Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance
Yale University Press, 2008 - 389 pagina's
Weapons of the Weak is an ethnography by James C. Scott that studies the effects of the Green Revolution in rural Malaysia. One of the main objectives of the study is to make an argument that the Marxian and Gramscian ideas of false consciousness and hegemony are incorrect. He develops this conclusion throughout the book, through the different scenarios and characters that come up during his time of fieldwork in the village. This publication, based on 2 years of fieldwork (1978-1980), focuses on the local class relations in a small rice farming community of 70 households in the main paddy-growing area of Kedah in Malaysia. Introduction of the Green Revolution in 1976 eliminated 2/3 of the wage-earning opportunities for smallholders and landless laborers. The main ensuing class struggle is analyzed being the ideological struggle in the village and the practice of resistance itself consisting of: foot-dragging, dissimulation, desertion, false compliance, pilfering, feigned ignorance and sabotage acts. Rich and poor are engaged in an unremitting if silent struggle to define changes in land tenure, mechanization and employment to advance their own interests, and to use values that they share to control the distribution of status, land, work and grain.
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2 Normal Exploitation Normal Resistance
3 The Landscape of Resistance
4 Sedaka 19671979
5 History according to Winners and Losers
Photographs following page 162
Ideology at Work
Overige edities - Alles weergeven
Alor Setar average Bashir behavior cash Chinese claim class relations combine combine-harvesters context crop cultivation dominant double-cropping E. P. Thompson economic elite example fact Fadzil families farm feasts forms of resistance green revolution gunny sacks Haji Broom Haji Jaafar Haji Kadir Haji Salim Hamzah harvest hegemony hired households ideology income irrigated Islamic Kedah Kelantan kenduri Kepala Batas kupang Land Tenure landlord landowners large farmers leasehold least Lebai less loans machine Malay Malaysia Mat halus material means nearly neighbors normative owner paddy fields paddy land padi pajak Pak Yah party peasant peasantry percent political poor villagers poorer poorest production rarely Razak relong rent rice rich ritual Rokiah rural season Sedaka simply social struggle subordinate classes susah symbolic tenants theft threshing transplanting typically UMNO members UMNO UMNO UMNO Univ village village poor wage labor water buffalo wealthy well-off well-to-do workers zakat peribadi