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CHAIRMEN'S FARES, as settled by the Magistrates.
For carrying one person any di-tance not exceeding 500 yards
Beyond one measured mile, and not exceeding in the whole one
Not exceeding one mile and 1173 yards
Not exceeding two measured miles
And for every 586 yards beyond
Any person may detain the chairmen in every fare, without paying any thing for it, as follows, viz.,
In a sixpenny fare.
In a twelve-penny fare
In a two-shilling fare .... 25 In a half-crown fare In an eighteen-penny fare In a three-shilling fare 35 And in every other fare or quantity of ground constituting an additional fare, any further time not exceeding in each additional sixpenny fare as above, five minutes.
-All fares to be charged double after twelve o'clock at night. And instead of 500 yards, 300 only is a sixpenny fare on hilly or ascending ground, whether upward or downward; but where the fare begins on plain ground, and ends on an ascent, or begins on a descent, and ends on plain ground, the chairmen must carry the full space of 500 yards.
Chairmen to be paid 6d. for each extra quarter of an hour's waiting. Chairmen demanding more for their fare than they are entitled to, or refusing or declining to carry any fare when called or, or using any abusive or insulting language, shall forfeit 20s. or be suspended from using their chair for any time not exceeding 40 days.
The Mayor and two Justices to direct the measurement of any distances in dispute; the expence of which to be paid by the chairmen, if the distance be less than they charge, and if move, by the person they carry. The ground that is deemed hilly or ascending, is as follows:
From the union of the four roads at the north end of Belmont-row, ascending northward towards Lansdown-place, and Camden-place, and parts adjacent.
From the south side of Burlington-House northward; from the road at the north-east corner of St. James's-Square, northward; and from the London Road to Gray's-place, &c. northward.
From the New Assembly-Rooms and parts adjacent, up-to, and along Russel-street, to and into Burlington-Street, &c. northward.
From the Angel Inn, at or in Holloway, up or along the public roads there, southward.
From the Flour Mill near Widcombe turnpike-gate, towards Lyncomb and parts adjacent, southward.
From the lower gate going to Prior-Park, up Widcomb-hill, eastward. From the Corn-mill at the bottom of the hill leading to Prior-Park, or towards Prior-Park house, and parts adjacent.
TABLE OF DISTANCES.
From the Front Door of MR. GALE'S ROOMS,
To the N. E. corner of Queen-square, thro' Bridewell-lane is
To No. 2 in Great Pulteney-street, on the left hand is
To the last house on the North-Parade, is
From the PUMP-ROOM,
To the N. E. corner of Queen-square, thro’Bridewell-lane is
To the door that goes into Spring-gardens, is
To No. 1 in Great Pulteney-street, on the right hand, is
To No. 5 in Lower Charles-street, is
To the first house in Bladud's-Buildings, is
From the GUILDHALL,
To the last house on the North-parade, is.
From the ABBEY-CHURCH,
To the S. E. corner of Queen-square, thro' Bridewell-lane, is
To the same corner of the Square, through Green-street, is
To the first house in Bladud's-Buildings, is
To the north end of Belmont-row, is
To the centre of Milsom-street, is
To No. 3 in Great Pulteney-street, on the right hand, is
To the first house in Charles-street, on the left band, is
To the last house in River-street, on the right hand through Margaret's-buildings, is
To the South-west corner house in Queen-square, is
To the first house in Brock-street, on the right hand, is
A Description of the City of BRISTOL, the HOTWELLS,
HE city of BRISTOL is the second city in England for trade, wealth, and number of its inhabitants. It lies in 51° 30′ N. lat. 2° 46′ W. lon. at the southern extremity of Gloucestershire, and northern of Somersetshire, being taken out of and made a city and county independent of both, by Edward the Third, though it is generally reckoned in Somersetshire. It is 115 miles due west from London, through Marshfield; through Bath and Chippenham 117; through Bath and Devizes 119; 12 W. N. W. of Bath; 59 N. W. of Salsbury.
It has two rivers which run through it, the Avon and the Froom; the Avon is the principal, and the city is situated about eight miles from its mouth, or discharge into the Bristol channel or Severn sea; it stands in a most delightful and healthy country, and is surrounded with numerous verdant hills, some of moderate and others of towering heights; particularly to the north and east, which defend it from the cold winds and renders its situation warm and comfortable. The circumjacent country is variegated with high and wholesome downs, perfumed with odoriferous plants and herbs; fruitful vallies watered with rivers, springs and rivulets; sublime rocks, thick woods, charming and extensive prospects of land and water; in its vicinity are many pleasant and handsome villages, and seats of nobility and gentry elegantly situated.
By Bristol, we would be understood to mean, the city and all its inhabited environs that pertain to it and are connected with it. And a general description of the situation of modern Bristol thus taken is, that it stands in a vale, on eminences, and level grounds; and on steep and lofty hills to the N.; N. W. and W of it; the heights of which last are too sudden and inconvenient for carriages. The summits of these
hills, Kingsdown, St. Michael's, and Branden-hill, are about 250 feet in perpendicular height above the rivers; and consequently the lower buildings of Bristol appear from their tops to be in a deep valley, and the spectator is above the top of the highest steeple in the city; yet several of the lower parts stand on fine elevations from the river, the ascents from which were formerly too steep, but by late improvements are rendered easy, and not inconvenient for trade and heavy carriages.
The old town, or city, primarily built, and which was within the inner wall, stands on a hill of 40 feet of perpendicular height, between the Rivers Avon and Froom; from which eminence there is every way a descent. Thus the heart of the city, which is most crowded, being seated on a hill, and the streets intersecting each other at right angles in several places, has a free admission and circulation of air.
This city is said to resemble ancient Rome; its plan being nearly circular, with a greater diameter one way than another; and the river cutting off about a sixth part from the rest. Also it stands on seven hills; and its principal river, the Avon, is yellow, and rapid like the Tyber, though inferior in breadth.
Its hills are, 1st. That on which stood the old city which is now in the centre, the walls of which were nearly circular, and had five or six gates. 2nd. That on which stood the Castle to the E. which is bounded by the Avon on the S. the Froom on the N. and by a deep ditch or moat (now partly arched over), on the E. 3rd. To the West, the Collegegreen, a considerable and pleasing eminence, and on which stands the Cathedral Church, &c. 4th. To the south of the Avon, at about three furlongs from Bristol Bridge, Redcliffhill, on which are, the famous church of that name, its church-yard, and several other streets and places. 5th. St. Michael's-hill, of great height, and covered with a variety of houses and streets up to the summit; on which is the place of execution. 6th. Kingsdown, part of which is in the city, on which are many modern houses and pleasant gardens. The boundary, or chasm, between this and St. Michael's, being in Maudlin-street and Mills's Gardens upward. 7th. Brandon-Hill, all of which is in the city: the chasm between this and St. Michael's, is Park-street. This hill, though its base is almost surrounded with buildings, is not yet built
over, though on it are lately erected Berkeley-square, Great George-street, Charlotte-street, the Queen's-Parade, &c. and it is hoped that the Corporation will, in due time, (reserving the upper part for prospect) let out all the rest for building; and thus effect, below and above, an elegant and convenient conjunction between Bristol and Clifton. These three last › grand eminences exhibit countless beauties; and are in general covered with houses and gardens, rising street over street to their very tops, which command various delightful and extensive views of the city, and of the country for several miles round. Strangers, who are spectators from the opposite hills, and from some parts of the city and suburbs, are struck with agreeable surprise, at the sight of a large town, hanging in a continued slope, as it were from the very clouds. From these, and many other hills about Bristol, particularly Montpellier to the N. Totterdown, Knowle and Pile hills to the S. E. of the city, its two greatest churches, the Cathedral and Redcliff, and its other towers and steeples, some of which are lofty and elegant, make an august and venerable object.
The vallies and hills of Bristol are covered with public and private buildings, of various materials and constructions. Its upper parts stand principally on rocks; and its lower, some on red marl, and others on thick, hard beds of sand or coals. The ground under the surface is perforated with drains and common sewers in all directions; and the two rivers, which run all through the town, and turn and wind to so many parts of the vallies, receive and carry off the filth and noxious effluvia. There are very few, if any houses that have not a communication with the main sewers: a provision for cleanliness not so universal in any city in the world.
Thus is Bristol, by nature and situation, a very healthy town. Many agreeable circumstances render it so. A few fathoms under ground is excellent water. Its air is well known and experienced to be undeniably and notably salubrious. Its soil is dry; and the damps of some moist countries and atmosphere are here unknown. It has very little marshy ground about it: London has many pernicious fresh marshes too nigh to it. Some invalids of Bristol, whom business or curiosity have led to London, have found themselves worse than before, and have been obliged to make a hasty retreat to their native air.