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the line, is the same as our April, so that the ( there so long, they knew nothing when they went covering was more to keep them from the heat || away, much less whither ; but, no question, they than the cold.
believed that they were all gone on board again. It was needful, in order to their defence, to We stayed three days longer than we apfurnish them with arms and ammunition, so I'll pointed, and hearing nothing amiss from them gave to every man a musket or fusee, a pistol, il we were satisfied that all was right, so we put to and a sword, with cartouches and a good stock | sea, standing off to the west till we were out of of ammunition, powder and shot, with three small || sight of the shore, and then we stood away due barrels of fine powder for store, and lead in pro- | south, with a fresh gale at N. W. by W. and fair portion; and these things were, indeed, the weather, though the wind chopped about soon heaviest part of their baggage, excepting the after, and we had calms and hot weather, that carpenter's tools and the surgeon's box of medi- did us no good, but made our men sick and lazy. cines. As for carrying ah these things, they | The supposed journey of our travellers, their might easily furnish themselves with muler or march, and the adventures they should meet with horses for carriage, while they had money to pay | by the way, were indeed sufficient diversion, and for them, and you may judge how that could be employed us all with discourse, as well in the wanting by what has been said of the country. ll great cabin and roundhouse as before the mast,
We gave them, however, a good large pack of and wagers were very rise amongst us who should European goods, to make agreeable presents come first to the shore of Patagonia, for so we called where they received favours, such as black baize, lit. As for the place, neither they nor we could pieces of saye, serge, calamanco, drugget, hats make any guess at what part of the country they and stockings, not forgetting another pack of should make the sea ; but as for us, we resolved hatchets, knives, scissars, beads, toys, and such to make the Port St Julian our first place to put things, to please the natives of the plain country in at, which is in the latitude of fifty degrees fire if they should meet with any.
minutes, and that then, as wind and water would They desired a few hand grenades, and we permit, we would keep the coast as near as we gave them about a dozen but as they were could till we came to Punta de St Helena, where heavy it would have been very troublesome to we would ride for some time, and, if possible, till have carried more.
we heard of them. The Spaniard stayed till all this was done, and We had but a cross voyage to the mouth of till the men were ready to march, and then told the Straits of Magellan, having contrary winds, as privately that it would not be proper for him as I have said, and sometimes bad weather, so to march along with them or to appear openly to I that it was the 13th of December when we made countenance the enterprise. That my two lieu- | an observation, and found ourselves in the lati. tenants knew the way perfectly well, and that be tude of fifty-two degrees thirty minutes, which would go before to his own house, and they | is just the height of Cape Victoria, at the mouth should hear of him by the way.
of the passage. Some of our officers were very All the mules and horses which he had lent much for passing the straits and not going about us to bring us back, he left with them to carry | by Cape Horn; but the uncertainty of the winds their baggage, and our new captain had bought in the passage, the danger of the currents, &c., six more privately in the country. The last in- | made it by no means advisable, so we resolved to structions I gave to our men was, that they keep good sea-room. should make the best of their way over the || The 25th of December we found ourselves in country beyond the mountains; that they should the latitude of sixty-two degrees thirty minutes, take the exact distances of places, and keep a || and being Christmas-day I feasted the men, and journal of their march, set up crosses and marks || drank the health of our travellers. Our course at all proper places,and that they should steer their was S. E. by S., the wind S. W., then we changed course as near as they could between the latitude || our course and went away E. for eight days, and of forty (where they would enter the country,) || having made fresh way, stood away without oband the latitude of forty-five S., so that they | servation E.N. E., and in two days more made would go an E.S. E. course most of the way, and the land on E. of the Strait de la Mare, so that that wherever they made the shore they should | we were obliged to stand away E.S. E. to take seek for a creck or port where the ships might | more sea-room, when the wind veering to the come to an anchor, and look out day and night || S. E. a fresh gale, we stood boldly away due N., for the ships; the signals algo were agreed on, l and running large soon found that we had enand they had two dozen of rockets to throw up tered the North Sea on Twelfth-day. For joy if they discovered us at sea; they had all neces of which, and to celebrate the day, I gave sary instruments for observation also, and per. every mess a piece of good English beef and a spective glasses, pocket compasses, &c., and thus piece of Chilian pork, and made a great bowl of | they set out on the 24th October 1715.
punch before the mast as well as in the great We stayed five days after they began their || cabin, which made our men very cheerful, and, march, by agreement, that if any opposition had instead of a twelfth cake I gave the cook order been offered them in the country, or any umbrage |to make every mess a good plumb-pudding, which taken at their design, so that it could not be ex- Il pleased them all as well. ecuted, we might have notice. But as the T But while we were at our liquor and merry, Spaniards in the country (who are the most the wind came about to the N. E. and blew very supinely negligent people in the world) had not hard, threatening us with a storm, and as the the least shadow of intelligence, and took them | shore lay on our leeward quarter, we were not only to be French seamen belonging to the two || without apprehensions of being driven on some French ships (such we passed for) who had lain dangerous places, and forced to ride upon life and
death, where we could have no shelter; I there. ll in the same round bay which Sir John Narbofore altered my course and ran away E. all night, || rough called Port Desire, it being the 17th of to have as much sea-room as possible. The next January. day the wind abated, and hauling away to E. we Here we found a post or cross erected by Sir stood N. again, and then N. W. in three days John Narborough, with a plate of copper nailed more, and we made land, which appeared to be to it, and an inscription signifying that he had the head island of Port St Julian, on the north taken possession of that country in the name of side of the port where we ran in, and about an | King Charles II. Our men raisal a shout for hour before sunset came to an anchor in eleven joy that they were in their king's owo dominions, fathom good holding ground, latitude forty-nine or, as they said, in their own country; and in. degrees eighteen minutes.
deed, excepting that they were not inhabited by We wanted fresh water, otherwise we would Englishmen, and cultivated, planted, and ennot have made any stay here at all, for we closed after the English manner, I never saw a knew we were a little too far to the south ; || country in the world so like England. however, we were obliged to fill fresh water. Here we victualled our ships with a new kind here for three days together, the watering-place of food; for we loaded ourselves with seals, of being a good way up the river, and the swell of which here are an infinite number, and which the sea running very high.
| we salted and eat, and our men liked them won. During this interval Captain Merlotte and I derfully for a while ; but they soon began to be went on shore, with about thirty men, and I weary of them : also the penguins are a very marched up the country near twenty miles, wholesome diet, and very pleasant, especially when getting up to the top of the hills, where we | a little salted ; and as for salt, we could have made fires, and at the farthest hill we encamped loaded our ship with it, being very good and all night, and threw up five rockets, which was white, made by the sun, and found in standing our signal; but we saw nothing to answer it, nor | ponds of salt water near the shore. any sign either of English people or natives in | The penguins are so easily killed, and are all the country.
| found in such vast multitudes on that island We saw a noble champaign country, the plains (which, for that reason, is so called), that our all smooth and covered with grass, like Salisbury | men loaded the long boat with them twice in one Plain, very little wood to be seen anywhere, in- day, and we reckoned there were no less than somuch that we could not get anything but grass seven thousand in the boat each time. to make a smoke with, which was another of our Here we travelled up into the country in signals. We shot some fowls here, and five or search of our men, and made our signals, but six hares; the hares are as large as an English had no answer to them, nor heard any intelligence fox, and burrow in the earth like a rabbit. Thell of them. We saw some people here at a disfowls we shot were duck and mallard, teal and tance, scattering about ; but they were but few, widgeon, the same as in England in shape and nor would they be brought by any means to consize, only the colour generally grey, with white verse with us, or come near us. in the breast and green heads, the flesh the same We spread ourselves over the country far and as ours, and very good.
wide; and here we shot hares and wild fowl again We saw wild geese and wild swans, but shot in abundance, the country being much the same none. We saw also guinacoes, or Peruvian | as before, but something more bushy, and here sheep, as large as small mules, but could not and there a few trees, but they were a great way come at them either, for as soon as we stepped
off. There is a large river which empties itself towards them they would call to one another into this bay. to give notice of us, and then troop altogether Finding no news here of our men, I ordered the and be gone.
Madagascar ship to weigh and stand farther This is an excellent country for feeding and north, keeping is near the shore as he might breeding of sheep and horses, the grass being with safety, and causing his men to look out for short, but very sweet and good, on the plains, || the signals, which, if they discovered, they should and very long and rich near the fresh rivers, and I give us notice by firing three guns. were it cultivated and stocked with cattle, would They sailed the height of Cape Blanco, where without doubt produce excellent kinds of all the land falling back, makes a deep bay, and the sorts of cattle; nor could it fail of producing ex- || sea receives into it a great river at several cellent corn, as well wheat as barley and oats; | mouths, some of them twenty leagues from the and as for peas, they grow wild all over the coun- | other, all farther north. Here they stood into try, and nourish an infinite number of birds like the bay till they made the land again; for at the pigeons, which fy in flights so great that they first opening of the bay they could not see the seem in the air like clouds at a great distance. bottom of it, the land lying very low.
As for the soil, that of the hills is gravel and | The captain was doubtful what he should do some stony, but that of the plains is a light, | upon the appearance of so large a bay, and was black mould, and in some places a rich loam, and loth to stand farther in, lest the land, pushing out some marle, all of which are tokens of fruitful. || into the sea again afterwards, and a gale springness, such as indeed never fail.
ing up from seaward, they might be shut into a The 14th of January (the weather being bay where they had no knowledge of the ground; hot, and days long, for this was their July) we and upon this caution they resolved among weighed and stood northerly along the shore, the themselves to come to an anchor for that evencoast running from Port St Julian N.N.E. till ing, and to put farther out to sea the next mornwe arrived at the famous islands called Penguin ing. islands, and here we came to an anchor again," Accordingly, the next morning he weighed and
stood off to sea; but the weather being very | saw two rockets rise up from the westward, and fine, and the little wind that blew being S. w. by soon after that a third; and in two days more S., he ventured to stand in for the shore, where they all joyfully met, as you shall hear. he found two or three small creeks and one large 1 We had been here, as I have said, impatiently river; and, sending in his shallop to sound and expecting them a great while; but at last the find out a good place to ride in, upon their make man at the main-top, who was ordered to look ing the signal that they had found such a place, out, called aloud to us below that he saw a flash he stood in and came to an anchor in eleven of fire, and immediately the men looking to land. fathom good ground, half a league from the ward, they saw two rockets rise up in the air at shore, and well defended from the northerly and a great distance, which we answered by firing easterly winds, which were the winds we had any three rockets again, and they returned by one reason to fear.
rocket, to signify that they saw our men's signal. Having thus brought his ship to an anchor, he This was a joyful exchange of distant language sent his shallop along the shore to give me an to both sides, but I was not there; for being im. account of it, and desire me to come up to him, patient, I had put out, and sailed about ten which accordingly we did ; and here we re leagues farther; but our ship fired three guns to solved to ride for some time in hopes to hear give me notice, which, however, we heard not, from our little army. We went on shore, some and yet we knew they fired too; for, it being in or other of us, every day, and especially when the night, our men, who were very, attentive five of our men, going on shore on the north side with their eyes, as well as ears, saw plainly the of the river, had shot three Peruvian sheep and three flashes of the guns, though they could not a black wild bull; for after that they ranged the hear the report, the wind being contrary. This country far and near to find more, but could I was such certain intelligence to me, and I was never come within shot of them, except three so impatient to know how things weat, tbal, bulls and a cow, which they killed after a long having also a small gale of wind, I weighed chase.
immediately, and stood back again to our other We lay here till the 16th of February without ship; it was not, however, till the second day any news of our travellers, as I called them. All after we weighed that we came up to them, the hope we had was, that five of our men, ask-having little or no wind all the first day; the ing my leave to travel, swore to me they would next day, in the morning, they spied us, and go quite up to the Andes but they would find fired the three guns again, being the signal that them; nay, they would go to the Spanish gen they had got news of our friends. tleman himself if they did not hear of them, and Nothing could be more to my satisfaction than obliged me to stay twenty days for them, and no to hear that they had got news, and it was as longer. This I promised them, and giving them much to their satisfaction as to ours, to be sure, everything they asked and two of the Peruvian I mean our little army; for if any disaster had sheep to carry their ammunition, with two dozen happened to us they had been in a very odd of rockets for signals, a speaking-trumpet, and a condition; and though they might have found good perspective glass, away they went; and means to subsist, yet they would have been out from them we had yet heard no news, so that of all hope of ever returning to their own was our present hope.
country. They travelled, as they afterwards gave an Upon the signal I stood into the bay, and account, one hundred and twenty miles up the came to an anchor at about a league to the country, till they were at last forced to resolve northward of our other ship, and as far from the to kill one of their guinacos, or sheep, to satisfy || shore ; and, as it were, in the mouth of the their hunger, which was a great grief to them, river, waiting for another signal from our men, for their luggage was heavy to carry; but, I say, || by which we might judge which side of the river they only resolved on it, for just as they were to go a-shore at, and might take some proper going to do it, one of them roused a deer with a measures to come at them. fawn, and, by great good luck, shot them both; || About five o'clock in the evening our eyes, for, having killed the doe, the fawn stood still by being all up in the air, and towards the hills for her till he had loaded his piece again and shot | the appointed signals, beheld, to our great surthat also.
prise, a canoe come rowing to us out of the This supplied them for four or five days plen. || mouth of the river ; immediately we went to tifully, and the last day one of my men being by work with our perspective glasses. One said it the bank of the river, for they kept as near the was one thing, and one said it was another, till I river as they could, in hopes to hear of them that fetched out a large telescope out of the cabin, way, saw something black come driving down and with that I could easily see they were my the stream ; he could not reach it, but calling I own men, and it was to our inexpressible satisone of his fellows, their curiosity was such that ) faction that they soon after came directly on the other, being a good swimmer, stripped, and board. put off to it, and when he came to it he found it It might very well take up another volume was a man's hat; this made them conclude their as large as this to give a farther account of the fellows were not far off, and that they were particulars of their journey, or rather their coming by water.
journey and voyage; how they got through the Upon this they made to the first rising ground hills, and were entertained by the generous they could come at, and there they encamped, Spaniard, and afterwards by the wealthy Chilian, and at night fired some rockets (they kept how the men, greedy for gold, were hardly looking out you may be sure), and after the brought away from the mountains, and how third rocket was fired they, to their great joy, ll once they had much ado to persuade them not
to rob the honest Chilian who had used them so the mountains, and being there free from the well, till my lieutenant, then their captain, by a || observation of the country, we called it our first stratagem seized on all their weapons, and port, so we brought too, and came to an anchor. threatened to speak to the Spaniard to raise all Here the generous Spaniard, who, at his own the Chilians in the mountains, and have all their request, was gone before, sent his gentleman and throats cut; and yet that even this did not suffice, one of his sons to them, and sent them plenty till the two midshipmen, then their lieutenants, of provisions, as also caused their mules to be assured them that at the first opening of the changed for others that were fresh, and had not hills, and in the rivers beyond, they would have been fatigued with any of the other part of the plenty of gold; and one of the midshipmen told journey. them that if he did not see them have so much These things being done, the Spaniard's gentle. gold that they would not stoop to take up any man caused them to decamp, and march two days more, they should have all his share to be farther into the mountains, and then they endivided among them, and should leave him be camped again, where the Spaniard himself came hind in the first desolate place they could find. incognito to them, and with the utmost kindness
How this appeased them till they came to the und generosity was their guide himself, and their outer edge of the mountains, where I had been, | purveyor also, though two or three times the and where my patron the Spaniard left them, fellows were so rude, so ungovernable, and un. having supplied them with sixteen mules to | bounded in their hunting after gold, that the carry their baggage, and some guinacoes, or Spaniard was almost frighted at them, and told sheep of Peru, which would carry burthens, and the captain of it. Nor indeed was it altogether be good to eat also.
without cause; for the dogs were so ungrateful Also how here they mutinied again, and would that they robbed two of the houses of the not be drawn away, being insatiable in their Chilians, and took what gold they had, which thirst after the gold, till about twenty, more was not much indeed, but it hazarded so much reasonable than the rest, were content to move the alarming the country, and raising all the forward; and after some time the rest followed, mountaineers upon them, that the Spaniard though not till they were assured that the pick was upon the point of flying from them, in spite ing up of gold continued all along the river, of all their fire-arms and courage. . which began at the bottom of the mountains, and But the captain begged him to stay one night that it was likely to continue a great way farther. more, and promised to have the fellows punished,
How they worked their way down these and satisfaction to be made; and so he brought streams with still an insatiable avarice and thirst | all his men together, and talked to them, and inafter the gold to the lake called the Golden lake, quired who it was; but never was such a piece and how here they were astonished at the quan of work in the world. When the new captain tity they found; how after this they had great came to talk of who did it, and of punishment, difficulty to furnish themselves with provisions, they cried, they all did it, and they did not value and greater still in carrying it along with them all the Spaniards and Indians in the country; till they found more.
they would have all the gold in the whole moun. I say all these accounts might suffice to make tain, ay, that they would, by ---, and swore to a volume as large as all the rest. How, at the it, and if the Spaniard offered to speak a word farther end of this lake they found that it to them they would whip his head off, and the evacuated itself into a large river which, run like. ning away with a strong current to the S. S. E., | | However, a little reasoning with them brought and afterwards to the S. by E., encouraged them some of the men to their senses, and the captain, to build canoes, in which they embarked, and who was a man of sense and of a smooth tongue, which river brought them down to the very bay managed so well that he brought about twentywhere we found them; but that they met with two of the men, and the two lieutenants and surmany difficulties, sunk, and staved their canoes geons to declare for his opinion, and that they several times, by which they lost some of their would act better for the future ; and with these baggage, and, in one disaster, lost a great parcel he clapt in between the other fellows, and sepaof their gold, to their great surprise and mortifi. rated about eighteen of them from their arms, cation. How, at one place, they split two of their for they had run scattering among the rocks to canoes, where they could find no timber to build hunt for gold, and when they were called to this new ones; and the many hardships they were parley, had not their weapons with them. By put to before they got other canoes; but I shall this stratagem he seized eleven of the thieves give a brief account of it all, and bring it into as and made them prisoners; and then he told the narrow a compass as I can.
rest in so many words, that if they would not They set out, as I have said, with mules and comply to keep order and obey the rules they horses to carry their baggage, and the Spaniard were at first sworn to and had promised, he would gave them a servant with them for a guide, who, force them to it, for he would deliver them, bound carrying them by-ways, and unfrequented, so hand and foot, to the Spaniards, and they should that they might give no alarm at the town of | do the poor Chilians justice upon them; for that, Villa Rica, or any where else, they came to the in short, he would not have the rest murdered mouth of the entrance into the mountains, and for them; upon this he ordered his men to draw there they pitched their tent.
| up, to show them he would be as good as his N.B. The lieutenant who kept their journal, |word, but they considered of it, and submitted. giving an account of this merrily in his sea | But the Spaniard had taken a wiser course language, expresses it thus ;--" Being all come than this, or perhaps they had been all mursafe into the opening that is in the entrance of dered for he ran to the two Chilian houses where the rogues had plundered, and where, in south-east, the marks which our men had made short, there was a kind of little hubbub about it, before, having not been so regular and exact just and with good words, promising to give them as || there as in other parts of the way, or some other much gold as they lost, and the price of some turning being so very like the same, that they other things that were taken away, he appeased took one for the other; and thus going straight the people, and so our men were not ruined, as forward too far before they turned, they came to they would certainly have been, if the moun. an opening indeed, and saw the plain country taineers had taken the alarm.
under them as they had done before, but the de. After this they grew a little more governable ; scent was not so practicable. but, in short, the sight of the gold, and the easy | After they had puzzled themselves here, as I getting it, for they picked it up in abundance of said, two or three days, one of the lieutenants and places; I say, the sight of the gold made them a man with him, seeing a hut or house of a Chilian stark mad; for now they were not as they were at some distance, rode away towards it; but before, trafficking for the owners and for the passing into a valley that lay between; he met voyage. But as I had promised the gold they with a river which he could by no means get got should be their own, and that they were now over with the mules, so he came back again in working for themselves, there was no getting | despair. The captain then resolved to send them to go on, but, in short, they would dwell back to the honest, rich Chilian, who had enterhere; and this was as fatal a humour as the tained them so well, for a guide, or to desire him other.
to give them such directions as they might not But to bring this part of the voyage to an end, mistake. after eight days they came to the hospitable, But as the person sent back was 'one of those wealthy Chilian's house, who I mentioned be who had taken the journal which I mentioned, fore ; and here, as the Spaniard had contrived and was therefore greatly vexed at missing his it, they found all kind of needful stores for pro way in such a manner, so he had his eyes in visions laid up, as it were, on purpose; and, in a | every corner, and pulled out his pocket-book at word, here they were not fed only but feasted. every turning, to see how the marks of the places
Here again the captain discovered a cursed agreed ; and at last, the very next morning after conspiracy, which, had it taken effect, would, be he set out, he espied the turning where they sides the baseness of the fact, have ended in their should all have gone in, to have come to the total destruction ; in short, they had resolved to place which they were at before. This being so rob this Chilian who was so kind to them; but, remarkable a discovery, he came back again di. as I said, one of the lieutenants discovered and rectly without going to the Chilian's house, which detected this villanous contrivance, and quashed was two days' journey further. it, so as never to let the Spaniard know of it. U Our men were revived with this discovery, and
But, I say, to end this part. They were one- || all agreed to march back ; so, having lost about and-twenty days in this traverse, for they could || six days in this false step, they got into the right not go on so easy and so fast now they were a way, and in four more came to the descent where little army, as we did, who were but six or seven. | I had been before. At length they came to the view of the open | Here the hill was still very high, and the pas. country, and, being all encamped at the edge of sage down was steep and difficult enough; but a descent, the generous Spaniard, with his three still it was practicable, and our men could see servants, took his leave, wishing them a good the marks of cattle having passed there, as if journey, and so went back, having the day before they had gone in drifts or droves; also it was brought them some deer, five or six cows, and apparent that, by some help and labour of hands, some sheep, for their subsisting at their entrance the way might be led winding and turning on the into and travel through the plain country. slope of the hill, so as to make it much easier to
And now they began to descend towards the get down than it was now. plain, but they met with more difficulty here | It cost them no small labour, however, to get than they expected; for, as I observed, that the down, chiefly because of the mules, which very way for some miles went with an ascent towards | often fell down with their loads, and our meni the farthest part of the hill, that continued ascent said they believed they could, with much more had, by degrees, brought them to a very great, | ease, have mounted up from the east side to the and in some places an unpassable, descent; so top than they came from the west side to the that, however my guide found his way down, bottom when I was through, it was not so easy for them | They encamped one night on the declivity of to do it, who were so many in number, and en- | the hill, but got up early and was at the bottom cumbered with mules and horses, and with their and on the plain ground by noon. As soon as i baggage, so that they knew not what to do; and they came there, they encamped and refreshed i if they had known that our ships were gone away, || themselves, that is to say, went to dinner; but it there had been sonie odds but, like the old being very hot there, the cool breezes of the Israelites, they would have murmured against mountains having now left them, they were more their leader, and have all gone back to Egypt. inclined to sleep than to eat; so the captain In a word, they were at their wit's end, and knew ordered the tent to be set up, and they made the not what course to take for two or three days, whole day of it, calling a council in the morning trying and essaying to get down here and there, to consider what course they should steer, and and then frightened with precipices and rocks, || how they should go on. and climbing up to get back again; the whole of Here they came to this resolution, that thes the matter was, that they had missed a narrow i should send a man or two a considerable way up way, where they should have turned off to thell the hill again, to take the strictest observation