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pointing to the country on the north side of the and jewels wondrous fine, a necklace about its river, so that we had, it seems, chopped upon neck, and bracelets of beads about its wrist, and the right gold coast in our first coming. They || several strings of beads wrapped up and tied in pointed indeed, likewise, to some very high moun its hair, having fed it and laid it to sleep, and tains which we saw at a great distance S. W., so made much of it all night. In this figure he that it seems as if there was gold found that way carried it up in his arms to the Indian huts or also, but it seems the people here had not much houses, where he had found it, and where there for their share.
had been, it seems, a great outcry for the child The men here had bows and arrows, and they all the night, the mother crying and raising her used them so dexterously that a wild goose flying neighbours, and in a most strange concern. over our heads, one of the Indians shot it quite But when some of the women, her neighbours. through with an arrow. One of our men was so saw the child brought back, there was a contrary provoked to see them, as it were, outdo him, extreme of joy, and the mother of it being, I that some time after seeing a couple of ducks suppose, fetched, she fell a jumping and dancing fying fair for a mark, he presented bis piece and to see her child, but also making so many odd shot them both flying.
gestures, as our men could not well tell for awbile I was very angry when I heard the gun; had whether she was pleased or not. The reason, it I been there he had never got leave to shoot. seems, was, she did not know whether to hope or However, when it was done, I was pleased well fear, for she did not know whether the pan / enough to see the effect it had upon these poor || would give back her child or take it away again. innocent well-meaning people : at first it fright. But when the man who had the child in his arms, ened them to the last degree, and I may well || had been told by signs that this was the mother, i say it frighted them out of their wits, for they | he beckoned to have her come to him, and she that were near it started so violently that they came, but trembling for fear. Then he took the ! fell down and lay speechless for some time; those child, and kissing it two or three times he gare that were farther off ran away as if it had been it into her arms. But it is impossible to ersome new kind of lightning and thunder, and press by words the agony the poor woman *as came out of the earth instead of out of the in; she took the child, and holding it in her clouds; but when they saw the two creatures arms, fixed her eyes upon it without motion, or fall down dead out of the air, and could see no as it were without life, for a good while, then she thing that flew up to them to kill them, they took it and embraced it in the most passionate were perfectly astonished, and laid their two | manner imaginable. When this was over, she hands on their breasts and looked up to hea. il fell a crying so vehemently till she sobbed, and ven as if they were saying their prayers in all this while spoke not one word. When the the most solemn manner imaginable. How crying had given sufficient vent to her passion, ever, this accident gave them terrible ideas of then she fell a dancing, and making a strange us, and I was afraid at first they would run all odd noise that we cannot describe; and, at lasi, away from us for fear; I therefore used them she leaves the child and comes back to the piacer after it with all the kindness and tenderness where our men were, and to the man that imaginable, gave them every day one trifle or | brought her the child, and as soon as she came ! other, which, though of no value to me, they | up to bim she fell flat on the ground, as I bare i were exceedingly fond of, and as we asked no- || described above, the queen and her women did, r thing of them but provisions, of which they had and up again immediately, and thus she did three great plenty, and gave us enough every day to times, which it scems was her acknowledgment satisfy us. As for drink, they had none of the |to him for bringing it back. milky liquor which we had on the other part of The next day, for her gratitude did not end ! the country, but they had a rool which they l here, she came down to our tent, and brought steeped in their water and made it drink hot, as with her two sheep, with a great back-burthen' if pepper had been in it, which made it so strong, of roots, of the kind which I said they steeped that though it would not make our men drunk, in the water; and several fruits of the country, it was worse, for it made them mad.
as much as two men, who came with her, could I was so pleased with these people that I came | carry; and these she gave all to the man that over to them every other day, and some of our had brought back her child. Our men were so men lay on shore under a sail pitched for a tent, moved at the affectionate carriage of this par and they were so safe that at last they kept no woman to her child, that they told me it brought watch, for the poor people neither thought any tears out of their eyes. harm or did any, and we never gave them the They took her present, but the man that me least occasion to apprehend anything from us, atceived it took the woman and dressed her up ! least not till our man fired the gun, and that only almost as he had done the child, and she went i let them know we were able to hurt them, not home like a kind of a queen among them. I giving them the least suspicion that we intended | We observed, while we stayed here, that this it : on the contrary, one of our men played an was a most incomparable soil, that the earth 28 odd prank with them, and fully satisfied them a fat loomy mould, that the herbage was strong. that we would do them no harm : this man || that the grass, in some places, was very rank and baving seen one of their children, a little laughing | good, being as high as our mid-thigh; and that spoechless creature of about two years old, the the air was neither very hot, nor, as we believe, i mother having gone from it a little way on some very cold; we made an experiment of the fruit : particular occasion, the fellow took it and led it fulness of the soil, for we took some white peas, home to the tent, and kept it there all night. and digging the ground up with a spade, me! The next morning he dressed it up with beads | sowed somc, and before we went away we su
them come out of the ground again, which was 11 I make no doubt but they came to find these in about nine days.
things; and since they had a mind to make trial We made signs to the people that they should || of a wild retired life, they might shift very well; let them grow, and that if they gathered them, nor would they want anything but Englishwomen they were good to eat. We also sowed some | to raise a new nation of English people, in a part English wheat, and let them know, as well as we 1 of the world that belongs neither to Europe, could, what the use of them hoth was. But 1 Asia, Africa, or America. I also left them every make no doubt but they have been better ac man another gun, a cutlass, and a horn for pow. quainted with them both by this time, by an oc der, and I left two barrels of fine powder, and casion which followed.
two pigs of lead for shot, in another chest by Our men were so fond of this place, and so pleased with the temper of the people, the fruit I doubt not but the natives will bestow wives fulness of the soil, and agreeableness of the cli- || | upon them, but what sort of a posterity they will mate, that about twenty of them offered me, if | make I cannot foresee. For I do not find by I would give them my word to come again, or enquiry that the sellows had any great store of send to them to relieve and supply them with knowledge or religion in them, being all Mada. necessaries, they would go on shore and begin a li gascar men, as we called them.--that is to say, colony, and live all their days there. Nay, after l) pirates and rogues ; so that for aught I know, this, their number came up to three-and-thirty : || there may be a generation of English heathens or they offered, that if I would give them the in an age or two more, though I left them five sloop, and leave with them a quantity of goods, || Bibles, and six or seven Prayer-books, and good especially such toys as they knew would oblige books of several sorts, that they might not want the people to use them well, they would stay at instruction, if they thought fit to make use of it all hazards, not doubting, as they told me, but for themselves or their progeny. they should come to England again at last, with It is true this is a country that is most remote the sloop full of gold.
from us of any in the yet discovered world, and I was not very willing to encourage either of consequently it would be suggested as unprofit. these proposals; because, as I told them, I might able to our commerce; but I have something to
erhaps find a place as fit to settle a colony in allege in its defence which will prove it to be in. before we came home, which was not at such an finitely more advantageous to England than any excessive distance from England, so that it was of our East India trade can be, or that can be scarce possible ever to relieve them. This satis pretended for it: the reason is plain in a few fted them pretty well, and they were content to words; our East India trade is all carried on, or give over the project ; and yet, at last, which most of it, by an exportation of bullion in specie, was more preposterous than all the rest, five of and a return of foreign manufactures or pro. our men and a boy ran away from us, and went duce, and most of these manufactures, also, on shore, and what sort of life they led, or how either trifling and unnecessary in themsclves, or they manage, we are scarce ever likely to know, such as are injurious to our own manufactures. for they are too far off us to inquire after them | The solid goods brought from India, which may again. They took a small yaul with them, and, be said to be necessary to us, and worth sending it seems, had furnished themselves privately with our money for, are but few ; for example: some necessary things, especially tools, a grind I. The returns which I reckon trifling and stone, a barrel of powder, some peas, some unnecessary are such as china ware, coffee, tea, wheat, and some barley; so that, it seems they japan works, pictures, fans, screens, &c. are resolved to plant there. I confess I pitied II. The returns that are injurious to our them, and when I had searched for them, and could manufactures, or growth of our own country not find them, I caused a letter to be written to are printed calicoes, chintz, wrought silks, them, and fixed it up upon a post, at the place where stuffs of herba and barks, block-tin, cotton, our ship careened, and another on the south side. arrack, copper, indigo. to tell them, that in such a certain place I had III. The necessary or useful things are pepleft other necessaries for them, which I did, made per, saltpetre, dying-woods and dying.earthis, up in a large case of boards, or planks, and covered drugs, lacs, such as shellac, stick-lac, &c., with boards, like a shed.
diamonds, and some pearl, and raw silk. Here I left them hammocks for lodging, all sorts || For all these we carry nothing or very little but of tools for building them a house, spades, shovels, | money, the indumerable nations of the Indies, pickaxes, an axe, two saws, with clothes, shoes, China, &c., despising our manufactures, and stockings, hats, shirts, and, in a word, everything filling us with their own. that I could think of for their use, and a large On the contrary, the people in the southern box of toys, beads, &c., to oblige the trade with unknown countries, being first of all very nume. the natives.
rous, and living in a temperate climate, which reOne of our men, whom they had made privy ll quires clothing, and having no manufactures, or to their design, but made him promise not to ren materials for manufactures of their own, would veal it till they were gone, had told them that he consequently take off a very great quantity of would persuade me, if he could, to leave them a | English woollen manufactures, especially when further supply, and bid them come to the place, I civilized by our dwelling among them, and taught after the ships were gone, and that they should the manner of clothing themselves for their ease find directions left for them on a piece of a board, I and convenience; and in return for these manu. or a letter from him, set up upon a post. Thus | factures, it is evident we should have gold in they were well furnished with all things for im specie, and perhaps spices, the best merchandise mediate living.
land return in the world.
I need say no more to excite adventurous heads | S. S. E., we reached the former latitude, where to search out a country by which such an im we had been; and meeting with nothing remark. provement might be made, and which would be able, we steered a little farther to the eastward, such an increase of, or addition to, the wealth and but keeping a southerly course still, till we cane commerce of our country,
into the latitude of forty-one; and then going Nor can it be objected here that this nook of due east, with the wind at N. and by w., we the country may not easily be found by any one reckoned our meridian distance from the Ladrones but us that have been there before, and perhaps to be fifty degrees and a half. not by us again exactly; for not to enter into our In all this run we saw no land, so we hauled journal of observations for their direction, I lay | two points more southerly, and went on for six it down as a foundation, that whosoever, sailing or seven days more, when one of our men on the over the South Seas, keeps a stated distance round top cried "land !" It was a clear fine from the tropic to the latitude of fifty-six to sixty | morning, and the land he spied being very high, degrees, and steers eastward, towards the straits it was found to be sixteen leagues distance, and of Magellan, shall never fail to discover new the wind slacking, we could not get in that night, worlds, new nations, and new inexhaustible so we lay by till morning, when being fair with funds of wealth and commerce, such as never the land, we hoisted our boat to go and sound were yet known to the merchants of Europe. the shore, as usual. They rowed in close with
This is the true ocean called the South Sea ; I the shore, and found a little cove, where there that part that we corruptly call so, can be so in // was good riding, but very deep water, being no no geographical account, or by any rule, but by || less than sixty fathom, within cable's length of the mere imposition of custom, it being only the shore. originally called so, because they that sailed to it We went in, however, and after we were were obliged to go round the southernmost part of moored, sent our boat on shore to look for water, America to come into it; whereas it ought indeed and what else the country afforded. Our mea to be called the West Sea, as it lies on the west found water, and a good sort of country, but saw side of America, and washes the western shore of no inhabitants, and upon coasting a little both that great continent for near eight thousand miles ways on the shore, they found it to be an island, in length, to wit, from fifty-six degrees south of and without people; but found that about three the line, to seventy degrees north, and how leagues off, to the southward, there seemed to be much farther we know not. On this account a terra firma, or continent of land, wbere it was I think it ought to be called the American more likely we should make some discovery..! Ocean, rather than with such impropriety the The next day we filled water again, and shot! South Sea.
some ducks, and the day after weighed, and stood But this part of the world where we were may over for the main, as we thought it to be; her: rightly be called the South Sea, by way of distinc using the same caution as we always had done, tion, as it extends from India round the globe to viz., of sounding the coast, we found a bu India again, and lies all south of the line (even for 'l shore, and very good anchor-hold in six-aaught we know) to the very South Pole, and which, twenty to thirty fathom water. except some interposition of land, whether islands When we came on shore here we found people. or continent, really surrounds the South Pole. but of quite a different condition from those *
We were now in the very centre or middle of had met with before, being wild, furious, and the South Sea, being, as I have said, in the lati- | untractable ; surprised at the sight of us, but tude of thirty-four degrees twenty minutes; but not frightened; preparing for battle, not for having had such good success in our inquiry or trade; and no sooner were we on shore but they search after new continents, I resolved to steer saluted us with their bows and arrows. We made to the S. and S. E, as far as till we should be in. signals of truce to them, but tbey did not underterrupted by land or ice, determining to search stand us, and we knew not what to offer them this unknown part of the globe as far as nature more but the muzzle of our muskets, for we were would permit, that I might be able to give some resolved to see what sort of folks they were, account to my employers, and some light to other either by fair means or foul. people that might come that way, whether by ac The first time therefore that they shot at our cident or by design.
men with their bows and arrows we returned ibe We had spent six-and-twenty days in this salute with our musquet ball, and killed two of place, as well in repairing our brigantine and their best archers: we could easily perceive the careeping and trimming our ship, that we had the noise of our pieces terrified them; and LR not been so long but that we did not resolve to two men being killed, they knew not bor, or careen our ships, till we had spent ten days about with what, perfectly astonished them, so the the brigantine, and then we found more work to they ran as it were clean out of the country, do to the sheathing of the Madagascar ship than that is to say, clean out of our reach; for we expected.
eould never set our eyes upon any of them arel We stored ourselves here with fresh provisions it. We coasted this place also aceording to ou and water, but got nothing that we could call a usual customs, and to our great surprise found store, except the flesh of about thirty deer, which was an island too, though a large one, and that we dried in the suo, and which eat indifferently the main land lay still more to the southware well afterwards, but not extraordinary.
about six leagues distance; so were resolved We sailed again the six-and-twentieth day after look out farther, and accordingly set su we came in, having a fair wind at N. and N. N W..I next day and anchored under the shore of and a fresh gale, which held us five days without last land, which we were persuaded was to intermission, in which time, running away S. and the main.
We went on shore here peaceably, for we nei. , and found they had had a fire of some dry wood; ther saw any people nor the appearance of any, that they had lain there as they supposed all but a charming pleasant valley, of about ten or night, though without covering ; they found two eleven miles long and five or six miles broad; pieces of old ragged skins of deer, which looked and then it was surrounded with mountains as if worn out by some that had used them for which reached the full length, running parallel clothing; one piece of a skin of some other with the valley, and closing it into the sea at creature which had been rolled up into a cap for both ends, so that it was a natural park, having the head, and a couple of arrows of about four the sea on the north side, and the mountains in feet long, very thick, and made of a hard and a semicircle round all the rest of it. These hills | heavy wood, so they must have very large and were so high, and the ways so untrod and so strong bows to shoot such arrows, and conse steep, that our men, who were curious enough! quently must be men of an uncommon strength. to have climbed to the top of them, could find Our men wandered about the country here no way that was practicable to get up, and so three or four days, with less caution than the after two or three attempts gave it over.
nature of the thing required; for they were not In this vale we found abundance of deer, and among a people of an innocent, inoffensive tem. abundance of the same kind of sheep which I per here as before, but among a wild and unmentioned lately. We killed as many of both as tractable nation, that perhaps had never seen we had occasion for ; and finding nothing here creatures in their own likeness before, and had worth our staying any longer for, except that no thoughts of themselves but of being killed and we saw something like wild rice growing here,
destroyed, and consequently had no thoughts of we weighed after three days, and stood away still them they had seen but as of enemies, whom to the south.
they must either destroy if they were able, or We had not sailed above two days with little escape from them if they were not. However, wind and an easy sail, but we perceived this also we got no harm ; neither would the natives ever was an island, though it must be a large one ; appear to accept any kindnesses from us. for by our own account we sailed near a hundred We had no business here after we found what and fifty miles along the shore of it, and we sort of people they were who inhabited this found the south part a flat pleasant country place. So soon as we had taken in fresh water enough, and our men said they saw people upon and catched some fish, of which we found good it on the south side, but we went not on shore store in the harbour or bay where we rode, we there any more.
Il prepared to be gone. Here we found the first Steering due south from hence in quest of the oysters that we saw anywhere in the South Seas, main land we went on eleven days more, and saw and as our men found them but the day before nothing significant ; and upon a fair observation, we were to sail, they made great entreaty to me to I found we were in the latitude of seven and I let them stay one day to get a quantity on board ; forty degrees and eight minutes south; then they being very refreshing as well as nourishing altered my course a little to the eastward, finding to our men. no land and the weather very cold, and going on
But I was more easily prevailed with to stay, with a fresh gale at S. S. W. for four days, we
e | when Captain Merlotte brought me out of one made land again; but it was now to the E. N. E.,
lloyster that he happened to open a true oriental so that we were gotten as we may say beyond it.
pear!, so large and so fine, that I sold it since We fell in with this land in the evening, so
my return for three and fifty pounds. that it was not perceived till we were within half a league of it, which very much alarmed us: thell After taking this oyster I ordered all our boats land being low, and having found our error, we
well out a dredging, and in two days' time so great a brought to and stood off and on till morning,
Il quantity there wae, that our men had taken above when we saw the shore lie as it were under our
difty bushels, most of them very large. But we larboard-bow, within a mile and a quarter dis
were surprised you may be sure, when, at the tance; the land low, but the sca deep, and soft
opening all these oysters, we found not one pearl. ground. We came to an anchor immediately,
small nor great, of any kind whatever ; so we and sent our shallops to sound the shore, who
concluded that the other was a lucky hit only, found very good riding in a little bay yoder the
and that perhaps there might not be any more shelter of two points of land, one of which made
of that kind in those seas. a kind of nook, under which we lay secure from While we were musing on the oddness of this all winds that could blow, in seventeen fathom accident, the boatswain of the Madagascar ship, good ground. Here we had a good observation, whose boat's crew had brought in the great and found ourselves in the latitude of fifty degrees oyster in which the pearl was found, and who twenty-one minutes. Our next work was to find had been examining the matter, came and told water, and our boats going ashore found plenty me that it was true that their boat had brought of good water and some cattle, but told us they in the oyster, and that it was before they went could give no account what they were or what out a dredging in the offing ; but that their boat they were like. In searching this coast we soon took these oysters on the west side of the island, found this was an island also, about eleven | where they had been shoring as they call it, leagues in length from N. W. to S. E., what| that is to say, coasting along the shoro, to see if breadth we could not tell. Our men also saw | they could find anytbing worth their labour; some signs of inhabitants; the next day six mon but that afterwards the boats went a dredging in appeared at a distance, but would take notice of the mouth of the bay where we rode, and where no signals, and fed as soon as our men advanced. | tinding good store of oysters they had gond no Our puople went up to the place where they lay | farther
Upon this intelligence we ordered all hands to , long might have something to buy clothes and dredging again on the west side of the island. || liquors without anticipating their wages : but this was in a narrow channel, between this island | then I made a condition with the men too; viz. and a little cluster of islands, which we found that whatever was taken they should deposit it together extended west; the channel where our in my hands, and with the joint trust of three men fished might be about a league over, some men of their own choosing, one out of each ship, thing better, and the water about five or seven and that we would sell the pearl, and I should fathom deep.
divide the money among them equally, that so They came home well tired and ill pleased, || there might be no quarrelling or discontent, and having taken nothing near so many oysters as that none of them should play any part of it before. But I was much better pleased, when away. These engagements they all came wil. in opening them, we found a hundred and fifty lingly into, and away they went a dredging, re. eiyhi pearls, of the most perfect colour, and lieving one another punctually, so that in the of extraordinary shape and size ; besides double whole three days every man worked an equal the number of a less size, and irregular shape. share of hours with the rest. This quickened our diligence and encouraged ||
But the poor men had not so good luck for our men, for I promised the men two pieces of
themselves, as they had for their officers. How eight to each man above his pay, if I got any
ever they got a considerable quantity, and some considerable quantity of pearl. Upon this they
very fine ones; among the rest they had two, in spread themselves among the islands and fished
the exact shape of a pear, and very exaetly for a whole week, and I got such a quantity of
matched, and these they would needs make me a pearl as made it very well worth our while; and
present of, because I had been so kind to them besides that, I had reason to believe, the men, at
to make the proposal for them. I would have least the officers, who went with them, concealed
paid for them two hundred pieces of eight, but a considerable quantity among themselves ;
one and all they would not be paid, and would which, however, i did not think fit to inquire
certainly have been much affronted if I had not very strictly after at that time.
accepted of them; and yet the success of the Had we been nearer home, and not at so very
men was not so small, but joined with the two great an expense as three ships, and so many
pieces of eight a man which I allowed them on men at victuals and wages, or had we been where
the ship's account, and the like allowance the we might have left one of our vessels to fish and
officers made them, and the produce of their own have come to them again, we would not have
purchase they divided afterwards, about fifteen given it over while there had been an oyster left
pieces of eight a man, which was a great encour. in the sea ; or at least, that we could come at.
agement to them. But as things stood, I resolved to give it over and put to sea.
Thus we spent in the whole near three weeks But when I was just giving orders, Captain
here and called these the Pearl Islands, though Merlotte came to me and told me, that all the
we had given no names to any places before. officers in the three ships had joined together to
We were the more surprised with this unes. make an humble petition to me; which was, that
pected booty, because we all thought it very une I would give them one day to fish for themselves ;
| usual to find pearl of so excellent a kind in such that the men had promised, that if I would con.
la latitude as that of forty-nine to fifty; but it sent, they would work for them gratis, and they
seems there are riches yet unknown in those promised, if they gained anything considerable,
parts of the world, where they have never been they would account for as much out of their
11 yet expected; and I have been told by those who wages, as should defray the ships' expense, vic
U pretend to give a reason for it, that if there was tuals, and wages, for the day.
| any land directly under the poles, either south This was so small a request that I readily con
or north, there would be found gold of a fineness sented to it, and told them I would give them
more than double to any that was ever get found three days, provided they were willing to give
| in the world; and this is the reason they say the men a largess as I had done, in proportion to
| why the magnetic influence directs to the poles, their gain. This they agreed to, and to work
that being the centre of the most pure metals : they went; but whether it was that the fellows | and why the needle, touched with the loadstone worked with a better will, or that the officers or magnet, always points to the north or south gave them more liquor, or that they found a
Il pole ; but I do not recommend this as a cer: new bank of oysters, wbich had not been found
| tainty, because it is evident no demonstration out before, but so it was, that the officers got as
could ever be arrived to, nor could any creature many pearls, and some of extraordinary size and
reach to that particular spot of land under the beauty, as they afterwards sold when they came
pole, if such there should be, these lands being to Peru for 3,217 pieces of eight.
surrounded with mountains of snow and frozen ! When they had done this, I told them it was seas, which never thaw, and are utterly unpassu. but meet that as they had made so good a pur.
ble, either for ships or men. chase for themselves by the labour of the men, But to return to our voyage, having thus spent, the men should have the consideration which ill as I have said, three weeks on this unexpected had proposed to them ; but now I would make expedition, we set sail; and as I was almost sa another condition with them, that we should stay |tisfied with the discoveries we had made, I was three days more, and whatever was caught in || for bending my course due cast, and so directly these three days should be shared among the men for the south part of America ; but the wind Do at the first port we came at, where they could be blowing fresh from the north-west, and good sold; that the men who had now been out soll weather, I took the occasion, as a favourable