over, with little drops or lumps of gold, some no | than pin's heads; but no doubt, farther up the bigger than a pin's head, which had holes made country, they might have found more. through them and were strung six or seven to These four men, seeing how fond our people gether, and so tied on to the feathers; some as were of the gold, made signs that they could big as a large pea, hanging single, some as big as fetch gold for them if they would give them such a horse bean, and beaten flat, and all hanging things as they liked ; and ours again told them promiscuously among the feathers without any they should have anything they pleased, and as order or shape; which, notwithstanding, were earnest gave them pieces of iron and bits of glass very beautiful in the whole, and made the thing of small value, both of which they were much look rich and handsome enough.

delighted with beforehand. As soon as he had thus equipped his queen, he Early in the morning their four customers came put the other on upon himself, which, as it was again, and brought several men, who seemed to larger, so it had a particular in its shape, namely, be servants, along with them, laden with refresh. that it covered his arms almost to his elbows, ments, such as the white water mentioned above, and was so made that it came round under the which they brought in earthen pots, very hard, arm, and being fastened there with a string, made but made so by the sun, not by any fire. They a kind of sleeve,

brought also three small deer with them, and As the king's robe, or whatever it may be a kind of coney or rabbit, but larger, which our called, was larger, (for it came down to his waist,) men were very glad of. But that which was so it had a great deal more gold about it, and above all the rest, they brought a good quantity larger pieces than what the queen wore. When of gold dust, that is to say, some in small lumps, their majesties had thus put on their robes, you some in bigger, and one of them had nearly a may guess how glorious they looked, but pound weight, wrapped up in a piece of coney especially the queen, who, being a most charming, skin, which was all so very small that it was like beautiful creature before, was much more so, dust, which, as our men understood afterwards, when she glittered thus all with gold. Our men was reckoned of little worth, because all the looked very narrowly to observe whether there | bigger lumps had been picked out of it. were no diamonds, and particularly whether any Our men, you may be sure, were very willing pearl was among their finery, but they could not to trade for this commodity, and therefore they perceive any.

brought out a great variety of things to truck In this manner they parted for that evening ; with them, making signs to them to pick out but the people did not leave them so, for they what they liked, but still keeping a reserve for thronged about them, and some brought them the king and queen, whom they expected. jars of the white liquor, some brought them Above all, they had made a reserve for the king roots, some fruits, some one thing and some of some extraordinary hatchets, which they had another; and our men gave every one of them not yet suffered to be seen, with a hammer or some small matter or other in proportion to what two, and some drinking glasses and the like, with they brought. At last there came four particu. some particular toys for the queen. larly tall lusty men, with bows and arrows, but But they had variety enough besides this for before they came close up to our men, they laid the four men, who, in short, bought so many down their bows and arrows on the ground and trinkets and trifles, that our men not only got all came forward with all the tokens of friendship the gold they brought, but the very pieces of they were able to make.

gold out of their ears; in return for which our They had two youths with them, each of which men gave every one of them a pair of ear-rings led a tame fawn of pretty large growth, and when to hang about their ears, with a fine drop, some the men came up they gave the two fawns to our of green glass, some red, some blue, and they men, who, in return, gave each of them a knife | were wonderfully pleased with the exchange, and and some strings of beads, and such toys as they went back, we may venture to say, much richer had.

than they came. Our men observed that all these men had little As soon as these bad finished their market, bits of gold, some of one shape and some of and indeed a little before, they perceived at a another, hanging at their ears; and when our distance the king and the queen, coming with a men came to be familiar, they asked them as well great retinue, so they made signs to our men that

18 they could where they found that stuff, and they must be gone, and that they would not have they made signs to the sand in the river, and the king know that they had been there. then pointed towards that part of the country I must confess the relation of all this made me where our ships lay, which signified to our men very much repent that I had not happened to that the gold was most of it where we lay, not have put in there with the ships ; though, in. there, where the king and queen resided. Nay, deed, as the road lay open to the east and south wben our men pointed again to the river where winds, it might have been worse another way, I they were, and went and took up some of the mean when the storm blew. However, as it is, sand, as if they would look for gold in it, they I must report this part from the account given made signs of laughing at it, and that there was us by my men. nothing to be found there, but that it lay all the When the king and queen came the second other way.

time they came together, and dressed up, as our And yet two or three of the men, who, when the men supposed, with the utmost magnificence, tide was ont, went up the bank of the river two having the fine feathered spangled things about or three miles upon the sands, peeping and trying their shoulders, and the king had over all his the sands as they went, found three or four little || habit a fine spotted robe of deer skins, neatly bits of pure gold in the sand, though not bigger ll joined together, and which, as he managed it,

covered him from head to foot; and, in short, it || and a pair of scissars; then he would sew some was so very beautiful that he really looked like a things together, and cut them asunder again king with it.

several times, and laugh most heartily at the id. When he came to our men and the ceremony | genuity of it. of their meeting was over, the king, turning Besides these things, they gave her majesty a round, showed them that he had brought them pair of ear-rings, to hang on her ears, the glass stores of provisions, and indeed so he had, for he || in them looking green like an emerald ; a ring of had at least fifty men attending him, laden with silver with false stones in it, like a rose diamond roots, and oranges, and maize, and such things ; lsring, the middle stone red like a ruby, which she in short, he brought them above twenty thousand went presently and gave to the king ; but our oranges, a great parcel of that fruit like a fig. officers made signs that he had one that was which I mentioned above, and other fruits; after | bigger for the king, and accordingly gave the king which another party followed, and brought twenty one that was much larger. And now they had live deer, and as many of their rabbits dead; the done giving presents, as they thought, when the latter as big as our hares.

I king made a sign to the queen, which she under As they came up, the king made signs to our stood, and calling one of her women, she brooght men to take them; and our officer making signs a small parcel, which the queen gave our officer to thank his majesty, he orders one of the at. | into his hand; wherein was about eleven pounds tendants to give him one of the feathered robes, weight of gold-dust, but, as before, no big lumps such an one as the king himself had on, and in it. made mighty fine with lumps and tassels of gold, Our men having thus finished their traffic, and as the other; and the tawny lass advancing to being about to come away, they made signs to him, offered to put it over his head, but he the king, that they would come again and bring took it in his hand and put it on himself, and him more fine things, at which the king smiles, looked as like a jackpudding in it as any one and pointed to the gold, as if telling them he would could desire, for it made no figure at all upon have more of that for them when they came him, compared to what it did upon the Indians. again.

When they had received all this, they could Our men had now their expectations fully not but make a suitable return; and therefore our answered; and as I said, had ended their traffic, officer caused his reserve to be brought out; and and taking leave of the king and all his reti. first he gave bis majesty a dozen very handsome nue, retired to their shallop, and the king and drinking-glasses, of several sizes, with half-a queen going away to their city as above; the dozen glass beakers, or cups, to the queen, for wind blowing northerly, they were seven dars the same use. Then he gave the king a little before they got down to us in the ship, during hunger, and a belt to wear by his side, and showed which time they had almost famished the deer him how to buckle it on and take it off, and how they had left, five of which they had kept to to draw it out and put it in again.

bring us alive, and yet they went two or three This was such a present, and the king was so times on shore to get food for them by the delighted with it, that our officer said, he believed way. the king, for two hours together, did nothing but We were all glad to see them again, and I had draw it and put it up again, put it on and pull it a great deal of reason to be satisfied with ibe off, and the like.

account of their traffic, though not so much with Besides this, he gave the king three hatchets, their discovery; for they were not able to give and showed them tbe uses of them; also, two us the least account whether the land was a conhammers and a pair of very large shears, par tinent or an island. ticularly showing him, that with those hanımers |

But let that be how it will, it is certainly a they might beat out the gold lumps which they | country yet unfrequented by any of the Christiani found in the rivers, and with the sheers might part of mankind, and perhaps may ever be so, cut the edges round, or icto what shape they , and yet be as rich as any other part of the world pleased, when they were beaten thin.

yet discovered. The mountains in most of the To the queen he gave six little knives, and a || islands, as well as of the main land in those dozen small looking-glasses for her ladies. Six parts, abounding in gold or silver, and no question, pair of scissars,and a small box full of large needles ; | as well worth searching after as the coast of he then gave her some coarse brown thread, and Guinea, where, though the quantity they find is showed her how to thread the needle, and sow | considerable, yet, it is at this tiine sought after anything together with the thread; all which she by so many, and the negroes taught so well box admired exceedingly, and called her tawny maids to value it, that but a little is brought away at : of honour about her, that they might learu also. | time, and so much given for it, that computing And whilst they were standing all together, our the charge of the voyage, is oftentimes more than officer (to make the king laugh) sewed two of it is worth. her women to one another by the lap of their 1. Whereas, though it is true that what gold is waistcoats, or what else it might be called ; and found here is a great way off, yet I am persuadedi when they were a little surprised at it, and began such quantities are to be had, and the price giren (as he thought to be a little uneasy, he took the

U for it so very trifling, that it would be well worth scissars, and at one snar, set them at liberty searching for. again; which passed for such an extraordinary I reckon, that including the gold our shallop piece of dexterity, that the king would needs || brought, and what we got on shore where we have two of them sewed together again, on puro | lay, we brought away about twenty-four pound pose to see it cut again; and then the king de- / weight of gold, the expense of which we could sired he might have a needle and thread himself, I not value at above ten or eleven pounds in Eng.

land, put it all together, and reckoning for all || morning, and by eight o'clock were under sail ; the provisions we got there, which supplied us | by ten we had doubled the point I mentioned for twenty days after we came away.

above, and stood away S., keeping the shore For while our shallop was making ber visit thus i on board, at the distance of about two leagues to the royal family, &c., as is related, our men west. were not idle on shore, but partly by trade with 1 The next day, the officer who had been with the natives, and by washing the sands in the the shallop showed us the opening or mouth where small rivers, we got such a quantity of gold as he put in, and where he had made his traffic well satisfied us for the stay we made.

with the king of the country, as you have We had been about eighteen days here when heard. our shallop returned, and we stayed a week more, We went on for two days more, and still we trafficking with the people ; and I am persuaded, found the land extending itself south, till the if we had a mind to have settled there, and stay || third day in the morning, we were a little surtill now, we should have been very welcome to prised to find ourselves as it were embayed, the people. We saw neither horse or cow, mule, | being in the bottom of a deep gull, and the land ass, dog or cat, or any of our European sort of appearing right a-head, distance about three creatures (except that our men shot some wild | leagues, the coast having turned away to the ducks, and wigeon, exactly the same which we east and by south, very high land, and moun. see in England, and very fat and good, but much ||tainous, and the tops of some of the hills covered easier to shoot that in England, having never with snow. been acquainted with the flash and noise of guns, Our second mate and the boatswain, upon this as ours have been). We also found a sort of par discovery, were for coming about, and sent to me tridge in the country, not much unlike our own, I for orders to make signals to the other ship and and a great many of the whistling plover, the our brigantine, who were both a-head to do the same with ours.

like; but I, who was willing to acquaint myself Though this month's stay was unexpected, yet las fully as I could with the coast of the country, we had no reason to think our time ill spent. ll which I made no question I should have occasion However, we did not think we ought to lie here to come to again, said, “ No, no, I will see a little too long, whatever we got; so we weighed and further first.” So I run on, having an easy gale stood off to sea, steering still S. E., keeping the at N. E., and good weather, till I came within shore of this golden country in sight, till our about a league and a half of the shore, when I men told us they found the land fall off to the found that in the very bite or nook of the bay, south; then we steered away more southerly for there was a great inlet of water, which either six or eight days, not losing sight of land all the must be a passage or strait between the land time, till by an observation we found we were in we had been on shore upon; which in that the latitude of thirty-four degrees and a half, case must be a great island, or that it must south of the line ; our meridian distance from be the mouth of some extraordinary great river. the Ladrones, twenty-two degrecs, thirty minutes This was a discovery too great to be omitted, east; when a fresh gale of wind springing up at so I ordered the brigantine to stand in with an south and by east, obliged us to hanl close for easy sail, and see what account could be had of that evening; at night it blow such a storm that the place. Accordingly they stood in, and we we were obliged to yield to the force of it, and go followed about a league, and then lay by, waiting away afore it to the N., or N. by W., till we their signals. I had particularly ordered them came to that point of land we passed before ; to keep two boats a-head to sound the depth all here, the land tending to the west, we ran in the way, and they did so; and how it happened under the lee of a steep shore, and came to an we know not, but on a sudden we heard the anchor in twenty-five fathom water, being the Il sloop fire two guns first, and then one gun; the same country we were in before. Here we | first was a signal to us to bring to, and come no rode very safe for five days, the wind continuing further, the next was a signal of distress. We to blow very hard all the time from the south immediately tacked to stand off, but found a east.

strong current setting directly into the bite, and My men would fain have had me gone a-shore there not being wind enough for us to stem the again, and traffic with the people for more gold; current, we let go our anchor in twenty-two but I, who was still in quest of further disco |fathom water. veries, thought I knew enough of this place to 1Immediately we manned out all the boats we tempt my friend the merchant, whose favourite | had, great and small, to go and assist our bridesign was that of making new discoveries, to gantine, not knowing what distress she might be another voyage there, and that was enough for in; and they found she had driven up, as we me ; so I declined going on shore again, except || were like to have done, too far into the channel that we sent our boats for a recruit of fresh of a large river, the mouth of which, being very water ; and our men, while they were filling it, | broad, had several shoals in it; and though she shot a brace of deer, as they were feeding by the had dropped her anchor just upon notice which side of a swamp, or moist ground; and also some the boats who were sounding gave her. yet she wild ducks. Here we set up a great wooden tailed aground upon a sand, and stuck fast; our cross, and wrote on it the names of our ships and men made no doubt but she would be lost, and commanders, and the time that we came to an began to think of saving the prnvisions and amanchor there.

munition out of her. The two long-boats acBut we were obliged to a farther discovery cordingly began to lighten her; and first they of this country than we intended, by the follow. I took in her guns, and let out all her casks of ng accident :-We had unmoored early in the water: then they began to take in her great shot and the heavy goods. But by this time || about four leagues over, where I crossed it they found their mistake, for the current which I which was about three leagues and a balf within mentioned was nothing but a strong tide of flood, the inlet itself. But the weather being very calm, which, the indraught of the river being very great, and the flood-tide running sharp, we let our boat ran up with a very great force; and, in some || drive up in our crossing about two leagues more; thing less than an hour the brigantine floated and we found the channel grew narrow so fast, again.

that where we came to land it was not a league However she stuck so long upon the sand, and over; that about three leagues farther we found the force of the current or tide was so great that lit a mere river, not above as broad as the Thames she received considerable damage, and had a lat Blackwall. great deal of water in her hold. I immediately. We found it a steep shore, and observing a ordered our boats to row to the land on both little creek very convenient for our purpose, we sides, to see if they could find a good place to lay ran in our boats among some flags or rushes, and her on shore in ; they did so, and found a very laid them as soft and as safe as if they had been convenient harbour in the mouth of a small river, in a dock; we went all on shore immediately which emptied itself into the great river about except two men in each boat left to guard our two leagues within the foreland of it, on the provisions. north side, as the river Medway runs into the We had for arms, every man a musket, a Thames within the mouth of it, on the south pistol, and a cutlass; and in each boat we had side ; only this was not so far up.

six half-pikes to use as we might have occasion Here they ran in the sloop immediately, and ! We had also every man a hatchet, hung in a little the next day we came thither also; our boats frog at his belt, and in each boat a broad are having sounded the whole breadth of the main and a saw. river, and found a very good channel half a | We were furnished with strings of beads, bits league broad, having from seventeen to four-and of glass, glass rings, earrings, pearl necklaces, twenty fathom water all the way, and very good and such like jewellery ware, innumerable; be riding.

sides knives, scissars, needles, pins, looking Here we found it absolutely necessary to take glasses, drinking-glasses and toys a great store. everything out of the brigantine to search ber We were no sooner on shore but we found bottom; for her lying on shore had strained her Il people in abundance, for there were two or three seams, and broke one of her floor timbers; and small towns within a little way of the shore; having hands enough, our men unloaded her in and I suppose we might have the more people a very little time, and making a little dock for | about us, because, as we understood afterwards, her, mended all the damage in about ten days' || they had seen us before, though we had not seen! time. But seeing her in so good a condition, It hem. and the place so convenient, I resolved to have | We made signs to them by putting our fingers her whole bottom new caulked and payed ; so to our mouths, and moving our chops, as if we we made her as clean as she was when she first were eating, that we wanted provisions; and we came off the stocks.

hung up a white flag for a truce. They pre This I took for a good opportunity to careen || sently understood the first signal, but knew doand clean our other ships too ; for we had done | thing of the last; and as to provisions, just as little to them since we came from Madagascar. I had been the case before, they brought us out We found our Madagascar ship much wormeaten roots and fruits, such as they eat themselves; in her sheathing, which we helped as well as well but such as we had never seen before. Some of could by new nailing, and by taking out some | them however, were very sweet and good, and pieces of her sheathing and putting new ones in. || when we boiled them, they eat much like an 50But as to our great ship, she was sheathed with glish parsnip; and we gave them strings of lead, and so had received no damage at all, only beads, pieces of glass, and such things as we that she was very foul, which we remedied by found they were always very fond of. scraping and cleaning, and new graving her We found the people, as I observed of the

other, very inoffensive and sincere ; not quarre. We were not all employed in this work, and some, por treacherous or mischievous in the therefore we had leisure to make the best of our | least; and we took care not so much as to les time for the main work of new discoveries. And || them know the use or manner of our fire-arms now I resolved to leave it no more to under-offi great while; neither was there one piece fred a cers as I had done before, viz. when I gave the the time we were among the other people, bere command of the shallop that traded with the | we bad so much gold. If there had, it had bera king and queen, as above, to a midshipman, which very probable that they would have fled the I was very sorry for, though the fellow did his country, in spite of all the good usage we cout business very well too ; but I say, I resolved have been able to have shown them. not to trust any one now but myself.

The people where we were now were not In the first place, I took the shallops and went || rich in gold as those where we were before, but across the mouth of the great river to the south || we found them much better stored with photo shore, to see what kind of a country was to be sions ; for besides deer, of which they had gt found there. For, as to the north side where plenty and variety, for they had some of a sors we where, we found it to be much the same with || which I had never seen before, and besides 2 that part where we had been before ; only that || infinite number of those rabbits which I 1934 we found no gold, nor did we perceive that the tioned before, wbich were as big as our har people had any.

and which do not burrow in the ground as ou I found the mouth of this river or inlet to bellconies do, they had a kind of sheep, large (XF

quite over.

those of Peru, where they are used to carry | respect the rest showed him; I say, being making burdens) and very good. They have no wool || a bargain with him as well as could be done nor horns, but are rather hairy, like a goat ; nor | between people that understood not one word of should I call them sheep, but that their flesh || what either of us said, he had made signs to eats like mutton; and I know not what else to bring me twelve sheep the next morning for some call them. The natives call them huttash; but things that I was to deliver him of mine. I am what breed, or from what part of the world, or sure the goods were not all of them of value whether created for a peculiar purpose to this part, sufficient to give me the least distrust, but when I know not.

I gave him the goods without the sheep, being However, their flesh was very agreeable, and as I said to trust him till the next day, he called they were fat and good; and as the Indians were two men to him, and pointing to the goods that mightily pleased with the price we paid them, I had put into his hands, he tells upon his fingers and the goods we paid them in, they brought | twelve, letting them know (as I suppose) that he us more of these huttashes than we knew what was to give me twelve sheep the next day, so far to do with ; and as I can calculate the rate, I | it seems they were to be witnesses of the agreesuppose we might have them for about eight. ment. Then he places his two hands one upon pence, or sometimes not above sixpence cost each breast, turned very accurately with the each; for they would give us one very thank. fingers towards the face, and holding them there, fully for a string or two of small beads, and think he looks towards heaven, with his face turned themselves mighty well paid.

upward and with the most gravity, seriousness, I found them so plentiful and so easy to come || and solemnity in his countenance that ever I at, that in short I sent fifty of them alive tied saw in any man's face in my life. When he had neck and heels, in one of the shallops back to continued in this posture about a quarter of a our ships, and ordered them to send their long minute, he takes the two men and puts them just boats over for more ; for though it was so little in the same posture ; and then points to me and a way over, we did not find they had any of them then to himself, by which I understood, first, that on that side the river.

he solemnly swore to me that he would bring the We did ihe Indians another piece of service, || sheep punctually and faithfully to me, and then for if they gave us meat we taught them to be he brought the two men to be bail or security cooks; for we showed them how to roast it upon for the performance; that is to say, to oblige a stick or spit before the fire, whereas they eat themselves to perform it if he did not. all their meat before either stewed in earthen Doubtless, those people who have any notion pots over the fire, with herbs, such as we did of a God, must represent Him to themselves as not understand, or thrown on the coals of green something superior, and something that secs and wood into the fire; which, by the way, always

hears and knows what they say or do. Whether made it stink of the smoke most intolerably. these people meant the sun or the moon, or the

We had a great deal of opportunity now to stars, or what else I do not determine for them, converse with the people on both sides of the but it is visible they understood it to be someriver, and we found them to be not only diffe- |thing to swear by,- something that could bear rent nations, but of a differing speech and dif-witness of their engagement, and that being fering customs. These on the south sides where called to witness of it, could resent the breach I now was, seemed to be the best furnished with of promise. As to those whose gods are monprovisions, and to live in the greatest plenty: 1 sters, and hideous shapes, frightful images and but those on the north side appeared better | terrible figures, the motive of their adoration clothed, and a more civilized sort of people, and being that of mere terror, they have certainly of the two seemed to have, in their countenances, ll gross ideas. But these people seem to act upon something the more agreeable.

a more solid foundation, paying their reverence However, as they were near neighbours, for || in manner much more rational, and to something the river only parted them, they were not very | which it was much more reasonable to worship niuch unlike neither. That which seemed most | this appeared in the solemnity of their counte. strange to me was, that we found that they had nances, and their behaviour in making a solemn little knowledge or communication one with an promise. other. They had indeed some boats in the river, We found those people clothed, generally but they were but small, and rather served to speaking, over their whole bodies, their heads, just waft them over, or to fish in them, than for arms, legs, and feet excepted, but not so agree. any carriage, for we found none that could carry || ably as those we mentioned above; and we found above four men, and these very oddly made ; || that the clothing of these were generally the partly as a canoe, by hollowing a tree, and partly || skins of beasts, but very artfully put together, so by skins of beasts, dried and stuck on so as they 1 that though they had neither needle or thread, made waste clothes to the other, yet they would yet they had the same plant as I mentioned bepaddle along at a great rate with them.

fore, the stalk of which would so strongly tie like For want of understanding their language, I a thread, that they peeled it off thicker or finer could come at no knowledge of their religion or ll as they had occasion, and made use of it in abun. worship; nor I did see any idols among them, or dance of ways, to tie, and twist, and make their any worshipping of the sun or moon. But yet, Il clothes with it, as well for their occasion as if it as a confirmation that all nations, however bar had been woven in a loom. barous, have some notion of a God, and some We found several of these people had little awe of a superior power; so I observed here, || bits of gold about them; but when we made that being making a bargain with one of the signs to them to know where they got it and principal men, such I perceived him to be by the 'l where it might be had, they made signs again,

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