« VorigeDoorgaan »
majority dealt with Voice in Verbs. The prevailing faults were, as usual, putting far too much into one lesson, neglecting to take account of the pupils' previous knowledge, and confusion between subject-matter and the method of instruction. Several candidates assumed a knowledge far beyond the range of the pupils at the age selected by the candidates themselves.
As there were but three candidates for Drawing in this grade, generalization is hardly possible. Since each student blocked out the masses in the Freehand example before drawing details, it seems likely that the remarks on method in last year's report have reached them. In Model Drawing the apparent convergence of receding parallel lines was again relatively the weak spot. Proportion and the drawing of ellipses were good. Each candidate's work was satisfactory; one drew really well from both the flat and the round.
The transcription of the shorthand notes was good. More practice might with advantage be given to the rules dealing with the omission of final vowel sounds.
In plain narrative the candidates did well; but questions that required thought were less well answered.
much use of the map of the Holy Land.
Few appear to have made
The attainments of the candidates in Grammar were, on the whole, very satisfactory. The spelling was fairly accurate, but the paraphrase of the less efficient candidates showed a total want of practice, for the
passage was, in some cases, rewritten with scarcely any variation in the phraseology. In the lists of intransitive verbs there were few omissions, and the sentences illustrating the use of certain pronouns were generally correct. A fair percentage gave evidence of a good knowledge of analysis. The majority of the candidates pointed out most of the errors in the sentences given for correction, but only a small number supplied adequate reasons in support of their answers.
As the work in Literature was of much greater extent this year, the fact that all the questions were attempted by most of the candidates was very praiseworthy. The candidates' knowledge of the various narratives was shown by a fair summary of the "Burning of Moscow," the "Vision of Mirza," and the "Adventures of Gulliver," as well as by the accurate quotation of the first stanza of "Alexander Selkirk." The descriptions of persons and places referred to incidentally in other narratives were less complete. The essays appeared to be of a lower standard than that of last year, though a few were excellent in matter and expression. Many candidates selected topics on which they had little to say, while others would have done better if they had avoided a repetition of phrases and trivial details.
The writing of several candidates was admirable, but in some cases it was slovenly.
A large proportion of those who passed obtained only the minimum mark or a little more, and there were serious mistakes among their answers. A question on the history of events in Ireland during certain specified reigns was very often misunderstood, and candidates wrote, often at considerable length, general accounts of those reigns. The knowledge shown of the history of Newfoundland was frequently of the slightest character. The answers of those who obtained Distinction, and of some 15 per cent. who just failed to do so, were of excellent quality.
The standard of the answers was this year much higher, as shown by the rise of Distinctions from the 10 per cent. of last year to 14 per cent. and the fall in failures from 19 per cent. to 14 per cent. Hence
While most of the work shows improvement, knowledge of the climates of different districts of the world (North America, for example). and of the suitability of each for particular crops is still the weak point of the papers. Thus the Ganges valley was sometimes described as cold and Australia was termed a wet region. Some considered the north of the latter country much colder than the south. Most candidates gave Canada as the most important cotton-producing country and England as the next, while the United States came in a bad third, and this in consequence of ignorance of the climate suitable for such a product. The climatic zones of the different continents and the products peculiar to each should be carefully studied. This knowledge is much more important than the learning of mere topography and definitions.
The results, on the whole, were quite satisfactory. The Tots were not quite so good as last year—an average of 4'8 instead of 5 Tots per candidate. On the other hand, the percentage of Distinctions is greater and the percentage of failures less. Style has improved, but some schools are still very bad-details of the work have to be hunted for and are often illegible. There was much confusion between length, area, and volume, and more attention should be paid to inverse ratio. The distinction between the capital of a business and current receipts. and expenses was not generally understood, and very few candidates appeared to be familiar with the idea of rate of interest on money invested.
Much of the work was of good quality, and all the questions were well answered by some of the candidates. A considerable proportion, however, showed great weakness in the solution of quadratic equations, and even failed to solve simple equations with literal or decimal coefficients. Very few attempted the solution of a problem by a graph, but, of those who tried it, a fair proportion were successful.
A large proportion of the work sent up was of excellent quality : the papers were generally neatly written and the propositions were in
most cases understood. In the C paper an improvement in theoretical knowledge was shown and the drawings were neat and of practical value. As usual, there were a number of candidates who sent up ill written and valueless answers, though these were not so numerous as in former years. Want of careful reading of the questions was in evidence. Some papers suggested that a useful class exercise might be based on the explanation by pupils of the meanings of questions and the words used in them, thus discouraging the writing of nonsense.
Loose definitions were
The teaching of this subject is defective. frequent, and there were bad blunders-e.g., "A gas is that which cannot be perceived by the senses"; "A liquid is that which can be perceived by the senses, but cannot be acted on by force"; "If a body is weighed in air it will be equal to the weight of water displaced when the body is weighed in water"; "Pressure on a liquid or gas will make it expand"; "Every body continues in its state of rest in a straight line." No one could use the triangle of forces graphically. The questions that The subject
could be done by rule were not badly done on the whole. calls for much more thorough grip of principles.
The papers were, on the whole, well done, and the percentage of distinctions was higher than last year. The paper was of a practical nature and the calculations in the purchases and sales (which would be required in ordinary commercial life) were generally accurate. Many candidates were anxious to be over precise, and in the entry of Dec. 6th ("obtained loan from Bank at 6 per cent.") they were careful to charge up one year's interest, ignoring the fact that they were only dealing with one week's transactions. There was no other general point of difficulty, but too many consecutive candidates (presumably from particular centres) were ignorant of the treatment of "Bills" transactions. The ledger, posting and balancing, was well done. The questions were poorly answered and comparatively few seemed to be aware of the form of a Bill. It would be well for all candidates to know what a Bill exactly is,
The percentage of distinctions was slightly greater than last year, but the number of failures was much greater. This is all the more unsatisfactory because the shortening of the paper gave more importance to the straightforward Land Surveying question. In fact, beyond this question very little of value was done by most of the candidates. Area and volume were hopelessly confused. It does not look as if any practical work had been done in the subject-merely the cramming of a number of formulæ which could be neither understood nor applied.
The candidates should give more attention to the study of logarithms. Their answers to all the questions not requiring a knowledge of logarithms were satisfactory.
The prepared books were well known and translated by the great majority, but the simple sentences to be translated into French were very generally poorly done; the vocabulary of the candidates was very insufficient, and the words, when known, were very inaccurately spelt; the concords and grammar in general were very weak.
The percentage of Passes was 83, the percentage of Distinctions 19, the former being 9 per cent. lower, and the latter 5 per cent. higher, than last year. The translations were generally satisfactory, being faithful to the original and for the most part free from serious blunders. The Parsing was fairly good, but incomplete and ill-arranged. The knowledge of noun-accidence was creditable, but the answers to questions on verb-accidence left much to be desired. Several boys did exceedingly well in composition, and it was clear that the drilling in elementary syntax had been careful. Several, on the other hand, sent up very careless work. The general results were satisfactory, and would have been much better had attention been paid to the exact