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Visits France.-And Germany.-Continues his Hose-agency. -Unsuited for Trade.-His Failure. -Severity of the Bankrupt Laws. De Foe's Remarks upon the Subject-Causes of his Misfortunes. His Remarks upon Over-trading. Duped by the Fraudulent.-Privileged Places for Debtors. -Suppressed at his Suggestion.-He Exposes the Artifice of Projectors. Suffers from one of them.-His Remarks upon Commissions of Bankrupts.-Shifts to Retrieve Himself. His Fortitude in Suffering.-Honesty of Character.Rewarded by the Confidence of his Creditors.-Anecdote of General Wood.-Testimony to De Foe's Integrity.Account of his Residence in Bristol

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207

CHAPTER XIV.

De Foe's Reflections in his Adversity.-Occupations during his Retirement.-Voyage to the World of Cartesius.-De Foe is offered a Settlement at Cadiz.-Which he Declines.— His Account of himself at this Time.-He Projects Ways and Means for the Government.-Is appointed Accountant to the Commissioners of Glass Duty.-Notice of Dalby Thomas. De Foe's Connection with the Pantile-works at Tilbury. Sustains great Loss by their Failure.—Remarkable Occurrence during his Residence at Tilbury.-Retrievement of his Affairs.-Conjecture upon the Alteration of his Name

. 223

CHAPTER XV.

Disaffection to King William.-Treachery of his Ministers.-
Contentions with the Prerogative.-Correspondence with
James. His Discourse with the French King.-Louis's
Opinion of the English.-Change in the Ministry.-Death
of Queen Mary.-Her Character.-Death and Character of
Archbishop Tillotson.-His Place filled by Tennison.-De
Foe known to Queen Mary.-His Account of her Taste for
Gardening. And other Habits.-The Jacobites Elated at

CONTENTS.

her Death.-Circumstances favourable to William.-Corruption of Public Men

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232

CHAPTER XVI.

Massacre at Glenco.-Circumstances that gave rise to it.Misrepresented by Leslie and the Non-jurors.-Pamphlets respecting it.-A Commission of Inquiry appointed.-De Foe's Account of the Affair.-His Reflections upon it in the "Review."-Remarks upon the Perversion of History, by Modern Writers

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245

CHAPTER XVII.

De Foe publishes his "Essay upon Projects."-Dedicates it to Dalby Thomas.-His Scheme for a National Bank.-For Improving the Roads. -- For a Commission of Bankruptcy.For a Court-Merchant.-For Friendly Societies.-He originates Savings'-Banks.-Asylum for Idiots-Academy for the English Language.---Swift's Project of the same kind.— De Foe's Remarks upon the profane Custom of Swearing.Academies for Military Studies.-Office for registering Seamen.-Institution for the Education of Females.-His Remarks upon the Female Character.-Neglect of Education under the Stuarts.-Character of De Foe's Work.-Of Use to Franklin.-De Foe's other Projects.--Title of the Second Edition.

256

CHAPTER XVIII.

Rise of the Controversy concerning Occasional Conformity
Sir Humphrey Edwin carries the City Regalia to Pinners'-
Hall Meeting-house.-Disapproved by the Dissenters.-Dr.
Nichols's Remarks upon it.-Gives rise to several Publica-
tions.-Libels upon the Lord Mayor.-Satirized in Swift's
Tale of a Tub.-De Foe writes upon the Subject.-Account
of his Pamphlet.-Reflections upon the Controversy

. 269

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Peace of Ryswick.-Sentiments of Different Parties upon a Standing Army.-Resolution of Parliament.-Chagrin of the King. The Subject agitated in print.-Trenchard's Pamphlet. He is answered by De Foe.-Statement of his Argument. Remarks upon the Subject.-He publishes another Pamphlet

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. 277

CHAPTER XX.

Dissolute Morals of the Nation.-Discountenanced by the Court. And the Parliament.-Royal Proclamation upon the Subject.-Tennison's Instructions to the Clergy.-De Foe publishes his "Poor Man's Plea." -Account of that Work. His Rebuke to the Magistrates-And the Clergy.Anecdote of Captain Vratz.-Irreligion of the Clergy represented by another Writer.-De Foe's Zeal for Reformation. -Traduced by his Enemies.-His work commended in the Pulpit.-Bad Effects of the Stage.-Collier's Attack upon it.-King William's Order upon the Subject.-Rise of the Societies for Reformation of Manners.-De Foe's Account of their Success. His Zeal for the Observance of the Sabbath.-Account of the "Book of Sports."-Bigotry of Archbishop Sharp.-Publications in Behalf of the Reformation Societies

286

CHAPTER XXI.

Politics of England after the Peace of Ryswick.-Short History of the Last Parliament.--Merits of King William.-Character of his Fourth Parliament.-Declining Influence of the King. His Mortifications from the Parliament.-Intrigues to Supplant the Whigs.-The King and his Ministers attacked in Parliament.-Resumption of the Irish Grants.— De Foe's Remarks upon that Measure.-Publications upon the Subject.-Account of Mr. Stephens's Sermon before the

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