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looked at the boats. One of our men bethought handsome rings. They went generally quite himself of a stratagem to make known to them | naked, both men and women, except that in two our desire of peace with them, and taking a string places our men said they found some of the of beads and some toys, he held them up at the women covered, from the middle downward. end of the boat-hook staff and showed them to They seemed to have no conversation with the the Indians, pointing to them with his hand, and sea at all, nor did we see so much as any one then pointing with the other hand to what the boat among them; nor did any of the inhabitants Indians carried, and to his mouth, intimating dwell near the sea, but cultivated their lands that we wanted such things to eat, and would very well in their way, having abundance of give them the beads for them.
greens and fruits growing about their houses, One of the Indians presently understood him, and upon which we found they chiefly lived. and threw himself into the water, holding a The climate seemed to be very hot, and yet the bundle of plants, such as he had trussed up to- | country very fruitful. gether, upon his head, and swimming with the These people, by all we could perceive, had other hand, came so near the boat where our never had any converse with the rest of the men held out the staff as to reach the end of the world by sea; what they might have by land we staff, take off the string of beads and toys, and know not; but as they say quite out of the way hang his bunch of trash (for it was no better) of all commerce, so it might be probable they upon the hook, and go back again, but would never had seen a ship or boat, whether ang come no nearer.
European ship, or so much as a periagua of the When he got on shore again all his comrades islands. We have mentioned their nearest discame about him to see what he had got; he hung | tance to the Ladrones, being at least four hun. the string of beads about his neck, and rundred leagues, and from the Spice Islands, and dancing about with the other things in his hand, | the country of New Guiana, much more; but as if he had been mad.
as to the European shipping I never heard of What our men got was a trifle of less worth any that ever went that way, neither do I believe than a good bunch of carrots in England, but any ever did. yet it was useful, as it brought the people to | I take the more notice of these people's not converse with us; for after this they brought us having conversed, as I say, with the world, beroots and fruits innumerable, and began to be
cause of the innocence of their behaviour, their very well acquainted with us.
peaceable disposition, and their way of living upon By that time our men had chaffered thus four the fruits and produce of the earth; also their or five times, they first heard, and in a little cultivation, and the manner of their habitations; while after saw their two great boats with their
no signs of rapine or violence appearing among fellows coming down the river, at about two
them. Our stay here was so little that we could miles distance, with their drums and trumpets, make no inquiry into their religion, manner of and making noise enough.
government, and other customs; nor have I room They had been, it seems, about three leagues
to crowd many of these things into this account. higher up, where they had been on shore among They went, indeed, naked, some of them stark the Indians, and bad set at liberty the two naked, both men and women ; but I thought they maidens, for such, they understood, they were; differed in their countenances from all the wild who, letting their friends see how fine they were people that I ever saw; that they had something dressed, and how well they were used, the In
singularly honest and sincere in their faces, nor dians were so exceedingly obliged, and showed
| did we find anything of falsehood or treachery themselves so grateful that they thought nothing among them. too much for them; but brought out all the sorts
The gratitude they expressed for our kindly of provisions which their country produced,
using the two young women I have mentioned which, it seems, amounted to nothing but fruits,
was a token of generous principles ; and our mes such as plantains, cocoa nuts, oranges, and
told us that they would have given them whatever lemons, and such things, and roots, which we could give no name to; but that which was for
they could have asked, if they had had it. our use was a very good sort of maize or Indian
In a word, it was on their account they sent corn, which made us very good bread.
that little army of people to us, loaded with proThey had, it seems, some hogs and some goats,
visions, which our men met before the two shal. but our men got only six of the latter, which lops came down ; but all the provisions they had were at hand, and were very good. But that
consisted chiefly in fruits of the earth, cocoa puts, which was most remarkable was, that whereas plantains, oranges, lemons, &c., apd maize, or in all the islands within the tropics, the people
Indian corn. We had not any sufficient time are thievish, treacherous, fierce, and mischievous, with them to inquire after what traffic they had, and are armed with lances or darts, or bows and or whether anything fit for us. That they had arrows: these appeared to be a peaceable, quiet, several fragrant plants, and, I believe, some spices inoffensive people, nor did our men notice any las particularly cinnamon, that we found: but weapon among them, except a long staff which what else the country produces we know not most of the men carried in their hands, being i We came away from hence, after seven days' made of a cane, about eight feet long, and an stay, having observed little of the country more inch and a half diameter, much like a quarter-than that it seemed to be very pleasant, but very staff, with which they would leap over small | hot. The woods were all flourishing and green brooks of water with admirable dexterity. and the soil rich, but no great matter that couk
The people were black, or rather of a tawny be the subject of trade; but an excellent place! dark brown, their hair long, but curling in very ll to be a bait land, or port of refreshment, in any
voyage that might afterwards be undertaken that covered as these people showed when they took way.
the beads off the stick : they danced, and capered, We set sail, I say, from hence, in seven days, and made a thousand antic gestures; and, invit. and finding the coast lie fairly on our starboard ing our men on shore, laid their hands upon their side, kept the land on board all the way, distance breasts across, and then looked up, intimating a about three leagues ; and it held us thus about solemn oath not to hurt us. an hundred and twenty leagues due east, when, Our men made signs by which they made them on a sudden, we lost sight of the land: whether understand that they would come again next it broke off, or whether it only drew off farther morning, and also that they should bring us more south, we could not tell.
eatables; accordingly, we sent three boats the We went on two or three days more, our course next morning, and our men carried knives, scis. S. E., when we made land again, but found it to sars, beads, looking glasses, combs, and any toys be only two small islands, lying S. and by E., || they had, not forgetting glass beads, and glass distance nine leagues. We stood on to them, and ear-rings in abundance. two of our boats went on shore, but found nothing | The Indians were very ready to meet us, and for our purpose ; no inhabitants, nor any living | brought us fruits and herbs as before ; but three creatures, except sea fowls, and some large snakes, of them, who stood at a distance, held each of neither was there any fresh water. So we called them a creature exactly like a goat, but without that land Cape Dismal.
horns or beard, and these were brought to traffic The same evening we stood away full south, with us. to see if we could find out the continuance of the | We brought out our goods, and offered every former land; but as we found no land, so a great one something, but the variety was surprising to sea coming from the south, we concluded we them, who had never seen such things before. should find no land that way; and varying our But that which was most valuable of all our course easterly, we ran, with a fair, fresh gale, at things was a hatchet, which one of their principal N. W. and by W. for seven days more, in all which men took up, and looked at it, felt of the edge, time we saw nothing but the open sea every way, and laid it down, then took it up again, and and, making an observation, found we had passed wanted to know the use of it; upon which one the Southern Tropic, and that we were in the of our men took it, and stepping to a tree that latitude of six-and-twenty degrees and thirteen stood near, cut off a small bough of it at one minutes, after which we continued our course still blow. The man was surprised, and run to the southerly, for several days more, till we found by tree with it, to see if he could do so too; and another observation that we were in two-and finding the virtue of it, he laid it down, ran with thirty degrees and twenty minutes.
all his might into the country, and by-and-by This evening we made land over our starboard returning, came with two men more with him, bow, distance six leagues, and stood away south to show them this wonderful thing called a hatand by east; but the wind slackening, we lay by chet. in the night, and in the morning found the land | But if they were surprised with the novelty of bearing east and by south distance one league || a hatchet, our men were as much surprised to and a half; a good shore and sounding we found see hanging round the ears of both the men that about five-and-thirty fathom, stony ground. Then he brought with him Jarge flat pieces of pure we hoisted our boat out, and sent it on shore for gold, and the thread which they hung by was discoveries, to sound the depth of the water and made of the hair of the goats twisted very pret. see for a good harbour to put in at.
tily together, and strong enough. They went quite in with the shore, where l 'Our men offering to handle them to see if they they found people, men and women, crowding | were gold, one of the men takes off his two bobs, together to look at us. When our men came or what we might call them, and offered them to close to the land they hung out a white flag, but our men for the hatchet; our men seemed to the wild people understood nothing of the mean- | make some difficulty of it, as if the hatchet was ing of it, but stood looking and amazed ; and we of much greater value than those trifles; upon have great reason to believe that they never had which, he being, as we found, superior, made the seen any ship or bark of any nation in all their other that came with him pull off his two earlives, but their own. We found no boats, or sails, l jewels also; and so our unreasonable people took or anything they had to make use of on the water; || them all four, being of pure gold, and weighing but some days after we saw several small canoes, | together some grains above two ounces, in exwith three or four men in each.
change for an old rusty hatchet. Well, however Our men not being able to speak anything for llunreasonable the price was, they did not think it them to understand, or to understand anything so; and so over-fond was he of the hatchet that they said, the first thing they did was to make as soon as he had it for his own he ran to the signs to them for something to eat; upon which tree, and in a few minutes had so laid about him three of them seemed to go away, and coming with the hatchet that there was not a twig left again in a few minutes, brought with them several on it that was within his reach. bundles or bunches of roots, some plantains, and This exchange was a particular hint to me; some green lemons or limes, and laid down all and I presently directed my chief mate and Capupon the shore. Our men took courage then to tain Merlotte to go on shore the next day and go on shore, and taking up what they brought, |acquaint themselves as much as they could with they set up a stick, and upon the end of it hung | the natives, and, if possible, to find out where five bunches or strings of blue and white beads, they had this gold, and if any quantity was to be and went on board again.
found. Never was such joy among a wild people dis- 1 They bestowed their time so well, and obliged
the natives so much by the toys and trifies they 1, and thirteen minutes south meridian ; distance gave them, that they presently told them that from the Ladrones about sixteen degrees east. the gold, which they called aarah, was picked up | While my shallops were gone I went on sbore, in the rivers that came down from a mountain | and some of my men set up tents on shore, as which they pointed to, a great way off. Our well for the convenience of their traffic as for men prevailed with three of them to go with their resting on shore all night, keeping, how. them to one of these rivers, and gave them beads ever, a good guard, and having two of our shipand such things to encourage them, but, by the dogs with them, who never failed giving them way, no hatchet; that was kept up at a high rate, notice whenever any of the natives came near and as a rarity, fit only for a king or some great them; for what ailed the dogs I know not, but man that wore aarah on his ears.
neither of them could bear the sight of the InIn a word, they came to the river where they dians, and we had much to do to keep them from said they found this aarah ; and the first thing flying at them. our men observed there was an Indian sitting on While we rode here we had the most violent the ground and beating something upon a great storm of wind, with rain and with great claps of stone with another stone in his hand for his ham thunder, that we had yet sustained since we came mer. They went to see what he was doing, and out of England. It was our comfort that the found he had picked up a lump of gold in the sand wind came off shore, for it blew at south, and as big as a swan-shot, of no regular shape, but full shifting between the S. S. E. and S. W. with such of corners, neither round nor square, and the man excessive gusts, and so furious, and, withal, not was beating it flat as well as he could.
only by squalls and sudden flaws, but a settled One of our men, who had a hatchet in his terrible tempest, that, had it been from off sea, hand, made signs to him to let him flat it for as it was off shore, we must have perished, there him; and so, turning the back part of the hatchet, had been no remedy; and even as it was, we which, by the way, turned the hatchet into a rode in great danger. My boatswain called twice hammer, he beat the piece of gold flat in an in out to me, to cut my masts by the board, prostant, and then, turning the edges, beat it that testing we should either bring our anchors home way, till he brought it to be round also.
or founder as we rode ; and, indeed, the sea This was so surprising to the man that was broke over us many times in a terrible manner. beating, that he stood looking on with all the As I said before, we had an indifferent good road, tokens of joy and amazement; and, desiring to and so we had, but not a very good one. for the see the hatchet, looked this way and that way land was low, and on the east we lay a little upon those of his countrymen who came with us, open ; however, our ground tackle was good and as if asking them if ever they saw the like. our ship very tight, and I told the boatswain I
When our man had done he made signs to would rather slip the cable and go off to sea than know if he had any more aarah ; the man said cut the masts. However, in about four hours nothing, but went down to the brink of the time more, we found the wind abate, but it blew river, and putting his hand into a hole, he very hard for three days after that. brought out three little lumps of gold, and all I was in great pain for my two shallops in this great many smaller, some of them about as big || tempest, but they had both the good luck to lie as a great pin's head; all which he had laid up close under the shore; and one indeed had bauled there in the hollow of a pretty big stone. Our quite upon the land, where the men lay on shore man thought it was too much to take all that for under their sail, so that they got no damage: the hatchet, and therefore pulled out some beads and about three days after one of them returned, and pieces of glass, and such toys; and, in short, and brought me word they had been to the west, bought all this cargo of gold, which, in the whole, | where they had made very little discovery as to weighed near five ounces, for about the value of the situation of the country, and whether it was two shillings.
an island or a continent, but they had conversed Though these bargains were very agreeable to with the natives very often, and had found seve. us, yet the discovery of such a place and of such ral that had pieces of gold hanging, some in their a fund of treasure in a part of the world which it hair, some about their necks; and they made a is very probable was never seen before by any || shift to bring as many with them as weighed, all European eyes, nor so much as inquired after, | put together, as seventeen or eighteen ounces, for was the greatest satisfaction imaginable to me, which they had bartered tors and trifles, as we knowing the adventurous temper of the gentle | did; but they found no rivers where they could man who was our principal employer. Upon this discover any gold in the sands, as we had done, account, while niy men busied themselves in their so that they believed it all came from that side daily search after gold, and in finding out the where we were. rivers from whence it came, or rather where it But our other shallop had much better luck: was found, I employed myself to be fully in. | she went away to the east, and by the time she formed where this place was, whether it was an had gone about sixteen leagues, she found the island or a continent; and having found a tole- || shore break off a little, and soon after a little rable good road for our ships to ride in, I caused more, till at length they came, as it were, to the my two shallops, well manned, to run along the land's end; when the shore running due south, coast, both east and west, to find which way it | they followed, according to their account, bear lay, and whether they could find any end of'it; || thirteen leagues more. as also to see what rivers, what people, and what In this time they went several times on shore, provisions they could meet with.
entered three rivers indifferently large, and one By my observation I found, as above, that well of them very large at the mouth, but greu nar. were in the latitude of seven-and-(wenty degrees || row again in three or four leagucs, but a deep channel, with two-and-twenty to eight-and-twen- | men presented his majesty with two pair of bracety fathom water in it all the way, as far as they lets of fine glass-beads of several colours, and put went.
them upon his arms, which he took most kindly; Here they went on shore and trafficked with and then they gave him a knife, with a good the natives, whom they found rude and unpo plain ivory handle, and some other odd things. lished, but a very mild, inoffensive people ; nor Upon receiving these noble presents, he sends did they find them anything thievish, much less away another of his men, and a little after two treacherous, as in some such countries is the more. case. They had the good luck to find out the Our men observed that two of the men went a place where, as they supposed, the king of the great way off towards the hill, but the other man country resided, which was a kind of a city en that he sent away first went to his queen, who compassed with a river almost all round, the with her retinue of tawny ladies, stood but a little river making a kind of double horse-shoe. The way off, and soon after her majesty came with manner of their living is too long to describe, four women only attending her.. neither could our men give any account of their The officer who commanded our men, finding government or of the customs of the place; but he should have another kind of compliment to what they sought for was gold and provisions, I pay the ladies, retired a little; and being an inand of that they got pretty considerable.
genious, handy sort of a man, in less than half an They found the Indians terribly surprised at || hour he and another of his men made a nice garthe first sight of them, but after some time they land, or rather a coronet of sundry strings of found means to let them know they desired a beads, and with glass bobs and pendants all hang. truce, and to make them understand what they | ing about it most wonderful gay; and when the meant by it.
queen was come, he went up to the king, and At length a truce being established, the king showing it to him, made signs that he would give came, and with him near three hundred men; l it to the queen. and soon after the queen, with half as many The king took it, but was so pleased with it women. They were not stark naked, neither that truly he desired our officer to put it upon men or women, but wearing a loose piece of cloth his own head, which he did ; but when he had about their middles. What it was made of we got it upon his own head he made bold to let could not imagine, for it was neither linen or our men see he was king over his wife as well as woollen, cotton, or silk; nor was it woven, but over the rest of the country, and that he would twisted and braided by hand, as our women make wear it himself. bone lace with bobbins. It seems it was the With that our man pulled out a little pocket stalk of an herb which this was made with, and I looking-glass, and holding it up, he let his mawas so strong that I doubt not it would have ljesty see his own face, which we might reasonmade cables for our ships if we had wanted to ably suppose he had never seen before, especially make such an experiment.
not with a crown on his head too. That till that When the king first came to our men, they looking glass came, and he saw his own face, he were a little shy of his company, he had so many was grave and majestic, and carried it something with him, and they began to retire, which the like a king, but he was so ravished with this that king perceiving, he caused all his men to stop he was quite beside himself, and jumped, and and keep at a distance, and advanced himself, capered, and danced about like a madman. with about ten or twelve of his men, and no | All this while our men saw nothing coming, more.
but that all was given on their side ; whereupon When he was come quite up, our men, to show | they made signs again that they wanted provitheir breeding, pulled off their hats, but that he sions. He made signs again, pointing to a hiil a did not understand, for his men had no hats on; good way off, as if it would come from thence but the office making a bow to him, he under very quickly, and then looked to see if they were stood that presently, and bowed again, at which coming, as if he was impatient till they came as all his men fell down flat upon their faces, as flat well as our people. to the ground as if they had been shot to death During this time one of our men observed with a volley of our shot, and they did not fall so that the queen had several pieces of gold, as they qnick, but they were up again as nimbly, and
thought them to be, hanging about her, as partithen down flat on the ground again ; and this cularly in her hair, and large flat plaits of gold they did three times, their king bowing himself upon the hinder part of her head, something in to our men at the same time.
the place of a roll as our women wear; that her his ceremony being over, our men made hair was wound about it in rolls braided together is to them that they wanted victuals to eat is very curiously; and having informed our officer,
a something to drink, and pulled out severall be made signs to the king for leave to give the m es:. to let the people see they would give il queen something, which he consented to. So something for what they might bring them,
he went to her majesty, making a bow as before ; The king understood them presently, and but this complaisance surprised her, for upon his rning to some of his men, he talked awhile to bowing himself, on a sudden falls the queen and tho nem, and our men observed that while he spokell all her four ladies flat on the ground, but were the
"2 seemed to be terrified as if he had been l up again in a moment; and our people wondered threat
tening them with death. However, as soon || how they could throw themselves so flat on their
nad done, three of them went away, and faces and not hurt themselves; nor was it less our men supposed they wen
I supposed they went to fetch something I to be wondered at how they could so suddenly that the
king would give them ; upon which, ll jump up again, for they did not rise up gradually that th
they might be beforehand with them, our llas we must do, with the help of our hands and
knees, if we were extended so flat on our faces, || their bellies, but sitting as beautifully up as if but they with a spring, whether with their hands they had been laced up with stays round her or their whole bodies we know not, jumped up all body; and below her breast she had a broad at once, and were upon their feet immediately. piece of a skin of some curious creature, spotted
This compliment over, our officer stepped up to like a leopard, or rather, as I believe it was, the queen, and ties about her neck a most deli some fine spotted deer. This was wrapped round cate necklace of pearl; that is to say, of large, her very tight, like a body-girth to a horse ; and handsome white glass beads, which might in under this she had a kind of petticoat, as before England cost about four-pence halfpenny, and to described, hanging down to her ankles. As for every one of her ladies he gave another of smal shoes or stockings, they were only such as nature ler beads and different colours than those which had furnished. Her hair was black, and, as they he gave the queen. Then he presented her ma. supposed, very long, being wreathed up, twisted jesty with a long string of glass-beads which in long locks about the plate of gold she wore ; being put over her head, reached down to her and when she pulled off the plate of gold as waist before, and joined in a kind of a tassel, || above, it hung down her back and upon her with a little knot of blue ribbon, which she was shoulders gracefully enough; but it seems she also extremely pleased with; and very fine she did not think so, for as soon as she found it so was.
|| fallen down, she caused one of her women to roll The queen made, it seems, the first return, for it all up and tie it in a great knot, which hung stepping to one of her women, our men observed down in her neck, and did not look so well * that she took something out of her hair, and she when it was loose. let her tie her hair up again ; after which she While the king and the queen were conversing i brought it and gave it to our officer, making together about their fine things as above, car signs to know if it was acceptable. It was a men went back to their boat where they left piece of gold that weighed about two ounces and the purchase they had got, and furnished them a half; it had been beaten as flat as they knew || selves with other things fit to traffic with, as how to beat it; but the metal was of much more they saw occasion; and they were not quite come beauty to our men than the shape.
up to the king again, when they perceived that Our officer soon let them see that he accepted the men the king had sent up into the country the present, by laying it to his mouth and to his were returned, and that they brought with them! breast, which he found was the way when they | a great quantity of such provisions as they had, liked anything. In short, our officer goes to which chiefly consisted in roots and maize, or work again, and in a little while he makes a little Indian corn, and several fruits which we had coronet for the queen, as he had done before, I never seen before: some of them resembled the though less, and without asking leave of the king large European figs, but were not really figs; went up to her and put it upon her head, and with some great jars of water, having berbs then gave her a little looking-glass, as he had steeped in it, and roots, that made it look as done to the king, to look at herself.
white as milk, and drank like milk sweetened She was so surprised with this that she knew || with sugar, but more delicious, and exceedingly not what to do with herself ; but to show her cool and refreshing. They brought also a great gratitude she pulled out another plate of gold | quantity of oranges, but they were neither sweet out of her own hair, and gave it to our officer; || nor sour, and our men believed they were not and not content with that, she sent one of her ripe ; but when they were dressed after the mawoman to the crowd of women that first attended | ner of the country, which they showed our men her, and whether she stripped them of all the gold || how to do: that is to say, to roast them in the they had we know not, but she brought so many fire, they eat admirably well, and our men brought pieces, that when our men had them (for she || a great many away to us, and when we roasted gave all to them) they weighed almost two || them, they exceeded all that ever I tasted. pounds weight.
After our men had received what they brought, .. But this was not all; when she was thus and shown that they were acceptable to them, " dressed up she stepped forward, very nimbly and the king made signs that he would be gone, but gracefully, towards the king to show him what would come again to them the next morning, and she had got; and finding the king dressed up as pointing to the queen's head, where the plate d fine as herself, they had work enough for near gold had been that she gave to our men, intitwo hours to look at one another, and admire mated that he would bring some of that with their new ornaments.
him the next day; but while he was making Our men reported that the king was a tall, these signs one of his other messengers cane well-shaped man, of a very majestic deportment, back and gave the king something into his hand, only that when he laughed be showed his teeth wrapped up, which our men could not see. As too much, which however were as white as ivory. soon as the king had it, as if he had been proed As for the queen, saving that her skin was of a to show our men that he could make himself and I tawny colour, she was a very pretty woman; his queen as fine as they could make therm, be! very tall, a sweet countenance, admirable fea- | pulled it out, and first put it on his queen, (a, tures, and, in a word, a completely handsome short thing like a robe,) which reached froan ber lady.
neck, for he put it over her head, only down She was very oddly dressed; she was quite to the spotted skin which she wore before, naked from her head to below her breasts. Her and so it covered her shoulders and breast. I breasts were plump and round, not faggy and was made of an infinite number and variety of hanging down, as it is general with all the Indian feathers, oddly and yet very curiously put ton women, some of whose breasts hang as low as I gether, and was spangled, as we may call it,