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DITION to the reader. We assure them no small 1" inquiry; and all we have been able to hit there memorandum was found with this
s o much spirit and good sense, that name, only the two letters of a nar : Cercan form any just pretensions to either. memoir was as follows:
question that naturally occurs, “Who is MEMORANDUM.—I found this
estom in these days to form our sentiments of stand that he got them
Cerit, but from the sentiments we form of the served as Major of
these memoirs will renew an inquiry which has
wem?” N. B.- The manuscript
Some have imagined the whole to be a
the likest to truth that I ever read. It has all the As this has beer
with her simplicity, and adorned wtth her charms. ever, it seems most
to say, were all romance writers to follow this author's That it was borror old entertainment to philosophers, as well as serve for the soldierly a style
But I am fully persuaded our author, whoever he was, but the very
in the actions he relates. It is certain, no man could have of them.
retreat from Marston-Moor to Rochdale, and from thence The
porth, in so apt and proper terms, and in so exact a manner, so full, a
ravelled over the very ground he describes. I could point out Leipsic
in the course of the memoirs, which evidence that the author
acquainted with the towns, battles, sieges, &c., and a party in the New Beetle But, as it is needless to do this, all that remains is, to trace our in o
he was second son to a Shropshire gentleman, who was made a peer in King Charles I, whose seat lay eight miles from Shrewsbury. This no one so well as Andrew Newport, Esq., second son to Richard Newport, rcoll, Esq. ; which Richard was created Lord Newport, October 14, 1642. rew Newport, Esq., whom we suppose our author to be, was, after the RestoraHe a commissioner of the customs, probably in reward of his zeal and good $ for the royal cause.t The several illustrations these memoirs furnish to the history of those times they to, the variety of adventures they contain, and the elegant account given herein he wars in Germany and England, will abundantly recommend them to the curious.
must have been well aces,
50 " sctions he relates. C a wthor to his name.
He says he was the reigu of Kino scount suits no of High Ercoll, E This Andrew New tion, made a con services for the
I refer to, the
of the wars in
* Printed at Leeds, by James Lister, without date.
+ The original title-page of these memoirs runs thus :«« Memoirs of a Cavalier ; or, a Military Journal of the Wars in Germany and the Wars in England; from the year 1632 to the year 1648.
Written above four-score years ago by an English gentleman who served first in the army of Gustavus Adolphus, the glorious King of Sweden, till his death; and, after that, in the royal army of King Charles I, from the beginning of the rebellion to the end of that war.
“ Sic ubi delectos per torra armenta juvencos
Agricola imposito sociare affectat aratro;
Stat. T# EB. Lie, L.
Lucas, LIB. 4.
MEMOIRS OF A CAVALIER.
It may suffice the reader, without being very 1 During my stay at Oxford, though I passed inquisitive after my name, that I was born in the through the proper exercises of the house, yet county of Salop, in the year 1608, under the my chief reading was upon history and geography, government of what star I was never astrologer | as those pleased my mind best, and supplied me enough to examine ; but the consequences of 'my | with ideas most suitable to my genius; by the life may allow me to suppose some extraordinary former I understood what great actions had been influence affected my birth.
done in the world, and by the latter I understood If there be anything in dreams also, my mother, where they had been done. who was mighty observant that way, took minutes, My father readily complied with my desire of which I have since seen in the first leaf of her coming home ; for, besides that he thought, as I prayer-book, of several strange dreams she had did, that three years at the university was enough; while she was with child of her second son, which he also most passionately loved me, and began to was myself.
think of my settling near him. Once she noted that she dreamed she was At my arrival I found myself extraordinarily carried away by a regiment of horse, and de caressed by my father, and he seemed to take a livered in the fields of a son that, as soon as it particular delight in my conversation. My mother, was born, had two wings came out of its back, who lived in perfect union with him both in deand in half an hour's time flew away from her ; sires and affection, received me very passionately; and the very evening before I was born she || apartments were provided for me by myseli, ana dreamed she was brought to-bed of a son, and horses and servants allowed me in particular. that all the while she was in labour a man stood My father never went a-hunting, an exercise under her window beating on a kettle-drum, he was exceedingly fond of, but he would have which very much discomposed her.
me with him; and it pleased him when he found My father was a gentleman of a very plentiful I liked the sport. I lived thus, in all the pleasures fortune, having an estate of above 5,0001. per it was possible for me to enjoy, for about a year annum, of a family nearly allied to several of the more; when going out one morning with him to principal nobility, and lived about six miles from hunt a stag, and having had a very hard chase, the town of High Ercol; and my mother being and gotten a great way off from home, we had at , on some particular occasion, was sur leisure enough to ride gently back; and as we re| prised there at a friend's house, and brought me turned took occasion to enter into a discourse very safe into the world.
with me concerning my manner of settling in the I was my father's second son, and therefore world. was not altogether so much slighted as younger He told me, with a great deal of tenderness, sons of good families generally are ; but my father that he loved me above all the rest of his chil. saw something in my genius also which particu dren, and that therefore he intended to do well larly pleased him, and so made him take extra for me; that my eldest brother being already ordinary care of my education.
married and settled, he had designed the same I was taught, therefore, by the best masters for me, and proposed a very advantageous match that could be had, everything that was needful 11 with a young lady of very extraordinary fortune to accomplish a young gentleman for the world ; and merit, and offered to make me a settlement and at seventeen years old my tutor told my of two thousand pounds per annum, which he father an academic education was very proper said he could purchase for me without diminishfor a person of quality, and he thought me very | ing his paternal estate. fit for it; so my father entered me of Wadham There was too much kindness and affection in College, in Oxford, where I continued three ll this discourse not to affect me exceedingly; I told years.
him I would perfectly resign myself to his will. A collegiate life did not suit me at all, though || But as my father had, together with his love for I loved books well enough. It was never de. | me, a very nice judgment in his discourse, he signed that I should be either a lawyer, physician, fixed his eyes very attentively on min and or divine ; and I wrote to my father that I thought I though my answers were without the least reI had stayed there long enough for a gentleman, || serve, yet he thought he saw some uneasiness in and with his leave I desired to give him a visit. Il me at the proposal, and from thence concluded
that my compliance was rather an act of discre- | brother; and who had indeed instilled into me tion than inclination ; and though I seemed so the first desire of going abroad, and who I knew absolutely given up to what he had proposed, yet passionately longed to travel, but had not suffimy answers were really an effect of my obedience, | cient allowance to defray his expenses as a gen. I rather than my choice; so he returned very | tlernan, quick upon me
We had contracted a very close friendship, “Look you, son; though I give you my own and our tempers being very agreeable to one thoughts on the matter, yet I would have you another, we daily enjoyed the conversation of be very plain with me ; for if your sentiments do letters. He was of a generous, free disposition, not agree with mine, I will be your adviser, but without the least affectation or deceit, a hand. will never impose upon you; and therefore let some proper person, strong body, very good mien, me know your mind freely.”
and brave to the last degree. "I don't reckon myseis capable, sir,” said I, | His name was Fielding, and we called him with a great deal of respect, “to make so good a captain, though a very unusual title in a college; choice for myself as you can for me ; and though but fate had some hand in the appellation, for he my opinion differed from yours, its being your had certainly the lines of a soldier drawn in his opinion would reform mine, and my judgment countenance. would as readily comply as my duty.”
I imparted to him the resolutions I had taken, “I gather, at least, from thence," said my and that I had my father's consent to go abroad ; father, " that your designs lay another way before, and would gladly know his mind whether he however they may now comply with mine; and would accompany me. He wrote me word he therefore I would know what it was you would would with all his heart... have asked of me, if I had not offered this to you; My father, when he saw him (for I sent for and you must not deny me your obedience in him immediately to come to me) very much apthis, if you expect I should believe your readiness proved my choice ; so we got our equipage ready, in the other."
and came away for London. “Sir," said I, “it was impossible I should lay It was on the 22d of April, 1630, when we emout for myself just what you have proposed; but barked at Dover, landed in a few hours at Calais, if my inclinations were never so contrary, at your and immediately took post for Paris. command they shall be made known, yet i de I shall not trouble the reader with a journal of clare them to be wholly subject to your order. I my travels, nor with the description of places, confess niy thoughts did not tend towards mar- | which every geographer can do better than 1; riage, or a settlement; for though I had no reason but these memoirs being only a relation of what to question your care of me, yet I thought a gen. || happened to ourselves, or in our own knowledge, tleman ought always to see something of the | I shall confine myself to that part only. world before he confined himself to any particular We had indeed some diverting passages in our part of it, and if I had asked your consent to journey to Paris; first, the horse my comrade anything, it should have been to give me leave to rode upon fell so very lame with a slip, that he travel for a short time, in order to qualify myself could not go, and hardly stand; and the fellow that I may appear at home like a son to so good that rode with us express pretended to ride away a father."
to a town five miles distant to get a fresh horse, "In what capacity would you travel ?" replied and so left us on the road with one horse betwixt my father : "you must go abroad either as a pri us. We followed as well as we could, but being vate gentleman, as a scholar, or as a soldier." strangers, missed the way, and wandered much
" If it were in the latter capacity, sir," said I, | out of the road. Whether the man performed returning pretty quick, “I hope I should not || in reasonable time, or not, we could not be sure ; dishonour myself; but I am not so determined || but if it had not been for an old priest, we had as not to be ruled by your judgment."
never found him. " Truly," replied my father, “I see no war || We met this good man by accident, near & abroad at this time worth a man's appearing in, || little village whereof he was curate : we spoke whether we talk of the cause or the encourage Latin enough just to make him understand us, ment; and indeed, son, I am afraid you need not || and he did not speak it much better himself ; go far for adventures of that nature, for things but he took us into the village to his house, gave seem to look as if this part of Europe would find us wine and bread, and entertained us with woous work enough."
derful courtesy. After this he sent into the My father then spoke relating to the quarrell village, hired a peasant, and a horse for my caplikely to happen between the King of England | tain, and sent him to guide us into the road. and the Spaniard, * for I believe he had no notion At parting, he inade a great many compliments of a civil war in his head.
to us in French, which we could just understand; In short, my father, perceiving my inclinations but the sum was, to excuse him for a question be very forward for travelling, gave me leave, upon was inclined to ask. After leave to interrogate condition I would promise to return in two years what he pleased, it was, if we wanted any money at furthest, or sooner, if he sent for me.
for the pursuance of our journey, and pulled out While I was at Oxford I happened to fall into two pistoles, which he offered either to give of the society of a young gentleman of a good || lend us. family, but of low fortune, being a younger || I mention this exceeding courtesy of the curate,
because, though civility is very much in force in • Upon the breach of the match between the King of France, and especially to strangers, yet England and the Infanta of Spain, and particularly upon the old quarrel betwixt the King of Bobemia and
very unusual thing to have them part with their the Palatinate
Il money .
We let the priest know, first, that we did not 1| Larron! larron! pretending to search for the
want money, and, next, that we were very sen thief,--and so one one way, and one another*| sible of the obligation he offered us; and I told || they were all gone-the noise went over-the
| him in particular, if I lived to see him again I gentlemen stood looking one at another, and the would acknowledge it.
bawling doctor began to have the crowd about This accident of our horse was, as we aster him again. wards found, of some use to us. We had left This was the first French trick I had the opour two servants bchind at Calais to bring our portunity of sceing ; but I was told they have a baggage after us, by reason of some dispute be- ll great many more as dexterous as this. tween the captain of the packet and the custom We soon got acquainted with these gentlemen, house officer, which could not be adjusted, and who were going to Paris as well as us; so the We were wishing to be at Paris: the fellows fol. next day we made up our company with them, lowed as fast as they could ; and let us know, || and were a pretty troop of five gentlemen and as near as we could learn, in the time we lost our four servants. way, they were robbed, and our portmanteaus We had no design to stay long at Paris; opened. The villains took what they pleased ; indeed, excepting the city itself, there was not but as there was no money, only linen and neces much to be seen. Cardinal Richelieu, who was saries, the loss was not great.
not only a supreme minister of the church, but Our guide conveyed us to Amiens, where we prime minister of the state, was now made also found the express and our two servants, whom general of the king's forces, with a title never the express met on the road, and having a spare known in France before nor since, viz. Lieutenhorse, had brought back with him hither.
ant-general au Place du Roy, in the king's stead, We took this for a good omen of our success. or, as some have since translated it, representing ful journey, having escaped a danger which the person of the king. might have been greater to us than it was to our Under this character he pretended to execute servants; for the highwaymen in France do not the royal powers in the army without appeal to always give a traveller the civility of bidding the king, or without waiting for orders; and liim stand and deliver his money, but frequently having departed from Paris the winter before, had fire upon him first, and then take his money. now actually begun the war against the Duke of
We stayed one day at Amiens to adjust this Savoy, in the process of which he restored the little disorder, and walked about the town, and Duke of Mantua; and having taken Pignerol into the great church, but saw nothing very re from the duke, put it into such a state of defence markable there ; but going across a broad street as he could never force it out of his hands. The near the great church, we saw a crowd of people cardinal reduced the duke rather by good congazing at a mountebank doctor, who made a duct and management than by force, to make long harangue to them with a thousand antic peace without it; and annexing it to the crown postures, and gave out bills this way, and boxes of France, has ever since been a thorn in his of physic that way, and had a great trade; when foot, and has always made the peace of Savoy on a sudden the people raised a cry of Larron! lame and precarious. France has since made PigJarron! (in English, thief! thief!) on the other nerol one of the strongest fortresses in the world. side the street, and all the auditors ran away The cardinal, with all the military part of the from the doctor to see what the matter was. court, was in the field, and the king, to be Among the rest we went to see, and the case near him, was gone with the Queen and all the was short and plain enough.
court, just before I reached Paris, to reside at Two English gentlemen and a Scotchman, Lyons. All these considered, there was nothing travellers, as we were, stood looking at this to do at Paris : the court looked like a citizen's prating empiric, and one of them caught a fellow house when the family are gone into the counpicking his pocket: he had got some of the gen try; and I thought the whole city looked very tleman's money, for he dropt two or three pieces melancholy, compared to the fine things I had just by him, and had got hold of his watch, but heard of it. being surprised, let it slip again. My reason for The queen-mother and her party were chatelling this story is for the agility of its manage grined at the cardinal, who, though he owed his ment.
grandeur to her immediate favour, was now grown The thief had his seconds so ready, that as too great any longer to be at the command of her soon as the Englishman had seized him, they fell majesty, or indeed in her interest; and therefore in, pretended to be mighty zealous for the stran the queen was dissatisfied, and her party looked ger, taking the fellow by the throat, and making very much down. a great bustle. The gentleman, not doubting The Protestants were everywhere disconsolate; but the man was secured, let go his own hold of for the losses they had received at Rochelle, him, and left him to them. The hubbub was Nismes, and Montpellier, had reduced them to great, and 'twas these men cried Larron ! lar an absolute dependence on the king's will, with. ron! but with a dexterity peculiar to themselves out possible hopes of ever recovering themselves, had let the right fellow go, and pretended to or being so much as in a condition to take arms be all upon one of their own gang.
for their religion ; and therefore the wisest of At last they bring the fellow to the gentleman, them plainly foresaw their own entire reduction, to ask him what he had done; who, when he as it since came to pass : and I remember very saw the person they had seized, presently told well, that a Protestant gentleman told me once, them that was not the man: they then seemed || as we were passing from Orleans to Lyons, that to be in more consternation than before, and || the English had ruined them ; "and therefore," spread themselves all over the street, crying Il says he, “I think the next occasion the king takes to use us ill, as I know 'twill not be long || and that it was some strange accident brought before he does, we must all fly over to England, me thither. where you are bound to maintain us for having I could speak but little French, and supposed helped to turn us out of our own country."
they could speak no English ; so I stepped to I asked him what he meant by saying the Eng the door to see for the page that brought me lish had done it?
thither; but seeing nobody there, and the pas He returned short upon me-" I do not mean," sage clear, I made off as fast as I could, without says he, “by not relieving Rochelle, but by help speaking a word ; nor did the other two gentleing to ruin Rochelle, when you and the Dutch men offer to stop me. lent ships to beat our fleet, which all the ships in But I was in a strange confusion when, coming France could not have done without you."
into those entries and passages which the page I was too young in the world to be very sensi. led me through, I could by no means find my ble of this before, and therefore was something way out: at last seeing a door open that looked startled at the charge ; but when I came to dis through a house into the street, I went in, and course with this gentleman, I soon saw the truth out at the other door; but then I was at as great of what he said was undeniable, and have since a loss to know where I was, and which was the reflected on it with regret, that the naval power way to my lodging. The wound in my thigh of the Protestants, which was then superior to bled apace, and I could feel the blood in my the royal, would certainly have been the recovery breeches. of all their fortunes, had it not been unhappily In this interval came by a chair; I called and broken by their brethren of England and Hol. went into it, and bid them, as well as I could, land, the foriner lending seven men-of-war, and go to the Louvre; for though I knew not the the latter twenty, for the destruction of the name of the street where I lodged, I knew I could Rochellers' fleet; and by those very ships the find the way to it when I was at the Bastile. fleet were actually beat and destroyed, and they The chairmen went on their own way; and never afterward recovered their force at sea, and being stopped by a company of the guards as by consequence sunk under the siege, which the they went, set me down till the soldiers were English afterwards in vain attempted to pre marched by; when, looking out, I found I was vent.
just at my own lodging, and the captain standing These things made the Protestants look very at the door looking for me : I beckoned to him, dull, and expected the ruin of all their party; and, whispering, told him I was very much hurt; which had certainly happened, had the cardinal but bid him pay the chairmen, and ask no queau lived a few years longer.
tions, but come to me. We stayed in Paris about three weeks, as well I made the best of my way up stairs; but had to see the court, and what rarities the place lost so much blood that I had scarcely spints afforded, in which time an incident happened enough to keep me from swooning till he came in. which had like to have put a short period to our He was equally concerned with me to see me ramble.
in such a bloody condition, and presently callad Walking one morning before the gate of the up our landlord, and he as quickly called in his Louvre, with a design to see the Swiss drawn up, neighbours, that I had a room full of people about which they always did, and exercised just before me in a quarter of an hour. they relieved the guards, a page came up to me, But this had like to have been of worse conseand, speaking English, “ Sir,” says he, “the quence to me than the other; for by this time captain must needs have your immediate assist there were great inquiries after the person who ance."
had killed a man at the tennis-court. I had not the knowledge of any person in
My landlord was then sensible of his mistake. Paris but my own companion, whom I called
and came to me and told me the danger I was in, captain; had no room to question but it was he
and very honestly offered to convey me to a that sent for me; and crying out hastily to bim,
friend's of his, where I should be very secure. “Where?" followed the fellow as fast as possible. He led me through several passages which I knew
I thanked him, and suffered myself to be car: not, and at last through a tennis-court and into
ried at midnight whither he pleased: he visited
me very often till I was well enough to walk a large room, where three men, like gentlemen, were engaged very briskly, two against one. The
about, which was not in less than ten days, when
we thought it best to be missing, so took post for room was very dark, so that I could not easily know them; but being fully possessed with an
Orleans; but when I came upon the road I found opinion before of my captain's danger, I ran into
myself in another error, for my wound opened the room with my sword in my hand : I had not
again with riding, and I was in a worse condition particularly engaged any of them, nor so much
than before, being forced to take up at a little as made a pass at any, when I received a very
village on the road, a few miles from Orleans dangerous thrust in my thigh, rather occasioned
where there was no surgeon to be had, but a sorry by my hasty running in than a real design of the
country barber, who nevertheless dressed me 23 person ; but enraged a: the hurt, without examin
well as he could, and in about a week more I was ing who it was hurt me, I threw myself upon him,
able to walk to Orleans at three times. Here! and run my sword quite through his body.
stayed till I was quite well, and then took coach The novelty of the adventure, and the unex
for Lyons, and so through Savoy into Italy. pected fall of the man, by a stranger come in, I spent near two years after this bad beginning nobody knew how, had becalmed the other two, in travelling through Italy, and to the several that they really stood gazing at me. By this courts of Rome, Naples, Venice, and Vienna. tiine I had discovered my captain was not there, When I came to Lyons, the king was gone