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morning and evening, for family prayers, pert theologian. He must not only with the addition thereto of a sermon, know the points on which these five to be read by the master, on Sunday churches agree, but those also on which evenings.
they differ. He must understand theo“ The drawing up of these forms was logical terms; be able to draw theoalso assigned to the Bishop ; and when, logical distinctions; and be well read with the catechisms, they had been duly in ecclesiastical history :-not in order circulated, approved, and presented to to teach the children these things, but the Governors, with a report, the whole that he himself may know what he must was concluded.
not teach them. " As to the manner in which the “ Practical difficulties have arisen, task was accomplished, there can be, I The children bave been accustomed to think, but one opinion : as to its ex- bow at the name of Jesus. This was pediency, there may be many. The considered a grievance by the Presbysystem thus devised may be viewed in terian chaplain, and he has been led to two ways.
It may be contrasted with remonstrate with the other Governors, the unity and consistency which would and to seek from them an order that the have been attained by an adherence to practice shall be discontinued on cerour English Church' and formularies, tain occasions in the school. What and then it is a source of deep and last- shall we say to this? Many, I am well ing regret:-and it may be contrasted aware, will not scruple to say that the with the irreligious scheme at first pro- Chaplain was right, and the order good. posed, with barely the name of Chris- But, suppose that the Roman Catbolic tianity, and even that dependent upon Governor, on the other hand, had rethe peculiar creed and piety of the monstrated against the neglect of this Master, and then it excites feelings of practice by the children of Presbyjoy and gladness. But whilst the praise terians, and bad insisted upon its being of moderation, wisdom, piety, must be uniformly observed in the schoolgiven to those who surmounted so many what then would have been said ? Yet, difficulties in the execution of their which is the worst, Irreverence or Sutask--the blame attached to what they perstition? Is it not as bad to compel did, if there be any, must ever fall upon à child to omit what he has been taught the governing body who required im- to think a reverential act, as it is to possibilities at their hands.
insist upon his practising what he has impossible, and ever will be, to frame never been taught to do at all ? catechisms, introduce Bibles, and draw “ These difficulties are not imagiup forms of devotion, for different reli. nary, but real. They have already gious parties, without compromising proved a source of embarrassment. what is true, or giving up what is They spring almost necessarily from essential.
the mixed system adopted, and will in. “ What may be the feelings of the crease, I conceive, every year it is conCommittee, now that their work is tinued. done, and the excitement passed, I “ In the remarks hitherto made, I cannot tell. I only know that the have had respect only to the system Bishop of Calcutta has been put on his itself, and have said nothing as to what defence ever since. I know also that is a mere adjunct to it: viz. the occathe Vicar A postolic has been strongly sional visits of clergymen and ministers censured by his superiors, and that he of different religious denominations. Of has left India, with an indignant mind, these also I have been personally cogto plead his cause, and explain bis con- nizant. I have seen some of the chil. duct at Rome. And I suspect that dren called together for examination, there are not a few of our friends in separated from their fellows, collected Scotland, the ministers of the Presby- in a different rooi, awe-struck, uninterian Church established there, who terested, cold and the impression was would be disposed to say to their chap- by no means favourable to such a mode lain and representative in India_' Thou ot instruction. Compared with a wellart weighed in the balances, and found ordered National School, or even with wanting.'
one conducted on the British and Fo. How the system will work re
reign system, nothing could appear mains to be proved. Mr. Bate.
more unsatisfactory; and I could almost
venture to prophesy that in a few years man evidently does not feel very even this individual instruction will confident about it. He justly cease. The duty will be found burden. remarks :
some; the voluntary attendance of the
minister will relax, or become impos"! He who fills the office of master in sible from multifarious duties; the the Martiniere had need be a very ex- Bishop will be absent on his visita
tions; the religion taught in the school consequences been foreseen from itself will be gradually deemed suffi, the
the beginning, it would have cient; and the whole of this additional and clumsy apparatus will finally fall to
been a subject for serious consiruin, and be left without repair. Al. deration, whether it was not better ready have there been symptoms of to secede than to concede. His this.
Lordship exhibited great forbear" The writer of Recent Measures for the Promotion of Education in
ance and self-denial in not taking England,' referring to the Report pre
that course, which would have sented by the Committee of the Mar. spared him much trouble and tiniere to the Governors, says, “ This inconvenience ; but perhaps he Report may at least serve as a complete considered the danger of persons answer to the question which the Archbishop of Canterbury asked in the in stations of authority, and House of Lords, respecting “the mean- especially to men of ardent teming of general instruction in Chris- perament, to lie chiefly on the side tianity." We refer him to the Bishop of not yielding sufficiently to the of Calcutta's solution of that ques- opinions of others; not adopting tion.'" “ The Archbishop's question is not
a moderate and conciliating rather answered by anything which the Bishop than an obstinate and perhaps of Calcutta has done; and if the writer mistaken course; and that it of the pamphlet can give no other reply, the question must be considered unan: might be said he had lost the swerable. Is it necessary to say that important institution of La Marthere is no such thing as 'general in- tiniere to Christianity, from pique struction' in Christianity? It involves a contradiction in terms. If Christianity
or pride, because it was lost to be taught generally, no instruction, pro
the exclusive control of his own perly so called, can be conveyed. Ob. church. The prelate who serve the Martiniere. What is there nobly carried into execution that called general instruction, is made to
boldest of all measures connected consist of nine capital and fundamental points of Christianity, common to all
with the propagation of Christhe churches. On these, it is said that tianity in India—the abolition of the master is at liberty to instruct the all distinction of caste among children; whilst, by a prior and impe- the converts—assuredly did not rative law of the institution, he is forbidden to touch upon any points of shrink from what he considered controversy between the said churches. the line of duty at the suggestions Here, then, he is on the horns of a of a vacillating policy. dilemma. If he instructs the children,
But let not the case be stretched he breaks the law; and if he observes the law, he cannot instruct the chile beyond its limits. It appears dren.
from Mr. Bateman's details, that “Is the Archbishop's question then so far from the Bishop's having answered ? Has the Bishop of Calc relinquished the principle of would, I am sure, be the very first to adhering to the doctrine of a answer in the negative. The Marti- national church, even under the niere has laid down general principles peculiar circumstances of India, on which instruction is to be given; he stedfastly maintained it; and but it has, at the same time, taken if being overruled, he consented away all power of communicating that instruction. Thus, it not only does to try whether a plan of extensive not answer His Grace's question, but “amalgamation," as it is called, affords a most conclusive and sufficient
was feasible, the result has shewn proof that it is unanswerable.”
the contrary. The Vicar Apostolic We honour the Bishop of Cal- consented to keep back the pope cutta for the admirable spirit and transubstantiation, which he displayed throughout and purgatory; and the Presbythese embarrassing transactions ; terian chaplain, being persuaded and this notwithstanding we think that there was no prospect of that had the result and all its establishing the system of his own church, yet feeling the necessity instead of going out to slay him, of a defined Christianity, and of and to rescue honey from his rejecting the “ nothingarian" Irish carcase, education scheme, with great can- It would conduce very much to dour and Christian magnanimity right conclusions in these matters, threw his weight into the Bishop's if statesmen and Christian philanscale, never urging captious ob- thropists would peruse the annals jections, always helping to lessen of ecclesiastical history, and not real difficulties, and dissenting account them an old almanac. only where a point of conscience The narrative of successes and arose. Yet even under these
reverses of Christianity in India favourable circumstances the from the days of the apostles till scheme will not, and cannot, the present time, is fraught with work; and the lesson taught by weighty lessons; and ought to be the whole proceeding is, that there thoroughly studied by all who are is just as much difficulty in concerned, legislatively or execuestablishing a no - church as a tively, in endeavouring to promote church. Why not then in all the extension of our holy faith in national measures begin at once the regions of the East. It is too upon a solid basis ; and meet the large a theme for us to venture difficulty in full front? If Eng. even to touch upon in these curland had done so in all her sory remarks, which are confined colonies; if she had shewn that to the circumstances of modern her wish and design was to missions; but the reader will find establish in them a branch of an elaborate and
very valuable Christ's holy catholic church account of it in Mr. Hough's upon the model of our own na. work, the title of which we have tional portion of it; not inter- prefixed to our remarks. The two fering with the civil or religious volumes hitherto published do not rights of Romanists, Protestant come down to the date of the Dissenters, or of Jews, Mahome. Protestant labours in India ; but dans, or Pagans ; but pursuing the retrospect of those of past her own course calmly and wisely, ages is monitory, and ought not the ecclesiastical difficulties of the to be lost upon the promoters of colonies would not have been so Christian missions in the present great as those which now clog our day. way; and in our contentions, if It is always with pain that we such we must have, there would hear the missionary enterprises of be something worth contending Great Britain eulogized. We are for. The Romanist and the indeed thankful that any thing is Heathen would respect us for our attempted; and, blessed be God, conduct ; and the latter would there are those-chiefly among find, upon their conversion to the poor of this world, rich in Christianity, a church at once to faith—who go to the reasonable receive them : and the great extent-perhaps beyond it--of majority of well-disposed Protes- their power, and deprive themtants of every class would be glad selves of much of their worldly to have a really efficient and prac- pittance, that others may not be tically useful system of religion, left wholly destitute of the bread though not constructed in every of life. But speaking generally, particular to their mind. The
or nationally, our missions are our timid political conservative friends disgrace. Money is wanting ; men of the church are always exclaim. are wanting ; above all, that deep, ing, “There is a lion in the way;" energetic piety is wanting, which
would lead those who call them- those which are earthly and peselves Christians to spend and be rishing? What a focus of fanaspent in the service of the Lord, ticism must Exeter Hall appear and for immortal souls purchased next month, to tens of thousands by his precious blood. And here of “ baptized infidels,” who wend is the root of the evil; the worm past it in pursuit of worldly busiat the bud; the true cause of the ness or pleasure; utterly heedless neglectful conduct, in a religious of an impending eternity of weal view, of this highly favoured land or woe! Is Christianity a revelatowards her foreign dependencies tion from God, or is it a delusion? and the perishing heathen. Is it Are men“ perishing for lack of possible that those who have felt knowledge," or are they not? Did the infinite value of their own Christ purchase the heathen for souls, can be insensible to the his heritage, and the uttermost value of the souls of others; or parts of the earth for his possesnot exert themselves on their be. sions, or are these but antiquated half? Appeal to our merchants, notions, which the light of modern our manufacturers, our traders, philosophy has exploded ? our members of parliament, the And yet we do not mean to say inhabitants of our magnificent that it is bluff bare-faced infidelity streets of palaces, to our farmers that mainly works the evil. It is or country gentlemen, for their rather quiet, decorous, unmeaning aid in making known “the ex- Christianity-falsely so called. It cellency of the knowledge of Christ is indifference rather than opposiJesus the Lord;" and what, in tion; scepticism than blasphemy. the great majority of instances, Christianity is true and good ;would be the result? Would their yes, very true and very good; but hearts and purses be open ? Would is it influential, pervading, abthey at least respond to the call, sorbing? No; it is a custom; a and lament only that, amidst the very decent national custom; multiplicity of pressing objects, churches and clergymen, and the they could do so little ? Try the Bible and sacraments, are all highly experiment; as many have tried proper; but they mean nothing ; it with sanguine hearts, and even nothing, that is, so extremely tually baffled expectations. serious as a few excited persons
And what is the remedy? Not imagine. There is a golden mean indeed to neglect the heathen; but in all things ; let us be decorously to begin at home. We want mis- religious ; but not trouble all the sionary materials in our parishes world about our religion ! and churches. We go and ask a And is it Christians—men purgentleman to oppose the coun- chased by the sacrifice of Calvarytenance given to idolatry in In- men whoare aspirants for heavendia, who himself worships at the who thus, tacitly at least, argue ? shrine of mammon, and whose Alas ! where is the spirit which family, with his good will, worship once made those who professed to in the pagodas of worldly dissi- be the followers of Christ willing pation. Why should a man be to sacrifice everything for his anxious about the dancing girls in sake? Has the Gospel of our India, who sees no evil in the Redeemer altered ? Has God Queen's theatre in London? Why changed? or eternity ? or the hushould another be solicitous to man soul? Oh that the Spirit of convey to the heathen “ the un- light and grace would pour out searchable riches of Christ;" who upon his church more of faith, and himself covets no treasures but love, and zeal! The want of faith, Christ. OBSERV. No. 29,
or its weakness, is the root of the tion which will flash upon them evil. If the ungodly believed at that forth-coming hour when now, as they must believe when they shall behold their Lord and the day of judgment arrives, how be with him for ever, how different different would be their feelings! —in degree at least—would be Yea, and if the faithful believed theirs also ! with the intensity of vivid realiza
(To be continued.)
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
So then we are really at war with sharpenour swords, and point our cannon, China. After violating her laws by and prosper our arms, in the invasion of wholesale smuggling of the most demo- China? ralizing and desolating character, and outraging her in her own territories, we We should scarcely have written as are to wreak our vengeance upon her we have done, in the above sentence, of with fire and sword; to invade her such a body as the East India Company, shores, to bombard her towns, to slaugh. had not the recent rejection of Mr. ter her unoffending sons and daughters, Poynder's motion for the production of under some paltry pretext of the vindica- papers upon the Indian idolatry ques. tion of our national honour; whereas no tion (wbich we have alluded to in a man doubts that the real object is to former page) shewn the heartless apathy recover the value of the opium so justly wbich so often paralyses its proceedings, confiscated, and to impose what commer. where questions of moral or religious cial or political relations we see fit upon importance are weighed against coman independent nation at the cannon's mercial gain, or territorial aggrandisemouth. And this is conduct befitting ment. * It is frightful,” justly says free, generous, humane, and Christian the Bishop of Calcutta in his last Charge, England! The too general torpor with “ to think, after all that Providence which this direful announcement of war has done for us in India, that we should has been listened to is most afflicting ; be still countenancing the most degrad. but we trust that it is only a momentarying and debased idolatries; should still pause for weighing facts and collecting be identifying ourselves with the blood. strength ; and that public meetings will stained car of Juggernaut; and should be held throughout the land, and peti. still be enlisting the Christian virtues tions be poured into parliament, to stop of prudence, sagacity, fortitude, and as soon as possible the effusion of blood perseverance, in arranging the abominafor much is it to be feared that it has tious, and preparing and decking out the already commenced. The House of pageants of the grossest and most pol. Commons is addressing itself to the luting idolatry." Such is the statement, question-we would hope that it will not of some reckless declaimer who act rightly and promptly; but the con- knows nothing of the circumstances, centrated force of the disinterested and and who cares not what may be the sound-hearted portion of the nation is effect of his words; but of a Right requisite to counteract the intrigues of Reverend prelate, himself long resident selfish cupidity : for neither from the in India, and conversant with the facts India Company; nor from the mere of the case ; and who writes under the chants and other powerful interests most solemn responsibility of personal which have inundated China with opium; character and high official station; and nor from her Majesty's ministers ; nor with the full knowledge of the offence from the vast body of cold blooded cal which such honest dealing will excite; culators who scoff at all higher conside- as was lamentably shewn in the browrations than those of short-sighted sordid beating rebuke to the meek Bishop commercial policy, is anything to be Corrie, and the injustice exercised to. hoped for but injustice to China, and wards Sir Peregrine Maitland and other moral disgrace to England. The bless. public officers, who ventured to keep a ings of the Most High cannot attend conscience. The honourable company such an unjust and wicked warfare. not only itself pockets the wages of Will any Christian say that he can pray iniquity, but absolutely holds out inin faith that the God of battles would ducements to the natives of India to