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TYPEWRITING AND OFFICE ROUTINE
Saturday, June 22nd, 1912.-Morning, 11.15 to 1.15.
The Theory Paper and the Time Test must each be commenced on a fresh sheet, on which must be typed at the head the candidate's examination number.
If the candidate loses time through a defective machine, or finishes the whole of the work before the expiration of the time allowed, the fact must be notified on the candidate's worked papers, and will be taken into account by the Examiner.
1. Typewriting Time Test.
2. How may an autographic signature be affixed to a type-script stencil? (6) 3. Compose eight sentences, introducing in each one or more of the
following words :
4. What is the meaning of the following reference ?
46 & 47 Vict. c. 51, s. 14 (4).
compliment, complement. (8)
5. Which fingers are termed "guides" in the non-visual system of manipulation?
6. Is it necessary to erase every character struck in error? If replying negatively, give examples. (6) 7. Can type-script be produced in two or more colours without the use of different ribbons or pads? If so, how?
9. Messrs. Morton & Brittain are engaged in a wholesale dry goods business at 510 Lime Street, London, E.C. Mr. Brittain has just retired from the concern, and two clerks, named George Allman and Edward Challen, have been admitted to succeed him; the style of the new firm will be Morton, Allman, & Challen. Compose a circular to be sent to the customers and correspondents, notifying them of the change, and soliciting a continuance of favour to the new firm.
(to accompany Typewriting and Office Routine Paper).
Saturday, June 22nd, 1912.-Morning, 11.15 to 11.25.
No candidate may have possession of this Paper for more than TEN minutes.
Full marks can be obtained by accurately copying 400 words at FORTY words a minute. Greater speed secures extra marks. A minimum of THIRTY words a minute is required.
The quality of the touch and the correct division of words into syllables at the line-ends will influence the awarding of marks.
Use double line-spacing and a left margin of five degrees.
The meeting of the Conciliation Board for the federated mining districts in England and North Wales last week, to consider the question of a minimum wage, was not able to arrive at an agreement; but other meetings are to be held shortly, which, it is to be hoped, will settle this knotty problem. The owners' representatives on the English Conciliation Board had agreed to recommend a minimum wage to their districts, but it is doubtful whether the mass of the owners are as yet prepared to support them. It is not so much the abnormal place that is the difficulty with employers as the abnormal man. The demand of a section of the men is for a minimum wage for every coal-hewer, absolutely independent of any other circumstance than his descending the pit to do a day's work. The contention of the coal owners is that there are a large number of men employed who, by reason of age, physical unfitness, or lack of skill, produce regularly less than an average day's output of coal, and that, if a minimum wage were fixed on the average wage of the district, then provision would have to be made for these workmen, or the employers would have to discharge all those whose output of coal fell below the average. This was the objection raised by the Lancashire coal owners at the joint meeting held in Manchester on November 8th. They offer to set up machinery to investigate every case where a workman fails to earn the average wage, and if this failure is proved to be due to faults in the coal seam, to hard coal or stone, or to any cause for which the management is responsible, they will pay the workman the average minimum wages of the district; but the owners object to the payment of the minimum wage when the failure to earn the average wage is due to
some abnormality on the part of the workman. It is also pointed out that the concession of the extreme demand of the men would mean an entirely new method of payment for coal-hewers, instead of as now by contract, the wages depending upon the quantity of coal that the workman sends to the surface. It would mean the abandonment of the whole system of payment by results, and it is only by that system, as the owners contend, that they can regulate output without excessive supervision. Moreover, some colliers, to whom the piece-work system means high wages, are also against changing it. The offer now made by the owners may be defined as willingness to pay the average day's wage where there is proof of a fair day's work, and this surely should form a basis for a working arrangement between masters and men.
Thursday, June 20th, 1912. - Morning, 11.45 to 12.15.
30 minutes allowed.
Specially ruled paper is provided.
Write the words in italics in a larger hand than the rest.
It was to be expected that the great Vice-royalty, which occupied the place of the empire of the Incas, would become the last stronghold of Spanish authority in South America. Lower Peru was the base of Spain's operations against the independence of the Argentine Confederation and Chile. Of all the Spanish Colonies Peru had always been the most remote from European intercourse. Since the establishment of independence, the history of Peru, more than that of any other republic, has been affected by antiquated ideas. This Republic, if that can be called a republic which always remained merely a Monarchy without a head, has always claimed the same ascendency among its neighbour provinces which was enjoyed by the old vice-royalty; but it has never made its claim good; and it has, on the contrary, been at the mercy of its neighbours whenever a political crisis has arrived. Peru could not throw off the yoke of Spain.