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was, land! land! The master and I (for by 1 of them, namely, the brigantine, and carried her this time I had gotten out of my cabin) ran upon into Jamaica ; but the other, viz. the sloop, made the deck, and there we saw the state of our case her escape. very plain; the two rogues that stood after us Being arrived here, we presently disposed of laid on all the canvass they could carry, and our cargo, and at a tolerably good price ; and now crowded after us amain; but at the distance, as the question was, what I should do next? I looked I have said, of about six leagues, rather more | upon myself to be safe here from the fears I had than less ; on the other hand, the land discovered | | been under of being discovered as a rebel, and so lay about nine leagues right a-head; so that if indeed I was; but having been now absent five the pirates could gain on us, so as to sail three months, and having sent the ship back with a feet for our two, it was evident they would be up cargo of rum and molasses, which I knew was with us before we could make the island ; if not, | wanting in my plantations, I received the same we should escape them and get in; but even vessel back in return, loaden, as at first, with then we had no great hope to do any more than provisions. to run the ship ashore to save our lives; and so, With this cargo my wife received a packet from stranding our vessel, spoil both sloop and cargo. London, from the person whom she had em
When we were making this calculation, our ployed (as above) to solicit a pardon, who very master came in cheerfully, and told me he had honestly wrote to her, that he would not be so crowded on more sail, and found the sloop carried unjust to her friend, whoever he was, as to put it very well, and that he did not find the rogues him to any expense for a private solicitation ; for gained much upon us, and that especially, if one that he was very well assured that his majesty of them did not, that was the sloop, he found he had resolved, from his own native disposition to could go away from the brigantine as he pleased. acts of clemency and mercy to his subjects, to Thus we gave them what they call a stern chase, grant a general pardon, with some few exceptions and they worked hard to come up with us till to persons extraordinary, and he hoped her friend towards noon, when on a sudden they both stood was none of the extraordinary persons to be ex. away and gave us over, to our great satisfaction, cepted. you may be sure.
This was a kind of life from the dead to us We did not, it seems, so easily see the occasion both, and it was resolved that my wife should go of our deliverance as the pirate did; for while back in the sloop directly to Virginia, where she we went spooning away large with the wind for should wait the good news from England, and one of the islands, with those two spurs in our should send me an account of it as soon as she heels, that is, with the two thieves at our sterns, received it. there lay an English man-of-war in the road of Accordingly, she went back, and came safe with Nevis, which was the same island from whence the sloop and cargo to our plantation, from they espied the pirates, but the land lying be whence, after above four months' expectation, between, we could not see them.
hold the sloop came to me again, but empty, and As the man-of-war discovered them, she im. gutted of all her cargo, except about 100 sacks of mediately slipped her cable, and put herself un unground inalt which the pirates (not knowing der sail in chase of the rogues, and they as soon how to brew) knew not what to do with, and so perceived her; and, being windward, put them had left in her. However, to my infinite satisfacselves upon a wind to escape her; and thus we tion, there was a packet of letters from my wife, were delivered, and in half an hour more we knew with another to her from England, as well one who was our deliverer, seeing the man of war from her friend, as one from my own correspondstretch a-head clear of the island, and stand di. ent; both of them intimating that the king had rectly after the pirates, who now crowded from signed an act of grace, that is to say, a general us as fast as they crowded after us before, and free pardon, and sent me copies of the act, wherein thus we got safe into Antigua, after the terrible it was manifest I was fully included. apprehension we had been in of being taken ; And here let me hint, that, baving now, as it our apprehensions of being taken now were much 1 were, reccived my life at the hands of King more than they would have been on board a George, and in a manner so satisfying as it was loaden ship from or to London, where the most to me, it made a generous convert of me, and I they ordinarily do is to rifle the ship, take what became sincerely given to the interest of King is valuable and portable, and let her go; but George; and this from a principle of gratitude, ours being but a sloop, and all our loading being and a sense of my obligation to his majesty for good provisions, such as they wanted, to be sure, my life, and it has continued ever since, and will for their ship's store, they would certainly have certainly remain with me as long as any sense of carried us away, ship and all, taken out the cargo honour, and of the debt of gratitude, remains with and the men, and, perhaps, have set the sloop on me. I mention this to hint how far, in such fire ; so that, as to our cargo of gold, it had been cases, justice and duty to ourselves commands incvitably lost, and we burried away, nobody us; namely, that to those who graciously give knows where, and used as such barbarous fellows us our lives when it is in their power to take are wont to use such innocent people as fall into them away, those lives are a debt ever after, and their hands.
ought to be set apart for their service and inBut we were now out of their hands, and had terest as long as any of the powers of life remain ; the satisfaction, a few days after, to hear that the | for gratitude is a debt that never ceases while man-of-war pursued them so close, notwithstand the benefit received remains; and if my prince ing they changed their course in the night, that has given me my life, I can never pay the debt the next day they were obliged to separate, and fully, unless such a circumstance as this should shift for themselves ; so the man-of-war took one | happen-that the prince's life should be in my
power, and I as generously preserved it; and yet, || the morning, we were surrounded with five neither would the obligation be paid then, be- H Spanish barks or boats, such as they call barcos cause the cases would differ; thus, that my pre- || longos, full of men ; who instantly boarded us, serving the life of my prince was my natural duty, took us, and carried us into the Havannah, the whereas the prince on his side (my life being for most considerable port belonging to the Spaniards feited to him) had no motive but mere demency || in that part of the world. and beneficence.
Here the sloop was immediately seized, and in Perhaps this principle may not please all that consequence plundered, as any one that knows the read it; but, as I have resolved to guide my ac- Spaniards, especially in that country, will easily tions in things of such a nature by the rules of guess. Our men were made prisoners, and sent strict virtue and principles of honour, so I must to the common gaol ; and as for myself and the lay it down as a rule of honour that a man having | captain, we were carried before the Alcaide once forfeited his life to the justice of his prince Mayor, or intendant of the place, as criminals. and to the laws of his country, and receiving it I spoke Spanish very well, having served under back as a bounty from the grace of his sovereign, the King of Spain in Italy, and it stood me in such a man can never lift up his hand again good stead at this time ; for I so effectually argued against that prince without a forfeiture of his the injustice of their treatment of me, that the virtue, and an irreparable breach of his honour governor, or whatever I ought to call him, frankly and duty, and deserves no pardon after it, either owned they ought not to have stopped me, seefrom God or man. But all this is a digression ; | ing I was in the open sea, pursuing my voyage, I leave it as a sketch of the laws of honour, l) and offering no offence to anybody, and had not imprinted by the laws of nature in the breast of a landed, or offered to land, upon any part of his soldier, or a man of honour, and which, I believe, Catholic majesty's dominions, till I was brought all imparti u persons, who understand what honour | as a prisoner, means, wils subscribe to.
It was a great favour that I could obtain thus But I return now to my present circumstances ; much ; but I found it easier to obtain an acmy wife was gone, and, with her, all my good knowledgment that I had received wrong, than fortune and success in business seemed to have to get any satisfaction for that wrong, and much forsaken me; and I had another scene of misery less was there any hope or prospect of restituto go through after I had thought that all my 1 tion. And I was let know, that I was to wait misfortunes were over and at an end.
till an account could be sent to the viceruy of My sloop, as I have told you, arrived, but | Mexico, and orders could be received back from having met with a pirate rogue in the Gulf of || him how to act in the affair. Florida, they took her first, then, finding her I could easily foresee what all this tended to, cargo to be all eatables, which they always want, namely, to a confiscation of the ship and goods they gutted her of all her loading except (as I by the ordinary process at the place; and that have said) about 100 sacks of malt, which they my being left to the decision of the viceroy of really knew not what to do with ; and, which was | Mexico was but a pretended representation of still worse, they took all the men, except the things to him from the corregidor, or judge of master and two boys, whom they left on board, | the place. just to run the vessel into Antigua, where they | However, I had no remedy but the old insigsaid they were bound,
|| nificant thing called patience; and this I was But the most valuable part of my cargo, viz. a || better furnished with, because I did not so much packet of letters from England, those they left, || value the loss as I made them believe I did; my to my inexpressible comfort and satisfaction; I greatest apprehensions were, that they would deand particularly that by those I saw my way tain me, and keep me as a prisoner for life, and open to return to my wife and to my planta perhaps send me to their mines in Peru, as they tions, from which I promised myself never to have done many, and pretended to do to all that wander any more.
come on shore in their dominions, how great In order to this, I now embarked myself, and soever the distresses may have been which have all my effects, on board the sloop, resolving to brought them thither, and which have been the sail directly to the capes of Virginia. My captain, reason why others, who have been forced on beating it up to reach the Bahama channel, had shore, have committed all manner of violence not been two days at sea, but we were overtaken upon the Spaniards in their turn; resolving, with a violent storm, which drove us so far upon however dear they sold their lives, not to fall the coast of Florida, as that we twice struck into their bands. upon the shore, and had we struck a third time, || But I got better quarter among them than we had been inevitably lost. A day or two after that too, which was (as I have said) much of it that, the storm abating a little, we kept the owing to my speaking Spanish, and to my tellsea, but found the wind blowing so strong ing them how I had fought on so many occasions against our passing the gulf, and the sea going in the quarrel of his Catholic majesty in Italy ; so high, we could not hold it any longer; so we and, by great good chance, I had the King of were forced to bear away, and make what shift | France's commission for lieutenant-colonel in the we could ; in which distress, the fifth day after, Irish brigade in my pocket, where it was menwe made land, but found it to be Cape - itioned that the said brigade was then serving in the north-west part of the isle of Cuba. Here the armies of France, under the orders of his we found ourselves under a necessity to run in || Catholic majesty in Italy. under the land for shelter, though we had not! I failed not to talk up the gallantry and percome to an anchor, so we had not touched the sonal bravery of his Catholic majesty on all ocKing of Spain's territories at all. However, in Il casions, and particularly in many battles whero
(by the way) his majesty had never been at all, | on his Catholic majesty's dominions in America, and in some where I had never been myself ; but and they could not dispense with the least tittle of I found I talked to people who knew nothing of them without a particular assiento (as they called the matter, and so anything went down with it) from the consulado, or chamber of commerce, them, if it did but praise the King of Spain, and at Seville, or a command under the hand and talk big of the Spanish cavalry, of which, God | seal of the viceroy of Mexico. knows, there was not one regiment in the army, || “ How ! Seignior Corregidor," said I, with some at least while I was there.
warmth, and, as it were, with astonishment, " have However, this way of managing myself obtain- ll you not authority enough to sign a passport for an ed me the liberty of the place, upon my parole agent, or ambassador, to come on shore here, from that I would not attempt an escape; and I ob- any of the King of Great Britain's governors in tained also, which was a great favour, to have these parts, under a white flag, or flag of truce, to 200 pieces of eight allowed me out of the sale of speak with the governor of this place, or with any my cargo, for subsistence, till I could negotiate other person in the king's name, on the subject of my affairs at Mexico; as for my men, they were such business as the governor may have to commumaintained as prisoners at the public charge. picate ? Why,” said I, “ if you cannot do that,
Well, after several months'solicitation and at. you cannot act according to the law of nations." tendance, all I could obtain was, the satisfaction He shook his head, but still said, no, he could of seeing my ship and cargo confiscated, and my not do even so much as that; but here one of the poor sailors in a fair way to be sent to the mines.! military governors put in and opposed him, and The last I begged off, upon condition of paying they two differed warmly ; the first insisting that 300 pieces of eight for their ransom, and having their orders were deficient in that particular; but them se
the other said, that, as they were bound up to hostage for the payment of the said 300 pieces of them, it could not be in their power to act othereight, and for 200 pieces of eight, which I had wise, and that they were answerable for the ill already had, and for 500 pieces of cight more for consequences. my own ransom, if, upon a return from Mexico, “Well then," says the governor to the corregi. the sentence of confiscation, as above, should be dor, “now you have kept this Englishman as hosconfirmed by the viceroy.
tage for the ransom of the men that you have disThese were hard articles indeed, but I was for- | missed, suppose he tells you the money is ready, ced to submit to them: nor, as my circumstances, either at such, or such, or such a place, how shall were above all such matters as these as to sub- || he bring it hither? You will take all the people stance, did I lay it much to heart; the greatest prisoners that offer to bring it; what must he do? difficulty that lay in my way was, that I knew not If you say you will send and fetch it, what secuhow to correspond with my friends in any part of rity shall he have that he shall have his liberty the world, or which way to supply myself with when it is paid you? And why should be trust necessaries, or with money for the payment I had | you so far as to pay the money, and yet remain agreed to: the Spaniards being so tenacious of here a prisoner?" their ports, that they allowed nobody to come on This carried so much reason with it, that the shore, or indeed near the shore, from any part of Il corregidor knew not what to say, but that so was the world, upon pain of seizure and confiscation, the law, and he could act no otherwise but by the as had been my case already.
very letter of it; and here each was so positive, Upon this difficulty I began to reason with the that nothing could determine it but another excorregidor, and tell him that he put things upon us press to be sent to the viceroy of Mexico. that were impossible, and that were inconsistent | Upon this, the governor was so kind as to say with the customs of nations; that if a man was a he would get me a passport for anybody that prisoner at Algiers, they would allow him to write should bring the money, and any vessel they were to his friends to pay his ransom, and would admit in, by his own authority, and for their safe return. the person that brought it to come and go free, as | ing, and taking me with them, provided I would a public person; and if they did not, no treaty answer for it, that they should bring no European, could be carried on for the ransom of a slave, nor or other goods whatever with them, and should the conditions be performed when they are agreed || not set foot on shore without his express permis. upon.
sion, and provided he did not receive orders to · I brought it then down to my own case, and the contrary in the meantime from any superior desired to know, upon supposition that I might, | hand; and that even, in such a case, they should within the time limited in that agreement, have | have liberty to go back freely from whence they the sums of money ready for the ransom of my || came, under the protection of a white flag. men and of myself, how I should obtain to have I bowed very respectfully to the governor in notice given me of it, or how it should be token of my acknowledging his justice, and then brought, seeing the very persons bringing that no-| presented my humble petition to him, that he tice, or afterwards presuming to bring the money, I would allow my men to take their own sloop; might be liable to be seized and confiscated as I | that it should be rated at a certain valuc, and had been, and the money itself be taken as a would be obliged they should bring specie on second prize, without redeeming the first.
board with them, and that they should either pay Though this was so reasonable a request, that it it for the sloop, or leave the sloop again. could not be withstood in point of argument, yet Then he inqnired to what country I would send the Spaniard shrunk his head into bis shoulders, ll them for so much money, and if I could assure and said, they had not power sufficient to act in ! him of the payment; and, when he understood it such a case ; that the king's laws were so severe was no farther than to Virginia, he seemed very against the suffering any strangers to set their foot || easy; and, to satisfy the corregidor, who stil!
stood off, adhering, with a true Spanish stiffness, and knew her by her sails, but afterwards more to the letter of the law, the said governor calls out particularly by her signals. to me: “ Seignior," says he, “ I shall make all this When she returned, she came into the road with matter easy to you if you agree to my proposal ; | her Spanish ancient flying, and came to an anchor, your men shall have the sloop on condition you | as directed; but I, that had scen her some hours shall be my hostage for her return; but they shall before, went directly to the governor, and gave not take her as your sloop, though she shall in the him an account of her being come, and fain I would effect be yours on the payment of the money ; l have obtained the favour to have his excellency but you shall take two of my men on board with (as I called him) go on board in person, that he you upon your parole for their safe return, and might see how well his orders were executed ; but when she returns she shall carry his Catholic he declined that, saying, he could not justify going majesty's colours, and be entered as one of the off the island, which was, in short, to go out of sloops belonging to the Havannah; one of the his command of the fort, which he could not reSpaniards to be commander, and to be called by I assume without a new commission from the king's such a name as he shall appoint.
own hand. This the corregidor came into immediately, and
Then I asked leave to go on board myself, said this was within the letter of the king's com
which he granted me, and I brought on shore manderie, or precept, upon condition, however,
with me the full sum in gold, which I had conthat she should bring no European goods on board.
ditioned to pay for the ransom, both of my men I desired it might be put in other words ; namely,
and myself, and for the purchase of the sloop; that she should bring no European goods on shore.
and as I obtained leave to land in a different It cost two days' debate between these two, whe
place, so my governor sent his son with six sol.
Idiers to receive and convey me with the money ther it should pass, that no European goods should be brought in the ship, or brought on shore ; but
to the castle, where he commanded, and therein having found means to intimate that I meant not
to his own house. I had made up the money in to trade there, but would not be tied from bring
heavy parcels, as if it had been all silver, and ing a small present to a certain person, in acknow
gave it to two of my men, who belonged to the ledgment of favours; I say, after I had found room
sloop, with orders to them that they should make to place such a hint right, where it should be
it seem, by their carrying it, to be much heavier placed, I found it was all made easy to me, and it
than it was; this was done to conceal three parwas all agreed presently that, after the ransom was
cels of goods, which I had packed up with the paid, and the ship also bought, it was but reason
money, to make a present to the governor, as I able that I should have liberty to trade to any
intended. other country, not in the dominions of the king of
When the money was carried in and laid down: Spain, so to make up my losses; and that it would
would l'on the table, the governor ordered my men to be hard to oblige my men to bring away the vessel
ccall withdraw, and I gave the soldiers each of them light, and so lose the voyage, and add so much to
a piece of eight to drink, for which they were our former misfortunes ; that so long as no goods
very thankful, and the governor seemed very well were brought on shore in the country belonging
I pleased with it also. Then I asked him, pleato his Catholic majesty's dominions, which was
santly, if he would please to receive the money : all that they had to defend, the rest was no busi
he said, no; he would not receive it but in the ness of theirs.
presence of the corregidor and the other people
concerned. Then I begged his excellency (as I Now I began to see my way through.this un
called him) to give me leave to open the parcels happy business, and to find that, as money would
in his presence, for that I would do myself the bring me out of it, so money would bring it to turn ||
honour to acknowledge his favours in the best to a good account another way; wherefore I sent
manner I could. the sloop away under Spanish colours, and called "He + her the Nuestra Signiora de la Val de Grace, l be brought on shore but the money: but if I had
He told me, no; he could not sce anything commanded by Signior Giraldo de Nesma, one of brought anything on shore for my own use, he the two Spaniards.
would not be so strict as to inquire into that, so With the sloop I sent letters to my wife, and to ! I might do what I pleased myself. my chief manager, with orders to load her back. II Upon that I went into the place, shut myself I there directed, viz., that she should have 2001 in, and having opened all the things, and placed barrels of flour, 50 barrels of pease, and to answer them to my mind-there were five little parcels, my other views, I ordered 100 bales to be made as follows:up of all sorts of European goods, such as not !! 1, 2. A piece of twenty yards fine English my own warehouses only would supply, but such
broadcloth, five yards of black, tive as they could be supplied with in other ware
yards of crimson, in one parcel; and houses, where I knew they had credit for any.
the rest of fine mixtures in another thing.
parcel. In this cargo I directed all the richest and most i 3. A piece of thirty ells of fine Holland linen. valuable English goods they had, or could get, li 4. A piece of eighteen yards of fine English whether linen, woollen, or silk, to be made up ;
brocaded silk. the coarser things, such as we use in Virginia for || 5. A piece of black Colchester baize. clothing of servants, such I ordered to be left be- ! After I had placed these by themselves, I found hind, for the use of the plantation. In less than || means, with some seeming difficulties, and much seven weeks time the sloop returned, and I, that grimace, to bring him to know that this was infailed not every day to look out for her on the litended for a present to himself. After all that strand, was the first that spied her at a distance. ! part was over, and he had seemed to accept them, he signified, after walking a hundred turns and for about 5,000 pieces of eight, and carried them more in the room by them, by throwing his hat, awy themselves, and at their own hazards. which was under his arm, upon them, and making | This was very agreeable to me, for now I be. a very stiff bow; I say, after this he seemed to gan to see I should lick myself whole by the sale take his leave of me for awhile, and I waited in of this cargo, and should make myself full amends an outer room; when I was called in again, I of Jack Spaniard for all the injuries he had done found that he had looked over all the particulars, me in the first of these things; with this view I and caused them to be removed out of the gave my master, or captain of the sloop, instruc. place.
tions for sale of all the rest of the goods, and left But when I came again, I found him quite | him to manage by himself, which he did so well another man; he thanked me for my present; that he sold the whole cargo the next day to the told me it was a present fit to be given to a vice three Spaniards, with this additional circumroy of Mexico, rather than to a mere governor stance, that they desired the sloop might carry of the fort ; that he had done me no services the goods, as they were on board, to such part suitable to such a return, but that he would see of the terra firma as they should appoint beif he could nut oblige me farther before I left the tween the Honduras and the coast of La Vera place.
Cruz. After our compliments were over, I obtained It was difficult for me to make good this part leave to have the corregidor sent for, who accord of the bargain; but finding the price agreed for ingly came, and in his presence the money stipu. would very well answer the voyage, I consented; lated for the ransom of the ship, and of the inen, but then how to send the sloop away and remain was paid.
among the Spaniards when I was now a clear But here the corregidor showed that he would man, this was a difficulty too, as it was also to be as severely just on my side as on theirs, for he go away and not wait for a favourable answer would not admit the money as a ransom for us as from the viceroy of Mexico to the representation prisoners, but as a deposit for so much as we of the governor and the corregidor; however, at were to be ransomed for, if the sentence of our last I resolved to go in the sloop, fall out what being made prisoners should be confirmed. would; so I went to the governor and repre
And then the governor and corregidor, joining sented to him, that being now to expect a together, sent a representation of the whole affair, favourable answer from Mexico, it would be a at least we were told so, to the viceroy of Mexico; great loss to me to keep the sloop there all the and it was privately hinted to me that I would while, and I desired his leave for me to go with do well to stay for the return of the aviso, that the sloop to Antigua to sell and dispose of the is, a boat which they send over the bay to Vera | cargo, which he well knew I was obliged not to Cruz, with an express to Mexico, whose return bring on shore there at the Havannah, and which is generally performed in two months.
wonld be in danger of being spoiled by lying so I was not unwilling to stay, having secret hints || long on board. given me that I should find some way to go with This I obtained readily, with licence to come my sloop towards Vera Cruz myself, where I might || again into the road, and (for myself only) to come have an occasion to trade privately for the cargo on shore, in order to hear the viceroy's pleasure which I had on board; but it came about al, in niy case which was depending. nearer way-for, about two days after this money being deposited (as above), the governor's son invited himself on board my sloop, where I told
CHAPTER XIX. hiin I would be very glad to see him, and wbither,
1 I MAKE A VERY PROFITABLE VOYAGE_EMBARK ON at the same time, he brought with him three con A SIMILAR ADVENTURE ACCOMPANIED BY MY siderable merchants, Spaniards, two of them not
WIFE-I FIT UP MY SLOOP FOR DEFENCE AND inhabitants of the place.
SAIL FOR THE WEST INDIES-GREAT SUCCESS When they were on board, they were very OF MY VOYAGE — AFTER VARIOUS CHANGES OF merry and pleasant, and I treated them so much
PORTUNE I RETURN TO ENGLAND WEALTHY, WHERE to their satisfaction that, in short, they were not
MY WIFE JOINS ME-CONCLCSION. well able to go on shore for that night, but were Having thus obtained a licence or passport for content to take a pap on some carpets, which I the sloop and myself, I put to sea with the three caused to be spread for them; and that the gover Spanish merchants on board with me. They nor's son might think himself well used, I brought told me they did not live at the Havannah, but it him a very good silk night-gown, with a crimson seems one of them did ; and some rich mer. velvet night-cap, to lie down in, and in the chants of the Havannah, or of the parts there. morning desired him to accept of them for his abouts in the Havannah, were concerned with use, which he took very kindly.
them; for they brought on board, the night we During that merry evening one of the mer put to sea, a great sum of money in pieces of chants, not so touched with drink as the young cight; and, as I understood afterwards, that gentleman, nor so as not to mind what it was he these merchants bought the cargo of me, and, came about, takes an occasion to withdraw out of though they gave me a very great price for every the great cabin, and enter into a parley with the thing, yet that they sold them again to the mermaster of the sloop, in order to trade for what I! chants whom they procured on the coast of European goods we had on board. The master | Vera Cruz at a prodigious advantage; so that took the hint, and gave me notice of what bad they got above a hundred per cent, after I had passed, and I gave him instructions what to say, I gained very sufficiently beforc. and what to do; according to which instruc- || We sailed from the Havannah directly for Vera tions they made but few words, bought the goods ! Cruz. I scrupled venturing into the port at