one of our houses for such it was. I was very glad when I found it |
of rendezvous, which was left there for any of the was but a dream, and went to bed again, but was gany to put on. upon particular occasions. as a soon roused a second time with the same, very disguise : this was a green livery, laced with same noise and words: then, being sooner pink-coloured galloon, and lined with the same; awaked than I was before, I jumped out of bed,
an edged hat, a pair of boots, and a whip. I went and ran to the window, and found it was just an
and dressed myself up in this livery, and went to hour more, and the watchmen were come about
my gentleman, to his house in Tower street, and past four o'clock, and they went away again very | there I found him in health, and well, just the quietly; so I lay me down again, and slept the
same honest gentleman as ever. rest of the night quietly enough.
He stared at me when first I came to him, for I I laid no stress upon the thing called a dream,
met him just at his door; I say he stared at me, neither till now did I understand that dreams
and seeing me bow and bow to him several times, were of any importance; but getting up the next
with my laced hat under my arm ; at last, not day, and going out with a resolution to meet
knowing me in the least, says he to me, “ Dost brother Will, who should I meet but my former
thou want to speak with me, young man?" and brother, Captain Jack : when he saw me, he came
I said, “ Yes, sir; I believe your worship (I had close to me in his blunt way, and says, “ Do you
| learnt some manner now ) does not know me; hear the news?” “ No, not 1,” said I; “ what news?” “ Your old comrade and teacher is taken
I am the poor boy Jack.” He looked hard at me, this morning and carried to Newgate.” “ How,"
and then recollecting me presently, says he,
“ Who, Colonel Jack! why, where bast thou been says I, “ this morning ?” “ Yes,” says he, “this
all this while ? why, 'tis five or six years since I morning at four o'clock. He is charged with a robbery and murder somewhere beyond Brent
saw you.” “'Tis above six years, and please ford; and that which is worse, is that he is
your worship,” says I. impeached by one of the gang, who, to save his
| “Well, and where hast thou been all this own life, has turned evidence; and therefore you
| while ?” says he. had best consider,” says the Captain, “ what you “ I have been in the country, sir," says I, “at have to do." “ What I have to do?" says I;
service.” " and what do you mean by that?" “Nay, ||
| “Well, Colonel Jack, says he, “ you give long Colonel,” says he,“ don't be angry; you know
Il credit; what's the reason you han't fetched your | best if you are not in danger; I am glad of it,
money all this while, nor the interest? Why, you į but I doubt not but you were with them.” “No, I will grow so rich in time by the interest of your not 1," said I, again; “ I assure you I was not.”
money, you won't know what to do with it." "Well," says he, “but if you were not with them | To that I said nothing, but bowed and scraped
this bout, you have been with them at other | a great many times. “ Well, come, Colonel Jack," \ times; and 'twill be all one.” “ Not I," says 1. || said he, “come in, and I will give you your 1 "you are quite mistaken; I am none of their money, and the interest of it too."
gang; they are above my quality.” With such, I I cringed, and bowed, and told him I did not and a little more talk of that kind, we parted, and come to him for my money; for I had had a good Captain Jack went away; but, as he went, I ob-l place or two, and I did not want my money. served he shook his head, seemed to have more “ Well, Colonel Jack,” said he, “ and who do
concern upon him than he could be supposed to you live with ?" I have merely on my account, of which we shall “ Sir Jonathan Loxham,” said I, “ sir, in hear more very quickly.
Somersetshire, and please your worship.” This I was extremely alarmed when I heard Will was a name I had heard of, but knew nothing of was in Newgate, and, had I known where to have any such gentleman, or of the county. gone, would certainly have fled as far as legs « Well,” says he, “but won't you have your would have carried me; my very joints trembled, money, Jack ?" and I was ready to sink into the ground; and all “No, sir," said I, “if your worship would please, that evening and that night following, I was in for I have had a good place."
the uttermost consternation; my head ran upon “ If I would please to do what, prithee? Your I nothing but Newgate and the gallows, and being money is ready, I tell thee." || banged; which, I said, I deserved, if it were for | “ No, „sir,” said I, “but I have had a good
nothing but taking that two-and-twenty shillings || place." from the poor old nurse.
IT “Well, and what dost thou mean, Jack? I do The first thing my perplexed thoughts allowed || not understand thee.” me to take care of was my money. This indeed - Why, and please your worship, my old master, lay in a little compass, and I carried it generally Sir Jonathan's father, left me 301. when he died, all about me. I had got together, as you will li and a suit of mourning, and—”. perceive by the past account, above sixty pounds, " And what, prithee, Jack, what, hast thou for I spent nothing, and what to do with it I brought me more money?" For then he began knew not; at last it came into my head that I l to understand what I meant. would go to my benefactor, the 'clerk at the “ Yes, sir,” said I, “ and your worship would custom-house, if he was to be found, and see if | be so good to take it, and put it all together; I I could get him to take the rest of my money : I have saved some too out of my wages.” the only business was to make a plausible story ll “I told you, Jack,” says he, “ you would be
rich; and how much hast thou saved? come, let | Con. “ I believe so, and please your worship." me see it."
Just.“ Believe so! Why, are you not sure To shorten the story, I pulled it out, and he of it?" was content to take it, giving me his note, with Con. “ An't please your worship, the people interest, for the whole sum, which amounted to said so where I took him.” ninety-four pounds; that is to say,
Just. “ It is a very particular kind of warrant; 251. The first money.
| it is to apprehend a young man who goes by the 91. For six years' interest.
name of Jack, but no surname, only that it is said 601. Now paid him.
he is called Captain Jack, or some other such
name. Now, young man, pray is your name Cap941.
tain Jack, or are you usually called so ?” I came away exceeding joyful, made him abun- I presently found that the men who took me dance of bows and scrapes, and went immediately | knew nothing of me, and the constable had taken to shift my clothes again, with a resolution to me up by hearsay; so I took heart and told the run away from London, and see it no more for all justice that I thought, with submission, that it great while; but I was surprised the very next was not the present question what my name was, morning, when, going cross Rosemary lane, by but what these men, or any one else, had to lay the end of the place which is called Rag fair, I to my charge ; whether I was the person whom the heard one call Jack, he had said something be warrant empowered them to apprehend or no? fore, which I did not hear, but upon hearing the He smiled ; “'Tis very true, young man,” says name Jack, I looked about me, immediately saw he, “it is very true; and on my word, if they three men, and after them a constable coming have taken you up, and do not know you, and towards me with great fury. I was in a great there is nobody to charge you, they will be missurprise, and started to run, but one of them ll taken to their own damage." clapped in upon me, and got hold of me, and in Then I told his worship, I hoped I should not a moment the rest surrounded me, and I was be obliged to tell my name till my accuser was taken. I asked them what they wanted, and brought to charge me, and then I should not conwhat I had done? They told me it was no place | ceal my name. to talk of that there; but showed me their “ It is but reason," said his worship. “Mr warrant, and bade me read it, and I should know Constable," turning to the officers, "are you sure the rest when I came before the justice; so they this is the person that is intended in your warhurried me away.
rant? If you are not, you must fetch the person I took the warrant, but, to my great affliction, that accuses him, and on whose oath the warrant I could know nothing by that, for I could not was granted." They used many words to insiread; so I desired them to read it, and they readnuate that I was the person, and that I knew it it, that they were to apprehend a known thief, well enough, and that I should be obliged to tell that went by the name of one of the three Jacks my name. of Rag fair; for that he was charged upon oath I insisted on the unreasonableness of it, and with having been a party in a notorious robbery, ll that I should not be obliged to accuse myself; burglary, and murder, committed so and so, in and the justice told them in so many words that such a place, and on such a day.
he could not force me to it; that I might do it if It was to no purpose for me to deny it, or to || I would, indeed; "but you see," says the justice, say I know nothing of it, that was none of their “ he understood too well to be imposed upon in business they said; that must be disputed, they that case :" so that, in short, after an hour's de told me, before the justice, where I would find | bating before his worship, in which time I pleaded that it was sworn positively against me, and then, I against four of them, the justice told them they perhaps, I might be better satisfied
must produce the accuser, or he must discharge I had no remedy but patience; and, as my me. heart was full of terror and guilt, so I was ready I was greatly encouraged at this, and argued to die with the weight of it as they carried me with the more vigour for myself; at length the along; for as I very well knew that I was guilty | accuser was brought, fettered as he was, from the of the first day's work, though I was not of the li gaol, and glad I was when I saw him, and found last; so I did not doubt but I should be sent to that I knew him not; that is to say, that it was Newgate, and then I took it for granted I must not one of the two rogues that I went out with be hanged; for to go to Newgate, and to be that night that we robbed the poor old woman. hanged, were to me as things which necessarily. When the prisoner was brought into the room, followed one another.
ll he was set right against me. But I had a sharp conflict to go through be- || “ Do you know this young man ?” says the fore it came to that part; and that was before the justice. justice; where, when I was come, and the con- l“ No, sir," says the prisoner, “ I never saw him stable brought me in, the justice asked me my in my life.” name; “but hold," says he, “ young man, before I “Hum !” says the justice, “did not you charge I ask you your name, let me do you justice ; you one tbat goes by the name of Jack, or Captain are not bound to answer till your accusers Jack, as concerned in the robbery and murder conne;" so, turning to the constable, he asked for which you are in custody for?" his warrant.
Pris. “ Yes, an't please your worship," says the “ Well,” says the justice, “ you have brought prisoner. this young man here by virtue of this warrant; TJust. “ And is this the man, or is he not ?" is this young man the person for whom this war- Pris. “ This is not the man, sir; I never saw rant is granted ?"
Il this man before."
“Very good, Mr Constable,” says the justice ; || about myself; but now I began to be anxious for "what must we do now?”
poor Will, my master and tutor in wickedness, "I am surprised,” says the constable ; “ I was who was now fast by the heels in Newgate, while at such a house,” naming the house, “and this I was happily at liberty, and I wanted very much young man went by; the people cried out, to go and see him, and accordingly did so. “There's Jack, that's your man,' and these people I found him in a sad condition, laden with heavy ran after him, and apprehended him."
irons, and having himself no prospect or hope of “Well," says the justice, “and have these peo escaping. He told me he should die, but bid me pie anything to say to him ; can they prove that be easy, for, as it would do him no good to accuse he is the person ?***
me, who never was out with any of them but that One said " No," and the other said “ No;" and, once, so I might depend upon it he would not in short, they all said “ No.”_Why, then,” said bring me into the trouble ; as for the rogue who the justice, « what can be done? The young man| had betrayed them all, he was not able to hurt me, must be discharged; and I must tell you, Mr | for I might be satisfied he had never seen me in Constable, and you gentlemen that have brought his life. “But, Colonel Jack," says he, “ I will him hither, he may give you trouble, if he thinks tell you who was with us, and that is your brother fit, for your being so rash; but look you, young || the captain, and the villain has certainly named man," says the justice, “ you have no great damage | him; and, therefore,” says he, “ if you can give done you, and the constable, though he has been | him timely notice of it, do, that he may make his mistaken, had no ill design but to be faithful to escape." his office; I think you may pass it by."
He said a great many things to warn me of folI told his worship, I would readily pass it by at lowing the steps he had led me. “I was far out, his direction ; but I thought the constable and Jack," said he, “when I told you to be a noto'the rest could do no less than to go back to the rious thief was to live like a gentleman." He
place where they had insulted me, and declare chiefly discovered his concern that they had, as publicly there that I was honourably acquitted, || he feared, killed the gentleman's gardener, and and that I was not the man. This his worship that he in particular had given him a wound in said was very reasonable, and the constable and the neck of which he was afraid he would die. his assistants promised to do it, and so we came He had a great sum of money in gold about him, all away good friends, and I was cleared with being the same that I had carried back to him at triumph.
the haystack, and he had concealed it so well that NOTE. - This was the time that, as I mentioned those that took him had not found it, and he gave above, the justice talked to me, and told me I was me the greatest part of it to carry to his mother, born to better things, and that, by my well mana- which I very honestly delivered, and came away ging of my own defence, he did not question but | with a heavy heart ; nor did I ever see him since, I had been well educated ; and that he was sorry for he was executed in about three weeks' time I should fall into such a misfortune as this, which | after, being condemned that very next sessions. he hoped, however, would be no dishonour to me, | I had nothing to do now but to find the captain, since I was so handsomely acquitted.
who, though not without some trouble, I at last got news of, and told him the whole story, and
how I had been taken up for him by mistake, and CHAPTER VI.
was come off, but that the warrant was still out I VISIT WILL, MY TUTOR IN WICKEDNESS, IN NEW for him, and very strict search after him. I say, GATE-AE IS EXECUTED-CAPTAIN JACK PROPOSES telling him all this, he presently discovered by his TO ME TO PLY INTO SCOTLANDI RETURN THE surprise that he was guilty, and, after a few words POOR OLD WOMAN THE MONEY I HAD FORMERLY more, told me plainly it was all true, that he was ROBBED HER OP-CAPTAIN JACK AND I SET OUT in the robbery, and that he had the greatest part ON OUR JOURNEY NORTH---THE CAPTAIN'S RO
of the booty in keeping, but what to do with it or GUERIES, AND VARIOUS ADVENTURES ON THE I himself he did not know, and wanted me to tell ROAD.
| him, which I was very unfit to do, for I knew Though his worship was mistaken in the matter nothing of the world. Then he told me he had a of my education, yet it had this good effect upon mind to fly into Scotland, which was easy to be me, that I resolved, if possible, I would learn to done, and asked me if I would go with him. I read and write, that I would not be such an un told him I would with all my heart if I had money capable creature that I should not be able to read enough to bear the charge. He had the trade a warrant, and see whether I was the person to still in his eyes by his answer. “I warrant you,” be apprehended or not.
says he, “we will make the journey pay our But there was something more in all this than charge.” “I dare not think of going any more what I have taken notice of; for, in a word, it ap upon the adventure,” says I ; “besides, if we meet peared plainly that my brother, Capt. Jack, who | with any misfortune out of our knowledge we had the forwardness to put it to me, “ Whether I shall never get out of it, we shall be undone.” was among them or no?" when in truth he was “ Nay," says he, “we shall find no mercy here if there himself, had the only reason to be afraid they can catch us, and they can do no worse and to fly, at the same time that he advised me abroad; I am for venturing at all events." to shift for myself.
“ Well, but captain,” says I, “have you hug. As this presently occurred to my thoughts, so banded your time so ill that you have no money I made it my business to inquire and find him out, | to supply you in such a time as this?" "I have and give him notice of it.
very little, indeed,” said he, "for I have had bad In the meantime, being now confident of my || luck lately." But he lied, for he had a great own safety, I had no more concern upon my mind ll share of the booty they had got at their last adventure, as above; and, as the rest complained, I resolved I would give her something over an! he and will had got almost all of it, and kept the above her loss; so I went forward, and, by the rest out of their shares, which made them the direction I had received, found her lodging with willinger to discover them.
very little trouble; then, asking for the woman, However as it was, he owned he had about 221. | she came to the door immediately, for she heard in money, and something that would yield money ; me ask for her by her name of a little girl that I suppose it was plate; but he would not tell me came first to the door. I presently spoke to her. what it was or where it was, but he said he durst ||“ Dame," said I, “was not you robbed about a not go to fetch it, for he should be betrayed and
d and year ago, as you was coming home from London,
year ago, as you was seized, so he would venture without it." Sure,” | about the Pindar of Wakefield ?” “ Yes, indeed says he, "we shall come back again some time or I was,” says she, “and sadly frightened into the other."
bargain.” “ And how much did you lose?” said I honestly produced all the money I had, which || 1. “ Indeed," says she, “ I lost all the money I was 161. and some odd shillings. “Now," says I, had in the world; I am sure I worked hard for it, “ if we are good husbands, and travel frugally, it was money for keeping a nurse child that I had this will carry us quite out of danger;" for we then, and I had been at London to receive it." had both been assured that when we went out of “ But how much was it, dame?" said I. “Why, England we should be both safe, and nobody says she, “it was 22s. and 6 d.; 21s. I had could hurt us though they had known us; but we | been to fetch, and the odd money was my own neither of us thought it was so many weary steps before." to Scotland as we found it.
« Well, look you, good woman, what will you I speak of myself as in the same circumstances | say if I should put you in a way to get your of danger with brother Jack ; but it was only money again? for I believe the fellow that took it thus, I was in as much fear as he, but not in || is fast enough now, and perhaps I may do you a quite as much danger.
kindness in it, and for that I came to see you." I cannot omit, that, in the interval of these “ () dear !” says the old woman, “ I understand things, and a few days before I carried my money you, but indeed I cannot swear to the man's face to the gentleman in Tower street, I took a walk again, for it was dark; and, besides, I would not all alone into the fields in order to go to Kentish hang the poor wretch for my money ; let him live Town and do justice to the poor old nurse ; it and repent.” “ That is very kind,” says I, “ more happened that before I was aware I crossed a than he deserves from you, but you need not be field that came to the very spot where I robbed concerned about that, for he will be hanged whe- ! the poor old woman and the maid, or where, I ther you appear against him or not : but are you should say, Will made me rob them. My heart willing to have your money again that you lost? had reproached me many a time with that cruel | " Yes, indeed," said the woman, “ I should be ! action, and many a time I had promised to myself I glad of that, for I have not been so hard put to it. that I would find a way to make her satisfaction for money a great while as I am now; I have and restore her money, and that day I had set | much ado to find us bread to eat, though I work! apart for the work, but was a little surprised that hard early and late." And with that she cried. I came so suddenly upon the unhappy spot.
I thought it would have broke my very heart, The place brought to my mind the villany I to think how this poor creature worked, and was had committed there, and something struck me a slave at near threescore, and that I, a young with a kind of wish, I cannot say prayer, for I fellow of hardly twenty, should rob her of her knew not what that meant, that I might leave off bread to support my idleness and wicked life; and that cursed trade; and I said to myself, “ O, that the tears came into my cyes in spite of all my I had some trade to live by; I would never rob! struggling to prevent it, and the woman perceived no more, for sure 'tis a wicked, abominable it too. “ Poor woman," said I, “'tis a sad thing thing."
such creatures as these should plunder and strip Here, indeed, I felt the loss of what just parents such a poor object as thou art! Well, he is at do, and ought to do, by all their children; I mean leisure now to repent it, I assure you." "I perbeing bred to some trade or employment; and I ceive, sir," says she, “ you are very compassionate wcpt many times that I knew not what to do, or indeed; I wish he may improve the time God has what to turn my hand to, though I resolved to spared him, and that he may repent, and I pray leave off the wicked course I was in.
God give him repentance; whoever he is, I forBut to return to my journey. I asked my | give him, whether he can make me recompence way to Kentish Town, and it happened to be of all or not, and I pray God forgive him; I won't do poor woman that said she lived there; upon which him any prejudice, not 1;” and with that, she intelligence I asked her if she knew a woman that went on praying for me. “Well, dame, come lived there, whose name was Smith. She an- hither to me,” says. I; and with that I put my swered, yes, very well; that she was not a settled hand into my pocket, and she came to me, inhabitant, only a lodger in the town, but that she “ Hold up your hand,” said 1, which she did, and was an honest, poor, industrious woman, and, by I told her nine half-crowns into her hand; her labour and pains, maintained a diseased hus “there, dame," said I, “ is your 22s. Od. you lost; band that had been unable to help himself some I assure you, dame," said I, “ I have been the years.
chief instrument to get it of him for you; for, " What a villain have I been,” said I to myself, ever since he told me the story of it among the “that I should rob such a poor woman as this, rest of his wicked exploits, I never gave him any and add grief and tears to her misery, and to the rest till I made him promise to make restitution." sorrows of her house !" This quickened my reso-|| All the while I held her hand and put the money lution to restore her money, and not only so, but Il into it, I looked in her face, and I perceived ber
colour come and go, and that she was under the l of the people whom I had so injured; and that greatest surprise of joy imaginable.
satisfying me for the present, I let it drop. * Well, God bless him," says she, “ and spare I come now to my journey with Captain Jack, him from the disaster he is afraid of, if it be his my supposed brother. We set out from London will; for sure, this is an act of so much justice, on foot, and travelled the first day to Ware, for and so honest, that I never expected the like." || we had learnt so much of our road that the way She ran on a great while so, and wept for him, || lay through that town; we were weary enough when I told her I doubted there was no room to the first day, having not been used at all to traexpect his life. “Well," says she, “then pray velling ; but we made shift to walk once up and God give him repentance, and bring him to hea- | down the town after we came into it. ven, for sure he must have something that is good I soon found that his walking out to see the at the bottom; he has a principle of honesty at town was not to satisfy his curiosity in viewing the bottom to be sure, however he may have been the place, for he had no notion of anything of brought into bad courses by bad company, or evil that kind ; but to see if he could light of any example, or other temptations : but I dare say he purchase, for he was so natural a thief, that he will be brought to repentance one time or other could see nothing on the road, but it occurred to before he dies."
him how easily that might be taken, and how All this touched me nearer than she imagined ; | cleverly this might be carried off, and the like. for I was the man that she prayed for all this Nothing offered in Ware to his mind, it not while, though she did not know it, and in my being market day; and as for me, though I made heart I said Amen to it; for I was sensible that no great scruple of eating and drinking at the I had done one of the vilest actions in the world, cost of his roguery, yet I resolved not to enter in attacking a poor creature in such a condition, | upon anything, as they called it, nor to take the and not listening to her entreaties, when she | least thing froin anybody. begged so heartily for that little money we took When the captain found me resolved upon the from her.
negative, he asked me how I thought to travel ? In a word, the good woman so moved me with I asked him what he thought of himself, that was her charitable prayers, that I put my hand in my sure to be hanged if he was taken, how small pocket again for her; “ Dame," said I, “ you are soever the crime was that he should be taken so charitable in your petitions for this miserable for. “How can that be?” says he; "they don't creature, that it puts me in mind of one thing I know me in the country.” “Ay," says I, “but more which I will do for him, whether he ordered do you think they do not send up word to Newme or not; and that is, to ask you forgiveness | gate as soon as any thief is taken in the country, for the thief in robbing you; for it was an offence, and so inquire who is escaped from them, or who and a trespass against you, as well as an injury | is fled, so that they may be stopped ? Assure yourto you; and therefore I ask your pardon for him : self," says I, “the jailors correspond with one Will you sincerely and heartily forgive him, daine ? | another with the greatest exactness imaginable; I do desire it of you ;” and with that I stood up, and if you were taken here but for stealing a and, with my hat off, asked her pardon. “0!| basket of eggs, you shall have your accuser sent sir," says she, “ do not stand up, and with your down to see if he knows you." hat off to me! I am a poor woman; I forgive him, This terrified him a little for a while, and kept and all that were with him ; for there was one or him honest for three or four days; but it was but more with him; I forgive them with all my heart, for a few days indeed, for he played a great many and I pray God to forgive them."
rogue's tricks without me, till at last he came to “ Well, dame, then,” said I, “ to make you his end without me too, though it was not till some recompence for your charity, there is some- many years after, as you shall hear in its order : thing for you more than your loss," and with that but as these exploits are no part of my story, but I gave her a crown more.
of his, whose life and exploits are sufficient to Then I asked her who that was who was robbed make a volume larger than this by itself, so I with her? She said it was a servant maid that shall omit everything but what I was particularly lived then in the town, but she was gone from her || concerned in during this tedious journey. place, and she did not know where she lived now. From Ware we travelled to Cambridge, though * Well, daine," says I, “if ever you do hear of that was not our direct road; the occasion was her, let her leave word where she may be found; this : in our way, going through a village called and if I live to come and see you again, I will get | Puckeridge, we baited at an inn, at the sign of the money of him for her too : I think that was the Falcon, and while we were there, a countrybut little, was it?" "No," says she, “it was but || man comes to the inn, and hangs his horse at the 5s. 6d."—which I knew as well as she. “ Well," || door, while he goes in to drink; we sat in the says I, “dame, inquire her out if you have an | gate-way, having called for a mug of beer, and opportunity ;" so she promised me she would, and drank it up: we had been talking with the away I came.
ostler about the way to Scotland, and he had The satisfaction this gave me was very much; bid us ask the road to Royston ; “but,” says he, but then a natural consequence attended it, which " there is a turning just here a little farther, you filled me with reflection afterwards; and this was, | must not go that way, for that goes to Camthat, by the same rule, I ought to make restitu bridge.” tion to all that I had wronged, in the like man We had paid for our beer, and sat at the door ner; and what could I do as to that? To this I only to rest us, when on the sudden comes a knew not what to say, and so the thought in time I gentleman's coach to the door, and three or four wore oft; for, in short, it was impossible to be || horsemen; the horsemen rode into the yard, and done : I had not ability, neither did I know any li the ostler was obliged to go in with them; says