equity and kindness; I ordered him to inquire ,, to behave with the greatest submission and dicalmly what it was had moved them to these l gence, in hopes to regain my favour by this disorders, and what it was which they had been future behaviour, and to show their gratitude fur made to believe was doing, that they could enter || the pardon I should grant them. into measures so destructive to themselves, and This was, indeed, just as I would have it, for to those who had entrusted them all with the I wanted nothing more than to have something ship and cargo ; for that in a voyage, every offered, which I might give them back again; foremast-man, in his degree, is trusted with the for I ever thought, and have found it by er. safety of the whole ship.

perience to be the best way, and men were They answered it was the mate: that they had always secured in their duty by a generous kind. never shown themselves discontented, much less ness, better than by the absolute dominion and disorderly in the ship ; that they had on all oc severity ; indeed my opinion was justified in all casions done their duty through the whole voyage the 'measures I took with these men ; for as I till now, and that they had no ill design upon any found they were sufficiently humbled, and that one, much less had they any design to destroy | I had brought them low enough, I let them the voyage, or injure the captain ; but that they know that it was not their punishment, but were all told by the second mate that the captain their ameadment I desired ; that I scorned to had imposed upon them, that he had proposed a make a prey of them, and take that forfeiture mad voyage to the South Pole, that would mur- | they had offered, so putting the wages due to der them all, and that they were to lay aside the them for their labour in my pocket. But I sent trading and cruising voyages which they came them word I was very glad to hear that they out upon, and were now to spend the whole voy were sensible how much they had been imposed age in new discoveries, by which the men could upon; that as it was not my design to offer anv. propose nothing to themselves but hardships, thing to them which they or any honest men and perhaps perishing with hunger and cold ; Il ought to refuse, so it was not my desire to make whereas, had they gone to the South Seas, as any advantages of their follies, but what might was intended, they might all have been made, tend to bring them back to their duty; that as and that the hazards, with that prospect, had I had no prospect that was inconsistent with some sense in them; whereas in this project || their safety and interest, so I scorned to make a there was nothing but certain destruction. profit of their submission; that as to their wages.

The mate delivered them a copy of the scheme though they had forfeited it by their mutiny, vit I had proposed, the reasons of it, the trade I had God forbid I should make it my profit; and designed, the return I was to make, and every since forgiving their offence was in my power, thing as I have already mentioned it, and bid the crime being in one particular an offence them take it and consider of it.

against me, they should never be able to say I As I was justly provoked to see how I had made a gain of their submission, and like the been abused and misrepresented to the men, so Pope, should sell them my pardon ; that upon they were astonished when they read my scheme, their solemn engaging to me never to offer the and saw what mischiefs they had been led into, least disturbance of any kind in the ship for the for they know not what, and without any reason future, but to do their duty faithfully and cheer. or just consideration. And after they had de- fully, I would forget all that was past, only this baied things a while among themselves, they | excepted, viz., that two of them who were par. desired the chief mate might come to them ticularly guilty of threatening the life of Capagain, which he did. Then they told him that, | tain Merlotte, should be punished as they de as they had been thus grossly abused and drawn served. into mischiefs which they never designed, by such They could not deny but this was most just; plausible pretences, and by being told such a and they did not so much as offer to intercede long story full of lies, and to carry on a hellish for those two; but when one of the two moved project of the second mate's, they hoped then, the rest, they answered they could not do it, for being so much imposed upon would a little ex- | they had received favour enough for themselves, tenuate their fault; that they were convinced and they could not desire anything of the capthat the captain had proposed nothing but what tain for their sakes, for they had all deserved was very rational, and a voyage that might be punishment as well as they very profitable to the owners and to themselves, In a word, the two men were brought to tbe and that they entirely threw themselves upon geers, and soundly whipped and pickled; and the captain's mercy, and humbly begged pardon ; they all proved very honest ever after. And that if I pleased to forgive them, they would these, as I said at first, were two-and-thirty in endeavour to merit such forgiveness by their all. future behaviour; and that in the meantime All this while .Captain Merlotte, with his they submitted to what punishment I pleased to Frenchmen, were in arms, and had possession di Jay upon them; and particularly, that as they the quarter-deck, to the number of twenty-three had forfeited, by their conspiracy, all the claim stout men; I had possession of the main-deck, they had upon the ship, and might justly have with eighteen men and the sixteen Dutchmen, been turned ashore at the first land they came to, and my chief mate, with the midshipman, had they were willing to sign a discharge for all their possession of the cook-room and the quarterwages due to them, which was now near eight deck; the Dutch captain, our supercargo, the months a-man, and to be considered for the rest surgeon, and the other captain, kept the great of the voyage as they deserved; that they would cabin, with a guard of twelve musqueteers with. all take a solemn oath of fidelity to me to do their out the door, and about eight more wittis. duty, to go wherever I would carry them, and | besides servants. Captain Merlotte's men, alt

had a guard of eight men in the round-house. privateer had killed them some men; but in the I had now nothing to do but with my men who | heat of the fight, the sloop received a shot, which were on shore ; and of these, six of them were brought her main-mast by the board, and this indifferent, being men not embarked in the caused the captain of the frigate to sheer off, design, but carried on shore by the chief mate, fearing his sloop would be taken; but the sloop's with a design to engage them with him ; so that || men took care of themselves, for hauling a little indeed, they fell into a punishment before they l out of the fight, they got into their own boats, fell into the crime, and what to do with these and a boat which the frigate sent to their help, men was the case.

and abandoned the sloop, which the Dutchmen The first thing I did was to dismiss my visitor, perceiving, they manned out their boats, and the Dutch captain, whom I had a great deal of sent and took the sloop, with all that was in her, reason to think myself exceedingly obliged to ; and brought her away with them. and fifst, I handsomely rewarded his men, to The Dutchmen came into the road at the Cape whom I gave four pieces of eight a-man; and 1 with this prize while our ship was there the having waited on the captain to the ship's side, second time, and we saw them bringing the and seen him into his boat, I fired him twenty sloop in a tow, having no mast standing but a one guns at his going off, for which he fired little pole. mast set up for the present, and her twenty-five when he came on board his ship. mizen, which was also disabled and of little use The same afternoon, I sent my pinnace on board to her. for my drunken cockswaii, and with the pin I no sooner saw her, but it came into my nace I sent the captain three dozen bottles of thoughts that if she was anything of a sea-boat, English beer, and a quarter-cask of Canary, she would do our business to a tittle; and as we which was the best present I had to make him, l had always resolved to get another ship, but had and sent every one of his other seamen a piece been disappointed, this would answer our end of eight per man; and indeed the assistance I exactly. Accordingly, I went with my chief had from the ship deserved it; and to the mate, mate in our shallop, on board my old acquaint. who acted so bravely with my men on shore, I ance the Dutch captain, and inquiring there, was sent fifty pieces of eight.

inforined of the case, that it was a prize, taken The next day, I went on shore to pay my as above, and that in all probability the captain respects to the governor, when I had all the that took her would be glad to part with her, and prisoners delivered up to me; the six men, I the captain promised me to go on board the ship caused to be immediately set at liberty, as having that brought her in, and inquire about it, and let been innocent, and brought all the rest on board, me know. ticd hand and foot, as prisoners, and continued Accordingly, the next morning, the captain thern so a great while afterward, as you shall sent me word I might have her; that she carried hear. As for the second mate, I tried him form eight guns, had good store of provisions on board, ally by a council of war, as I was empowered by with ammunition sufficient, and I might have her my commission to do, and sentenced him to be and all that was in her for 1,200 pieces of eight. hanged at the yard arm; and though I sus In a word, I sent my chief mate back with the pended the execution from day to day, yet I same messenger and the money, giving him comkept him in expectation of the halter every mission to pay the money and take possession of hour, which, to some, would have been as grievous her, if he liked her, which he did ; and the Dutch as the hanging itself.

captain, my friend, lent him twelve men to Thus we conquered this desperate mutiny, bring her off to us, which they did the same all principally proceeding from suffering the private disputes among ourselves, which ought to I was a little put to it for a mast for her, have been the arcana of the whole voyage, and not having anything on board that we could spare kept as secret as death itself could bave kept it, that was fit for a main-mast; but resolving at I mean so as not to come among the seamen last to mast her, not as a sloop, but as a briganafore the mast.

tine, we made shift with what spare pieces we We lay here twelve days, during which time had, and a spare foretop-mast, which one of the we took in fresh water, as much as we had casks Dutch ships helped me to, so we fitted her up for, and were able to stow. On the 13th day || very handsomely, made her carry twelve guns, of August we weighed and stood away to the and put sixty men on board. One of the best east, designing to make no land any more till we things we found on board her was cask, which we came to Java Head, and the Straits of Sunda, greatly wanted, especially for barrelling up beef, for that way we intended to sail; but the wind and other provisions, which we found very diffisprung up at E., and at E. S. E., and blew so cult; but our cooper eked them out with making fresh that we were obliged, after two days' bcat. some new ones out of her old ones. ing against it, to bear away asore it, and run After staying here sixteen days more, we sailed back to the Cape of Good Hope.

again, indeed. I thought once we should never While we were here, there came in two Dutch have gone away at all; for it is certain above East Indiamen more, homeward bound, to whom half the men in the ship were made uneasy, and had happened a very odd accident, as follows:- | there remained still some misunderstanding of They had been attacked by a large ship of forty. 1. my design, and a supposition of all the frightful four guns, and a stout sloop of eight guns; the lithings the second mate had put into their heads ; Dutch ships, resolving to assist one another, stood and by his means, the boatswain and gunner. up to the Frenchman, for such it seems he was, As these three had the principal management of and fought him very warmly. The engage. I the conspiracy, and that I had pardoned all the ment lasted six or seven hours, in which the rest, I had some thoughts of making an example


of these. I took care to let them know it, too, is the north part of the island; that they had ao in a manner that they had no room to think it || ship with them of any force, and that they would was in jest, but that'I intended to have them all || be glad to be fetched off by any Christian ship; three hanged; I kept them above three weeks || that they were not above two hundred in num. in suspense about it. However, as I had no in- || ber, their chief leaders, with the only ships of tention to put them to death, I thought it was force they had, being out a cruising on the coast a piece of cruelty, something worse than death, of Arabia and the Gulf of Persia. to keep them continually in expectation of it, || After this, I went on shore myself, with Capand in a place, too, where they had but little tain Merlotte, and some of the men who I could more than room to breathe.

trust, and we found it true, as the Dutchman So having been seventeen days gone from the had related. The Dutchman gave us a long Cape. I resolved to relieve them a little, and yet II history of his adventures, and how he came to at the same time remove them out of the way of be left there by a ship he came in from Europe, doing me any capital injury, if they should have which, he running up into the country for sport, any such design still in their heads. For this with three more of his comrades, went away purpose, I caused them to be removed out of without them, and left them among the natives, the ship into the brigantine, and there I per. who, however, used them very well, and that now mitted them to have a little more liberty than he served them for an interpreter and a broker, they hau on board the great ship, and where to bargain for them with the European ships for two of them entered into another devilsh con provisions. Accordingly, he engaged to bring spiracy, as wild and foolish as ever I heard of, or us what provisions we pleased, and proposed such as, perhaps, was ever heard of, of which I shall trinkets in return as he knew the natives desired, say more in its place.

and as were of value little enough to us, but he We were now to sail in company, and we went || desired a consideration for himself in money, away from the Cape the third of September, | which, though it was of no use to him there, he anno 1740. We found the brigantine an excel said it might be hereafter; and as his demand lent sea-boat, and could bear the weather to a || was but twenty pieces of eight, we thought he miracle, and no bad sailer ; she kept pace with || very well deserved it. us on all occasions, and in a storm we had at Here we bought a great quantity of beef, S. S. E., some days after, she shifted as well as || which, having no casks to spare, we salted, and we did in the great ship, which made us all in || then cured it in the sun, by the Dutchman's love with her.

direction, and it proved of excellent use to us This storm drove us away to the northward, || through the whole voyage, for we kept some of and I once thought we should have been driven || it till we came to England, but it was then so back to the Cape again; which if it had happened, hard that a good hatchet would hardly cut it. I believe we should never have gone on with the || While we lay here, it came into my thoughts voyage ; for the men began to murmur again, that now was a good time to execute justice upon and say we were bewitched, that we were beaten | my prisoners; so I called a council of war, and off first from the south of America, that we proposed it to them in general terms, not letting could never get round there, and now driven back them know my mind as to the manner of it. from the South of Africa ; so that it looked as | They all agreed that it was necessary, and the if Fate had determined this voyage to be pur- || second mate, boatswain, and gunner, had so sued no further. The wind continued, and blew | much intelligence of it from the men, that they exceeding hard ; and in short, we were driven prepared for death as much as if I had signed a so far to the north, that we made the south point death-warrant for their execution, and that they of the island of Madagascar.

were to be hanged at the yard-arın. But in the My pilot know it to be Madagascar as soon as || middle of those resolves I told the council of he had a clear view of the land, and having | officers that my design was to the north part of beaten so long against the sea to no purpose, and the island, where a gang of pirates were said to being in want of many things, we resolved to be settled, and that I was persuaded I might get put in; and accordingly made for Port St Augus. || a good ship among them, and as many men as tine, on the west side of the island, where we | we desired, for that I was satisfied the greatest came to an anchor in eleven fathom water, and a part of them were so wearied of their present very good road.

government, that they would be glad of an opI could not be without a great many anxious portunity to come away, and cspecially such as thoughts upon our coming into this island, for I had by force, or rash hasty resolutions, been, as knew very well that there were a gang of des- || it were, surprised into that sort of life ; that I perate rogues here, especially on the northern || had been informed they were very far from being coast, who had been famous for their piracies, l1 in such a formidable posture as they had been and I did not know but that they might be either represented to us in Europe, or anything near so strong enough as pirates to take us, or rogues numerous, but that on the contrary we should enough to entice a great many of my men to run find them poor, divided, in distress, and willing away; so I resolved neither to come near enough to get away upon any terms they could. the shore to be surprised, nor to suffer any of Some of the officers of the ship differed from my men to go on shore, such excepted as I could me in my opinion ; they had received such ideas be very secure of.

of the figure those people made at Madagascar, But I was soon informed by a Dutchman, who from the common report in England, that they came off to me with some natives in a kind of had no notion of them, but as of a little coma canvas boat, that there were no Europeans monweath of robbers; that they were imthere but himself, and that the pirates were on mensely rich, that Captain Avery was king of

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the island ; that they were near eight thousand to save his life, but to be trusted in the ship men, that they had a good squadron of stout || again, if he inclined to be honest; that, how ships, and that they were able to resist a ever, if he had no inclination to merit by his whole fleet of men-of-war, having a harbour so service, I would put it to his choice, either to well fortified at the entrance into it that there undertake with courage and fidelity what I had was no coming at them without a good army for to propose to him, in which case he might expect land service and the like.

to be very well treated, or if not, I would pardon I convinced them how impossible this was to him as to the death he had reason to expect, and be true, and told them all the discourse I had || he, with his two fellow criminals, should be set had with the Dutchman at the place where I on shore, to go whither they pleased. now was, who had had a full account of it from He waited, without offering to speak a word, several of them who had come down to St till I made a full stop, and then asked me if I Augustine's in little boats, in order to make their gave him leave to answer; I told him, yes; then escape from them, and to get passage for Europe, he asked me if I gave him leave to speak freely, whom he had always assisted, and got them off | and would not take offence at what he might as any ship touched at that port, and who all say. I told him he should speak as freely as if agreed in their relation of their particulars, which || he had never offended; and that as I had given were indeed miserable enough, saying that they him his life, I would now give him my word nowanted neither victuals nor clothes.

thing he could say should revoke the grant; and In a word, I soon brought them to enter into | that he should not only go freely on shore, for I the reason of it, and to be of my opinion; and expected by his words that he had made that accordingly I ordered to get ready, and in three choice, but that I would give him the lives of his days' time weighed, and stood away for the north two fellow-prisoners, and would give them arms of the island; for, by the way, we did not now and ammunition, and anything else that was rea. communicate our debates or resolves to the men sonable for them to ask, or necessary to their before the mast, as had been done before,-We subsisting on shore in such a country. had indeed had enough of that already.

He told me then that, had it been any other While we were thus coasting the island to the part of the world than at Madagascar, he would north, and in the channel or sea between the readily have chosen to have gone on shore; nay, island and the main of Africa, it came into my though the place had been really desolate and thoughts that I might now make use of my uninhabited ; that he did not object because my traitors to my advantage and their own too, and offer was not very generous and kind, and it that I might, if they were honest, gain my end, I would be always with regret that he should look and get full intelligence of the people I had my back upon the mercy he should have received, eye upon, and if they were still traitors, they and how ill he had deserved it at my hands. would desert and go over to the pirates, and I But that as it was at this place that I men. should be well rid of them, without the necessity

| tioned setting him at liberty, he told me that of bringing them to the yard-arm ; for I was though he had been mutinous and disorderly, for very uneasy in my mind about hanging them which he acknowledged he had deserved to die, too, nor could I ever have been brought to do it, yet he hoped I could not think so ill of him as I believe, whatever risk I had run from their to believe he could turn pirate, and begged that, mutinous disposition.

rather than entertain such hard thoughts of him, I was now got into the latitnde of fifteen de- || I would execute the worst part of the sentence, grees and a half south of the line, and began to and send him out of the world a penitent, and think of standing in for the shore. Shen I ordered || an honest man ; which he should esteem far the second mate, who lay in irons in the brigan- || better than to give him his life in a condition in tine, to be brought on board the ship, and to be which he could preserve it upon other terms called up into the great cabin. He came in great | than those of being the worst of villains. He concern; though he was of himself a very bold added, that if there was anything he could do to and resolute fellow, yet as he made no doubt || deserve so much mercy as I intended him, he that he was sent for to execution, he appeared begged me that I would give him room to be. thoroughly softened, and quite another man than || have himself as became him, and he would he was before.

leave it wholly to me to use him as he should When he was brought in, I caused him to be deserve, even to the recalling the pardon that I set down in a nook of the cabin, where he could had granted him. not stir to offer any violence to me, if he had had I was extremely satisfied with what he said, any will to it, two large chests being just before and more particularly with the manner of his him; and I ordered all my people to withdraw, speaking it; I told him I was glad to see that except Captain Merlotte and the supercargo, he had a principle of so much honesty at the and then, turning myself to the criminal, I told bottom of a part so unhappy as he had acted ; him he knew his circumstances, I need not re that I would be very far from prompting him to peat them, and the fact for which he was brought turn pirate, and much more from forcing him to into that condition; that I had hitherto from do so; and that I would, according to his desire, time to time delayed his execution, contrary to put an opportunity into his hands to show him. the opinion of the rest of the chief officers, who self a new man; and by his fidelity to wipe out in full council bad unanimously condemned him; all that was past: and then without any more that I had a sudden thought came into my head, ceremony, I told him my whole design, which wbich, if he knew how to merit mercy, and to was to send him, and four or five more men with retrieve his circumstances by his future fidelity, him, on shore among the pirates as spies, to see might once again put it into his power not only !l what condition they were in, and to see whether there was any apprehensions of violence from way farther. So we stood away to the north all them, or whether they were in the mean cir the night, and the next day the wind being fair í cumstances that I had reason to believe they and the sea smooth, and by our reckoning we were in ; and, lastly, whether they had any ship went in that time about forty leagues. or vessel that might be bought of them, and The next evening the same company went on whether men might be had to increase our com. shore again, and were showed by some of the pany; that is to say, such men as being penitent natives where the pirates inhabited ; whicb, ia for iheir rogueries, and tired with their miseries, short, was about five or six-and-twenty miles would be glad of the opportunity of turning further north still, in a river very commodioas honest men before they were brought to it by for shipping, where they had five or six Eurodistress and the gallows.

pean built ships, and two or three sloops; bot He embraced the opportunity with the greatest they were all laid up, except two sloops, with readiness, and gave me all the assurances that I which they cruised sometimes a great distance could desire of his fidelity. I then asked him off to the north, as far as the Arabian Gulf. whether he thought his two fellow prisoners | He returned with this intelligence the same might be trusted upon the same foot. He asked night, and by bis direction we stood in as close me if I would take it for a piece of sincerity if, under the shore as we could conveniently, about after & trial, he should tell me his mind, and six leagues further north; here we found a very would not be displeased if he declined speaking good road under a little Cape, which kept us his thoughts till he had talked with them. I I perfectly undiscovered ; and in the morning

d him he should be at liberty to give his fur. Il before day my man went on shore again with ther answer after he had proposed it to him ; | the boat, and, keeping only four men with him, but I insisted upon his opinion first, because it sent the boat on board again, agreeing on a was only his opinion that I asked now; whereas, signal for us to send the boat for him again when if he reported it to them, then he had no he should return. more to do but to report their answer. He then There was a pretty high ledge of hills to asked me if I would please to grant him one the north of the place where he landed, and thing, namely, that whatever his opinion shonld which running west, made the little Cape under be, that what he should say should be no preju the lee of which our ship rode at an anchor as dice to them in their present condition; I told above. As soon as he came to the top of those him it was a reasonable caution in him, and I hills he plainly discovered the creek or harbour would assure him that whatever he said should where the pirate ships lay, and where they had not do them any prejudice, and to convince him formed their encampment on the shore. Our of it, I gave him my word that I would not put men took such proper observations of the situa. them to death on any account whatsoever, tion of the place they were in upon the hill, that merely for his sake. He bowed, and thanked | they might not fail to find their way back me very heartily for that grant, which he said ' again, though it were in the night; and having obliged hiin to be the plainer with me on that agreed in the account they should give of themhead, and as, he said, he would not deceive me selves, so that they might be all found in the same in anything whatever, so he would not in this tale, they boldly went down the hill, and came especially; and therefore told me it was his to the edge of the creek, the pirates' camp being opinion they would not serve me faithfully; and on the other shore. he referred me to the experience I should find | Here they fired a gun to raise a kind of alarm of it; and added, that he would be so just to | among them, and then hanging out a white me in the beginning, as that while he begged me cloth on the top of a pole, a signal of peace, to be merciful to them, yet for my own sake he | they hailed them in English, and asked them if would also beg me not to trust them.

they would send a boat and fetch them over. I took the hint, and said no more at that time, The pirates were surprised at the noise of the but ordered his irons to be taken off, and ordered !! piece, and came running to the shore with all him to have leave to go to his former cabin, and speed; but they were much surprised when they to have his chests and things restored to him ; || heard themselves hailed in English. Upon the so that he was at full liberty in the ship, though | whole they immediately sent a boat to fetch them not in any office, or appointed to any particular over, and received them with a great deal of business. A day or two after this we made | joy. land, which appeared to be the north-west part | Our men pretended to be overjoyed at finding of the island, in the latitude of thirteen degrees them there, told them a long story that they thirty minutes; and now I thought it was time || came on shore on the west side of the island, to put our design in execution ; for I knew very | where, not far off, there were two English ships, well that it could not be a great way from this but that the natives quarrelling with their med, part of the island where the pirates were to be upon some rudeness offered to their women, and heard of: so I ordered the boat on shore, with they being separated from their fellows, were about sixteen men, to make discoveries, and with obliged to fly, that the natives had surrounded them my new restored man. I gave him no the rest, and they believed had killed them all; instruction for anything extraordinary at this that they wandered up to the top of the hill, intime, our work being now only to find out where tending to make signals to their ship to send they were. The boat came on board again at them some help; when seeing some ships thet night, or we had now stood in within two leagues believed some Europeans were there, and so of the shore, and brought us an account that came down to take shelter; and they begged there were no English or Europeans at all there. ll of them a boat to carry them round the Cape to abouts, but they were to be heard of a great ll their comrades, unless they would give theme

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