« VorigeDoorgaan »
summons, to keep still on southing as well as |did not incline to put in anywhere, till having east, till we came into the latitude of 66, when run thus fifteen days, and the wind still holding our men, who had been all along a warm-weather southerly with small alteration and clear weather, voyage, began to be pinched very much with the | we could easily perceive the climate altered, and cold, and particularly complained that they had the weather grew milder; and here taking an not clothes sufficient for it. But they were obsrvation, I found myself in the latitude of fifty brought to be content by force, for the wind con and a-half, and that our meridian distance from tinuing at N. and N.Ň. W. and blowing very || the Ladrones West was eighty-seven degrees, hard, we were obliged to keep on our course being almost one semi-diameter of the globe, so farther south, indeed, than I ever intended, and that I could not be far from the coast of America, one of our men swore we should be driven to which was my next design, and indeed the chief the South Pole ; indeed, we rather ran afore it | design of the whole voyage. than kept our course, and in this run we suffered On this expectation I changed my course a the extremest cold, though a northerly wind in little and went away N. by E., till by an obser. those latitudes is the warm wind, as the southerly Il vation, I found myself in forty-seven degrees is here, but it was attended with rain and snow,
// seven minutes, and then standing away east for and both freezing violently. At length one of about eleven days more, we made the tops of the the men cried out "land," and our men began to || Andes, the great mountains of Chili, in South rejoice ; but I was quite of a different opinion,
America, to our great joy and satisfaction, though and my fears were but too just, for as soon as at a very great distance. ever he cried land, and that I asked him in what |
| We found our distance from the shore not less quarter and he answered due south, which was almost right a-head, I bid wear the ship and put
1/than twenty leagues, the mountains being so her about immediately, not doubting but instead
very high ; and our next business was to con
| sider what part of the Andes it must be, and to of finding land I should find it a mountain of
I what port we should direct ourselves first. Upon ice, and so it was; and it was happy for us that
the whole, we found we were too much to the we had a stout ship under us, for it blew a fret
south still, and resolved to make directly for the of wind. However, the ship came very well
river or port of Valdivia or Baldivia, call it which about, though, when she filled again, we found
you please, in the latitude of forty degrees, so the ice not half a league distance under our stern.
we stood away to the north. The next day As I happened to be the headmost ship, I fired
this Pacific, Quiet Sea, as they called it, showed two guns to give notice to our other vessels, for that was our signal to put about; but that which
us a very frowning rough countenance, and was very uneasy to me, the weather was hazy
proved the very extreme of a contrary dispo
sition, for it blew a storm of wind at E. by S., and they were both out of sight, which was the
and drove us off the coast again; but it abated first time that we lost sight of one another in
again for a day or two, and then for six days tothose seas. However, being both to windward
gether it blew excessive hard, almost all at E., so and within hearing of my guns, they took warn
that I found no possibillty of getting into the ing, and came about with more leisure and less
shore ; and, besides, I found that the winds came hazard than I had done.
off that mountainous country in squalls, and that I stood away now to the eastward, firing guns the nearer we came to the hills the gusts were continually, that they might know which way to more violent; so I resolved to run for the island follow, and they answered me duly, to let me of Juan Fernandes, to refresh ourselves there until know that they heard me.
the weather was settled ; and, besides, we wanted It was our great good-hap, also, that it was
| fresh water very much. day when we escaped this danger. In the after The little that the wind stood southerly helped noon the wind abated and the weather cleared | | me in this run, and we came in five days more up; we then called a council, and resolved to go fair with the island, to our great joy, and brought no farther south, being then in the latitude of | all our ships to an anchor as near the watering 67 S., which I suppose is the farthest southern place as is usual, where we rode easy though the latit ude that any European ship ever saw in wind continued to blow very hard; and being, I thos e seas.
say, now about the middle of our voyage, I shall That night it froze extremely hard, and the
break off my account here as of the first part of wind veering to the S, W., it was the severest
my work, and begin again at our departure from cold that ever I felt in my life. A barrel or cask || hence. of water, which stood on the deck, froze entirely It is true we had got over much the greater in cne night into one lump, and our cooper | run, as to length of way, but the most important knocking off the hoops from the cask, took it to part of our voyage was yet to come, and we had pieces, and the barrel of ice stood by itself in no inconsiderable length to run neither; for as the true shape of the vessel it had been in. we purposed to sail north the height of Panama, This wind was, however, favourable to our de in the latitude of nine degrees north, and back liverance, for we stood away now N. E. and | again by Cape Horn, in the latitude, perhaps, of N. E. by N., making fresh way with a fair wind. sixty degrees south, and that we were now in We made no more land till we came into the | forty degrees south; those three added to the latitude of 62, when we saw some islands at a run from Cape Horn home to England, made a great distance, on both sides of us; we believed | prodigious length, as you will see by the following them to be islands because we saw many of them account, in which also the meridian distances are with large openings between. But we were all not at all reckoned, though those also are very so willing to get into a warmer climate that we great.
11. At the same time others of our inen began to From Juan Fernando to the Line ...... 30 look out for goats, for you may believe we all From the Line to Panama ............... 9 longed for a little fresh meat. They were a little From Panama to Cape Horn, including too hasty at their work at first; for firing among
the distance we take in going round 60 the first goats they came at, when there were but From Cape Horn to the Line again in | a few men together, they frighted the creatures,
the North Seas ........................... 60 and they ran away into holes, and among the From the Line to England ............. 51 rocks and places where we could not find them,
so that for that day they made little of it, Hor. Total 210 ever, sending for more firemen, they made a shifi
to bring in seventeen goats the same day; N. B. Only you must deduct from this account
whereof we sent five on board the ships, and distance irom.Lima to Panama, because, wel|feasted with the rest on shore. But the next did not go up to Panama, as we intended to do.
|| day the men went to work in another mannes, By this account we had almost thirty degrees 1) and with better conduct; for as we had hands to run more than a diameter of the globe, be enough, and fire-arms enough, that they spread sides our distance west, where we then were, // themselves so far, that they as it were surrounded from the meridian of England, whither we were the creatures, and so driving them out of that to go; which, if exactly calculated, is above fastnesses and retreats they had no occasion to seventy degrees, take it from the island of Juan shoot, for the goats could not get away from Fernandes. But to return a little to our stay in them, and they took them every where with this place, for that belongs to this part of my | their hands, except some of the old he-goats, account, and of which I must make a few short which were so surly, that they would stand at observations.
bay and rise at them, and would not be taken; It was scarce possible to restrain Englishmen and these, as being old also, and as they thought after so long beating the sea from going on shore, good for nothing, they let go. when they came to such a place of refreshment In short, so many of our men went og sbore, as this ; nor indeed was it reasonable to restrain and these divided themselves into so many little them, considering how we all might be supposed parties, and plied their work so hard, and bad to stand in need of refreshment, and considering | such good luck, that I told them it looked as if that here was no length of ground for the men |they had made a general massacre of the gants to wander in, no liquors to come at to distract | rather than a hunting. them with their excess; and, which was still | Our men also might be said not to refresh more, no women to disorder or debauch them. // themselves, but to feast theniselves here with We all knew their chief exercise would be hunt. | fresh provisions ; før, though we stared beti ing goats for their subsistence, and we knew also, thirteen days, yet we killed three hundred ast that, however they wanted the benefit of fresh seventy goats, and our men who were on board provision, they must work hard to catch it be were very merrily enıployed I assure you, fair fore they could taste the sweets of it. Upon they might be said to do very little but roast and these considerations, I say, our ships being well stew, and broil and fry from morning to night;! moored and riding safe, we restrained none of it was indeed an exceeding supply to them, for them except a due number to take care of each they had been extremely fatigued with the last! ship; and those were taken out by lot, and then part of their voyage, and had had no fresh prês had their turn also to go on shore some days visions for six weeks before. afterwards, and, in the meantime, had both | This made them hunt the goats with the more fresh water and fresh meat sent them imme- || eagerness; and, indeed, they surrounded theme diately, and that in sufficient quantity to their | dexterously, and followed them so bimbly, that. ' satisfaction. As soon as we were on shore and notwithstanding the difficulties of the rocks, Feti had looked about us, we began first with gettiag 1) the goats could hardly ever escape them. Here some fresh water, for we greatly wanted it, then our men found also very good tish, and some les carrying a small cask of arrack on shore, I made tortoises, or turtles, as the seamen call them: 1 a quantity of it be put into a whole butt of wator but they valued them not, when they had sarb before I let our men drink a drop ; so correcting plenty of venison. Also they found some very II a little the chillness of the water, because 1 good herbs in the island, which they boiled with! knew they would drink an immoderate quantity the goat's flesh, and which made tbeir broth very : and endanger their healths. And the effect an savoury and comfortable, and witbal very healing swered my care, for those who drank at the and good against the scurvy, to which in the spring where they took in the water before I got climates Englishmen are very subject. this butt filled, and before the arrack was put We were now come to the month of Aprt." into it, fell into swoonings and faint sweats, having | 1715, having spent almost eight months in this gorged themselves too much with the cool wa 1 trafficking wandering voyage from Manilla bitter | ter; and two or three I thought would have and whoever shall follow the same, or a like died, but our surgeons took such care of them | track, if ever such a thing shall happen, will de that they recovered.
well to make a year of it, and may find it vers While this was doing others cut down branches well worth while. of trees, and built us two large booths, and five I doubt not but there are many undiscovered or six small, and we made two tents with some parts of land to the west and to the south us old sails ; and thus we encamped as if we had of the first shore of which I mentioned that * ! been to take up our dwelling, and intended to stayed trafficking for little bits of gold. And people the island.
though it is true that such a traffick as I har
given an account of is very advantageous in it-1| sufficient to support themselves in making a far. self, and worth while to look for, especially after ther search, I cannot doubt but that there must having had a good market for an outward bound be a great deal of that of which the inactive European cargo, according to the pattern of ours || Indians had gotten but a little at the Philippines, and which, by the way, they Nor had we any skilful man among us to view the need not miss; I say, as this trade for gold would face of the earth, and see what treasure of choice he well worth while, so had we gone the best | vegetables might be there. We had indeed six way, and taken a course more to the south from very good surgeons; and one of them, whom we Manilla, not going away E. to the Ladrones, we took in among the Madagascar men, was a man should certainly have fallen in with a country of very great reading and judgment , hut he from the coast of Guinea, where we might have acknowledged he had no skill in Botany, having found plenty of spices as well as of gold.
never made it his study. For why should we not be allowed to suppose But to tell the truth, our doctors themselves, that the country on the saine continent and in so we call the surgeons at sea, were so taken up the same latitude should produce the same in the traffic for gold, that they had no leisure growth ? especially considering them situated, to think of anything else. They did indeed pick as it may be called, in the neighbourhood of one up some shells, and some strange figured skele. another.
tons of fishes, and small beasts, and other things, Had we then proceeded this way, no question which they esteemed as rarities; but they never but we might have fixed on some place for a set-|| went a simpling, as they call it, or to inquire what tlement, either English or French; whence a the earth brought forth that was rare and not correspondence being established with Europe, Il to be found anywhere else. either by Cape Horn east, or the Cape de Bonne I think, likewise, it is worth observing, how Esperance west, as we had thought fit; they might|| the people we met with, where, it is probable, no have found as great a production of the nutmegs ships, much less European ships, had ever been, and the cloves, as at Banda and Ternate, or and where they had never conversed with enemies, have made those productions have been planted or with pations aceustomed to steal and plunder, there for the future, where no doubt they would -I say, the people who lived thus had no fire, grow and thrive as well as they do now in the no rage in their looks, no jealous fears of strangers Moluccas.
doing them harm, and consequently no desire to But we spun out too much time for the busi. | do harm to others. They had bows and arrows, ness; and though we might, as above, discover || indeed, but it was rather to kill the deer and new places, and get very well too, yet we did || fowls, and to provide themselves food, than to nothing in comparison of what we might be sup-offend their enemies, for they had none. posed to do, had we made the discovery more When, therefore, removing from thence, we our business.
came to other and different nations, who were rá. I cannot doubt also but that when I stood venous and mischievous, treacherous and fierce, away south it was too late, for had I stood into we concluded they had conversed with other nathe latitude of sixty-seven at first as I did after. || tions, either by going to them, or their vessels wards, I have good reason to believe that those coming there ; and, to confim me in this opinion, I islands which we call the Moluccas, and which found these fierce false Indians had canoes and lie so thick, and for so great an extent, go on yet boats, some of one kind, and some of another, by farther, and it is scarce to be imagined that they which, perhaps, they conversed with the islands, or break off just with Gilloto.
other nations near them, and that they also received This I call a mistake in me, namely, that 1] ships and vessels from other nations, by which stood away east from the Philippines to the La they had several occasions to be upon their drones, before I had gone any length to the guard, and learnt the treacherous and cruel part south.
from others, which Nature gave them no ideas of But to come to the course set down in this before. work, namely, S. E. and E. from the said La. As the natives of these places were tractable drones, the places I have taken notice of, as II and courteous, so they would be made easily these do not in my opinion appear to be incon. subservient and assistant to any European nation siderable and of no value; so had we searched
that would come to make settlements among farther into them, I doubt not but there are them, especially if those European nations used greater things to be discovered, and perhaps a them with humanity and courtesy; for I have much greater extent of land also. For as I have made it a general observation concerning the but just as it were described the shell, having natural dispositions of all the savage nations that made no search after the kernel, it is more than
ever I met with,--that if they are once but probable that within the country there might be
really obliged, they will be always very faithful. greater discoveries made, of immense value too; But it is our people, I mean the Europeans, for even as I observed several times, whenever breaking faith with them that first teaches them we found any people that had gold, and asked ingratitude, and inures them to treat their new them as well as by signs we could make them comers with breach of faith, and with cruelty understand, they always pointed to the rivers and barbarity. If you once win them by kindand the mountains which lay farther up the ness and doing them good, I mean at first, before country, and which we never made any disco they are taught to be rogues by example, they covery of, having little in our view but the get. I will generally be honest and be kind also, to the uing what little share of gold the poor people lluttermost of their power. had about them. whorone about them; whereas, had we taken a pos. | But it is to be observed, that it has been the
of the place, and left a number of men opinion of all the sailors who have navigated
those parts of the world, that further south there || very noble settlement, in order to victual and rehave been great tracts of undiscovered land; and | lieve the European merchants in so long a run some have told us that they have seen them, and as they have to make; and when this trade came have called them by such and such names; as to be more frequented, the calling of those ships particularly the Isles of Solomon, of which, yet, there would enrich the islands, as the English at we can hear of nobody that ever went on shore | St Helena are enriched by the refreshing which on them, or that could give any account of them, | the East India ships find that meet there. except such as are romantic, and not to be de. But to return to our present situation at St pended upon.
Juan Fernando. The refreshment which our But what has been the reason why we have men found here greatly encouraged and revived hitherto had nothing but guesses made at those them, and the broths and stewings which we things, and that all that has been said of such made of the goats' flesh which we killed tbere, lands has been imperfect? The reason, if I may than which nothing could be wholesomer, restored speak my opinion, has been, because it is such all our sick men ; so that we lost but two men a prodigious run from the coast of America to in our whole passage from the East Indies, and had the islands of the Ladrones; that few people || lost but eight men in our whole voyage from who have performed it never durst venture to go England, except I should reckon those five men out of the way of the trade winds, lest they and a boy to be lost who ran away from us in the should not be able to subsist for want of water country among the Indians, as I have already and provisions; and this is particularly the related. case in the voyage from the coast of America I should have added, that we careened and only.
cleaned our ships here, and put ourselves into a Whereas, to go the way which I have pointed posture for whatever adventures might happen ; out, had we seen a necessity, and that there was for, as I resolved upon a trading voyage upon the no land to be seen south of the tropic, for a sup- coast of Chili and Peru, and a cruising voyage ply of provisions and fresh water, it was evident || also, as it might happen, so I resolved also to put we could have gone back again from one place our ships into a condition for both, as occasion to another, and have been constantly supplied ; should present. and this makes it certain also, that it cannot be Our men were nimble, at this work especially, reasonably undertaken by a ship going from the having been so well refreshed and heartened up east, I mean the coast of America, to the west ; by their extraordinary supply of fresh meats, and but from the west, viz., the Spice Islands to the additions of good broths and soups, wbich America west, it may be adventured with ease, they fed on every day in the island, and with as you see.
which they were supplied without any manner of It is true that William Cornelius Van Schouton | limitation all the while they were at work. and Francis Le Mair, who first found the passage IL This, I say, being their case, they got the Ma into the South Sea by Cape Horn, and not to dagascar ship hauled down, and her bottom pass the straits of Magellan, I say they did washed and tallowed, and she was as clean as keep to the southward of the tropic, and pass, when she first came off the stocks, in five days in part, the same way I have given here an | time, and she was rigged and all set to rights, and account of, as by their journals, which I have fit for sailing in two more. by me at this time, is apparent.
The great ship was not so soon fitted, nor was And it is as true, also, that they did meet with || I in so much haste, for I had a design in my head many islands and unknown shores in those seas, which I had not yet communicated to anrbodr, where they got refreshment, especially fresh and that was to send the Madagascar ship a. water. Perhaps some of the places were the cruising, as soon as she was fitted up. Accord. same I have described in this voyage ; but why ingly, I say, the fifth day she was ready, and I they never pursued that discovery, or marked || managed it so that the captain of the Madagas. those islands and places they got refreshments at, car ship, openly before all the men, made the so that others, in quest of business, might have motion, as if it had been his own project, and touched at them, and have received the like be- || desired I would let him go and try his fortune, as nefit, that I can give no account of.
he called it. I cannot help being of opinion, let our map-|| I seemed loth at first, but he added to his im. makers place them where they will, that those portunity that he and all his crew were willing, islands where we so successfully fished for oysters, | if they made any purchase, it should be divided or rather for pearl, are the same which the an- | among all the crews in shares, according as they cient Geographers have called Solomon's Islands; I were shipped ; that if it was the provisions the and though they are so far south, the riches of captain should buy it at half price, for the use of them may not be the less, nor are they more out the whole, and the money to be shared. of the way; on the contrary, they lie directly in Weil, upon hearing his proposals, which were the track which our navigators would take, if esteemed very just, and the men all agreeing, I they thought fit either to go or come between seemed to consent, and so he had my orders and Europe and the West Indies, seeing they that instructions, and leave to be out twelve days on come about Cape Horn seldom go less south than his cruise, and away he went. His ship was an the latitude of sixty-three to sixty-four degrees ; lexcellent sailer, as has been said, and being non and these islands, as I have said, lie in the lati- || a very clean ship, I thought he might speak with tude of forty to forty-eight south, and extend anything, or get away from anything, if he pleased. themselves near one hundred and sixty leagues By the way, I ordered him to put out none but in breadth from north to south.
French colours. Without doubt, those islands would make all He cruised a week without seeing a sail, and
stood in quite to the Spanish shore in one place, |, in money for it all, and for any other loss he had but that he was wrong in; the eighth day, giving sustained, only that I would oblige him to lie in over all expectations, he stood off again to sea, the road where we were, till we returned from and the next inorning, he spied a sail, which was our voyage to Lima, whither we were going to a large Spanish ship, and which seemed to stand trade, for which lying I also agreed to pay him down directly upon him, which a little checked demurrage for his ship, after the rate of eight his forwardness; however, he kept on his course, hundred pieces of eight per month, and if I re. when the Spaniard seeing him plainer than, it turned not in four months, he was to be at his seems, he had done at first, tacked, and crowding | liberty to go. all the sail he could carry, stood in for the shore. The captain, who thought himself a prisoner
The Spaniard was a good sailer, but our ship and undone, you may be sure, would embrace this plainly gained upon her, and in the evening came offer; and so we secured his ship till our return, almost up with her; when he saw the land, and there we found him very honestly at an anthough at a great distance, and he was loth to be chor, of which, in its place. seen chasing her from the shore. However, he We were now, as I have said, much about the foilowed, and night coming on, the Spaniard middle of our voyage (at least as I had intended changed his course, thinking to get away; but, it), and having stored ourselves with everything as the moon was just rising, our men, who re- || the place afforded, we got ready to proceed, for solved to keep her in sight if possible, perceived | we had, as it were, dwelt here near a fort. her, and stretched after her with all the canvas night. they could lay on.
By this time the weather was good again, and This chase held till about midnight, when our we stood away to the S. E. for the port of Balship coming up with her, took her, after a little divia, as above, and reached to the mouth of the dispute. They pretended at first to have nothing | harbour in twelve days' sail. on board but timber, which they were carrying, I was now to change faces again, and Captain as they said, to some port, for the building of Merlotte appeared as captain, all things being ships; but our men had the secret to make the transacted in his name, and French captains were Spaniards confess their treasure, if they had any; I put into the brigantine, and into the Madagascar so that after some hard words with the Spanish || ship also. The first thing the captain did, was commander, he confessed he had some money on to send a civil message to the Spanish goverboard, which, on our men's promise of good usage, nor, to acquaint him, that being come into those he afterwards very honestly delivered, and which seas as friends, under his most Christian Majesty's might amount to about sixteen thousand pieces | commission, and with the king of Spain's perof eight.
mission, we desired to be treated as allies, and to But he had what we were very glad of besides, be allowed to take water and wood, and to buy viz., about two hundred great jars of very good such refreshments as we wanted, for which we wheat flour, a large quantity of oil, and some would pay ready money; also we carried French casks of sweatmeats, all which was to us very colours, but took not the least notice of our in. good prize.
tention to trade with them. But now our difficulty was, what we should do We received a very civil answer from the gowith the ship, and with the Spaniards; and this vernor, viz., that being the king of France's sub. was so real a difficulty, that I began often to wish jects, and that they were in alliance with us, we he had not taken her, lest her being let go, she were very welcome to wood and water, and any should alarm the country, or if detained, discover provisions the place would afford; and that our us all.
persons should be safe, and in perfect liberty to It was not above one day beyond his orders go on shore, but that he could not allow any of that we had the pleaure of seeing him come into our men to lie on shore, it being his express the road with his prize in tow, and the flour orders that he should not permit any nation, not and oil was a very good booty to us; but upon actually in commission from the king of Spain, second and better thoughts, we brought the Spa to come on shore and stay there, no, not one niards to a fair treaty, and which was more diffi night; and that this was done to prevent discult, brought all our men to consent to it. The orders. case is this, knowing what I proposed myself to We answered, that we were content with that do, namely, to trade all the way up the Spanish | order, seeing we did not desire our men should coast, and to pass for French ships, I knew the go on sbore to stay there, we not being able to taking this Spanish ship would betray us all, answer for any misbehaviour, which was frequent unless I resolved to sink the ship, and murder among seamen. all the men ; so I came to this resolution, namely, While we continued here, several Spaniards to talk with the Spanish captain, and make terms ll came on board and visited us, and we often went with him, which I soon made him very glad of. on shore on the same pretence; but our super.
First I pretended to be very angry with the cargo, who understood his business too well not captain of the Madagascar ship, and to have put to make use of the occasion, presently let the him under confinement for having made a prize Spaniards see that he had a large cargo of goods of his Catholic Majesty's subjects, we being | to dispose of. They as freely took the hint, and subjects to the king of France, who was in perfect let him know that they had money enough to pay peace with the king of Spain.
for whatever they bought. So they fell to work, Then I told him that I would restore him his and they bought East India and China silks, ship and all his money, and us to his flour and Japan ware, China ware, spice, and something o. oil, which the men had fallen greedily upon, hav. | everything we had. We knew we should not ing a want of it, I would pay him the full value sell all our cargo here, nor any extraordinary