sufficiently for the common pur- ties, the prejudices against Chris. poses of secular life; but few tianity engendered by the evil even of these can abstract them- conduct of too many of its proselves sufficiently from their en- fessors. Instead of being ho. grained notions to feel the force noured, he was regarded with of arguments which most mis. scorn or jealousy by too many of sionaries but for painful experi. his fellow-countrymen; and was ence would have pronounced self- often persecuted as an unwelcome evident. Mr. Trevelyan gives it witness of their evil doings. How as his opinion that there are not many years had the missionaries five hundred persons in all India, to labour and suffer in New Zeanot educated by Europeans, who land before they could abate the could read off with understand- antipathies and indignation ening a book upon philosophy, mo- gendered by the fraud, rapine, rals, or religion, in their own lan- licentiousness, and cruelty of the guage and character.

crews of British vessels! How Such then are the materials to many Morrisons will it require at be wrought upon ; such the ob- Macao to counteract the impresstacles, - superadded to those sion that Christianity and smugwhich oppose the Gospel in all gling opium are the consistent places—which must be overcome. faith and practice of a horde of

But let us not place all the demoralised barbarians ! And difficulties with which Christian even in India has it not been the missions have had to contend, oft-repeated lament of missioneither to the character of the aries, that all their labours were heathen, or to unavoidable cir- counteracted by the vice, the opcumstances. There have been pression, the cupidity, and the very serious obstacles

obvious infidelity of too many of home. For many years these their own countrymen ? “ labours of love were sneered Now if only some of these imat by some, and gravely dis. pediments have been removed, or countenanced by others, who diminished, missions have not ought, as professing themselves to been unsuccessful; and we rebe Christians, to have encouraged joice to say that such has been and aided them. What sent the the case. We sure that Baptist missionaries to the Danish nothing is wanting but a candid settlement at Serampore? The attention to facts, to convince any determination of the East India candid man that considering the Company not to countenance paucity of missionary labourers, Christian missions within the li- and the difficulties which have mits of their authority. The continued to beset their efforts, same cause, as we have above no. much-very much, quite as much ticed, impeded the introduction as could have been expected or of Morrison into China. But we hoped for— has been achieved. do not blarne the Directors of If after five years, and nearly as this great commercial and poli- many millions of money, had been tical company in particular ; they expended upon the London and were but an index of the general Birmingham Rail-road, it had feeling of worldly-minded men in been said, just before its opening, every class of society.

that nothing was effected because But suppose the missionary crowds of travellers were not actulanded at the scene of his desti- ally passing to and fro be ween its nation. He had to encounter, terminations, would this have been in addition to all other difficul a correct statement ? Much may





be completed in potentiality, even sionary operations; and local while little is effected in result. agencies have grown up in our The hoped-for result in missions colonies and dependencies, to cois not books, schools, or even operate with a parent land in her baptisms; but the actual trans. work of mercy. Still further, ference of men from the empire numerous languages have been of Satan to that of God's dear mastered ; grammars and dictionSon ;-faith, regeneration, holi- aries compiled ; the Scriptures in ness, and eventual glory; the king- whole or in part translated, printdom of Christ upon earth, and ed, and circulated; and also accessions to his kingdom in hea- catechisms, formularies of public

These are divine gifts, but and private devotion, and many the way may be prepared for the excellent tracts-and, in short, the King of kings; the channel may rough work of pioneering has in be dug through which the waters many places been accomplished ; of life shall hereafter flow. We and the road now lies smooth and are able to adduce much as to open. spiritual results; many sinners With these implements fitted have been saved; but these, it is to their hands, we have numerous trusted, are but the first-fruits of bands of missionaries in actual an abundant harvest. The present service to use them; and others strength of missions lies in the

are training at colleges founded levelling of roads, filling up val- expressly for this purpose ; and leys, piercing through mountains, the whole Christian world begins and preparing the implements for to acknowledge missions to be future labours. In these respects a regular and indispensable promuch, we repeat, has been done. vince of its pious labours. The At home, Christian missions are missionaries have under their not scoffed at as heretofore ; they superintendence printing-presses, are even encouraged, both in high which many of them employ places, and by public concurrence; locally to a wide extent, and with and in foreign lands they are

great benefit.

The labour and treated with respect by the Eu- expense of the preparations for ropean authorities. In India es- printing in a new character, are pecially, of which we are sorry to very great; but these have been have had occasion to say some surmounted; and even the Chi. hard things, the grace of God nese language and characters have among our own countrymen has yielded to the zealous and persebeen the germ of grace to the vering efforts of despised Chrisnatives; and a missionary now tian missionaries; so that the labours among the latter with far whole word of God is accessible less of obloquy than formerly, and to nearly one third of the human often under very favourable cir. race (allowing for varieties of cumstances.

dialect) in one single tongue. Then again, method and organ

Of Christian schools it were ization have been introduced into superfluous to write; they spring our societies; the work to be up with every mission, and all its attempted is known and (humanly ramifications, and they are em. speaking) the right way of setting phatically the seed-bed of the about it. Painful experience has church. Already are they visibly taught many valuable lessons, and shaking the whole fabric of pathey have not been lost. More ganism. And is this nothing? money also is collected, to meet Allow that these are but pre. the unavoidable expenses of mis- parations ; yet in great and ardu. ous undertakings, preparation an imported Jesuit.

We take often consumes the most time the last first. It depicts what and expence; and though it

a Romanist mission is, and a brings no immediate returns, it Christian mission ought not to be. is the foundation of all that is to “I have consulted a Jesuit priest, succeed. Revert to Kishnagur. He was clothed in the native costume,

who has spent thirty years in India : The fields silently, and to human

bis head covered by a large shawl as vision almost hopelessly, sown, his turban, his legs bare and his feet are suddenly bursting out white shod with sandals, his

body-clothes of to the harvest, and a similar issue the Indian punjam; bis grey beard may take place in many other finely flowing over his breast, his man

ners corresponding with the native places, and where perhaps we habit, his food the diet of the Brahleast expect it. In due time we mins, and in his public instructions shall

reap if we faint not. Many avoiding every topic that would offend things doubtless might have been things to all men to such a degree, that

the prejudices of caste; becoming all done better-we still « speak he would not permit the sensitive Hinfoolishly,” as the Apostle says, doos to know that the prodigal's father and not as derogating from the had killed the fatted calf, or that the divine sovereignty to do all, and

Mosaic law prescribed the sacrifice of

bulls and goats, and would inform them in all—but a hopeful beginning that Jesus was not a carpenter's son, has been made ; and we have but and his disciples fishermen of Galilee. to ramify and enlarge our opera

I have examined him as to the character

of that religion, which he and his coad. tions; and with more of humi.

jutors have laboured to propagate; and lity, self-denial

, love for souls, it seems that the first missionaries zeal for the glory of God, and among them, seeing the empire of the implicit submission to his will. senses over the Hindoos, and that their We have followed our own

imagination was only to be roused by theme rather than reviewed the strongly moving objects

, judged that

some advantage might result to their authors whose publications sug- cause, by accommodating themselves, gested it to our minds; but we as far as possible, to their inclinations. will now add a few quotations Conformably with this idea, the ordifrom those of them which we have

nary, pomp and pageantry which at

tend the Catholic worsbip, so objecnot particularly noticed. We tionable to the Protestant communion mentioned in our last number in general, were not deemed by then Mr. Hough and Dr. Duff; and striking enough to make a sufficient cited Mr. Martin and Mr. Bate. Hindoos. They, in consequence, en

impression on the gross minds of the man;

and we have above quoted cumbered the Romish worship with an from Mr. Malcom of Boston, additional superstructure of outward (United States) who went out on

shows, unknown in Europe, which, in

many instances, does not differ much a wide tour of inspection in Hin

from that prevailing among the Hin. doostan, Malaya, Siam, and doos. They have a pooja or sacrifice, China, on behalf of the American (the mass is termed by the Hindoos Board of Missions. His book, ponjah, literally sacrifice); they have

processions, images, statues, tirtan or which is reprinted in England, con

holy water, fasts, tittys or feasts, prayers tains much interesting informa

for the dead, and invocation of saints. tion connected with missionary This Hindoo pageantry is chiefly seen objects. We may say the same

in the festivals celebrated by the native of Mr. Massie's volumes, though streets are always performed in the

Christians. Their processions in the the style is sometimes too am

night time, accompanied with hundreds bitious, and the writer is not over of tom toms, (small drums), trumpets,

and all the discordant noisy music of civil to the Episcopal Church. We will quote two interesting and fire works: the statue of a saint

the country, with numberless torches passages : the first an account of placed on a car, which is decked with a native convert; the second of garlands of Aowers, and other gaudy


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ornaments according to the taste of the with the missionaries is still, twenty country; the car slowly dragged by a years since his conversion, rejoicing in multitude, shouting along the march ; Christ Jesus, and with energy and the congregation surrounding the car all heaven-derived success, spending and in confusion ; several among them being spent in the service of his Redancing or playing with small sticks, deemer. Perhaps 110 man in British or naked swords : some wrestling, some India now living, has been more ho. playing the fool; all shouting or con- noured as an instrument of conversion versing with each other, without any to Christ among the Hindoos. His one exhibiting the least sign of respect zeal, bis love, and devotion, bis faith, or devotion. Such is the testimony of his labours, and his success, if properly a Roman Catholic to his own religion, appreciated, are calculated to provoke as it exists in the eastern world.

very many to love and to good works. " But ask the judgment of a discerning Among them who sball shine as the stars Hindoo ; I bave done so, and he ob. for ever and ever, I do not doubt but serves: “They have changed the strong my beloved though sable friend, Samuel idols of their fathers made of stone, Havel, sball stand in his lot at the and come to worship weak idols made latter day. The following record from of wood. But they say they believe his own pen, received only a few days in Jesus Christ, and they shew me the ago, is an instance, among hundreds, of small crucifix made of brass hanging those whom God has honoured him as round their necks, and they point out the a means of turning to righteousness. image of wood to me as a proof of It illustrates the process and fruit in Christianity; they have a great many multitudes of cases, by which the sinner images in their chapel, besides that has been brought to God. In 1833, which they call Jesus Christ. Before while I was returning from the Koul every image they have caudles and bazaar, from preaching the gospel, my frankincense burning ; they have feasts attention was directed to a deserted in honour of these images. During the temple, by a light shining between nine time of these feasts, and also on the and ten at night. I went up to it, and Lord's-day, they kneel down to the saw a man making pooja (worship) to images to pray to them, and to kiss several images. I asked him why be their feet. They say that the pope set up these images and worshipped teaches them to count thirty-three them: he answered that he was seeking prayers to Jesus Christ, and fifty-three the expiation of his guilt and eternal to the Virgin Mary. They deliver happiness. After directing him to the their prayers to be carried unto God, Saviour, I invited him to come to my sometimes by angels, sometimes by place the next morning, which be did, saints, and sometimes by the Virgin and, the Lord plucked him as a brand Mary. Have they seen or heard any from the burning, and made him_a order from God to pray to so many monument of his grace and mercy.' He persons, or to send prayers to him by was admitted to the church at Bellary, these persons ? A man in the Church May 1, 1836. The memorial from the of Rome at seventy years of age, is not convert himself is very satisfactory:wiser in the writings of their God, than • To the best of my recollection, when he may be when seven or eight years I was about the age of twenty-five, I old. Counting beads, saying the Lord's first felt that I was a sinner, and needed Prayer, and Prayers to the Virgin salvation. Desirous of obtaining the Mary, and worshipping any piece of favour of the gods, I made long pilwood that is called holy, these things grimages to Kosu, Ramagherry, Benares, are nearly all that the old man under. Ramshara, Tripetty, Madura, Juggurstands.' 'Such is the impression pro- naut, Conjeveram, and Hurryhur, payduced upon the minds of the intelligenting homage to the idols at those places Hindoos, by the mummery of Rome. and washing in the rivers held sacred Is this Christianity ?"

by the heathen. A period of seventeen The following is the account of years I spent in following lies, seeking the native convert :

vain. Of this time I spent five years

in the worship of Vishnu, and had my " I should prove myself a most un- shoulders burnt with the chakramkita faithful witness, and guilty, as a Chris- a ceremony designed to point out spetian, of deep ingratitude, were I to fail cial dedication, in which a hot discus, to record my testimony in this place of the symbol of Vishnu, is applied to the the fidelity and steadfastness of native shoulders. For seven years I performed converts, to whom I was introduced the worship of Sheva; the rest of the while in Bangalore. The native mi- time I spent in the adoration of idols of nister whom I mentioned as associated my own making. About three years

since I arrived at Bellary, and as I had course I had taken ; they returned, but often heard that if any one would take constantly persecuted and abused me. possession of a deserted temple, erect The Lord, I thank his name, has given an idol, and pay it bis adorations, he me grace to bear it all patiently, and would obtain great merit, and God now they have in a great measure dewould reveal bimself to him; I, finding sisted from their attempts to draw me a deserted temple near a tank, took back to their ways. I have found great possession of it, placing in it three delight in regularly attending the house images, which I had made, and to which of God, and hearing his word preached. I daily paid homage, and at the same The more I have heard, the deeper have time worshipped the sun and the moon, been my convictions that I am now in and made many prayers. I paid every the right path. Peace of conscience I attention to the decoration of the images have found from believing in Christ. I I bad set up. I suffered, also, many desire to serve the Saviour who has penances, sometimes my head covered bought me with his precious blood, and with sand under a burning sun. I con brought me out of darkness into his tinued these ceremonies for the space of marvellous light. Since the time I three months, and daily felt increasing renounced idolatry, I have found true sorrow and trouble of conscience, in pleasure in serving the Lord. I cast my consequence of finding that after all my soul at his feet, and look to his sufferpains, I could not obtain peace of mind, ings and death for the pardon of my sins, and that God was not pleased to reveal and my acceptance with God.” himself to me. When I was in this There remain on our list Gutztroubled state, one day when Mr. Havel

laff and Dr. Morrison, both of was returning from the Koul Bazaar, he came to me, and asked me why I was

which carry us on to China. taking all this trouble in worshipping Gutzlaff's voyages are not new; these lifeless images. On my telling but they are sufficiently recent to him that I wanted to find God and could

allow of our quoting a few not, be said to me, Come to my house

pas. to-morrow, (appointing a time) and I sages which in the present relawill shew you a safe way to find him.' tions-or non-relations- of China After speaking a little more he left me. to England are well worth perusal. I went the next day to his house, when

The following is his summary of he spoke to me very long about the vanity of idols, and showed

me the way

the character of the Chinese, and of obtaining peace of conscience through of the policy of their government in the blood of Christ the Saviour of man- its “ communications" with Eurokind. This was just what I wanted,

commuand had been seeking for, and I felt peans. The quiet word“ great joy. I felt at once the truth of nication" was significantly used on his arguments against idols, for I had a late occasion in the House of my own experience to teach me that


“ I did not say hostilithey could do me no good. I was so ties or declaration of war, but a fully persuaded that I had wasted my life and strength in vanity

and lies, that communication;" though“ a groat's I went at once after my conversation, a' groat," notwithstanding we and broke the idols in pieces, and threw should choose to call it, with the the fragments into the tank. I took off wise-acre in Shakspeare, “a reall the marks of idolatry from

my body, and returned home to my family, in

muneration;" and a bomb-shell forming them that I had at last found will hit as hard and do as much what I was in search of these many mischief at Macao, Canton, or years; that God had sent his servant to

Pekin, though politely labelled "a teach me the way of happiness; and that I was fully convinced that it was

communication, as if it were the right way. I then knelt down, termed, in plain English, and prayed to God, thanking him for claration of war.” We will quote his mercy in sending his servant to shew

Gutzlaff's estimate, which me the way to serve and please him. My relatives were greatly provoked should judge to be in the main that I had determined to forsake the correct. gods of our fathers; and deserted me, “ Europeans have frequently, by with the intention of baving nothing petty aggressions, provoked the Chimore to do with me. They continued

nese to carry their laws of exclusion for some time, till they found it would into the most rigorous execution. We not keep me from persevering in the have cause to regret that they have

a de


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