Closing the Digital Divide: Transforming Regional Economies and Communities with Information Technology
Successful strategies and principles for using information technology to transform regional and community economies exist, and they are presented here with clarity and insight in a way that is useful to both practitioners and researchers. Although the communities discussed here range far and wide, from those in Russia to Australia and to Kenya, any community can benefit from enhanced utilization of information and communication technologies.
The ways in which technology can help improve economic, social, cultural, and political conditions are as numerous and various as the communities themselves. In Central Queensland, Australia, community leaders have brought in a high-tech expert advisory system to help them control weed infestation. New Zealand and Australia have pioneered telehealth, the exchange of health care information and the delivery of some services across great distances. In Russia, wiring a community was found to be about more than mere hardware and software; vital to the process was understanding how communities provide access to information technology, how authorities and volunteers can improve computer literacy among citizens, and how connectivity can be extended to greater numbers of people. In some areas of south Asia, nongovernmental organizations have teamed up with local governments to increase access, empowerment, and e-commerce opportunities. These are but a few of the ways this volume contributes to our knowledge base about the impact of technology on economic development.
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It is becoming evident that for a variety of reasons, including cost, infrastructure,
literacy, and attitudes, a "digital divide" is developing between those who are in a
position to take advantage of technology-enabled opportunities and those who ...
Enabling the use of these technologies to achieve local economic, social, cultural
, and political benefits will require the concentrated efforts of technologists,
researchers, and community practitioners and overall a political will to develop
What characterizes this approach to public computing is • A commitment to
universality of technology-enabled opportunity including to the disadvantaged • A
recognition that the "lived physical community" is at the very center of individual
organizational boundaries between user and supplier, citizen and the state, are
precisely what many predict will be the organizational model responding to an
Internet-enabled economy and polity of the immediate future. CONCLUSION ...
The challenge is to find ways to realize these opportunities, when there is so little
support or even vision of how these technologies could enable communities,
enhance local developments, and empower local citizens in the face of on-
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Creative Uses of ICTs for Social and Economic Transformation
Understanding EReadiness in a Local Community
4 Community Capacity Building Through ICT Networking
Needing to Make a Leap
6 Challenges in the Telecenter Movement
Methodologies for Systems Design and Evaluation
10 EHealth for Regional Rural and Remote Area Health Care Consumers and Providers as Members of a Health Information Society
Development of a Prototype Expert System for Control and Management of Parthenium Weed in Central Queensland
12 Facilitating ECommerce in the Beef Industry
An Indian Perspective
14 Progress Toward Establishing Community Networks in Regional Queensland
Editors and Contributors
9 Integrated Assessment as the Basis of LearnerCentered Design