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of all things nécessary, we prepared for our , honestly for the whole parcel his full price, and voyage.
to his satisfaction. As for the coffee we had no I should here give a long account of a second occasion for it. We put in at several ports on devilish conspiracy, which my two remaining the Indian coast for fresh water and fresh proviprisoners had formed among the men, which was | sions, but came near none of the factories, beto betray the new ship to the pirates ; but it is cause we had no mind to discover ourselves; for too long a story to put in here, nor did I make || though we were to sail through the very centre it public among the ships' company; but as it of the India trade, yet it was perfectly without was only, as it were, laid down in a scheme, and any business among them. We met, indeed, on that they had no opportunity to put it in prac- this coast with some pearl fishers, who had been tice, I thought it was better to make as little in the mouth of the Arabian Gulf, and had a noise of it as I could. So I ordered my new large quantity of pearl on board. I would have captain, for it was he who discovered it to me, to traded with them for goods, but they understood punish them in their own way, and without nothing but money, and I refused to part with it. taking notice of their new villanies, to set them | Upon which the fellows gave our supercargo on shore, and leave them to take their fate with some scurvy language, which, though he did not a set of rogues whom they had intended to join well understand what they said, yet he pretended with, and whose profession was likely, some time to take it as a great affront, and threatened to or other, to bring them to the gallows; and thus make prize of their barks and slaves of the men; I was rid of two incorrigible mutineers. What | upon which they grew very humble, and one of became of them afterwards I never heard. them, a Malabar Indian, who spoke a little Eng.
We were now a little fleet; viz. two large lish, spoke for them that they would willingly ships and a brigantine, well manned and fur-trade with us for such goods as we had; where nished with all sorts of necessaries for any voyage upon I produced three bales of English cloth, or any enterprise that was fit for men in our which I showed them would be of good merposture to undertake; and particularly here, I chandize at Gombaroon in the Gulf, for that the made a full design of the whole voyage, to be Persians made their long vests of such cloths. again openly declared to the men, and had them! In short, for this cloth, and some money, we asked, one by one, if they were willing and re bought a box of choice pearls, which the chief solved to undertake it, which they all very cheer of them had picked out from the rest for the fully answered in the affirmative.
Portuguese merchants at Goa, and which, when Here we had opportunity to furnish ourselves I came to London, was valued at two thousand with a vast stock of excellent beef, which, as 1 two hundred pounds sterling. said before, we cured with little or no salt by We were near two months on our voyage from drying it in the sun ; and I believe wę laid in | Madagascar to the coast of India, and from ! such a store that in all our three vessels we had thence to Ceylon, where we put in on the southnear a hundred and fifty tons of it; and it was of west part of the island to see what provisions excellent use to us, and served us through the we could get, and to take in a large supply of whole voyage. There was little else to be had | water. The people here we found willing to in this place that was fit to be carried to sea, ex- || supply us with provisions, but withal so sharp, cept that as there was plenty of milk, some of imposing upon us their own rates for every our men that were more dexterous than others, thing; and withal so false, that we were often made several large cheeses; nor were they very provoked to treat them very rudely. However far short of English cheese, only that we were I gave strict orders that they should not be hurt but indifferent dairy-folks. Our men made some upon any occasion, at least till we had filled all butter also, and salted it to keep, but it grew our water casks, and taken in what fresh provirank and oily, and was of no use to us.
sions we could get, and especially rice, which we It was on the fifteenth of December that we valued very much; but they provoked us at last ! left this place, a country fruitful, populous, full beyond all patience, for they were such thieves | of cattle, large and excellent good beef, and very || when they were on board, and such treacherous ! fat, and the land able to produce all manner of|rogues when we were on shore, that there was good things; but the people wild, naked, black, no bearing it; and two accidents fell out upon barbarous, perfectly untractable, and insensible this occasion, which fully broke the peace be ! of any state of life being better than their own. tween us. One was on board, and the other was
Wc stood away toward the shore of Arabia on shore, and both happened the same day. The till we past the line, and came into the latitude case on board was this :_There came on board of eighteen degrees north, and then stood away us a small boat, in which was eleven men and east, and cast by north, for the English factories three boys, to sell us roots, yams, mangoes, and of Surat and the coast of Malabar; not that we such stuff as it was frequent for them to do erery had any business there, or designed any, only | day; but this boat having more goods of that that we had a mind to take on board a quantity kind than usual, they were longer than ordinary of rice, if we could come at it; which at last we making their market. While they were thus effected by a Portuguese vessel, which we met chaffering on board, one of them having wanwith at sea, bound to Goa from the Gulf of Per dered about the ship, and pretending to admire sia. We chased her and brought her too indeed, everything he saw, and being gotten between as if we resolved to attack and take the ship; decks, was taken stealing a pair of shoes, which but finding a quantity of rice on board, which belonged to one of the seamen. The fellow be" was what we wanted, with a parcel of coffee ; ing stopt for his theft, appeared angry, raised a '! we took all the rice, but paid the supercargo, hideous, screaming noise to alarm his fellows, who was a Persian or Armenian merchant, very land at the same time, having stoles a long pair
of scissars, pulled them out and stabbed the man cooled their courage, and they seemed to give that had laid hold of him into the shoulder, and over the battle ; and our men, whose ammuniwas going to double his blow, when the poor fel tion was almost spent, began to think of retreatlow that had been wounded having struck up hising to their boat, which was near a mile off, for heels and fallen upon him, had killed him if they were very unhappily gotten from their boat had not called to take him off and bring the thief so far up the country. up to me.
They made their retreat pretty well for about Upon this order, they took up the barbarian half the way, when, on a sudden, they saw they and brought him up with the shoes and the were not pursued only, but surrounded, and that scissars that he had stolen, and as the facts were some of their enemies were before them. This plain, and needed no witnesses, I caused all the made them double their pace, and seeing no rerest of them to be brought up also; and, as well medy, they resolved to break through those that as we could, made them understand what he had were before them, who were about eleven or done. They made pitiful signs of fear, lest they twelve. Accordingly, as soon as they came should all be punished for his crime, and parti. within pistol shot of them, one of our men having, cularly when they saw the man whom he had for want of shot, put almost a handful of gravel wounded brought in ; then they expected no- l and small stones into his piece, and fired among thing but death, and they made a sad lamenta- them, and the gravel and stones scattering, tion and howling, as if they were all to die im wounded almost all of them; for they being mediately. It was not without a great deal of I naked from the waist upwards, the least grain of difficulty that I found ways to satisfy them, that sand scratched and hurt them, and made them nobody was to be punished but the man that had || bleed if it did but touch them. committed the fact; and then I caused him toll Being thus completely scared, and, indeed, be brought to the geers, with a halter about his | more afraid than hurt, they all run away except neck, and be soundly whipped ; and indeed our two, who were really wounded with the shot or people did scourge him severely from head to stones, and lay upon the ground. Our men let foot ; and I believe if I had not run myself to | them lie, and made the best of their way to their put an end to it, they had whipped him to death. | boat, where at last they got safe, but with five
When this execution was over, they put him hundred of the people at their heels; their fel. into their boat and let them all go on shore ; but lows did not stay to fire from the boat, but put no sooner were they on shore but they raised a off with all the speed they could, for fear of their terrible hubbub among all the villages and towns poisoned arrows, and the country people poured near them, and they were now a few, the country so many of their arrows into the boat after them, being very populous, and a vast multitude of and aimed them also so true, that two of our them came down to the shore, staring at us, and men were hurt with them, but whether they making confused ugly noises, and abundance of were poisoned or no, our surgeons cured them arrows they shot at the ship, but we rode too far both. from the shore for them to do us any hurt.
We had enough of Ceylon, and having no While this was doing, another fray happened business to make such a kind of a war as this on shore, where two of our men chaffering with must have been, in which we might have lost, an islander and his wife for some fowls, they took but could get nothing, we weighed and stood bis money, or what else it was he was to give, 1 away to the east; what became of the fellow and gave him part of the fowls, but they pre that we lashed, we know not, but as he had but tended the woman should go and fetch the rest. little flesh left on his back, which was not mangled While the woman was gone, three or four more and torn with our whipping him, and we suppose of the same sort came to the man that was left, || they are but indifferent surgeons, our people said and talking a while together, seeing they were so the fellow could not live ; and the reason they many, and our men but two, they began to take gave for it was, because they did not pickle him hold of the fowls they had sold, and would take after it. Truly, they said, that they would not them away again; at which one of our men be so kind to him as to pickle him; for though stepped up to the fellow that had taken them up, pickling, that is to say, throwing salt and vinegar and went to lay hold of him, but he was too on the back after the whipping be cruel enough nimble for him, and ran away and carried off the as to the pain it is to the patient, yet 'tis certainly fowls and the money too. The seaman was so the way to prevent mortification, and causes it enraged to be served so, that he took up his li to heal again with more ease. piece, for they had both fire-arms with them, and We stood over from Ceylon E.S. E. across the fired immediately after him, and atmed his shot great Bay of Bengal, leaving all the coast of so luckily, that, though the fellow flew like the Coromandel, and standing directly for Anchin, wind, he shot him through the head, and he on the north point of the great Island of Sumatra, dropped down dead upon the spot.
and in the latitude of six degrees thirty-one The rest of them, though terribly frightened, minutes north. yet seeing our men were but two, and the noise Here we spread our French colours, and coming bringing twenty or thirty more immediately to Ito an anchor, suffered none of our men to go on them, attacked our men with their lances, and || shore but Captain Merlotte and his French men ; bows and arrows; and in a moment there was a and having nothing to do there, or anywhere else pitched battle of two men only against twenty or ll in the Indian Seas but to take in provisions and thirty, and their number increasing too.
fresh water, we stayed but five days; in which In short, our men spent their shot freely among time we supplied ourselves with what the place them as long as it lasted, and killed six or seven, would afford; and pretending to be bound for besides wounding ten or eleven more; and this ! China, we went on to the south, through the Straits of Malacca, between the Island of Su-,, of Singapore without your help? | Farrant matra, and the Main or Isthmus of Malacca. you," says he, “ we will do without you."
We had here a very difficult passage, though || By this time, you may suppose the Dutchman we took two pilots on board at Anchin, who pre
all to be in a mortal fright, and half choked too with tended to know the Straits perfectly well : twice! being dragged by the throat with the halter, and we were in very great danger of being lost, and
full heartily he begged for his life. At length once our Madagascar ship was so entangled
the boatswain, who had pulled him along a good among rocks and currents that we gave her up |
way, stopped, and the Dutchman fell down upon for lost, and twice she struck upon the rocks, but
his knees, but the boatswain said he had the she did but touch, and went clear.
captain's orders to hang him, and hang him te
would unless the captain recalled his orders; · We went several times on shore among the
but that be would stay so long if anybody would! Malays, as well on the shore of Malacca itself
go up to the captain and tell him what the Dutch. as on the side of Sumatra. They are a fierce,
man said, and bring back an answer. cruel, treacherous, and merciless set of human
I had no design to hang the poor fellow, mp devils as any I have met with on the face of the
may be sure, and the boatswain knew that well whole earth, and we had some skirmishes with
enough. However, I was resolved to humble them, but not of any consequence. We made
him effectually, so I sent back two men to the no stay anywhere in this Strait but just for fresh
boatswain, the first was to tell the boatswain water, and what other fresh provisions we could
aloud that the captain was resolved to have the get such as roots, greens, hogs, and fowls, of
fellow hanged for having been so impudent to which they have plenty and a great variety; but
threaten to run the ship aground: but then he nothing to be had but for ready money, which
second, who was to stay a little behind, was to our men took so unkindly, and especially their
call out as if he came since the first fron me, offering two or three times to cheat them, and
and that I had been prevailed with to pardon once to murder them; that, after that, they
ey | him on his promises of better behaviour. This made no scruple to go on shore a hundred or
was all acted to the life ; for the first messenger more at a time, and plunder and burn what they
called aloud to the boatswain that the captain could not carry off; till at last we began to be
said he would have the Dutchman hanged for such a terror to them that they fled from us
a warning to all pilots, and to teach them not wherever we came.
to insult men when they were in difficulties. 23 On the fifth of March we made the southern
the midwives do whores in travail, and won't demost point of the Isthmus of Malacca, and the liver them till they confess who is the father. Island and Straits of Singapore, famous for its The boatswain had the end of the halter in being the great outlet into the Chinese sea, and his hand all the while: “I told you so," says he, lying in the latitude of one degree fifteen minutes “before; come, come along, Mynheer," says he, north latitude.
“I shall quickly do your work, and put you out We had good weather through these Straits, ll of your pain" -- and then he dragged the pont which was very much to our comfort ; the dif fellow along to the main-mast. By this time ferent currents and number of little islands
the second messenger came in and delivered his making it otherwise very dangerous, especially part of the errand, and so the poor Dutchman to strangers. We got by very good luck a Dutch was put out of his fright, and tbey gave him a pilot to carry us through this Strait, who was a
dram to restore him a little, and he did his work very useful skilful fellow, but withal so very im
very honestly afterwards. pertinent and inquisitive, that we knew not what And now we were got loose again, being in to say to him or what to do with him. At last | the open sea, which was what we were very imhe grew saucy and insolent, and told our chief || patient for before. We had now a long run over mate that he did not know but we might be pirates, that part which we call the sea of Borneo, and or at least enemies to his countrymen the Dutch; the upper part of the Indian Arches, called so and if we would not tell him who we were, and
for its being full of islands, like the Archipelago whither we were bound, he would not pilot us
of the Levant. It was a long run, but as we any further.
were to the north of the islands we had the more This I thought very insolent, to a degree beyond sea-room, so we steered east half a point, ona what was sufferable; and I bid the boatswain put way or other for the Manillas, or Philippine a halter about the fellow's neck, and tell him || Islands, which was the true design of our vorage. that the moment he omitted to direct the steerage and, perhaps, we were the first ship that erer as a pilot, or the moment the ship came to any l came to those islands freighted from Europe misfortune, or struck upon any rock, he should since the Portuguese lost their footing there. be trussed up. The boatswain, a rugged fellow, ll We put in on the north coast of Borneo, for provides himself with a halter, and coming up | fresh water, and were civilly enough used by the to the pilot, asked him, “ What it was he wanted | inhabitants of the place, who brought us roots to be satisfied in ?" The pilot said “He desired and fruits of several kinds, and some goats, which to have a true account whither we were going." we were glad of. We paid them in trifles, such “ Why," says the boatswain,“ we are a going to as knives, scissars, toys, and several sorts of the devil, and I shall send you before us to tell wrought iron, hatchets, hammers, glass work him we are coming ;" and with that he pulls the looking glasses, drinking glasses, and the like. halter out of his pocket, and puts it over his | From hence we went away, as I say, for toe head, and taking the other end of it in his hand, Philippine Islands. We saw sereral islands in “ Come,” says the boatswain, “come along with our way, but made no stop, except once for me; do you think we can't go through the Strait, water, and arrived at Manilla the 22nd of Mas,
all our vessels in very good condition, our men , a piece of drugget given them sufficient to make healthy, and our ships sound, having met with them the like suit of clothes. The persons who very few contrary winds, and not one storm in went to the other ship, and to the brigantine, had the whole voyage from Madagascar, having been presents in proportion. seventeen months and two days on the voyage This, in short, was nothing more or less than from England.
trading and bartering, though for the grimace of When we came hither we saluted the Spanish it, we were in a manner denied. The next day flag, and came to an anchor, carrying French the captain went on shore to visit the governor, colours. Captain Merlotte, who now acted as land with him several of our officers and the capcommander, sent his boat on shore the next day tain of the Madagascar ship, formerly my second to the governor, with a letter in French, very |mate, and the captain of the brigantine. I did respectful, and telling the governor, that having not go myself for that time, nor the supercargo, the King of France's commission, and being come because whatever might happen I would be reinto those seas, he hoped, that for the friendship served on board; besides I did not care to appear which was between tbeir most Christian and in this part of the work. Catholic Majesties, he should be allowed the | The captain went on shore like a captain, atfreedom of commerce and the use of the port, tended with his two trumpeters, and the ship the like having been granted to his most Christian || firing eleven guns at his going off. The governor Majesty's subjects in all the ports of New Spain received him like himself, with prodigious state as well in the Southern as in the Northern Seas. and formality, sending five gentlemen and a guard The Spanish governor returned a very civil and of soldiers to receive them on their landing, and obliging answer, and immediately granted us to to conduct them to his palace. When they came buy what provisions we pleased for our supply, there they were entertained with the utmost or anything else for our use ; but answered, that profusion and wonderful magnificence, after the as for allowing any exchange of merchandizes, or Spanish manner, and they all had the honour to giving leave for European goods to be brought dine with his excellency, that is to say, all the on shore there, that he was not empowered to officers. At the same time the men were enter. grant.
tained very handsomely in another house, and We made as if this answer was satisfactory | had very good cheer; but it was observed that enough to us, and the next morning Captain | they had very little wine, except what we had Merlotte sent his boat on shore with all French sent them, which the governor excused, his store, sailors, and a French midshipman, with a hand- which he had yearly from New Spain, being some present to the governor, consisting of some spent ; which deficiency we supplied the next bottles of French wine, some brandy, two pieces day, and sent him a quarter cask of very good of fine Holland, two pieces of English black Canary, and a half hogshead of Madeira, which baize, one piece of fine French drugget, and five was a present so acceptable, that, in short, after yards of scarlet woollen cloth.
this we might do just as we pleased with him This was too considerable a present for a land all his men. Spaniard to refuse, and yet these were all Eu- || While they were thus conversing together after ropean goods, which he seemed not to allow to || dinner, Captain Merlotte was made to undercome on shore. The governor let the captain stand that though the governor could not admit know that he accepted his present, and the men || an open avowed trade, yet that the merchants who brought it were handsomely entertained, by I would not be forbid coming on board our ship, the governor's order, and had every one a small and trading with us in such manner as we should piece of gold, and the officer who went at their || be very well satisfied with, after which we should head had five pieces of gold given him; what be at no hazard of getting the goods we should coin it was I could not telí, but I think it was a sell put on shore; and we bad an experiment of Japan coin, and the value something less than a || this made in a few days, as follows: pistole. The next day the governor sent a gentle When Captain Merlotte took his leave of the man with a large boat, and in it a present to our Il governor, he invited his excellency to come on captain, consisting of two cows, ten sheep, or board our ship, with such of his attendants as he goats rather, for they were between both, a vast || pleased to bring with him, and in like manner number of fowls of several sorts, and twelve || offered hostages for his retu
offered hostages for his return. The governor great boxes of sweetmeats and conserves, which I accepted the invitation, and, with the same gene. were indeed very valuable, and invited the cap rosity, said, he would take his parole of honour tain and any of his attendants on shore, offering given, as he was the King of France's captain, to send hostages on board for our safe return; and in the name of his most Christian majesty, and concluding with his word of honour for our and would come on board. safety and free going back to our ships.
The governor did not come to the sea side The captain received the present with very l with them, but stood in the window of the great respect, and indeed it was a very noble | palace, and gave them his hat and leg at going present; for at the same time a boat was sent to into their boats, and made a signal to the plat. both the other ships with provisions and sweet form to fire eleven guns at their boats putting off. meats, in proportion to the bigness of the ves These were unusual and unexpected honours sels. Our captains caused the gentleman who I to us, who, but for this stratagem of the French came with this present to have a fine piece of commission, had been declared enemies. It was crimson English cloth given him, sufficient to suggested to me here, that I might with great make a waistcoat and breeches of their fashion,
case surprize the whole island, nay, all the islands, with a very good hat, two pair of silk stockings. Il the governor putting such confidence in us, that ana two pair of gloves; and all his people had ll we might go on shore in the very port unsus
pected. But though this was true, and that we derate, seeing they had been used to buy these did play them a trick at the Rio de la Plata, I goods from the Acapulco ships, which came in could not bear the thoughts of it here ; besides, li yearly, from whom, to be sure, they bought dear I had quite another game to play, which also was enough. They bought as many goods at this more advantageous to us and to our voyage than time as they paid the value of fifteen thousand an enterprise of so much treachery could be to pieces of eight for, but all in gold by weight. England; which, also, we might not be able to As for carrying them on shore, the governor support from England before the Spaniards might being with them, no officer bad anything to say beat us out again from Acapulco, and then we to them; it seems they were carried on shore as might pass our time ill enough.
presents made by us to the governor and his Upon the whole, I resolved to keep every retinue. punctilio with the governor very justly, and we The next day three Spanish merchants came found our account in it presently.
on board us, early in the morning before it was About three days afterwards we had notice light, and desired to see the supercargo. They that the governor would make us a visit, and we brought with them a box of diamonds and some prepared to entertain his excellency with as much | pearl, and a great quantity of gold, and to work state as possible ; by the way, we had private they went with our cargo, and I thought once notice that the governor would bring with him | they would have bought the whole ship's lading; some merchants, who, perhaps, might lay out but they contented themselves to buy about the some money, and buy some of our cargo ; nor value of two-and-twenty thousand pieces of eight, : was it without a secret information that even the which, I suppose, might cost in England one-sixth governor himself was concerned in the market part of the money, or hardly so much. We had that should be made.
some difficulty about the diamonds, because we Upon this intelligence, our supercargo caused did not understand them very much, but our several bales of English and French goods to be supercargo ventured upon them at eight thou. , brought up and opened, and laid so in the steer. || sand pieces of eight, and took the rest in gold. age and upon the quarter deck of the ship, that They desired to stay on board till the next nighi. the governor and his attendants should see them when, soon after it was dark, a small sloop cane, of course, as they passed by.
on board and took in all their goods, and, as we When the boats came off from the shore, which || were told, carried them away to some other we knew by their fort firing eleven guns, as be. I island. fore, our ship appeared as fine as we could make | The same day, and before these merchants her, having the French flag at the main top, as were gone, came a large sballop on board with a admiral, and streamers and pennants at the yard square sail, towing after her a great heavy boat, arms, waste cloths out, and a very fine awning which had a deck, but seemed to have been a over the quarter deck. When his excellency | large ship's long boat, built into a kind of yacht, entered the ship we fired twenty-one guns, the but ill masted, and sailed heavily. In these two Madagascar ship fired the like number, and the boats they brought seven ton of cloves in mats, brigantine fifteen, having loaded her guns nimbly | some chests of China ware, some pieces of China enough to fire twice.
silks of various sorts, and a great sum of money As the governor's entertainment to us was also. more meat than liquor, so we gave him more. In short, they sold so cheap and bought so dear, liquor than meat, for as we had several sorts of that our supercargo declared he would sell the very good wines on board, we spared nothing to | whole cargo for goods, if they would bring thein, let him see he was very welcome. After dinner for, by his calculation, he had disposed of as many we brought a large bowl of punch upon the goods as he received the value of one hundret table, which was a liquor he did not understand thousand pieces of eight for, all which, by lus at all; however, to do him justice, he drank very accounts, did not amount to, first cost, above moderately, and so did most of those that were three thousand pounds sterling in England. Our with him. As to the men who belonged to his ship was now an open fair for two or three days retinue, (I mean servants and attendants, and after the vessel came back, which went away in the crews of the boats,) we made some of them the night, and with thein a Chinese jonque and drunk enough.
seven or eight Chineses or Japanners; strangú While this was doing, we found two gentlemen ugly, ill-looking fellows they were, but brought a of the governor's company took occasion to leave Spaniard to be their interpreter, and they came the rest, and walked about the ship, and in doing to trade also, bringing with them seventy grest this they seemed as it were by chance to cast chests of China ware, exceeding fine, twelve their eyes upon our bales of cloth and stuffs, and chests of China silks of several sorts, and some baize, .inen, silks, &c., and our supercargo and lacquered cabinets, very fine. We dealt with they began to make bargains apace, for he found them for all those, for our supercargo swept all they had not only money enough, but had abun clean, and took everything they brought.' But : dance of other things, which we were as willing they were more difficult in the gonds, for as for to take as money,and of which they had brought baize, and druggets, and such goods, they would specimens with them, as particularly spices, such not meddle with them; but our fine cloibs and as cloves and nutmegs, China ware, tea, japan some bales of linen they bough! very freely. do ned ware, wrought silks, raw silks, and the like. we unloaded their vessel, and put our goods og
However, our supercargo dealt with them at board; we took a good sum of money of the present for nothing but ready money, and they | besides, but whither they went we know not, for! paid all in gold. The price he made here was, they both came and went in the night too, es ihe : to us, indeed extravagant, though to them mo. ll other did,