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tion, it is asking if I will accept, or pay the bill, ll it for full payment of the bill, and will decide it and then whether I say yes or no, it is an an- || as gentlemen ought to do." swer one way or other; after it is accepted it L “ I challenge you, sir !" said I, “not I; I made indeed requires no more answer but payment || no challenge, I said this is not the way to make when it is due : if you please to inform yourself, me pay a bill that I have not accepted, that is, this is the usage which all merchants or trades that you had better scek your satisfaction at law." men of any kind, who have bills drawn upon “Law !" says he, “law! gentleman's law is my them, act by."

law; in short, sir, you shall pay me or fight me;"> “ Well, sir,” says he, “and what then? What and then, as if he had mistaken, he turns short is this to the paying me the 301. ?".

upon me, “nay," says he, “you shall both fight “Why, sir,” says I, “it is this to it, that I told me and pay me, for I will maintain her honour ;" the person that brought it I should not pay it." || and in saying this he bestowed six or seven

“Not pay it !" says he, “but you shall pay it ; || dammes and oaths, by way of parenthesis. ay, ay, you will pay it."

This interval delivered me effectually, for just * She that draws it has no reason to draw any || at the word fights me, for I will maintain her hobills upon me, I am sure," said I, “and I shall nour, the maid had brought in a constable, with pay ng bills she draws, I assure you."

three or four neighbours to assist him. Upon this, he turns short upon me; “ Sir, she He heard them come in, and began to be a little that draws this bill is a person of too much ho- in a rage, and asked me if I intended to mob him nour to draw any bill without reason, and it is an instead of paying, and laying his hand on his affront to say so of her, and I shall expect satis-' sword, told me, if any man offered to break in faction of you for that by itself; but first the bill, upon him, he would run me through the first mosir, the bill, you must pay the bill, sir.”

ment, that he might have the fewer to deal with I returned as short; “ Sir, I affront nobody, I

afterwards.

I told him he knew I had called for no help, know the person as well as you I hope, and what I have said of her is no affront; she can have no

believing he could not be in earnest in what he reason to draw bills upon me, for I owe her no

had said, and that if anybody attempted to come thing."

in upon us, it was to prevent the mischief he Tomit intermingling the oaths he laced his

threatened, and which he might see I had no speech with, as too foul for my paper, but he told

weapons to resist.

Upon this the constable called, and charged us me he would make me know she had friends to i

both in the king's name to open the door; I was stand by her, that I had abused her, and he would let me know it, and do her justice; but first, 1|

sitting in a chair, and offered to rise ; he made a

motion as if he would draw, upon which I sat must pay his bill. I answered, in short, I would not pay the bill,

| down again, and the door not being opened, the

constable set his foot against it and came in. por any bills she should draw. With that he steps to the door and shuts it,

“ Well, sir," says my gentleman, “and what and swore by G-d he would make me pay the

now? What is your business here ?"_“ Nay, sir,”

says the constable, " you see my business; I am bill before we parted, and laid his hand upon his

a peace officer, all I have to do is to keep the sword, but did not draw it out.

peace, and I find the people of the house frightened I confess I was frightened to the last degree, ll for fear of mischief between you, and they have for I had no sword, and if I had, I must own that, fetched me to prevent it." __ What mischief have though I had learned a great many good things they supposed you should find ?” says he.—“I in France to make me look like a gentleman, I

suppose," says the constable, “they were afraid had forgot the main article of learning how to use

you should fight.”—“ That is, because they did a sword, a thing so universally practised there; not know this fellow here, he never fights; they and, to say more, I had been perfectly unac

call him colonel,” says he; “ I suppose he might quainted with quarrels of this nature; so that I be born a colonel, for I dare say he was born a was perfectly surprised when he shut the door,

coward; he never fights, he dares not see a man; and knew not what to say or do.

if he would have fought he would have walked However, as it happened, the people of the out with me, but he scorns to be brave; they house hearing us pretty loud, came near the door, would never have talked to you of fighting if they and made a noise in the entry, to let me know had known him: I tell you, Mr Constable, he is they were at hand, and one of the servants going a coward, and a coward is a rascal ;” and with to open the door, and finding it locked, called out that he came to me and stroked his finger down to me, “ Sir, for God's sake open the door! what my nose pretty hard, and laughed and mocked is the matter ? shall we fetch a constable ?" 1 most horridly, as if I was a coward ; now for made no answer, but it gave me courage, so I sat ought I knew it might be true, but I was now down composed in one of the chairs, and said to what they call a coward made desperate, which him, “Sir, this is not the way to make me pay || is one of the worst

y to make me payl is one of the worst of men in the world to encounthe bill, you had much better be easy, and take || ter with, for being in a fury I threw my head in your satisfaction another way.”

his face, and closing with him, threw him fairly on He understood me of figbting, which, upon my || his back by main strength, and had not the conword, was not in my thoughts, but I meant that | stable stepped in and taken me off, I bad certainly he had better take his course at law.

stamped him to death with my feet, for my blood “With all my heart,” says he, “they say you was now all in a flame, and the people of the are a gentleman, and they call you colonel; now, house were frightened now as much the other if you are a gentleman I accept your challenge. I way last I should kill him, though I had no weasir, and if you will walk out with me I will takell pon at all in my hand.

The constable, too, reproved me in his turn; || fore, I went out at night, thinking to be conbut I said to him, “ Mr Constable, do not you cealed, so now I never went out but in open day think I am sufficiently provoked? Can any man that I might be safe, and never without one or bear such things as these? I desire to know who two servants to be my life-guard. this man is, and who sent him hither?”

But I must do my wife a piece of justice here “I am," says he, “a gentleman, and come with || too, and that was, that hearing of what had bea bill to him for money, and he refuses to pay fallen me, she wrote me a letter, in which she it."-"Well,” says the constable very prudently, I treated me more decently than she had been wont “ that is none of my business, I am no justice of || to do; she said she was very sorry to hear how peace to hear the cause, be that among your- | I had been used, and the rather because she unselves, but keep your hands off one another, and derstood it was on presenting her bill to me; she that is as much as I desire; and therefore, sir," || said she hoped I could not in my worst disposisays the constable to him, “if I may advise you, || tions think so hardly of her as to believe it was seeing he will not pay the bill, and that must be done by her knowledge or consent, much less by decided between you as the law directs, I would her order or direction ; that she abhorred such have you leave it for the present, and go quietly things, and protested, if she had the least knowaway.”

ledge or so much as a guess at the villains conHe made many impertinent harangues about cerned, she would discover them to me; she let the bill, and insisted that it was drawn by my || me know the person's name to whom she gave the own wife; I said angrily, then it was drawn by a bill, and where he lived, and left it to me to oblige W- ; he bullied me upon that, told me I durst him to discover the person who had brought it, not tell him so anywhere else; so I answered, I and used me so ill, and wished I might find him would very soon publish her for a w---- to all the and bring him to justice, and have him punished world, and cry her down, and thus we scolded for with the utmost severity of the law. near balf an hour, for I took courage when the I took this so kindly of my wife, that I think in constable was there, for I knew that he would my conscience had she come after it herself, to keep us from fighting, which indeed I had no mind see how I did, I had certainly taken her again; to, and so at length I got rid of him.

but sbe satisfied herself with the civility of another I was heartily voxed at this rencontre, and the letter, and desiring me to let her know as often as more because I had been found out in my lodg I could how I was, adding that it would be infiing, which I thought I had cffectually concealed; nitely to her satisfaction to hear I was recovered however I resolved to remove the next day, and of the hurt I had received, and that he was hanged in the meantime I kept within doors all that day at Tyburn who had donc it. till the evening, and then I went out in order not | She used some expressions, signifying, as I unto return thither any more.

derstood them, her affliction at our parting, and Being come out into Gracechurch street, I ob her continued respect for me, but did not make served a man follow me, with one of his legs tied any motion towards returning ; then she used up in a string, and hopping along with the other, some arguments to move me to pay her bills, inand two crutches; hc begged for a farthing, but timating that she had brought me a large forI inclining not to give him anything, the fellow tune, and now had nothing to subsist on, which followed me still till I came to a court, when I ll was very severe. answered hastily to him, “ I have nothing for you. I wrote her an answer to this letter, though I Pray do not be so troublesome;" with which words I had not to the other, letting her know how I had he knocked me down with his crutches.

been used; that I was satisfied upon her letter Being stunned with the blow, I knew nothing that she had no hand in it, that it was not in her what was done to me afterwards ; but coming to nature to treat me so, who had never injured myself again, I found I was wounded very fright her, used any violence with her, or been the fully in several places, and that among the rest |cause or desire of our parting; that, as to her my nose was slit upwards, one of my ears almost | bill, she could not but know how much her excut off, and a great cut with a sword on the side / pensive way of living had straitcncd and reduced of the forehead, also a stab in the body, though || me, and would, is continued, have ruined me; not dangerous.

that she had, in less than three years, spent more Who had been near me, or struck me, besides than as much as she brought to me, and would the cripple that struck me with his crutch I knew not abate her expensive way, though calmly ennot, nor do I know to this hour, but I was terribly || treated by me with protestations that I could not wounded, and lay bleeding on the ground some | support so great an expense, but chose rather to time, till coming to myself I got strength to cry || break up her family and go from me, than to reout for help, and people coming about me, I got strain herself to reasonable limits, though I used some hands to carry me to my lodying, where I || no violence with her, but entreaties and earnest lay by it more than two months before I was well I persuasions, backed with good reason ; letting her enough to go out of doors, and when I did go out know how my cstate was, and convincing her that I had reason to believe that I was waited for by ll it must reduce us to poverty at last ; that, how. some rogues, who watched an opportunity to re- || ever, if she would recal her bill, I would send her peat the injury I had met with before.

301., which was the sum mentioned in her bill, . This made me very upeasy, and I resolved to || and, according to my ability, would not let her get myself out of danger if possible, and to go over want, if she pleased to live within due bounds; to France, or home, as I called it, to Virginia ; || but then I let her know also that I had a very so to be out of the way of villains and assassina bad account of her conduct, and that she kept tions, for every time I stirred out here, I thought Il company with a scandalous fellow, whom I named I went in danger of my life, and therefore, as be- Il to her; that I was loth to believe such things of

her, but that, to put an entire end to the report, | money, I obtained a company in his regiment and restore her reputation, I let her know that and so went into the army directly. still, after all I had heard, if she would resolve to I was exceedingly pleased with my new circum. live without restraints, within the reasonable stances, and now I used to say to myself, I was bounds of my capacity, and treat me with the come to what I was born to, and that I had never same kindness, affection, and tenderness as till now lived the life of a gentleman. always had treated her, and ever would, I was! Our regiment, after I had been some time in it, willing to receive her again, and would forget all | was commanded into Italy, and one of the mos that was past; but that, if she declined me now, considerable actions that I was in, was the famous it would be for ever; for if she did not accept | attack upon Cremona, in the Milanese, where the my offer, I was resolved to stay here no longer, Germans being privately, and by treachery, Ict where I had been so ill-treated on many occa- || into the town in the night through a kind of comsions, but was preparing to go into my own mon sewer, surprised the town, and got possession country, where I would spend my days in quiet, of the greatest part of it, surprising the Mareschal and ia a retreat from the world.

Duke de Villeroy, and taking him prisoner as he She did not give such an answer to this as I came out of his quarters, and beating the few expected ; for though she thanked me for the

French troops which were left in the citadel; 301., yet she insisted upon her justification in all

but were in the middle of their victory so boldly other points; and, though she did not refuse to and resolutely attacked by two Irish regiments, return to me, yet she did not say she accepted it,

who.were quartered in the street leading to the and, in short, said little or nothing to it, only a

river Po, and who kept possession of the waterkind of claim to a reparation of her injured repu- ||

gate, or Po gate, of the town, by which the Gertation and the like.

man reinforcements should have come in, that, This gave me some surprise at first, for I

after a most desperate fight, the Germans had

their victory wrung out of their hands, and not thought, indeed, any woman in her circumstances

being able to break through us to let in their would have been very willing to have put an end

friends, were obliged at length to quit the town to all her miseries, and to the reproach which was

again, to the eternal honour of those Irish regi. upon her, by a reconciliation ; especially, consi.

ments, and indeed of their whole nation, and for dering she subsisted at that time but very meanly.

which we had a very handsome compliment from But there was a particular reason which pro- |

the King of France. vented her return, and which she could not plead

I now had the satisfaction of knowing, and to in her letter, yet was a good reason against

that for the first time too, that I was not that accepting an offer which she would otherwise

cowardly low-spirited wretch that I was when have been glad of, and this was, that, as I have

the fellow bullied me in my lodging about the mentioned above, she had fallen into bad com

bill of 301. ; had he attacked me now, though in pany, and had prostituted her virtue to some of

the very same condition, I should, naked and ber flatterers, and, in short, was with child ; so

unarmed as I was, have flown in the face of him, that she durst not venture to accept my offer.

and trampled him under my feet; but men However, as I observed above, she did not ab- I never know themselves till they are tried, and solutely refuse it, intending (as I understood after- ll courage is acquired by time and experience of wards) to keep the treaty of it on foot till shell things. could drop her burthen, as she called it before ; | Philip de Comincs tells us, that, after the and, having been delivered privately, have ac- ll battle of Montlheri, the Count de Charolois, cepted my proposal afterwards; and, indeed, this who till then had an utter aversion to war, and was the most prudent step she could take, or, as abhorred it, and every thing that belonged to it, wc may say, the only step she had left to take. I was so changed by the glory he obtained in that But I was too many for her here too, my intelli- | action, and by the flattery of those about him, gence about her was too good for her to conceal that afterwards the army was his mistress, and such an affair from me, unless she had gone away the fatigues of the war his chief delight; it is before she was visibly big, and unless she had too great an example for me to bring in my own gone further off too than she did, for I had an

|| case, but so it was, that they fiattered me so account to a tittle of the time when, and place with my bravery, as they called it, on the occawhere, and the creature of which she was deli-. || sion of this action, that I fancied myself brave, vered, and then my offers of taking her again whether I was so or not, and the pride of it were at an end, though she wrote me several made me bold and daring to the last degree on peniteat letters, acknowledging her crime, and| all occasions; but what added to it was, that begging me to forgive her; but my spirit was somebody gave a particular account to the court above all that now, nor could I ever bear the

of my being instrumental to the saving the city, thoughts of her after that, but pursued a divorce,!' and the whole Cremonese, by my extraordinary

nd accordingly obtained it, as I have mentioned || defence of the Po gate, and by my managing already.

that defence after the lieutenant-colonel, who Things being at this pass, I resolved, as I have commanded the party where I was posted, was observed above, to go over to France, after I had killed; upon which the king sent me a public received my effects from Virginia, and accordingly, testimony of his accepting my service, and sent I came to Dunkirk in the year 1700, and here I me a brevet to be a lieutenant-colonel, and the fell into coinpiny with some Irish officers of the next courier brought me actually a commission regiment of Dillon, who, by little and little, en. for lieutenant-colonel in the regiment of tered me into the army, and, by the help of Lieu-il I was in several skirmishes and petty encountenant General Connor, an Irishman, and somell ters before this, by which I gained the reputation of a good officer, but I happened to be in came, extend himself every way as he could, in some particular posts too, by which I got some- order to keep the imperialists (who wore prewhat that I liked much better, and that was al paring to fall into Italy with a great army) as good deal of money. .

much at a distance as possible, which he did, Our regiment was sent from France to Italy | by taking possession of the city of Mantua, and by sea ; we embarked at Toulon, and landed at of most of the towns on that side, as far as the Savona, in the territory of Genoa, and marched lake De la Garda and the river Adige. from thence to the duchy of Milan. At the first we lay in Mantua some time, but were after. town we were sent to take possession of, which wards drawn out, by order of the Count de was Alexandria, the citizens rose upon our men Tesse, (afterwards Marshal of France,) to form in a most furious manner, and drove the whole the French army, till the arrival of the Duke de garrison, which consisted of eight hundred men,

Vendôme, who was to command in chief. Here that is, French, and soldiers in the French we had a severe campaign, anno 1701, hav! service, quite out of the town.

Prince Eugene of Savoy, and an army of forty I was quartered in a burgher's house, just by

thousand Germans, all old soldiers, to deal with; one of the ports, with eight of my men and a and though the French army was more numeservant, where, calling a short council with my

rous than the enemy by twenty-five thousand men, we were resolved to maintain the house we

men, yet, being on the defensive, and having were in, whatever it cost, till we received orders

so many posts to cover, not knowing cxactly to quit it from the commanding officer: upon where the Prince of Savoy, who commanded the this, when I saw our men could not stand their imperial army, would attack us, it obliged the ground in the street, being pressed hard by the French to keep thcir troops so divided, and so citizens, I turned out of doors all the family, and

remote from one another, that the Germans kept the house as a castle, which I was governor

pushed on their design with great success, as in; and as the house joined to the city gate, Tthe histories of those times more fully relate. resolved to maintain it, so as to be the last that

I was at the action at Carpi, July 1701, where should quit the place, my own retreat being

we were worsted by the Germans indeed, were secured by being so near the port.

forced to quit our encampment, and give up to Having thus emptied the house of the inhabit

the prince the whole river of Adige, and where ants, we made no scruple of filling our pockets

our regiment sustained some loss; but the with whatever we could find there; in a word,

enemies got little by us, and Monsieur Catinat, we lest nothing we could carry away, among

who commanded at that time, drew up in order which it came to my lot to dip into the bur

of battle the next day in sight of the German gher's cabinet, whose house it was where we

army, and gave them a defiance, but they would were, and there I took about the quantity of

not stir, though we offered them batile two two hundred pistoles in money and plate, and

days together; for, having gained the passage other things of value. There was great complaint made to Prince Vaudemont, who was then

over the Adige, by our quitting Rivoli, which

was then useless to us, their business was done. governor of the Milanese, of this violence; but as the repulse the citizens gave us was contrary

Finding they declined a decisive action, our to his order, and to the general design of the

generals pressed them in their quarters, and prince, who was then wholly in the interest of

made them fight for every inch of ground they king Philip, the citizens could obtain nothing,

gained, and at length, in the September followand I found, that if we had plundered the whole

ling, we attacked them in their entrenched posts city, it would have been the same thing; for the ||

of Chiar. Here we broke into the very heart of governor had orders to take our regiment in,

their camp, where we made a very terrible and it was an act of open rebellion to resist us as

slaughter; but I know not by what mistake among they did : however, we had orders not to fire

our generals, or defect in the execution of their upon the burghers, unless constrained to it by

orders, the brigade of Normandy and our Irish evident nccessity, and we rather chose to quit

brigade, who had so bravely entered the German the place as we did, than dispute it with a des

I entrenchments, were not supported as we shonld perate body of fellows, who wanted no advantage

I have been, so that we were obliged to sustain of us except only that of having possession of

the shock of the whole German army, and at two bastions, and one port of our retreat; first,

| last to quit the advantage we had gained, and they were treble our number, for the burghers,

that not without loss; but, being timely reinbeing joined by seven companies of the regular

forced by a great body of horse, the enemy were troops, made up above one thousand six hundred in their turn beaten oti too, and driven back into men, besides rabble, which were many more,

their very camp: the Germans boasted of having whereas we were about eight hundred in all ;

a great victory here, and indeed in repulsing us hey also had the citadel and several nicers of after we had gained their camp: they had the cannon, so that we could have made nothing of advantage, but had Monsieur de Tesse suc. it, if we had attacked them ; but they submitted

coured us in time, as old Catinat said he ought three or four days after to other forces, the

to have done, with twelve thousand foot which solliers within turning upon them, and taking

he had with him, that day's action had put an Lue citadel from them.

end to the war, and Prince Eugene must have After this, we lay still in quarters cight months,

been glad to have gone back to Germany in for the prince having secured the whole Mila

more haste than he came, if, perhaps, we had nese for king Philip, and no enemy appearing

not cut him short by the way. for some time, had nothing to do but to receive But the fate of things went another way, and the auxiliary troops of France; and as they il the Germans continued all that campaign to push forward and advance one post after another, ther brush with them ; it was near night before till they beat us quite out of the Milanese. they came to the wood, by which means they

The latter part of this campaign we made could not discern our number; but when they only a party war, the French, according to their came up to the wood 50 dragoons advanced to volatile temper, being every day abroad, either discover the pass and see if all was clear; these foraging or surprising the enemy's foragers, plun we suffered to pass a great way into the defile or dering or circumventing the plunders of the lane that went through the wood, and then clapping other side; but they very often came short in between them and the entrance, cut off their home; for the Germans had the better of them retreat so effectually, that when they discovered on several occasions, and indeed so many lost | us and fired, they were instantly surrounded and their lives upon these petty encounters, that cut in pieces; the officers who commanded them I think, including those who died of distempers and eight dragoons only being made prisoners. gotten by hard service, and bad quarters, lying 1 This made the prince halt, not knowing what in the field even till the middle of December, the case was, or how strong we were; and, to among rivers and bogs, in a country so full of get better intelligence, sent 200 horse to surround canals and rivers, as that part of Italy is known or skirt the wood and beat up our quarter, and to be, I say, we lost more men, and so did the in the interim, the Count de Tesse appeared in enemy also, than would have been lost in a bis rear : we found the strait he was in by the general decisive battle.

noise of our own troops at a distance, so we reThe Duke of Savoy, to give him his due, solved to engage the 200 horse immediately ; pressed earnestly to put it to a day, and come to accordingly, our little troop of horse drew up in a battle with Prince Eugene; but the Duke de the entrance of the lane and offered to skirmish, Villeroy, Monsieur Catinat, and the Count de and our foot lying behind the hedge, which went Tesse, were all against it, and the principal rea- round the wood, stood ready to act as occasion son was, that they knew the weakness of the should offer; the horse being attacked, gave troops who had suffered so much on so many way, and retired into the lane; but the Geroccasions, that they were in no condition to give | mans were too old for us there ; they contented battle to the Germans; so after, as I say, about themselves to push us to the entrance, but would three months harassing one another with parties, not be drawn into a narrow pass without knowwe went into winter quarters.

ing whether the hedges were lined or no. Before we marched out of the field, our regi But the prince finding the French in his rear, ment, with a detachment of dragoons of 600, and and not being strong enough to engage again, about 250 horse, went out with a design to in- i resolved to force his way through, and contercept Prince Commercy, a general of note under manded his dragoons to alight, and enter the Prince Eugene of Savoy; the detachment was wood to clear the hedges on either side the lane, intended to be only horse and dragoons; but that he might pass with his cavalry; this they because it was the imperialists' good luck to beat did so vigorously, and were so much too strong many of our parties, and, as was given out, | for us, that though we made good our ground a many more than we beat of theirs; and because long time, yet our men were almost half of them it was believed that the prince, who was an offi- || cut in pieces. However, we gave time to the cer of good note among them, would not go | French cavalry to come up, and to fall on the abroad, but in very little company, the Irish re- | prince's troops, and cut them off and take a great giment of foot was ordered to be added, that if many prisoners, and then retreated in our turn, possible, they might meet with their match. opening a gap for our own horse to break in ;

I was commanded, about two hours before, to 300 of the dragoons were killed and 200 of them pass about 200 foot and 50 dragoons at a small taken prisoners. wood, where our general had intelligence that that In the first heat of this action, a German offiprince would post some men to secure' his pas-cer of dragoons, well followed, had knocked down sage, which accordingly I did ; but Count Tesse, three men that stood next me; and offering me not thinking our party strong enough, had l quarter, I was obliged to accept it, and gave him marched himself with 1000 horse and 300 grena- | my sword, for our men were upon the point of diers to support us, and it was very well he did | quitting their post, and shifting every one as they so, for Prince Commercy having intelligence of could; but the scale was turned, for our cavalry the first party, came forward sooner than they breaking in (as above), the dragoons went to expected, and fell upon them, and had entirely wreck, and the officer who had me prisoner, routed them had not the count (hearing the turning to me, said, “ We are lost.” I asked firing) advanced with the thousand horse he had, him if I could serve him?“ Stand still a little," with such expedition as to support his men in says he; for his men fought most desperately the very heat of the action, by which means the indeed, but about 200 French horse appearing in Germans were defeated and forced to retire ; but | bis rear too, he said to me in French, “ I will be the prince made a pretty good retreat, and, after your prisoner," and returning me my sword, gave the action, came on to the wood where I was me also his own; a dragoon that stood near him posted, but the surprise of his defeat had pre was just going to do the like, when he was shot vented his sending a detachment to secure the | dead, and the horse coming up, the field was pass at the wood, as he intended.

cleared in an instant; but Prince Commercy The Count de Tesse, understanding that we went off with the rest of his party, and was purwere sent (as above) to the wood, followed them sued no farther. close at the heels to prevent our being cut off, There were 16 or 17 of our men released, as and, if it were possible that we should give them I was, from being taken, but they had not the any check at the wood, to fall in and have ano. Il luck I had, to take the officer that had them in

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