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COUNCIL OF HIGHER EDUCATION, NEWFOUNDLAND.
AGRICULTURE (Intermediate Grade).
Wednesday, June 19th, 1912. - Afternoon, 3 to 5.
1. If you were given charge of a farm of 150 acres, one-third pasture and the remainder ploughed land, what crops would you grow in the latter? How should these crops be arranged in rotation? What acreage of each would you grow ?
2. In the case of any one of the crops mentioned in your answer to Question 1, explain fully the methods of cultivation which you would adopt. You should describe the cultivation from the time you begin to prepare the soil until the crop has been harvested.
(20) 3. In the case of any crop referred to in Question 1, except that to which you have alluded in Question 2, state what purchased manures might be profitably applied. How much per acre would the manures cost? (15) 4. Describe the disease of potatoes known as Wart Disease or Black Scab. How should affected crops be dealt with ? (15)
5. How should a farm horse be fed in winter (a) when idle, (b) when hard worked? (16)
6. A farmer who has about 20 gallons of skim milk available daily wishes to use it in feeding pigs. He buys pigs when newly weaned and sells them fat. How many young pigs should he buy? What foods should he give in addition to milk? How long should it take to fatten pigs which are intended for bacon production ? (18)
COUNCIL OF HIGHER EDUCATION, NEWFOUNDLAND.
HYGIENE (Intermediate Grade).
Friday, June 21st, 1912.-Afternoon, 3 to 5.
1. Foods are classified according to their chemical composition. Give this classification, and mention examples of each class?
2. What changes does the air undergo in the lungs ?
3. Why is spitting a very dangerous practice?
4. What are the various means by which household refuse may be disposed of?
5. A room is dusted on one day with a dry duster, on the next with a damp duster. Compare the results.
6. How would you treat a person who had fainted?
1. Describe the two specimens before you as fully as possible. Draw diagrams of the floral arrangements, and refer the plants to their Classes and Divisions (not Orders), giving your reasons.
2. What are the characteristic features of the Orders Papaveraceae, Umbelliferae, and Iridaceae? How is honey supplied by the plants in the last two Orders? Describe different methods by which the perianths supply honey in the different genera of Iridaceae.
3. How do roots differ from underground stems in their anatomical structures? Explain the uses of the various root-tissues to the plant.
4. Describe the various methods adopted by plants for climbing, in any species of plants you have seen.
5. How do maritime and saline plants differ from inland plants in their internal structural adaptations to their conditions of life?
NATURAL HISTORY - PHYSIOGRAPHY
Monday, June 17th, 1912.-Afternoon, 2.30 to 4.30.
Not more than six questions may be answered. All questions carry equal
1. What do you understand by a Great Circle?
Point out all the
advantages of Great Circle Sailing for commerce, with special reference to the Atlantic Ocean.
2. Explain carefully the causes of the seasons, and work out the approximate height of the Sun in Newfoundland in the middle of each season.
3. Describe the most marked features in the distribution of land and water on the earth, with special reference to the water-parting between the Atlantic and the Indo-Pacific Oceans.
4. State, with a sketch-map, the causes, the precise position and extent, and the chief results of the Gulf Stream.
5. Explain, with rough illustrations, how you would represent mountains on a map.
6. State the chief causes of heavy rainfall in the tropics, and give examples of areas which illustrate what you say.
7. How far, and for what reasons, is it correct to call land and sea breezes "miniature monsoons," and to call monsoons magnified land and sea breezes"?
8. Explain the position and the direction of the typical isotherms over the British Isles in (a) winter and (b) summer, and account for the obvious differences.
9. State precisely what you mean by a watershed, a water-parting, a river-basin, a river-plain, and river-erosion. In each case account for the particular phenomenon, and give two instances of it, both of them from Europe.
10. Distinguish between dew, rain, hail, and snow; and explain exactly where, and when, you would expect to find each.
SCHOOL MANAGEMENT (Intermediate Grade).
Saturday, June 22nd, 1912.-Morning, 9 to 11.
1. Write brief Notes of a Lesson on any one of the four following subjects:
(a) The Division of Vulgar Fractions.
(b) The Climate of Newfoundland.
(c) Queen Elizabeth.
(d) The fable of the Fox and the Crow.
2. Draw up an Examination Paper consisting of four questions to suit
any one of the three following classes:—
(a) Average age, 13: subject, The Victorian Period.
(b) Average age, 13: subject, Kinds of Sentences.
(c) Average age, 121: subject, The Geography (physical and political) of Europe.
3. What considerations would determine the place you would give the following subjects in your school time-table ?-(a) Singing, (b) Arithmetic, (c) Writing?
4. Answer only one of the following:-
(a) What special difficulty do you expect to find in getting your pupils to understand the nature of a participle, and how do you propose to meet this difficulty?
(b) What use can be made of drawing in school in connexion with other subjects, and quite apart from the work of the regular drawing lessons?
5. Mention some easily noticed symptoms of ill health that the teacher should be on the outlook for among his pupils, and say what he should do when he discovers them.